« ForrigeFortsett »
1642.] The queen sails for Holland.
The king's answer about tho militia. 175 than those to which it was given; as it afterwards The queen being gone, and the prince come to fell out.
his father at Greenwich, the king sent an answer The queen being shipped for Holland, his majesty to the two houses concerning the militia ; that returned to Greenwich, whither he had sent to the " having, with his best care and understanding, marquis of Hertford to bring the prince of Wales perused and considered that, which had been from Hampton-court to meet him; of which as sent him from both houses, for the ordering the soon as the houses were advertised, they sent a “ militia to be made an ordinance of parliament message to the king, who was upon his way " by the giving of his royal assent, as he could from Ďover, to desire him, “ that the prince might by no means do it for many reasons, so he did “not be removed from Hampton-court, for that “not conceive himself obliged by any promise
they conceived his removal at that time might “ made to them in his answer to their former “be a cause to promote jealousies and fears in the petition. He said, he found great cause to ex“ hearts of his good subjects, which they thought " cept against the preface, or introduction to that
necessary to avoid ;” and, at the same time, sent “ order; which confessed a most dangerous and an express order to the marquis of Hertford, “ to “ desperate design upon the house of commons
require him not to suffer the prince to go to “ of late, supposed to be an effect of the bloody “ Greenwich :” but his lordship, choosing rather “ counsels of papists, and other ill-affected perto obey the king's commands than theirs, carried sons, by which many might understand (looking his highness to his father ; of which the houses no upon other printed papers to that purpose) his sooner were informed, than they sent some mem own coming in person to the house of commons bers of both houses to Greenwich,“ to bring the on the fourth of January, which begot so un
prince from thence to London.” But when they happy a misunderstanding between him and his came thither, they found the king, whom they did people. And for that, though he believed it, not expect there, and so made no attempt to per upon the information since given him, to be a form that command. The reason of this extrava “ breach of their privileges, and had offered, and gancy (besides their natural humour to affront the was ready, to repair the same for the future, king, and this seeming care of the prince was a by any act should be desired from his majesty; popular thing) was pretended to be an informa yet he must declare, and require to be believed, tion they had received from a member of the " that he had no other design upon that house, or house.
any member of it, than to require, as did, the There was one Griffith, a young Welshman, of “ persons of those five gentlemen he had before no parts or reputation, but for eminent license; « accused of high treason, and to declare that he this youth had long, with great boldness, followed “ meant to proceed against them legally and speedthe court, and pretended to preferment there ; and ily; upon which he believed that house would so in the house had always opposed, as far as not “ have delivered them up. consenting, all the undutiful acts towards the king, “ And he called the almighty God to witness, and, upon this stock of merit, had pressed more “ that he was so far from any intention, or thought, confidently for a reward; and, when the queen was “ of force or violence, although that house had ready to take shipping at Dover for Holland, he o not delivered them according to his demand, or barefaced importuned her to mediate to the king, “ in any case whatsoever, that he gave those “that he might be forthwith admitted of the prince's “ his servants, and others, who then waited on “ bedchamber :” the which her majesty refusing, “ his majesty, express charge and command, he forthwith told his companions, “ that since he “ that they should give no offence unto any “ could not render himself considerable by doing man; nay,
if they received any provocation or “the king service, he would be considerable by injury, that they should bear it without return; doing him disservice:" and so made great haste
s and he neither saw nor knew, that any person of to London, and openly in the house told them, “his train had any other weapons, but his pen(the same day that the prince was to go to Green “sioners and guard, those with which they wich,) " that if they were not exactly careful, they “ usually attend his person to parliament; and “would speedily lose the prince; for, to his know “ the other gentlemen, swords. And therefore he ledge, there was a design and resolution imme “ doubted not, but the parliament would be re
diately to carry him into France.” From which gardful of his honour therein, that he should senseless and groundless information, he was taken “ not undergo any imputation by the rash and into their favour; and, his malice supplying the “ indiscreet expressions of any young men then defect of other parts, was thenceforth taken into “ in his train, or by any desperate words uttered trust, and used as their Bravo to justify all their “ by others, who might mingle with them without excesses in taverns and ordinaries. And I saw « his consent or approbation. Mr. Hambden, shortly after this discovery, take “ For the persone nominated to be the lieutehim in his arms, telling him,“ his soul rejoiced “ nants of the several counties of England and " to see, that God had put it in his heart to take “ Wales, he said, he was contented to allow that “ the right way.”
