sired to avoid. At the same time it boiling. Kissing, and the use of should not be forgotten that the drinking cups and towels, etc., in Arctic explorer does not ordinarily common with other members of have colds so long as he stays out the household should be forbidden. in the open, and that it is not the it being borne in mind constantly engineer and fireman in the cold, that colds are infectious and readily drafty cab who have colds, but spread from one person to another. those who ride in the close, dusty, overheated coaches behind. When all is said, it must be admitted that SALESMEN'S WIVES dusty, unventilated rooms perhaps TOLD HOW TO KEEP play the greatest role in producing


Recognizing that industrial or Treat Colds Seriously

business efficiency is largely a mat

ter of individual health, a large Since colds are a serious condi

Ohio manufacturing concern tion they should be treated as such.

cently called together the wives of A great many people think that

its 500 salesmen for a convention, they have an infallible remedy for

at which it presented to them a breaking up a cold. This may be harmless in itself, but usually it is

series of addresses telling how they

could aid their husbands in attainnot and consists of a combination

ing success in their work. Sugof harmful drugs and alcohol, the latter usually preponderating. The

gestions for keeping him cheerful

and in good health were important sufferer takes these preparations in

"tips" which each wife received. large quantities, and if he is strong enough he may survive them and

Among the bits of advice handed

out were these: Serve simple food. eventually get the best of his cold. Self-medication or medication by

keep him cheerful, see that he gets

plenty of sleep, lend encouragement untrained persons is always dan

at the right time, encourage him to gerous. It is especially dangerous to those having colds and should

take regular exercise. always be scrupulously avoided.

Addresses were given on such As a rule, much time, incon

subjects food conservation, venience, and suffering will be ob

proper methods of preparing food. viated by consulting an intelligent balancing of meals and prevention

of disease. physician promptly. If this is not practicable, a brisk saline may be taken and the patient put to bed.

GULLS PROTECT This gives his body an opportunity

PUBLIC HEALTH to regain its vitality and at the same time isolates him from other Sea gulls as, an aid to public people. The sick room should be health were given a boost by the well ventilated and the windows so National Association of Audobon opened as to keep the air moving Societies recently. Large seacoast freely. It is also wise to moisten and lake cities which dump their the air a little bit by putting a pan garbage offshore are protected by of water on the radiator or over the gulls from the disagreeable re the register or on the stove. The sults which would ensue if the rehandkerchiefs and bedding used by fuse drifted ashore. The birds eat the patient should be sterilized by the waste matter.


THE ART OF LIVING LONG. Let us get away momentarily from the war. There seems to be a widespread desire among people to live long. This is indicated by the success which attends the efforts of “specialists” who advertise various kinds of medicines and also by the fact that many of the citizens of our beloved country spend much of their time and most of their money in efforts to secure remedies for the things that ail them. Some of them travel to far-away places, hoping to find strength in climatic changes; not a few subscribe for courses of physical training, and there are many who endeavor by dieting and engaging in other diversions to ward off the decay that insists upon making itself manifest in spite of the general reluctance with which it is acknowledged. Every little while we hear from a scientist who alleges that he has discovered how to prolong life indefinitely, and the hope which springs eternal in the human breast is refreshed and strengthened, only to be followed by disappointment when it is found that the scientist has been unduly impulsive in announcing his discovery.

What chance is there for prolonging life? Are the people who think they can lengthen their years by taking medicines, by finding changes of climate, by engaging in special physical exercises or by adopting any of the other courses recommended likely to gain the desired end?

It is not to be denied that some medicines are helpful or that climate and proper exercise may be beneficial. The great trouble, however, is that people do not begin at the proper time to try to live long. It is difficult to save an apple that has begun to rot. When a tree has been permitted to decay, doctoring will not restore its former strength. People who by careless and improper living bring on physical deterioration are not likely to recover youthful vigor and healthiness by taking drugs or engaging in exercises that have been too long deferred.

The time to begin to live long is when one is young and sound. Young people who keep late hours; who inhale cigarette smoke, who drink stuff that is injurious to living tissues, and whose associations are unhealthful may be expected to find it necessary later in life to seek remedies for the prevention of untimely decay. The sound apple that is left in the barrel where many rotten ones are soon rots. So it is with the healthy boy or girl. Neither the one nor the other can associate with people who are unfit, without becoming tainted with unfitness.

In the big cities most of the cabarets may be likened unto the barrels containing rotten apples. The young man or young woman who frequents such places is in danger. Rottenness is contagious.

Let no one conclude hastily that it is intended here to convey the impression that all people who find it necessary to seek health have been guilty of youthful folly. Many good men and women become unsound physically through no faults of their own. Overwork may bring on disease or early exhausted. Circumstances which may not always be controlled are responsible for much of the suffering and many of the ills that people have to bear; but in too many instances decrepitude is directly traceable to careless living and dangerous indulgence that could and should have been avoided.

The boy or girl who is to live long and be useful in the world must begin early to live right. Rottenness that begins where rotten conditions prevail is not to be cured by change of climate, by the consumption of nostrums, or by any remedy that science is likely to develop.-Springfield Daily News.


Director Division of Child Hygiene, State Department of Health.

As a result of the Federal child labor law having become effective September 1, we are facing a new series of questions in Ohio. The law requires that no child under 14 years of age shall work in any mill, cannery, workshop, factory or manufacturing establishment which ships in interstate or foreign commerce. This will set free many children in states where no such provision has before been made and these children must be kept in school at any cost.

Ohio should not be affected by such a law if her own child labor law was enforced to the limit. We all know, however, that it requires eternal vigilance to attain even near perfection in such a case. There are places in Ohio in which the law is not fully enforced and a special effort must be made throughout the state to see that all the children of such ages are enrolled in school. From a number of smaller cities have already come reports of much larger enrollment and overcrowded schools. Whether or not this has any connection with the new law, it is too early to predict. At least we hope that some children have been given a new opportunity.

