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rendering this modernized version of Hoyle's GAMES as correct and authentic as possible, I shall feel much gratified and obliged by the receipt of any emendations, or other suggestions, likely to help me in effecting that object in future editions.

G. F. P.

· PRINCES TERRACE, VICTORIA PARK.

January, 1863.

CONTENTS

55.

ABOUT CARDS IN GENERAL, 1. | ALL-FOURS:

WHIST:

Terms used in the Game, 129,

Introductory, 7.

Method of Playing, 131,

The Game, 15.

Laws, 132.

Technical Terms, 19.

Blind All-Fours, 133.

Bob Short's Rules, 22.. ALL-FIVES, 133.

Laws and Observations, 25. QUADRILLE :

How to play scientifically, 37. Description of the Game, 135,

The High Game, 49.

Rank and Order of the Cards,

Returning Partner's Lead, 50. 136,

The Finish, 51.

Terms Used, 137.

Strength in Trumps, 54. Laws and Regulations, 140.

Forcing your Partner, 54. Maxims for Learners, 142.

Indications and Inferences, Mode of Playing, 143,

VINGT-UN:

Hoyle's Grammar of Whist, Description of the Game,145,

56.

Rules and Regulations, 150.

Examples from Hoyle, 58. QUINCE, 161,

Calculations of Odds, 78 PUT, 153.

General Advice, 83.

LOO, 155.

Short Whist, &c., 88.

SPECULATION, 158,

CRIBBAGE:

MATRIMONY, 160.

Description of the Game, 91. | CONNEXIONS, 162.

Technical Terms, 95.

CASSINO, 163.

Rules and Regulations, 97. POPE JOAN, 165,

Laying out the Crib, 100. COMMERCE, 167.

Three and Four-hand Crib LOTTERY, 169.

bage, 101.

8IFT SMOKE, 170.

Six-Card Cribbage, 102. SNIP-SNAP-SNORUM, 171.

Eight-Card Cribbage, 102. BLIND HOOKEY, 172.

The High Game, 103.

CHESS:

Examples of Hands, 107. The Board and the Pieces,

ECARTE:

173.

Principles of the Game, 111. The Power of the Pieces, 177.

Technical Terms, 114.

Technical Terms, 177.

How to play the High Game, Chess Notation, 182

115.

Laws of the Game, 185.

Hands that win or lose the Advice to Young Players, 187

Point, 117.

How to Checkmate, 190.

PIQUET:

Endings of Games, 201,

Terms used in the Game, 119 Various Openings and Gam-

Method of Playing, 121.

bits, 205.

Laws and Regulations, 125. ! Illustrative Games, 239.

HOYLE'S GAMES.

ABOUT CARDS IN GENERAL. The Baron now his Diamonds pours apace, The embroidered King, who shows but half his face, And his refulgent Queen, with powers combined, Of broken troops, an easy conquest find. Clubs, Diamonds, Hearts, in wild disorder seen With things promiscuous, strew the level green.

POPE's Rape of the Lock. VOLUMES have been written about cards. Much pleasant chat and gossip have been had over the card-table, and occasionally not a little mischief has been done. Cards and card-players have been villified, scandalized, and decried; but both cards and card-players flourish as bravely as ever. In fact, the various card-games are better understood and better played now than in the days of Sir Roger de Coverley, who, we are told, used to send a pack of cards at Christmas-time to every cottager on his estate.

Christmas is especially a season for card-playing; and so long as the fifty-two pieces of painted pasteboard are used and not abused--so long as amusement does not-degenerate into gambling80 long as good temper and kindliness reign around the table-we may defy the grumblers and enjoy ourselves after our own fashion. The poor cards are innocent enough; it is only the spirit in which they are played that has brought ruin to their players. However this may be, I shall not deliver a homily about cards. If folks are inclined to gamble, they will never fail to procure ready instruments for their purpose. We all know the story of the club bet about the course of two drops of rain down the windowpane, and the recent scandal concerning the spelling of reindeer versus raindeer.

Of the history of cards very little is really known, though Mr. Singer has written nearly four hundred quarto pages on the subject. The old legeno about cards having been invented to amuse the lucid moments of a mad king is now very generally doubted; for there is reason to believe tha; cards and card games were familiar to the inbabitants of China and India centuries before their introduction into Europe. Of course the methods of playing various games have greatly varied in different countries and at different times. The faces of the cards themselves have changed in the most Proteus-like faszion, and the number in the pack has undergone many curio'is variations. In the museum of the Royal Asiatic Society there is a Hindoo pack of cards consisting of ninety-two; and there are now in France packs of only twenty-eight. These packs are called Tarots, from the Italian, and the cards are uniformly chequered on their backs and of smaller size than those in ordinary use. Mr. Chatto, the joint author with Mr. Jackson of the History of Wood-Engraving, has devoted a volume of three hundred pages to the elucidation of the meanings hidden in the figures-pips and faces--on the cards, and says that what we call court-cards should be more properly called coat

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