recommendation; only concerning the city of To their message the king sent them word, “ London, and such other corporations as by an“ That to their fears and jealousies he knew not
« cient charters had granted to them the power “ what answer to give, not being able to imagine
“ of the militia, he did not conceive that it could “ from what grounds they proceeded; but if any
“ stand with justice or policy to alter their govern“ information had been given to them to cause
ment in that particular. And he was willing “ those apprehensions, he much desired the same “ forthwith to grant to every one of them, that of
might be examined to the bottom; and then he “ London and those other corporations excepted, hoped that their fears and jealousies would be
“ such commissions, as he had granted this par“ hereafter continued only with reference to his “ liament to some lords lieutenants by their admajesty's rights and honour.”
But if that power were not thought
176 Votes of both houses upon the king's answer about the militia. [BOOK IV.
enough, but that more should be thought fit to “ if his majesty should persist in it, it would hazard “ be granted to those persons named, than, by " the peace and safety of all his kingdoms, unless “ the law, is in the crown itself, he said, he some speedy remedy were applied by the wisdom
thought it reasonable that the same should be “and authority of both houses of parliament: and
by some law first vested in him, with power to “ that such parts of the kingdom, as had already “ transfer it to those persons; which he would put themselves into a posture of defence against
willingly do: and whatever that power should " the common danger, had done nothing but what “ be, to avoid all future doubts and questions, he was justifiable, and was approved by both “ desired it might be digested into an act of par houses.” And having caused these, and such “ liament, rather than an ordinance; so that all other resolutions to be immediately published in “ his subjects might thereby particularly know, print, that their friends abroad might know what “ both what they were to do, and what they were they had to do, they sent a committee of both
to suffer for their neglect; that so there might houses to the king at Theobalds with another peti“ be the least latitude for them to suffer under any tion; in which they told him, “ that their just aparbitrary power whatsoever.
prehensions of sorrow and fear, in respect of the “To the time desired for the continuance of the “ public dangers and miseries like to fall upon his powers to be granted, he said, he could not con majesty and the kingdom, were much increased “ sent to divest himself of the just power, which upon the receipt of his unexpected denial of “ God, and the laws of the kingdom, had placed “ their most humble and necessary petition con“ in him for the defence of his people, and to put cerning the militia of the kingdom; and that “it into the hands of others for any indefinite “ they were especially grieved, that wicked and “ time. And since the ground of their request to
“ mischievous counsellors should still have that “ him was to secure their present fears and jea power with him, as in that time of imminent “ lousies, that they might with safety apply them “ and approaching ruin, he should rather incline “ selves to his message of the twentieth of January, “ to that, which was apt to further the accomplish“ he hoped that his grace to them since that time, “ ment of the desires of the most malignant ene“ in yielding to so many of their desires, and in “ mies of God's true religion, and of the peace
agreeing to the persons now recommended to “ and safety of himself, and his kingdom, than to ' him, and the power before expressed to be placed “ the dutiful and faithful counsel of his parliament. “in them, would wholly dispel those fears and “Wherefore, they said, they were enforced in all “ jealousies : and he assured them, that as he had humility to protest, that, if his majesty should now applied this unusual remedy to their doubts ; persist in that denial, the dangers and distem
if there should be cause, he would continue “pers of the kingdom were such, as would endure “ the same to such time, as should be agreeable no longer delay: but unless he should be gra“ to the same care he now expressed towards “ ciously pleased to assure them by those messen« them.
gers, that he would speedily apply his royal “ He said, he was so far from receding from “ assent to the satisfaction of their former desires,
any thing he had promised, or intended to grant they should be enforced, for the safety of his “ in his former answer, that he had hereby con majesty and his kingdoms, to dispose of the “ sented to all that had been then asked of him by militia by the authority of both houses, in such “ that petition, concerning the militia of the king a manner as had been propounded to him; and “ dom, except that of London, and the other cor they resolved to do it accordingly.
porations; which was, to put the same into the They likewise most humbly besought his ma“ hands of such persons, as should be recom jesty to believe, that the dangerous and despe“ mended to him by both houses of parliament. “ rate design upon the house of commons, men“ And he doubted not but they, upon well weigh “ tioned in their preamble, was not inserted with ing the particulars of that his answer,
would any intention to cast the least aspersion upon “ find the same more satisfactory to their ends, “ his majesty; but therein they reflected upon “and the peace and welfare of all his good sub “ that malignant party, of whose bloody and mali*jects, than the way proposed by that intended “cious practices they had so often experience, and
ordinance; to which, for those reasons, he could “ from which they could never be secure, unless “ not consent.