There is danger in the economic crisis which exists, of children in the rural districts being kept out of school for a longer period because of the shortage of farm labor. This should not be permitted and all possible influence should be brought to bear upon school men not to countenance such a procedure. Labor can be furnished thru the various state agencies but it is sometimes easier to keep the boy on the farm than to hunt up a paid laborer.

Again there is danger in the large cities of children escaping notice and slipping into industry because of the absence of so many men. There is as yet no pressing need in Ohio of even adult women in industry to say nothing of boys and girls. They should be the very last resource. Agencies need be very active in our cities to obviate such conditions.

The Women's Committee of the Council of National Defense hopes to help in this campaign because of these possibilities. There has been a woman chairman appointed in each of the counties whose duty it shall be to organize the woman's work in her county. She will appoint a chairman in each of the incorporated places of her county. It shall be the duty of this chairman to obtain as much information as possible about child labor conditions in her community, the actual

The ques

work she may delegate to as many women as she wishes. tions asked will be:

1. Are all children between 6 and 14 years of age in your community or school district in school?

2. How do you know this?

3. Are any children in need of scholarships in order to attend school?

These questions will, in certain places, be incorporated in a series asked in connection with local studies of birth registration. This information will be collected in the State Department of Health, Division of Child Hygiene, as the director of this division is also chairman of the Woman's Committee for Child Welfare. In this manner we hope to have some definite information as to what the situation in the state really is. If the children of school age are all in the schools we should know it. If they are not, all possible effort must be made to put them there and keep them there.



care to see any actual contact with OF SICKNESS INSURANCE patients any bedside care

The Ohio State Medical Associa- omitted from the curriculum. This tion's committee, recently named,

experience which must be obtained to aid the state health and old age in hospital words is the foundainsurance commission in the study

tion of nursing work. of health and old age insurance Realizing the importance of this consists of: Dr. Walter H. Snyder, great problem of the shortage of Toledo, former president of the nurses the National Nursing Comassociation; Dr. O. Geier, Cin- mittees of the General Medical cinnati, chairman of the public Boards of the Council of National health section of the American Defense have looked to the future Medical Association, and Dr. G. E. and have exerted every effort to Robbins, Chillicothe, former presi- increase the number of students in dent of the Ohio Society for the training schools. Thousands of Prevention of Tuberculosis.

letters and appeals have been sent to principals of schools or secre

taries of Boards of Education, to WAR PROBLEMS OF

1917 college graduates, as well as PUBLIC HEALTH NURSE to graduates of high, technical and (Continued from page 508.)

private schools. university study will take the place The nursing schools and hosof this early training and educa- pitals are doing their part to help tion.

in the great need. Several schools I believe that all nurses should are offering special inducements to receive their nursing education in candidates who have had special the universities. The need for the preparation. College graduates authority and prestige of a uni- who can bring proof of satisfacversity in the recognition of nurs- tory .scientific groundwork may ing as a profession is just as im- complete their training in two inperative as it has been in the recog- stead of three years. In the Presnition of any other profession. byterian Hospital Training School This does not mean that I would of New York City plans are being



this emergency

considered whereby college stu- nurse cannot be an expert in her dents who have had two years of line if she does not recognize the specially arranged work in ap- dangers with which tuberculosis proved colleges may enter the reg- threatens her little charges. The ular course of training and at the school nurse soon sees how closely end of the allotted period receive her work touches pre-natal and intheir degree of Bachelor fant welfare nursing. We are alScience as well as their diploma of ready forced to make our small nursing Already the University supply of nurses go as far as posof Cincinnati is providing a five sible, but such an arrangement of year combined collegiate and pro- generalization can hardly be called fessional course leading to an experiment or a makeshift, as Bachelor's degree and the Ohio it has already been so successfully State University hopes soon to of- carried out in many cities. fer a similar opportunity.

While the extra demand is beNursing schools throughout the ing made by the American Red country are in need of more pupils. Cross upon our little army of pubAs so many of the private nurses lic health nurses, the call for nurswill go to the front, many more

ing service at home is daily growsick people will probably go to hos- ing

more imperiative. Poor pitals for care, and a larger stu- stricken France is warning us not dent force will be needed to meet to make her mistake. Her five

hundred thousand tuberculous One real danger to be guarded soldiers will be a sad problem for against in the unprecedented call years to come. A half a million for nurses, is that women with centers of infection! England has insufficient public health training

learned that the best way to replace may be pressed into service. The the lives lost in battle is to try to mental discipline of a college edu- save the lives of babies who die cation with the scientific knowledge from preventable causes. Poland acquired will very materially help has no little children left. A genin the training of a nurse, but I do eration has been wiped out. The not believe that anything will take New York Milk Committee after the place of the hospital exper- gathering statistics from

150 ience. After the war is over, if American cities with a population we have many health worlørs who of 25,000 and over reports that in fail to come up to standards which these cities one baby out of every we have been fighting to maintain, ten dies before it is one year old. we may have as difficult a problem There are 20,000,000 school chilon our hands as we have now. dren in the United States and these

One means of conserving the little citizens should not be allowed public health nurses who are em- to grow up with defects which can ployed by city organizations is by

be detected and corrected. Surely combining all the nursing forces there is plenty of work for our 6,under one head. They are all lab- 000 public health nurses. oring for the same 'end — better For the public health nurse who health and better living conditions. sincerely asks herself "How can I The tuberculosis nurse cannot fully best serve my country in the hour understand her problem if she does of her need?" there is a serious not view it in its relation to the problem and no one can make her children; and the child welfare decision for her. She knows that

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