4 In grateful adoration now,

Upon the barren sands they bow.
What tongue of joy e'er woke such prayer,
As bursts in desolation there?
What arm of strength e’er wrought such power

As waits to crown that feeble hour?
There into life an infant empire springs!

There falls the iron from the soul;
There liberty's young accents roll,

Up to the King of kings!
To fair creation's farthest bound,
That thrilling summons yet shall sound;

The dreaming nations shall awake,
And to their centre earth's old kingdoms shake

Pontiff and prince, your sway

Must crumble from that day;
Before the loftier throne of Heaven,

The hand is raised, the pledge is given-
One monarch to obey, one creed to own,
That monarch, God, that creed, His word alone.
5 Spread out earth's holiest records here,

Of days and deeds to reverence dear; A zeal like this what pious legends tell?

On kingdoms built

In blood and guilt,
The worshippers of vulgar triumph dwell-

But what exploit with theirs shall page,

Why rose to bless their kind;
Who left their nation and their age,

Man's spirit to unbind?

Who boundless seas passed o'er,
And boldly met, in every path,
Famine and frost and heathen wrath,

To dedicate a shore,
Where piety's meek train might breathe their vo
And seek their Maker with an unshamed brow;
Where liberty's glad race might proudly come,
And set up there an everlasting home?



but the sister families of come not here to speak


Duty of Literary men to their Country.-GRIMKE.

We cannot honor our country with too deep a reverence; we cannot love her with an affection, too pure and fervent; we cannot serve her with an energy of

purpose or a faithfulness of zeal, too steadfast and ar5 dent. And what is our country? It is not the East, with

her hills and her valleys, with her countless sails, and the rocky ramparts of her shores. It is not the North, with her thousand villages, and her harvest-home, with her

frontiers of the lake and the ocean. It is not the 10 West, with her forest-sea and her inland-isles, with her

luxuriant expanses, clothed in the verdant corn, with her beautiful Ohio, and her majestic Missouri. Nor is it yet the South, opulent in the mimic snow of the cot

ton, in the rich plantations of the rustling cane, and 15 in the golden robes of the rice-field, What are these

family, our COUNTRY? dialect, or to give the counsels of the patriot-states

But I come, a patriot-scholar, to vindicate the 20 rights, and to plead for the interests of American Lite

rature, And be assured, that we cannot, as patriotscholars, think too highly of that country, or sacrifice too much for her. And let us never forget, let us

rather remember with a religious awe, that the union 25 of these States is indispensable to our Literature, as

it is to our national independence and civil liberties, to our prosperity, happiness, and improvement. If, indeed, we desire to behold a Literature like that, which

has sculptured, with such energy of expression, which 30 has painted so faithfully and vividly, the crimes, the

vices, the follies of ancient and modern Europe: if we desire that our land should furnish for the orator and the novelist, for the painter and the poet, age

after age, the wild and romantic scenery of war; the 35 glittering march of armies, and the revelry of the

camp; the shrieks and blasphemies, and all the horrors of the battle field; the desolation of the harvest, and the


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burning cottage; the storm, the sack, and the ruin of 40 cities: If we desire to unchain the furious passions of

jealousy and selfishness, of hatred, revenge and ambition, those lions, that now sleep harmless in their den: If we desire, that the lake, the river, the ocean, should blush

with the blood of brothers; that the winds should waft 45 from the land to the sea, from the sea to the land, the

roar and the smoke of battle; that the very mountaintops should become altars for the sacrifice of brothers; if we desire that these, and such as these—the elements

to an incredible extent, of the Literature of the old 50 world_should be the elements of our Literature, then,

but then only, let us hurl from its pedestal the majestic statue of our union, and scatter its fragments over all our land. But, if we covet for our country the noblest,

purest, loveliest Literature, the world has ever seen, such 55 a Literature as shall honor God, and bless Mankind; a

Literature, whose smiles might play upon an Angel's face, whose tears would not stain an Angel's cheek;' then let us cling to the union of these States, with a pat

riot's love, with a scholar's enthusiasm, with a chris60 tian's hope. In her heavenly character, as a holocaust

self-sacrificed to God; at the height of her glory, as the ornament of a free, educated, peaceful, christian people, American Literature will find that the



EXERCISE 78. Eulogy on Adams and Jefferson.-WIRT. Such was the state of things under which the Congress of 1776 assembled, when Adams and Jefferson again met. It was, as you know, in this Congress, that

the question of American Independence came, for the 5 first time, to be discussed; and never, certainly, has a

more momentous question been discussed in any age or in any country; for, it was fraught, not only with the destinies of this wide extended continent, but as the

event has shown, and is still showing, with the destinies 10 of man all over the world.

