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FIRST CENTURY BEFORE CHRIST.

(100-1.)

The prominent feature of the century is the great dominion and power of Eome.

Eome becomes mistress of Asia Minor in 64 B. C., and under Pompey now humbles Armenia (but without annexing it), makes Syria a Eoman province, and Palestine (with Judaea) a Eoman dependency, — extending the Eoman power to the Euphrates. Julius Caesar, the great Eoman general, in seven years subdues the whole land of Gaul. Egypt becomes a Eoman province in 30 B. o. The Eoman Empire begins in 27 B. C, with Octavius as emperor under the title of Augustus Caesar. Various minor additions are also made to the Eoman territory, and at the Christian epoch Eome becomes mistress of all the lands round the Mediterranean.

Parthia is a great power, and a formidable rival to Eome.

Syria becomes a Roman province in 64 B. C.

Jud^la. becomes subject to Rome in 64 B. c.

Gaul is reduced by Julius Csesar to a Eoman province in 51 B. C.

Egypt becomes a Roman province in 30 B. C.

100 B.C. — A.D. 1.

CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE.

90-88. The Social War.

88. Beginning of the Hithridatic Wars and

of the Civil War s between Marius

and Sulla.

82. Sulla declared perpetual Dictator; publishes his proscription.

73-71. Servile War (Spartacus).

70. Battle of Tigranoeorta.

66. Mithridates defeated by Pompey, and Pontus reduced to a Roman province.

64. Syria reduced to a Roman province

by Pompey. 63. Catiline's conspiracy. 60. The First Triumvirate (Julius Ctesar,

Pompey, and Crassus). 58-51. Caesar's campaigns in Gaul.

65. Caesar invades Britain. Beginning of

Roman Conquest. 51. Gaul a Roman province.

49. Civil war begins between Caesar and

Pompey.

48. Battle of i/harsalia. Pompey defeated.

46. Battle of Thapsas.

45. Caesar declared perpetual Dictator;

regulates the Roman calendar. 45. Battle of Munda. 44. Julius Caesar assassinated. 43. The Second Triumvirate {Octavius

Caesar, Marcus Antonius, and Lepi

dus). Civil war. 42. Battle of Philippi. Brutus and Cas

sius overthrown. 31. Battle of Actium. End of the Roman

Republic.

50. Egypt reduced to a Roman province.

Temple of Janus closed. 27. Octavius becomes Emperor and assumes the title of Augustus Caesar. 4. Birth of Jesus Christ.

PROMINENT NAMES OF THE CENTURY.
Rome.

Public Men. — Marius, Sulla, Sertorius, Lucullus, (Pompey, Caesar, Crassus, the First Triumvirate,) Cicero, Catiline, Cato (Uticensis), (Octavius, Lepidus, Antony, the Second Triumvirate), Brutus.

Emperor. — Augustus.

Poets and Dramatists. —Lucretius, Catullus, Virgil, Horace, Tibullus, Propertius, Ovid.

Historians. — Varro, Julius Caesar, Sallust, Livy, Nepos.
Philosopher and Orator. — Cicero.
Greek Geographer. — Strabo.

Stria.

Under the dynasty of the Seleucidae.

Egypt.

Under the dynasty of the Ptolemies (Cleopatra the last sovereign).

Jud^a.

King. — Herod the Great

PoNTua.

King. — Mithridates.

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