yet the rare merit of keeping himself pure, and unspotted. His devout spirit, says the Marchioness excellently preserved him from infection, and made him live alone, as it were, in the middle of the court, and the great world: it was his practice to receive the sacrament once every fortnight. It is not to be wondered at, if with such a disposition, and in such a scene, he acquired something of a severe and determined spirit; yet his temper was sweet, and unalterably equal. His father who as well as his tutor, in spite of the opposite nature of their own practice, loved and honoured him, as he deserved, left him in 1784, with a burthensome debt of 800,000 francs on the family estate ; and it was thought prudent on the part of the lady's family to break off the intended marriage. Lescure in the most honourable manner, in conjunction with his grandmother, took upon himself the discharge of this heavy debt; by a rigid economy at the age of twenty-four, he had reduced it to one-fourth of its original amount ; and he was rewarded by permission to renew bis addresses. This is an anecdote which the young inheritors of England cannot read too often; it pourtrays a conduct admirable, not merely for the spirit, which prompted the undertaking, but for the regular self-denial which made it pussible to execute it.

It was in the October of 1791, during a momentary calm, which intervened amidst the tempests of the Revolution, when Lescure was twenty-five, and Victorine only nineteen years old, that this ill-starred match was concluded. There is something truly characteristic of the nation in the circumstances under which the marriage took place. Lescure had been borne down by the torrent of emigration, `and was recalled, when on his road at Tournay, by the news of the desperate illness of his grandmother *. He found her labouring under a disorder so slow in its approaches, that he determined again to return to the Emigrès; but before he did so, he indulged himself with a visit of a day to his intended wife. On his arrival at the chateau, Jie found to his surprise every thing prepared for his marriage; the family had received assurances on which they placed entire reliance, that nothing would as yet be attempted by the allied powers, and it was concluded that Lescure might with great

* Though she recovered a little from this illness, this excellent woman died soon after the marriage, and the Marchioness men. tions an interesting circumstance of her burial. Hereditary titles being suppressed by law, her tomb of course could be decorated with none; the peasantry of the neighbourhood inscribed on it, “ Ci git la Miere des Pauvres.” he Marchioness very well adds, “ Cela valait bien les autres epitaphes."

propriety propriety remain in France during that winter. Thus with gloom behind and before them, turbulence, insecurity, and deprivation in what was past, and emigration, poverty, and warfare in the prospect of what was to come, three little months of peace were enough to induce a father and mother to precipitate the marriage of an only daughter.

These three little inonths were all that the young couple ever passed in security together : in February Lescure resumed his intention of emigration. Of all resolutions this, as it applied to the Poitevin noblesse, was the most imprudent and unfortunate. At this time of day, and wish our limited means of information, we will not pretend to say how far in other provinces of France the prevalence of revolutionary notions on the one bund, or the injudicious exercise of feudal privileges on the other, had excited a spirit in the lower orders, which rendered such a measure excusable, considered as one of personal precaution ; it seems quite clear now, that it was, if not necessary, impolitic; because by uniting an emigrant noblesse with an in. vading army, it furnished a sans-culotte government with that precise ground of popularity, which it most needed. Ju Poitou however no such excusing necessity prevailed, for it seems incontestable, that as a body, the proprietors of that province were much beloved; and many circumstances contributed to render it an exception to the rest of France. The habits of the country were at this time very simple and uncorrupted, and the higher orders partook of the same character; their property was seldom very large, (we speak with reference to estates in other provinces) and much subdivided into small farms, the rent of which was in general paid in kind ; their houses were plain moderately furnished country residences, seldom adorned with stately gardens, or showy pleasure grounds; their habits of life were in unison; much hospitality and good cheer, with little magnificence or taste, the gentlemen devoted to the chase and rural sports, and the ladies hardy horse-women. From all these circumstances, the proprietor lived in continual and daily relations with his peasantry; they supplied his table, they " harboured” his game, and assisted him in the chase; they danced in bis court on Sundays, and were often joined there by himself and his family, On the other hand he interested bimself in their concerns, he shared their losses and their gains, he advised with ibem as to the management of their stock, he was present at their marriages, and partook of their family festivities *. Our

There are many parts of this description which remind us forcibly of the beautiful picture of the Wolmar family in the Nouvelle Heloise.

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readers will now easily conceive, that a body of landed proprietors living in such a manner on their estates, could scarcely be very unpopular ; in fact, the zeal and fidelity of Scottish clansmev to their chief, would not be injured by a comparison with the courage and affection, which the peasantry lestified in the ensuing war to all those of the pobility who remained at their posts among them.

Lescure, though he yielded to the torrent, has not to answer for the imprudent design of emigration; as early as the year 1791, he had been a member of a most important association, formed in Poitou for the purpose of effecting a counter-revolution. It had at its disposal 30,000 men, and would have been immediately on its rising, put in possession of Poictiers, and Rochelle; it was in correspondence with another body in the south of France, which was to have made itself master of the Lyops road, and to have been joined by the princes of the blood from Savoy. Hopes so fair were all blighted by the precipitate fight of the king from Paris, and his arrest at Vasennes. Disappointed in their main object, the Poitevin noblesse in an ill-advised moment determined to emigrate ; and Lescure now thought it right to follow the universal example.

