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Educational Intelligence. EXAMINATION OF TRAINING SCHOOLS.—The General Examination of Training Schools will commence on Monday, Dec. 13th. Candidates for Queen's Scholarships will present themselves for examination at the same time. After Easter next, as appears from the recent Minute of Council, Teachers desirous of obtaining Certificates of Merit will be examined at the Christmas Examination of Training Schools, and the District Examinations will be discontinued, or only occasionally held.
ART-EDUCATION.—The School to take earliest advantage of the recent Minute of the Board of Trade enabling cleemosynary schools to purchase drawing-copies, models, and examples at half the prime cost, has been the Queen's School at Windsor. And St. Thomas's larochial School in Coswell-street, London,-a large school of more than 500 persons, children and adults, directed by the Rev. W. Rogers-was the first to inaugurate the new system of drawing classes instituted by the Department of }'ractical Art. On this occasion Mr. Robinson, the newly appointed " Teachers' training master," delivered an introductory address to a large and attentive audience. --The Dean and Chapter of Hereford have subscribed £10 towards the establishment at IIereford of an elementary Drawing School in connexion with the Department of Practical Art.
The Rules of the Association of the Deanery of Cuddesdon, and its vicinity, have been forwarded to us. There scem to be few suggestions in these Rules which would be useful to our readers, It is essential to the success of such Associations that a definite Educational character should be impressed upon them, and that well-considered plans for mutual advancement in technical skill and kpowledge should be adopted.
The following extract from a Lecture delivered to the Metropolitan Association of Schoolmasters by Dr Brewer at Westminster, has been communicated to us. As they refer to the most distinguishing features of the character of the Duke of Wellington, we gladly yield at this peculiar season to the request that we should insert them, though it is our rule to confine ourselves to topics of a strictly practical educational character.
After the Lecture was concluded, Dr. Brewer spoke, as nearly as we could gather, as follows:
“And now, gentlemen, cre I conclude my address to you, suffer me to detain you a minute or two by uttering a few and simple reflections on an event which has recently opened to the historian a new page, and supplied the biographer with the last scene of an illustrious character; although that page is yet blotted with fresh tears, and the original of that character hardly removed from amongst us.
I allude, as you will all anticipate, to the Death of the IIero of England.You will readily call to mind that when the great captains and officers of state, termed in Holy Writ, “the servants of the King," after the recent death of Abner, had an audience of their Monarch, David put aside the business of the State and the pomp of his position, with the short but powerful and pathetic
remonstrance, “Know ye not that a Prince and a great man is this day fallen in Israel."
We all can, and shall all feel inclined to follow this example of King David, as it was the dictate of affection, the natural effusion of a loving and a generous heart. We recognise it to be well that the nation has set apart a day for the last solemn rites to be paid to departed worth. Indeed there is something peculiarly grateful to our feeliugs in the appropriate asylum which the mortal remains of our Hero have found at Walmer.
It is not that our Wellington was a Warrior merely—were he no more than that, I could not fashion my tongue to utter one word of commendation, as you all know. I would as lief fall down and worship the shining blade of an ax, or the crooked edge of a saw which have lopped off the branches and then hewn down the trunk of all domestic props, joys and endearments, as venerate & warrior merely as such, for war I decm an unmitigated curse.
It is not that fame trumpets forth the honors, titles and dignities of Wellington; for fame achieved by any man and contred in himself is no better than the idle blast which an insane herald might blow to publish his own entrance into a city.
It is not that the voice of Wellington could sway his compeers and guide the councils of Kings and Senators, for power when not employed for the glory of God and the relief of man's estate, is no better than a mighty machine whirling about its giant arms to waste-or worse, to ruin and desolation.
It is not any one, nor all of these combined which could influence the reflective mind of a reasonable and responsible man to admire and commend another but it is the exhibition and development of that great principle which I believe to have been the leading characteristic of that mighty man-it is the exaltation of simple, plain and wholesome duty; it is the living cxhibition of the fact that the performance of plain duly is the obligation of all men, and that it will ultimately prove to be to the advantage of all, wlich, whilst it constitutes the greatness of Wellington, constitutes him the object of our imitation, and the benefactor of his race.
War was no matter of choice to him - it was the path-aye, and often the painful path, of duty to him. War was liis instrument for the establishment of peace; when peace with truth could not le obtained without it, it was used by him to promote plenty, and to further civilization and freedom where these blessings were not to be procured by other means.
Power was not “the aim" of the Duke; it was his instrument, used by him to compose conflicting interests and still injurious turbulence.
Honors were not the great object of the Dukr's pursuit. I call you all to witness how honors were actually thc emblems of his obedience to the calls of duty and then made by him subscrvient to the good of his country.
And lastly, there was a tic which binds him ever to the hearts of every thorough Englishman - he was an culightened and liberal member of that Protestant Church established within these realms; and so long as History shall delight to tell the great deeds of English worthics-so long as memory shall delight to dwell upon the noble achievements of the great benefactors of our kind-so long as Patriotism shall enflame the hearts of men to acts of true heroism and self-denial, so long will Wellington stand pre-eminent in the list of the great ones of the earth.
