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posed to have some petition for the vizier, was permitted to enter. He surveyed the spaciousness of the apartments, admired the walls hung with golden tapestry, and the floors covered with silken carpets; and despised the simple neatness of his own little habitation.

3.66 Surely,” said he to himself; “ this palace is the seat of happiness: where pleasure succeeds to pleasure, and discontent and sorrow can have no admission. Whatever nature has provided for the delight of sense, is here spread forth to be enjoyed. What can mortals hope or imagine, which the master of this palace has not obtained? The dishes of luxury cover his table! the voice of harmony lulls him in his bowers; he breathes the fragrance of the groves of Java, and sleeps upon the down of the cygnetsd of Ganges.

4. “ He speaks, and his mandate is obeyed; he wishes, and his wish is gratified; all, whom he sees, obey him, and all, whom he hears, flatter him. How different, Oh Ortogrul, is thy condition, who art doomed to the perpetual torments of unsatisfied desire; and who hast no amusement in thy power, that can withhold thee from thy own reflections !

5“{They tell thee that thou art wise; but what does wisdom avail with poverty? None will flatter the poor; ana the wise have very little power of flattering themselves That man is surely the most wretched of the sons of wretch edness, who lives with his own faults and follies always before him; and who has none to reconcile him to himself by praise and veneration. I have long sought content, and have not found it; I will from this moment endeavour to be rich.”

6. Full of his new resolution, he shut himself in his chamber for six months, to deliberate how he should grow rich. He sɔmetimes purposed to offer himself as a counsellor to one of the kings of India; and sometimes resolved to dig for diamonds in the mines of Golconda.

7. One day, after some hours passed in violent fluctuations of opinion, sleej, insensibly seized him in his chair. He dreamed, that he was ranging a desert country, in search of some one that might teach him to grow rich; and as he stood on the top of a hill, shaded with cypress, in doubt whither to direct his steps, his father appeared on a sudden standing before him. Ortogrul,”

» said the old man, “ I know thy perplexity; listen to thy father; turn thine eye on the opposite mountain."

8. Ortogrul looked, and saw a torrent tumbling down

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the rocks, roaring with the noise of thunder, and scattering its foam on the impending woods. " Now,” said his father, “ behold the valley that lies between the hills.” Or togrul looked, and espied a little well, out of which issuea a small rivulet. “Tell me now,” said his father, “dost thou wish for sudden affluence, that may pour upon thee like the mountain torrent; or for a slow and gradual increase, resembling the rill gliding from the well?".

9. “Let me be quickly rich," said Ortogrul; “let the golden stream be quick and violent.” “ Look round thee,” said his father, “once again.” Ortogrul looked, and perceived the channel of the torrent dry and dusty; but following the rivulet" from the well, he traced it to a wide lake, which the supply, slow and constant, kept always full. He awoke, and determined to grow rich by silent profit, and persevering industry.

10. Having sold his patrimony, he engaged in merchandize; and in twenty years purchased lands, on which he raised a house, equal in sumptuousness to that of the vizier, to which he invited all the ministers of pleasure, expecting to enjoy all the felicity which he had imagined riches able to afford. Leisure soon made him weary of himself, and he longed to be persuaded that he was great and happy. He was courteous and liberal: he gave all that approached bim hopes of pleasing him, and all who shonld please him, hopes of being rewarded. Every art of praise was tried, and every source of adulatory fiction' was exhausted.

11. Ortogrul heard his flatterers without delight, because he found himself unable to believe them. His own heart told him its frailties; his own understanding reproached him with his faults. “ How long,” said he, with a deep.sigh, “have I been labouring in vain to amassk wealth, which at last is useless! Let no man hereafter wish to be rich, who is already too wise to be flattered.”

DR. JOHNSON.

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SECTION VI. a Fo-li-age, fd-1d-adje, leaves, tufts to infuse into the mind, to impress of leaves.

on the fancy. 6 Ro-man-tick, ro-mån'-tík, wild, g As-ton-ish-ment, ås-tôn'-Ish-ment, improbable.

extreme surprise. c Frag-ment, fråg'-ment, a brokenth Ad-mi-ra-tion, åd-md-ra'-shủn, piece.

wonder, the act of admiring. d Sooth, sóðth, to flatter, please. li War-ble, wår'-bl, to quaver, & e Rev-e-rie, rév'-e-re, a loose mus- sound. ing, irregular thought.

k Prec-i-pice, près'-sd-pis, a headf In-spire, in-spire', to breathe into, long steep.

I De-vi-ous, dél-vé-ìs, erring, going|d Re-tard, re-tård', 'to lainder. astray.

e Tor-pe-do, tor-pei-do, a fish whose m Ex-cur-sion, eks-kúr'-shủn, an touch benumbs. expedition.

f Lan-guor, lång'-gwůr, a faintness, n Par-ti-al-i-ty, pår-shd-al'-e-tè, un- lassitude. equal judgment.

8 Tinge, tỉnje, to impregnate, to o Ec-cen-trick, ék-sen'-trik, devia- imbue. ting from the centre.

h O-bliv-i-on, d-bliyl-e-ún, forgetfulp De-ride, dé-ride', to mock,ridicule. ness, amnesty. 9 Toil-some, toil'-sům, laborious, i Sci-ence, si'-ense, knowledge, art fatiguing.

attained by precepts, or built on . Iin-por-tu-ni-ty, im-pôr-tu-ne-te, principles. incessant solicitation.

k En-chant-ment, én-tshånt'-ment, : Com-ply, kôm-pli', to yield to, magical charms, agree.

