it out of a hole it had managed to squeeze its body into. He came back with the conviction that iguanas didn't play the game. The curious thing about V.C. was that he was despicably afraid of mice (who thought nothing of a wild cat), and yet he was nuts on scorpions, and would go searching for them directly the rains broke and they came to life, and kill half a dozen of an evening.

If any reader of this book desires to make a present to a friend in India, or other hot climate, let him ship him out a fox terrier, and I warrant he will never be forgotten, but have his health drunk at Christmas so long as the dog remains alive.

The following are the points of the fox terrier as recommended by the Fox Terrier Club :

STANDARD OF POINTS OF THE FOX TERRIER HEAD.—The skull should be flat and moderately narrow, and gradually decreasing in width to the eyes. Not much stop should be apparent, but there should be more dip in the profile between the forehead and the top jaw than is seen in the case of the greyhound.

CHEEKS. ---Must not be full.

Ears. Should be V-shaped and small; of moderate thickness, and dropping forward close to the cheek, not hanging by the side of the head like a foxhound's.

Jaw._Upper and under should be strong and muscular; should be of fair punishing strength, but not so in any way to resemble the grey. hound or modern English terrier. There should not be much falling away below the eyes. This part of the head should, however, be moderately chiselled out, so as not to go down in a straight line like a wedge.

Nose - towards which the muzzle should gradually taper — must be black.

Eyes.-Should be dark in colour, small, and rather deep set; full of fire, life, and intelligence, and as nearly as possible circular in shape.

TEETH.-Should be as nearly as possible level, i.e., the upper teeth on the outside of the lower teeth.

NECK.-Should be clean and muscular, without throatiness, of fair length, and gradually widening to the shoulders.

SHOULDERS. --Should be long and sloping, well laid back, fine at the points, and clearly cut at the withers.

CHEST.-Deep and not broad.

BACK.-Should be short, straight, and strong, with no appearance of slackness.

Loin.-Should be powerful, and very slightly arched. The fore ribs should be moderately arched, the back ribs deep, and the dog should be well ribbed up.

HINDQUARTERS.-Should be strong and muscular, quite free from droop or crouch ; the thighs long and powerful ; hocks near the ground, the dogs standing well up on them like a foxhound, and not straight in the stifie.

STERN.-Should be set on rather high and carried gaily, but not over the back or curled. It should be of good strength, anything approaching a “pipe-stopper" tail being especially objectionable.

LEGS.- Viewed in any direction must be straight, showing little or no appearance of an ankle in front. They should be strong in bone through. out, short, and straight to pastern. Both fore and hind legs should be carried straight forward in travelling, the stifies not turned outwards. The elbows should hang perpendicularly to the body, working free of the side.

FEET.-Should be round and compact, and not large. The soles hard and tough. The toes moderately arched, and turned neither in nor out.

COAT.-Should be straight, flat, smooth, hard, dense, and abundant. The belly and under side of the thighs should not be bare.

COLOUR.-White should predominate ; brindle, red, or liver markings are objectionable. Otherwise this point is of little importance.

SYMMETRY, SIZE, AND CHARACTER.—The dog must present a general gay, lively, and attractive appearance ; bone and strength in a small compass are essentials, but this must not be taken to mean that a fox terrier should be cloggy, or in any way coarse. Speed and endurance must be looked to as well as power, and the symmetry of the foxhound taken as a model. The terrier, like the hound, must on no account be leggy, nor must he be short in the leg. He should stand like a cleverly-made hunter, covering a lot of ground, yet with a short back, as before stated. He will then attain the greatest degree of propelling power, together with the greatest length of stride that is compatible with the length of his body. Weight is not a certain criterion of a terrier's fitness for his work ; general shape, size, and contour are the main points. And if a dog can gallop and stay, and follow his fox up a drain it matters little what his weight is to a pound or so. Though, roughly speaking, it may be said he should not scale over 20 lbs. in show condition. POINT VALUES

Head and ears .
Shoulders and chest
Back and loins .
Stern . .
Legs and feet .
Coat .
Symmetry, size, character

Total : 100





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Disqualifying Points. Nose, white, cherry, or spotted to a considerable extent with either of these colours : Ears, prick, tulip, or rose : Mouth, much undershot or overshot.