I know, gentlemen, that you will excuse my offering these remarks unexpectedly-not only from the kindness with which you have received them, but also from the position which you have assigned to me in the Historical department since you have assembled beneath this roof.”
NOTICES OF BOOKS.
LESSONS AND Tales. —By the Rev. Richard Dawes, M.A., Dean of Hereford. -Longman. This book is chiefly intended for the junior classes in elementary schools, the children of which are supposed to range between the ages of six and ten. The preface tells us that “ being desirous that the work should commend itself to general use, the writer has avoided all controverted subjects; but has, at the same time, anxiously endeavoured to dwell upon, and illustrate the fundamental truths of the Gospel.” Knowing, as we do, Mr. Dawes' practical acquaintance with elementary schools, and the moral necessities of poor children, we were not surprized at his sending forth a school book so dissimilar in its character to those now in general use. The truth is, that the majority of school books are now constructed on the “Useful knowledge” principle, as though intellect was the only thing to be acted upon. Mr Dawes, whilst 'not forgetting the intellect, has aimed at arousing and developing the moral feelings. We think he is right; and when we remember what is recorded of the Great Teacher, we do think it rather remarkably that, with such an example, the compilers of modern school books should have so completely ignored everything in the shape of a Fable or Moral Tale. Why it should be so we know not; this we do know, that moral developement is incomparably the more important of the two, and we are heartily glad to find a man of so much influence and practical knowledge as the dean, leading the way to so good a purpose. Notwithstanding, as we think, some slight defects in the detail of the "Tales and Lessons," we shall be happy to know of its coming into general use in the class of schools for which it was designed.
SMITH'S PRACTICAL BOOK-KEEPING, COMMERCIAL REFERENCE, AND COUNTING HOUSE, AND SCHOOL ASSISTANT—Simpkin and Co.-We suppose that in the majority of elementary schools, the little manuals on this subject published for the use of the Irish Schools, will be the text books. Up to a certain point, they serve elementary purposes tolerably well; most teachers, however, desire for themselves something further, not so much in the shape of examples, as in the way of expository matter, making clear the language and usages of commercial life. Mr. Smith's book meets this want, and is one we could recommend, were it not for its price being far too high. In these times of cheap production, it specially behoves those who bring school books into the market, to do so at moderate prices. We have before us another work on the same subject, well got up, with nearly double the matter, and at one half the price.
FIRST, SECOND, AND THIRD, READING Books.—By James Whitton. Collins, London. Perhaps one of the most satisfactory evidences of the difficulty felt in teaching to read, is found in the variety of schemes professing to provide a Reading-made-Easy. It is not long since the Phonic Reading Books of the Committee of Council on Education, afforded no small mirth to one of the Reviews; and now we have from Mr. Whitton an attempt in the same direction, based on the principle of contrast and progression.” We are quite sure that the attempt deserves praise, and that the series must have cost the compiler an amount of time and patient industry, which w: fear will produce him a very inadequate return. Were our faith in the author's scheme much greater than it is
, we should yet feel disposed to question the propriety of throwing together, as is done in this series, so many words wanting in good reputation. The children of the poor already acquire with too much readiness, à sufficiently disreputable vocabulary, and to set such words in a permament frame work is, to our minds,
the most effective mode of destroying that little distinction which yet remains. No necessity can be a sufficient plea for sentences like the following; “The man would be doing right to feaguc you, if you were such a prig as to call him teague to his phiz. "Dick was a great rogue to seduce the poor nymph into the paths of vice." Neither can we approve of the incongruous admixture of things trivial with things sacred. We find such passages as the following in juxtaposition. “Shove these things aside, and wipe up the wet with the sponge. My soul is worth more than the world.” “The man lost his limb by a bomb. came from the womb in sin.” Were the series free from the defects we have alluded to, and others we have not noticed, the number of Scotticisms found throughout, would effectually prevent its being used in South Britain.
INCE's OUTLINES OF GENERAL KNOWLEDGE.—Gilbert, London.—The fact that these “Outlines” have reached the thirteenth thousand, shows a growing appetite for variety—a little of everything, and not much of anything. It may be hoped, that as education progresses, there will be a large increase of those whose motto will be, “Little, but well.” These “Outlines” are a curiosity in their way—the whole circle of the sciences in sixty-eight pages; the remaining forty pages containing important facts, from the amount of the National Debt, to the cost per day of a soldier's washing; and from the number of calves consumed in London, to an explanation of the Q. E. F. in Euclid. Decidedly the best thing in the book is an alphabetical arrangement of the productions of the globe, with the names of the producing countries.