2 Un-re-mit-ted, ủn-re-mit'-téd, unt As-per-i-ty, ås-per'-d-té, uneven- wearied. ness, roughness.

m Ex-hil-a-ra-ting,

égz-hilf-8-ra. u Rug-ged, rúgʻ-gid, rough, stormy, ting, making cheerful. rude.

n Ev-er-green, év'-ůr-gréén, a plant o Whole-some, hole'-sům, sound, verdant through the year.' salutary.

o Ef-ful-gence, èf-fül'-jense, lustre, w Re-fresh, rè-fresh', to relieve af- splendour. ter pain.

p Ar-dour, år'-důr, heat of affection, * Ob-struc-tion, ob-strůk'-shản, hin- as love, desire, courage. drance, obstacle.

9 Di-vine, de-vine', partaking of the y En-tice, én-tise', to allure,attract. nature of God. z In-nu-mer-a-ble, in-nd'-můr-å-bl, r Be-nign, bé-nine', kind, liberal. not to be counted.

s Ra-di-ance, rá'-jè-ånse, sparkling a For-mi-da-ble, for'-me-då-bl, terri- lustre. ble, dreadful.

t Sage, såje, a philosopher, learned 3 Im-per-cep-ti-bly, im-per-sép'-te- in philosophy. :

ble, in a manner not to be perceiv- u Her-mit, hér'-mit, a recluse, a soled.

itary monk. c Hos-til-i-ty, hồs-til-e-tė, open war, v Em-i-nence, ém'-e-nense, height, enmity.

celebrity.

The hill of science. In that season of the year, when the serenity of the sky, the various fruits which cover the ground, the discoloured foliage of the trees, and all the sweet, but fading graces of inspiring autumn, open the mind to benevolence, and dispose it for contemplation, I was wandering in a beautiful and romantickb country, till curiosity began to give way to weariness; and I sat down on the fragment of a rock overgrown with moss; where the rustling of the falling leaves, the dashing of waters, and the hum of the distant city, soothedd my mind into a most perfect tranquillity; and sleep insensibly stole upon me, as I was indulging the agreeable revecies, which the objects around me naturally inspired'.

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2. I immediately found myself in a vast extended plain, in the middle of which arose a mountain higher than had before any conception of. It was covered with a multitude of people, chiefly youth; many of whom pressed for ward with the liveliest expression of ardour in their coun tenance, though the way was in many places steep and difficult.

3. I observed, that those, who had hut just began to climb the hill, thought themselves not far from the top; but as they proceeded, new hills were continually rising to their view; and the summit of the highest they could before discern seemed but the foot of another, till the mountain at length appeared to lose itself in the clouds. As I was gazing on these things with astonishments, a friendly instructer suddenly appeared: “the mountain before thee,” said he, “is the hill of Science, On the top is the Temple of Truth. whose head is above the clouds and a vale of pure light covers her face. Observe the progress of her votaries; be silent and attentive.”

4. After I had noticed a variety of objects, I turned my eye towards the multitudes who were climbing the steep ascent; and observed among them a youth of a lively look a piercing eye, and something fiery and irregular in all his motion. His name was Genius. He darted like an eagle up the mountain; and left his companions gazing after him with envy and admiration:" but his progress was unequal, and interrupted by a thousand caprices. When pleasure warbledi in the valley, he mingled in her train.

5. When Pride beckoned towards the precipice,k he ventured to the tottering edge. He delighted in devious! and untried paths; and made so many excursions from the road, that his feebler companions often outstripped him. I observed that the muses beheld him with partiality;" but Truth often frowned and turned aside her face.

6. While Genius was thus wasting his strength in 'eccentricko flights, I saw a person of very different appearance, named Application. He crept along with a slow and unremitting pace, his eyes fixed on the top of the mountain, patiently removing every stone that obstructed his

way, till he saw most of those below him, who had at first derided" his slow and toilsome? progress.

7. Indeed, there were few who ascended the hill with equal, and uninterrupted steadiness; for, besides the dif ficulties of the way, they were continually solicited to

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į turn aside, by a numerous crowd of appetites, passions,

and pleasures, whose importunity," when once complieds with, they became less and less able to resist: and though they often returned to the path, the asperities of the road were more severely felt; the hill appeared more steep and rugged;' the fruits, which were wholesome' and refreshing," seemed harsh and ill tasted; their sight grew dim; and their feet tript at every little obstruction.*

8. I saw, with some surprise, that the muses, whose business was to cheer and encourage those who were toiling up the ascent, would often sing in the bowers of pleasure, and

accompany those who were enticedy away at the call of the passions. They accompanied them, however, but a little way; and always forsook them when they lost sight of the hill. The tyrants then doubled their chains upon the unhappy captives; and led them away, without resistance, to the cells of Ignorance, or the mansions of Misery.

9. Amongst the innumerable” seducers, who were endeavouring to draw away the votaries of Truth from the path of science, there was one, so little formidablea in her appearance, and so gentle and languid in her attempts, that I should scarcely have taken notice of her, but for the numbers she had imperceptibly loaded with her chains. '10. Indolence, (for so she was called,) far from proceeding to open hostilities, did not attempt to turn their feet out of the path, but contented herself with retardingd their progress; and the purpose she could not force them to abandon, she persuaded them to delay. Her touch had a power like that of the torpedo,e which withered the strength of those who came within its influence. Her unhappy captives still turned their faces towards the temple, and always hoped to arrive there; but the ground seemed to slide from beneath their feet, and they found themselves at the bottom, before they suspected they had changed their place.

11. The placid serenity, which at first appeared to their countenance, changed by degrees into a melancholy languor, which was tinged with deeper and deeper gloom, as they glided down the stream of Insignificance; a dark and sluggish water, which is curled by no breeze, and enlivened by no murmur, till it falls into a dead sea, where startled passengers are awakened by the shock, and the next moment buried in the gulf of oblivion."

12. Of all the unhappy deserters from the paths of

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