“ his majesty would be pleased to put from him “ And whereas he observed by their last peti “ those wicked and unfaithful counsellors, who “ tion, that in some places, some persons begun interposed their own corrupt and malicious de
already to intermeddle of themselves with the signs betwixt his majesty's goodness and wis“ militia, he said, he expected his parliament “ dom, and the prosperity and contentment of “ should examine the particulars thereof, it being “ himself, and of his people: and that for the
a matter of high concernment, and very great despatch of the great affairs of the kingdom, consequence. And he required, that if it should “ the safety of his person, the protection and comappear to them, that any person whatsoever had “ fort of his subjects, he would be pleased to con
presumed to command the militia without lawful “ tinue his abode near to London, and the parlia"authority, they might be proceeded against ac ment; and not to withdraw himself to any the cording to law.”
remoter parts, which if he should do, must It seems this was not the answer they promised “ needs be a cause of great danger and distracthemselves; for, at the publishing it, they were marvellously transported, and immediately voted, “ That he would likewise be graciously pleased both houses concurring in it, “ That those, that “ to continue the prince's highness in those parts “ advised his majesty to give that answer, were “ at St. James's, or any other of his houses near “ enemies to the state, and mischievous projectors London; whereby the designs, which the ene
against the defence of the kingdom : that that “ mies of the religion, and peace of the kingdom, « denial was of that dangerous consequence, that “
and the jea
1642.] The earl of Northumberland, the high admiral, desired to provide a fleet. 177 “ lousies and fears of his people, might be pre illegal :” albeit some such commissions had 6 vented.
been granted, upon their own desire, since the “And they besought him to be informed by beginning of the parliament, as particularly to the “them, that, by the laws of the kingdom, the earl of Essex to be lord lieutenant of York
power of raising, ordering, and disposing of the shire, and to the earl of Salisbury for Dorset-
ter, or otherwise, without the authority and con- , berland, being high admiral of England, “ that “ sent of parliament: and that those parts of the they had received advertisement of extraordinary
kingdom, which had put themselves in a posture preparations made, by the neighbouring princes, “ of defence against the common danger, had “ both by land and sea; by which an apprehen“therein done nothing but according to the de “sion was raised in both houses, that the public “ claration and direction of both houses, and what “ honour, peace, and safety of his majesty, and his “ was justifiable by the laws of the kingdom. All kingdom, could not be secured, unless a timely “ which their most humble counsel and desires course were taken for the putting the kingdom
they prayed him to accept, as the effect of that into a condition of defence at sea, as well as at
duty and allegiance, which they owed unto him, “ land: and they did therefore order him forth“and which would not suffer them to admit of “ with to give effectual direction, that all the ships
any thoughts, intentions, or endeavours, but belonging to his majesty's navy, and fit for ser“ such as were necessary and advantageous for vice, and not already abroad, nor designed for “his greatness and honour, and the safety and “ the summer's fleet, should be rigged, and put in
prosperity of the kingdom, according to that “such a readiness, as that they might be soon trust and
which the laws had reposed in “ fitted for the sea : and that his lordship would “ them.”
“ also make known to the masters and owners of As soon as the petition was read, the king told “ other ships, in any of the harbours of the kingthem that presented it, “ That he was so much dom, [as] might be of use for the public defence, “ amazed at their message, that he knew not what “that it would be an acceptable service to the
He said, they spake of jealousies king and parliament, if they would likewise cause “ and fears; but he desired them to lay their “their ships to be rigged, and so far put into a “ hands to their hearts, and ask themselves, “ readiness, as they might, at a short warning, “whether he might not likewise be disturbed likewise be set to sea upon any emergent occa“ with fears and jealousies ? and if so, he assured “sion; which would be a means of great security
them, that message had nothing lessened them. “to his majesty and his dominions." To which
“For the militia, he said, he had thought so the earl returned an answer full of submission and « much of it before he sent his answer, and was obedience. so well assured that the answer was agreeable
I have been assured from persons of very good “ to what, in justice or reason, they could ask, or credit, and conversant with those councils, that “he in honour grant, that he should not alter it they had it in deliberation and debate to send, “ in any point.