SIR,-Permit me to recommend the following suggestions on teaching the Church Catechism to young children., to the attention of your correspondent “ W. E. P." (page 224). They are from a little tract_“Thc Teacher's Friend," by Bishop Short-published by the S. P. C. K. He there proposes that children should first be taught the Lord's Prayer "When they can say, and in some degree understand this, they may be led on to the Pen Commandments, which will probably be more intelligible. Very little infants have learnt that it is wrong to steal and to swear and having begun with the notion that wordsconvey some sense, they soon attach an idea to what is taught them. The Creed should follow, &c.
I imagine that the plan proposed above, of breaking up the Catechism and teaching the easiest part first is the most simple method of dealing with a difficult subject, and that when judiciously combined with instruction in the Parables and other simple narratives of Holy Scripture, it will lay a good foundation of religious knowledge.
W. J. L.
818,-Will some of your readers oblige me by stating their method of teaching the Gospels to their first or second class.
SIR,--I should feel very grateful if any of your correspondents would be so kind as to give me through the medium of your valuablc paper the Notes of a Lesson on “The different ways in which our Lord answered questions proposed by inquirers, and by cavillers."
LONG HOLIDAYS:-INJURIOUS EFFECTS OF, AND POSSIBILITY OF DISPENSING
WITH. Sr, I need not attempt to prove that long holidays have a dissipating effect on Teachers and Scholars, and an unpleasant one on Parents. Now, can they be done without? Is it desirable that Masters content themselves with the usual Saturday's and other dail, vacations, and relinquish the month at Christmas and the six weeks at Midsummer, which often lead Teachers to squander a part of their too-small stipends on "visits to remarkable battle-fields," or, as in the case of a scholastic acquaintance, pleasure trips up the Rhine!" I confess myself one of those, who, admitting the need of recreation before and after school-hours and on the allotted Saturdays, and allowing that a school without a playground is only a prison with a false name, nevertheless contend that more valuable training is lost during
the five or six weeks' holiday than is acquired in the five or six weeks next ensuing. So few are the years of our school-life, that periods of that length can hardly be spared. Those teachers whose health absolutely requires the extent of vacation, should be allowed to retain it: but those, if any, who could safely forego it, should be also at liberty to do so. Then comes the question of additional stipenil to such masters from the managers of schools, which would thus be kept in continual working condition. I do not take into consideration the loss of health to the pupils by tne relinquishment of long holidays, because their attendance is now quite sufficiently irregular, and also a great majority of our scholars do not remain a year in any of our schools. I should be glad to have the opinions of my brethren on this subject.
J. B. R.
SIR,-Will you permit me to ask you, or some of your numerous correspondents, through the medium of your valuable “Papers," which would be the best way to treat a boy, who having been appointed with the rest of his class, to get up a few verses of Scripture, or some portion of the Catechism over night, appears the next morning without having done so. I am reluctant to punish him, lest it should give him a distaste for that which I should wish him to love most, neither can one look over it, or else, it will produce careless ness in the other boys.
I remain, your's truly,
A CIIURCH SCHOOLMASTER.
SIR, --Will you, or one of your correspondents, inform me (through your Papers for the Schoolmaster) how to find the Time in Compound Interest, when the Principal, Rate per Cent., and Amount are given; take, for instance the following example:
In what time will 5s. become £5 at 5 per cent. per annum, Compound Interest.
SIR, -1 shall feel greatly obliged if the following questions could be answered by some of your readers.
1. When the first and second classes have frequently to be thrown together, which lesson is to be preferred, reading or writing? The number in each class is about sixteen, seated at parallel desks.
2. Is the practice of allowing all the classes to attend to the same lesson at the same time recommended by Inspectors and experienced teachers ?
3. Is there any objection, in the absence of a class room, to the junior classes being taught in the play-ground, while the senior classes are receiving instruction in singing, &c., in the school room?
4. Is there any serious objection to allowing the first and second classes to proceed with their writing immediately after prayers, instead of their Scripture lesson, when it has been found that by this plan only, can they be induced to attend early in the morning ?
SIR, I have been much grieved at the inconsiderate manner in which pupils have been chosen for apprenticeship, without the remotest reference to their personal character. If they be but sharp boys and up to the passing mark, no inquiry, in many instances, appears to be made as to whether they seem to be impressed with the holy character of their undertaking; and it seems to form not any part of their Teacher's business to set before them what should ever be the motive power of all our actions, “ The Love of Christ.” Perhaps you may think it worth while to devote an article to the consideration of a subject, which I believe to be of momentous interest. (We cannot but hope that our correspondent has come to his conclusions upon imperfect
data. It may be true, that so extensive as the pupil teachership system has become, there may be some cases, in which young people have been inconsiderately chosen. Wherever this has happened, there has been either gross inattention on the part of the pations of schools, by which the pupils have been certified, or what is worse-imposition. We have the best means of knowing, that H. M. Inspectors are especially anxious on this subject; and that wherever doubtful characters have been apprenticed, their good faith has been imposed on, and we cannot believe such cases to be numerous. ]