As might be expected in so popular a breed a very great number of dogs and bitches have been selected by my various contributors as the most representative of their race. To give the first six in the order voted for, they run-Ch. Donna Fortuna (an easy first), Ch. Leander, Ch. Duchess of Durham, Ch. Dukedom, Ch. Blizzard, and Cymro Queen. Of these I have selected Ch. Donna Fortuna for illustration.

Ch. Donna Fortuna was bred and is owned by Mr. Francis Redmond, being by Ch. Dominie out of that perfect bitch Ch. Dame Fortune, and was born in 1896. She scales 15 inches, weighs 17} lbs., and is all-white, with black ears. Her owner briefly describes her as having dark eyes, perfect carriage of ears, stern gay and perfectly carried, coat hard and dense ; legs, feet, and bone neat, and as good in conformation as a foxhound's. She has won championships at every leading show, and has never known defeat, and the score of her prizes is beyond reckoning. She is the dam of Ch. Don Cesario and other noted winners.

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1 FOX TERRIER (1860).


THERE are persons who think, and perhaps with justice, that the wire-haired fox terrier, like Esau, has been deprived of his birthright by his smoother brother, between whom and him exists only the difference of the hairier skin ; and, as if to confirm the simile, they will assure you that the rough one is the gamier and hardier hunter of the two. Certain it is that there have been periods when the wire-haired fox terrier met with truly abominable and derogatory treatment—as, for instance, when he first started his show career, and was relegated to the non-sporting division of dogs; or again, when he was jumbled up in some early stud registers with the Irish terrier—for although you may describe them (from vermin's point of view, as Arcades ambo, they are assuredly as distinct in type as the Tipperary trotter and the Yorkshire tyke; or, still again, when the Kennel Club, within the last quarter of a century, humiliated them by “ removing them from the arbitrament of the fox terrier judges," as being of a different breed. On the other hand, it must be admitted that the wire-haired was not so well known or understood in those times as he is nowadays; for, like your truest and best of sportsmen, he displayed a certain diffidence, amounting to disinclination, to push himself forward, and whilst smooths were booming in VOL. II


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the 'Sixties, wires, on occasions, could not produce sufficient entries in the 'Seventies to win a third prize, and seldom exceeded a dozen. As a consequence they "languished in obscurity” until ten years after their first bow to the judge at the Birmingham Dog Show of 1872, and it took the work of a second decade to bring them into the favour and popularity they now universally enjoy, and jockey them into that position in the race which may in time bring them level with their smooth brothers.

And yet the wire-haired fox terrier was the Rev. John Russell's breed, and what does that not imply? For where shall you find any terrier strain, or, for a matter of that, any strain of dogs, so honoured and renowned as that of the Devonshire parson, whose distaste for show dogs was almost as profound as his admiration for working ones? I suppose he is the only terrier-fancier who achieved a world-wide reputation for his stock without the aid of red tickets and championship certificates. Mr. Russell has been called the father of the breed; he started his famous strain in Waterloo year, and he died in the 'Nineties, and his experience comprehended the whole gamut of type from the chaotic to the completed. He was as particular about the pedigrees of his own dogs as the most expert and successful of modern exhibitors, and only once admitted an out-cross, when he imported a dash of blood from Old Jock, who was the Shem of the trio from which the smooth fox-terrier-world was begotten. Parson Russell's terriers were on the small side, the dogs seldom exceeding 18 lbs., and the bitches running two or three pounds less. Some of their blood is still to be found in kennels in the south-west and west of England, but is not so apparent in our Stud Books as the fame of it should have warranted. And notwith

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