and take the prince from his father at Theobalds “ For his residence near them, he said, he by force : but that design was quickly laid aside, “ wished it might be so safe and honourable, that when they heard that the king was removed from “ he had no cause to absent himself from White- thence to Newmarket, and was like to make a “ hall: he bid them ask themselves, whether he further progress. So they used all possible expe“had not? For his son, he said, he should take dition in preparing their declaration; which they “ that care of him, which should justify him to directed to his majesty, and in which they told
God, as a father ; and to his dominions, as a him, “ that although that answer, he had given to king. To conclude, he assured them upon his their petition at Theobalds, did give just cause
honour, that he had no thought but of peace, “ of sorrow to them; yet it was not without some “and justice to his people ; which he would by “ mixture of confidence and hope, considering “ all fair means seek to preserve and maintain, “ those expressions proceeded from the misappre
relying upon the goodness and providence of “ hensions of their actions and intentions; which, “God for the preservation of himself, and his having no ground of truth or reality, might, by “rights."
his justice and wisdom, be removed, when he This, being suddenly, and with more than usual “ should be fully informed, that those fears and quickness, spoken by the king, much appalled "jealousies of theirs, which his majesty thought them; but they were too far engaged to retire ;
“ 'to be causeless, and without any just ground, and therefore, as soon as it was reported to the did necessarily and clearly arise from those danhouses, they resolved, upon debate, “ that the gers and distempers, into which the mischievous “ kingdom should be forthwith put into a posture
“ and evil councils about him had brought the “ of defence, by authority of both houses, in such kingdom. And that those other fears and jea
a way as had been formerly agreed upon by both “lousies, by which his favour, his royal presence, “ houses; and that a declaration should be speed " and confidence, had been withdrawn from his
ily sent unto the king, containing the causes of “ parliament, had no foundation, or subsistence “their just fears and jealousies, and to make it in any action, intention, or miscarriage of theirs; “ evident that any that were entertained against “ but were merely grounded upon the falsehood “ them were groundless;" ordering at the same " and malice of those who, for the supporting and time, " that all the lords lieutenants of any coun fomenting their own wicked designs against the “ ties in England, who had been formerly so con religion and peace of the kingdom, did seek to “stituted by the king by his commissions under deprive his majesty of the strength and the “the great seal of England, should immediately affection of his people; and them of his grace
bring in those commissions to be cancelled as "and protection; and thereby to subject both his
essand's Atenties that he
boues ch the e e kintu
[BOOK IV. person, and the whole kingdom, to ruin and de given assurance to his parliament, that he had “ struction.
“ laid a strict command upon his servants, that “ That, to satisfy his majesty's judgment and none of them should depart from court. And " conscience in both those points, they desired to !" that dangerous petition delivered to captain “ make a free and clear declaration of the causes Leg by his majesty's own hand, accompanied “ of their ears and jealousies, in some particu “ with a direction signed with C. R.
7. “The false and scandalous accusation against “ That the design of altering religion, in this, “ the lord Kimbolton, and the five members of the “ and his other kingdoms, had been potently car “ house of commons, tendered to the parliament “ried on, by those in greatest authority about by his own command, and endeavoured to be
him, for divers years together : and that the “ justified in the city by his own presence and perqueen's agent at Rome, and the pope's agent, or suasion, and to be put in execution upon their nuncio, here, were not only evidences of that persons by his demand of them in the house of design, but had been great actors in it.
commons, in so terrible and violent a manner, That the war with Scotland was procured as far exceeded all former breaches of privileges “ to make way for that intent, and chiefly invited “ of parliament acted by his majesty, or any of “ and fomented by the papists, and others popishly “his predecessors : and they said, whatever his “ affected, whereof they had
own intentions were, divers bloody and desperate especially their free and general contribution persons, that attended him, discovered their “ to it.