In the prosecution of this plan the newly-married couple arrived at Paris, accompanied by M. Bernard de Marigny, a friend and relative of Lescure. Marigny, who was afterwards a distinguished leader in La Vendée, was a knight of St. Louis, an officer in the navy of great reputation ; in his person strong and handsome, in manners gay and courteous, in disposition very obliging and enthusiastic eren to excess. Madame Les cure was very soon admitted to the presence of Marie Antoi* nette, and in her first interview she received a request, amounting to an order, that the Marquis should give up his intention of emigrating, and remain to render services, which might be more necessary at Paris. The request was an honourable one, as it implied the fullest confidence in his honour and delicacy, as well as the highest opinion of his courage and discretion; but it is more remarkable in its terms, as indicating that most forlorn state, to which a tottering throne is reduced, when the pretensions of its friends are hardly less irksome than the threats and malice of its avowed enemies. C'est un bon sujet, said the queen, il n'a pas d'ambition ; qu'il reste. Obedience to this order was attended with no small risqne of character, especially as a decree had passed only two days before, by which the estates of all emigrants were confiscated to the state. Lescure's reply w.s conceited in the spirit of heroism. “ I should be base in my own opinion, if I could waver for 28 instant between my reputation and my duty. I ought before all things to obey the king ; perhaps I shall suffer for so doing, but at least I shall have no reproaches to make against myself. I esteem those who have emigrated too highly, not to believe, that every individual among them would do as I do, were he in my place. I hope to be able to show, that if I remain here, it is neither from fear, nor from avarice, and that I shall have to fight here, as much as they there. If I have no opportunity of doing this, and my orders remain for ever a secret from the public, I shah have sacrificed to the king every thing even to my honour, but I shall have done no more than my duty."

This is, indeed, the tone of the antient chivalry of France ; had such feelings been in all ber nobility at that time, what a world of sin and misery might she have been spared.

M. de Marigny at the request of Lescute received similar orders; in the month of July the parents of Madame Lescure, with other members of her family, joined thein; the revolu. tionary spirit had displayed itself in the Gironde, and their country residence was no longer a safe retreat. Paris was little better; the summer had passed awidst uncertainties and dangers, of which the Marchioness gives a most lively account. At length the terrible 10th of August burst upon them as a thundercloud; the same deceitful information, which threw the king off his guard, preveuted Lescure and Marigny from passing the night at the Thuilleries; they were saved from that promiscuous massacre, for a more lingering, more honourable destiny. We pass over that bloody scene, which rendered the stay of the Temaining servants of the king in Paris, no longer of any avail, while, under the appellation of Knights of the Poignard, they were exposed every moment to the misery of a mock trial, and ignominious execution, or the speedier violence of a desperate mob. Lescure, therefore, who with his wife and family had been concealed for some days, determined on attempting his escape; but this was no easy matter to accomplish; suspicion was alive to every departure, the barriers of the city could not be passed without passports, which could only be procured by favour, and the testimony of two witnesses to the character and conduct of the party applying; the slightest demur was danger. ous, spies were ready to denounce, and a ruthless clamorous mob was open-mouthed to devour at once the unsuccessful applicaul. Such were the blessed first fruits of equality.

The case of the Lescures was hopeless ; but at this critical moment re-appeared Thomassin the libertine tutor of the young Marquis; he had, as might have been expected, fished in the troubled waters of the Revolution, and 'tilled the offices of rommissary of police, and captain of a section ; but he retained,

what what was hardly to have been expected, all his respect and affection for his admirable pupil. Thomassin must have had what the French expressively call" un bon naturel ;" he was certainly a man of address, and popular talent; he determined to save the family, he devoted himself to his object, and he effected it. After numerous adventures, the whole party arrived in safety at Lescure's house, the Chateau de Clisson.

The Chateau de Clisson stands in that part of Poitou, which from its general character and appearance was called Le Pays de Bocase, but which is now better known by the honourable name of La Vendée. The tract of country iucluded under this term, will be easily seen on the common maps, if a line be drawn beginning in the north at Angers, and following the course of the Loire to Nantes, and Paimbæuf, thence in a south-westerly direction almost to the town of Sables d'Eonne ; from this point eastwards to Partenay, keeping north of Luçon and Fontenay; and from Partenay northward by Thouars, and Douè, till it arrives again at Angers. We have already said something of the manners and political feelings of the inbabitanls of this tract, it will be sufficient now generally to remark, that though the principles of the Revolution had made some small progress in the towns, the farmers and peasantry were almost to a man royalists, and ardently devoted to their territorial lords. The face of the country was not less adapted to the warfare, which was soon to commence. Ap inhabitant of

Devonshire, who is well acquainted with its interior, not the indolent visitor who contents himself with its high roads, will be able to form an adequate idea of La Vendée. It is a country of numerous hills, high and steep enough to be obstacles to the traveller, but seldom rising to mountains ; between these of course are vallies, and in each valley a stream; the face of the country very woody, but this appearance created not so much by extensive woods, as by the smallness of the inclosures, and the quantity of trees in the hedge-rows; these hedge-rows, like those in Devonshire, are thick and high, and beneath them, and often almost over-canopied by branches, are innumerable lands, narrow, deep and rugged. If it were desired to conceive a country in which it was morally certain that a partizan peasantry well commanded would obtain successes over a stronger army of disciplined troops, we know not what addition we could make to the picture above drawn of La Vendée. Without large towns, large rivers, canals, or high-roads, without any spots, from which commanding views might be taken, it was a mere labyrinth of lanes, all alike in appearance, in which it was hardly possible to drag artillery or baggage, where a regular cavalry was of no use, where every thicket was an ambush, every hedge a



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