in nature, with neither duffelness on the one hand, nor curl or wireness on the other ; on chest, under belly, and behind the legs there should be abundant feather, but never too much, and that of the right sort-namely, setter-like. The tail and hindquarters should be similarly adorned.

COLOUR.--Jet black throughout, glossy and true. A little white on chest, though a drawback, not a disqualification.

GENERAL APPEARANCE. – That of a sporting dog, capable of learning and doing anything possible for his inches aud conformation. A grand combination of beauty and utility. VALUE OF Points

Positive Points
Head and jaw .
Neck .
Fore legs .
Hind legs.
Coat and feather.
General appearance

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Total negative points. The Standard of Points of the “any other variety” or coloured field spaniel differs from that of the black field spaniel in the following points only :

Eyes.—The colour in all cases to match the coat and markings, viz. :In black and tan, eyes hazel or brown.

In liver and tan, eyes rather lighter than in black and tan, but of good rich tone.

In livers, eyes light hazel colour.

In black, tan and white roans, eyes somewhat similar to those of black and tan.

In liver and tan roans, eyes somewhat similar to liver and tans.
Nose.—Variable, according to colour of coat and markings :-
Black and tan, nose black.
Liver and tan, nose dark liver colour.
Livers, nose liver.
Black and tan and white roans, nose black.
Liver and tan roans, nose liver coloured.

COAT.-Similar in quality, substance, texture, and in all other respects, except colour, to black spaniels.

Colours.-- Various, such as black and tan; liver and tan; black, tan and white roans; liver and tan roans.

Note _" Blue roan” and “blue roan and tan” colours are omitted from this description of points, although very favourite shades now.

The black field spaniel illustrated is Ch. Bridford Boy, bred by Mr. Moses Woolland and owned by Mrs. Woolland. He is by Bridford Tommy, out of Bridford Jappy, and was born in January 1899 — undoubtedly the best field spaniel to-day. Length, from eye to nose, 44 inches; length of fore leg, 108 inches, and from tip of nose to set on of tail, 36 inches; weight, about 48 lbs., is very smart in the field, no day being too long for him. He has a long, lean head, muzzle beautifully chiselled under the eye, which is very dark ; ears set very low down, narrow where they leave the head, long, and lobe-shaped, well furnished with hair on the inside of leather ; body large, deep, and long, with well sprung ribs and barrel - shaped. Legs straight, short, strong, and very large in bone ; tail carried below the level of the back; coat, perfectly smooth and satin like, with no inclination to wave or curl. Championship at Birmingham, Crystal Palace, and Crufts, and has won innumerable other prizes.

Kempston Cameo, bred and owned by Mrs. F. Carter Mitchell, is by Welsh Roger out of Kempston Clytemnestra, and was whelped in April 1900. He is a blue roan, stands 12 inches at the shoulder, and weighs 40 lbs. Eyes, very dark; low placed ears ; perfect stern carriage ; has a really beautiful straight coat. Although of the fashionable type - long and low --- is particularly active. Winner of several prizes, including two firsts at Birmingham.


I AM conscious I should not write “Norfolk” at the head of this section, and yet have done so out of a sentimental consideration, and relying on facts as they are, not as they shortly will be. For I have before me the Spaniel Club's booklet, giving the Standard of Points of the various breeds of spaniels, and on pp. 26 to 28 there is one for the “Norfolk” spaniel. I know these three pages are doomed to be eliminated, and, with this confession, allow the name to remain as an alternative title to this article.

It would appear that when Youatt, about the middle of the last century, wrote that the Norfolk spaniel was first brought into notice by a Duke of Norfolk, who produced it by a cross between a terrier and a spaniel, he was drawing on his imagination. For I have the authority of Mr. John S. Cowell, the Honorary Secretary of the Spaniel Club, for the following notes on the subject :

Re Norfolk spaniels.-For many years there has been an impression abroad that these spaniels are indigenous to the county from which they take their name, and that the Duke of Norfolk has or had a kennel of the breed. As a matter of fact, no county is able to claim as its own the liver and white spaniel, which is certainly to be found in almost every village in England. I believe there are more of this variety in Yorkshire than in most counties; in fact the very best specimen I ever saw was in York city, and Mr. Thomas Jacobs (whose kennel Mr. Woolland purchased)

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