“affections, and resolutions, to have massacred 3. “That the rebellion in Ireland was framed “and destroyed the members of that house, if “ and contrived here in England; and that the “ the absence of those persons accused had not, “ English papists should have risen about the “ by God's providence, stopped the giving that
same time, they had several testimonies and ad “ word, which they expected for the setting them “ vertisements from Ireland : and that it was a upon that barbarous and bloody act: the listing
common speech amongst the rebels, (with which, “ of officers and soldiers, for a guard at Whitehall,
they said, other evidences did concur, as the “ and such other particulars. “ information of a minister who came out of Ire That, after a vote had passed in the house “ land; the letter of one Tristram Whetcomb in “of commons, declaring that the lord Digby had “ Ireland to his brother in England, and many appeared in a warlike manner at Kingston upon “ others,) that they would recover unto his majesty “ Thames, to the terror and affright of his ma“his royal prerogative, wrested from him by the * jesty's good subjects, and disturbance of the “puritan faction in the houses of parliament in public peace of the kingdom, he should never
England; and would maintain episcopal juris “ theless be of that credit with his majesty, as to “ diction, and the lawfulness thereof; which, they “ be sent away by his majesty's own warrant to “ said, were the two quarrels, upon which his late “ sir J. Pennington to land 'him beyond seas : army
in the north should have been incensed “ from whence he vented his own traitorous conagainst them.
ceptions, that his majesty should declare him4. “ The cause they had to doubt that the late self, and retire to a place of strength; as if he
design, styled the queen's pious intention, was “ could not be safe amongst his people. Which “ for the alteration of religion in this kingdom, “ false and malicious counsel and advice, they “ for success whereof the pope's nuncio (the count said, they had great cause to doubt, made too
Rozetti) enjoined fasting and praying to be ob deep an impression on his majesty, considering “ served every week by the English papists; which, “ the course he was pleased to take of absenting
they said, appeared to them by one of the origi “ himself from his parliament, and carrying the “ nal letters directed by him to a priest in Lanca prince with him ; which seemed to express a < shire.
purpose in his majesty to keep himself in a 5. “ The boldness of the Irish rebels in affirm “ readiness for the acting of it. “ing they do nothing but by authority from the 9. “ The many advertisements they had from
king; that they call themselves the queen's “ Rome, Paris, Venice, and other parts, that they
army; that the prey and booty they take from “ still expected that his majesty had some great “ the English, they mark with the queen's mark; design in hand, for the altering of religion, the “ that their purpose was to come into England, “ breaking the neck of his parliament. That the “ when their business was done in Ireland; and “pope's nuncio had solicited the kings of France
sundry other things of that kind, which, they “and Spain to lend his majesty four thousand men “ said, were proved by one Oconelly, and others; apiece, to help to maintain his royalty against the “ but especially in the forementioned letter from “ parliament. And they said, as that foreign force “ Tristram Whetcomb, wherein there was this “ was the most pernicious and malignant design of
passage, that many other speeches they utter, “ all the rest; so they hoped it was, and should
concerning religion, and our court of England, “ always be, farthest from his majesty's thoughts; “ which he dares not commit to paper.
“ because no man could believe he would give up 6. “ The many attempts to provoke his late “his people and kingdom to be spoiled by stran
army, and the army of the Scots, and to raise a gers, if he did not likewise intend to change “faction in the city of London, and other parts of “ both his own profession in religion, and the pub“the kingdom. That those, who had been actors “ lic profession of the kingdom, that so he might “ in these businesses, had their dependence, their “ be still more assured of those foreign states of “ countenance, and encouragement, from the “ the popish religion for their future support and court; witness the treason, whereof Mr. Jer
“ defence. myn, and others, stood accused; who, they “ These, they said, were some of the grounds of “ said, was transported beyond seas by warrant “ their fears and jealousies, which had made them “ under his majesty's own hand, after he had so earnestly implore his royal authority, and pro
179 “tection, for their defence and security, in all the happiness, honour, greatness, and plenty, and se“ ways of humility and submission; which being “curity, if he would join with his parliament, and “ denied by his majesty, seduced by evil counsel, “ his faithful subjects, in the defence of the reli
they did, with sorrow for the great and un gion, and the public good of the kingdom. That,
avoidable misery and danger, which thereby was they said, was all they expected from him, and “ like to fall upon his own person, and his king “ for that they would return to him their lives, “ doms, apply themselves to the use of that power fortunes, and uttermost endeavours to support “ for the security and defence of both, which, by “ his majesty, his just sovereignty, and power over “ the fundamental laws and constitutions of the “them. But, they said, it was not words that