Amid this appalling array that surrounded them, the first to enter the breach, sword in hand, was John Adams—the vision of his youth at his heart, and his coun

try in every nerve. On the sixth of May, he offered, in 15 committee of the whole, the significant resolution, that

the colonies should form governments independent of the crown.

This was the harbinger of more important measures, and seems to have been put forward to feel

the pulse of the House. The resolution, after a severe 20 struggle, was adopted on the 15th of May following.

On the 7th of June, by previous concert, Richard Henry Lee moved the great resolution of Independence, and was seconded by John Adams; and “then came

the tug of war.' The debate upon it was continued 25 from the 7th to the 10th, when the further consideration

of it was postponed to the 1st of July, and at the same time a committee of five was appointed to prepare, provisionally, a draught of a Declaration of Independence.

At the head of this important committee, which was then 30 appointed by a vote of the House, although he was proba

bly the youngest member, and one of the youngest men in the House, for he had served only part of the former session, and was but thirty-two years of age, stands the

name of Thomas Jefferson-Mr. Adams stands next. 35 And these two gentlemen, having been deputed a sub

committee to prepare the draught, that draught, at Mr. Adams's earnest importunity, was prepared by his more youthful friend. Of this transaction Mr. Adams is hin

self the historian, and the authorship of the Declaration, 40 though once disputed, is thus placed forever beyond the reach of question.

The final debate on the resolution was postponed as we have seen, for nearly a month. In the meantime,

all who are conversant with the course of action of all 45 deliberative bodies, know how much is done by conversation

among the members. It is not often, indeed, that proselytes are made on great questions by public debate. On such questions, opinions are far more frequently

formed in private, and so formed, that debate is seldom 50 known to change them. Hence the value of the out-of

door talent of chamber consultation, where objections, candidly stated, are candidly, calmly, and mildly discussed; where neither pride, nor shame, nor anger take

part in the discussion, nor stand in the


of a correct 55 conclusion: but where every thing being conducted

frankly, delicately, respectfully, and kindly, the better cause and the better reasoner are almost always sure of success. In this kind of service, as well as in all

that depended on the power of composition, Mr. Jefferson 60 was as much a master-magician, as his eloquent friend

Adams was in debate. They were, in truth, hemispheres of the same golden globe, and required only to be brought and put together, to prove that they were parts

of the same heaven-formed whole. 65 On the present occasion, however, much still remain

ed to be effected by debate. The first of July came, and the great debate on the resolution for independence was resumed with fresh spirit. The discussion was

again protracted for two days, which, in addition to the 70 former three, were sufficient, in that age, to call out all the speaking talent of the House.

Mr. Jefferson has told us that "the Colossus of that Congress-the great pillar of support to the Declaration

of Independence, and its ablest advocate and champion 75 on the floor of the House, was John Adams.”







The resolution having been carried, the draught of the Declaration came to be examined in detail; and, so

faultless had it issued from the hands of its author, that 80 it was adopted as he had prepared it, pruned only of a

few of its brightest inherent beauties, through a prudent deference to some of the States. It was adopted about noon of the Fourth, and proclaimed to an exulting na

tion, on the evening of the same day. 85 That brave and animated band who signed it—where are they now?

What heart does not sink at the question? One only survives: Charles CARROLL, of Carrollton—a noble specimen of the age that has gone by,

and now the single object of that age, on whom the ven90 eration and prayers of his country are concentrated.

Exercise 79. The Greek Revolution.-WEBSTER. The end and scope of this amalgamated policy is neither more nor less than this:—to interfere, by force,

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