kingdom, resided in them ; yet still resolving to “could secure them in those their humble desires; keep themselves within the bounds of faithful they could not but too well and sorrowfully ness and allegiance to his sacred person, and his “ remember, what gracious messages they had
“ from him the last summer; when, with his pri" To the fears and jealousies expressed by his vity, the bringing up the army was in agitation : majesty, when he said, that for his residence they could not but with the like affections re
near the parliament, he wished it might be so “call to their minds, how, not two days before “ safe and honourable, that he had no cause to “ he gave direction for the aforementioned ac“ absent himself from Whitehall: that, they said, cusation, and his own coming to the commons'
they took as the greatest breach of privilege, “ house, that house received from him a gracious “ that could be offered ; as the heaviest misery to message, that he would always have care of
himself, and imputation upon them, that could “ their privileges, as of his own prerogative ; and
be imagined, and the most mischievous effect of “ of the safety of their persons, as of his own “ evil counsels; it rooted the strongest founda
o children. “tion of the safety and honour the crown af “ They said, that which they expected, and “ forded; it seemed as much as might be, they “ which would give them assurance that he had no " said, to cast upon the parliament such a charge, thought but of peace, and justice to his people,
as was inconsistent with the nature of that great “ must be some real effect of his goodness to them, council, being the body, of which his majesty “ in granting those things, which the present
was the head ; it struck at the very being both “necessity of the kingdom did enforce them to “ of king and parliament, depriving his majesty, “ desire. "And in the first place, that he would “ in his own apprehension, of their fidelity, and “ be graciously pleased to put from him those “ them of his protection; which are the natural “ wicked and mischievous counsellors, which had “ bands and supports of government and sub “ caused all those dangers and distractions; and ‘jection.
to continue his own residence, and the prince's, They said, they had, according to his majesty's near London, and the parliament; which, they desire, laid their hands upon their hearts; they hoped, would be a happy beginning of con“ had asked themselves in the strictest examina tentment, and confidence between him and his “ tion of their consciences; they had searched people; and be followed with many succeed“ their affections, their thoughts, considered their ing blessings of honour and greatness to his
actions; and they found none, that could give majesty, and of security and prosperity to “his majesty any just occasion to absent himself “ them. “ from Whitehall, and his parliament; but that In the debate of this declaration, the like where“ he might, with more honour and safety, continue of had never before been heard of in parliament, in
there, than in any other place. They said, his which they took his majesty's doubt of his safety
majesty laid a general tax upon them: if he at Whitehall so heavily, that, they said, “it seeme “ would be graciously pleased to let them know the to cast such a charge upon the parliament, as
particulars, they should give a clear and satisfac- “ was inconsistent with the nature of that great tory answer. But, they said, they could have no council,” (so apprehensive they were of the least
hope of ever giving his majesty satisfaction, suspicion of want of freedom,) the prevalent party “when those particulars, which he had been made carried themselves with that pride and impetuosity, “ believe were true, yet, being produced, and made that they would endure no opposition or dispute ;
known to them, appeared to be false ; and his insomuch as sir Ralph Hopton, (who indeed was majesty notwithstanding would neither punish very grievous to them for not complying with nor produce the authors, but go on to contract them,) for objecting against some sharp expres
new fears and jealousies, upon general and un- sions in the declaration, (before it passed the house, “certain grounds; affording them no means or and when the question was, whether it should
possibility of particular answer to the clearing pass,) as being too distant from that reverence, “ of themselves, of which they gave him these which ought to be used to the king; and saying, “ instances. 1. The speeches pretended to be upon a clause, in which they mentioned their ge
spoken at Kensington concerning the queen, neral intelligence from Rome, Venice, Paris, and " which had been denied and disavowed ; yet his other places, of some design the king had upon
majesty had not named the authors. 2. The religion, and the parliament, from whence they
charge and accusation of the lord Kimbolton, seemed to conclude that the king would change his " and the five members, who refused no trial or religion, that they seemed to ground an opinion
examination, which might stand with the privi “ of the king's apostasy upon a less evidence, than leges of parliament; yet no authors, no wit-" would serve to hang a fellow for stealing a
nesses, were produced, against whom they might horse," was committed to the Tower of London, “ have reparation for the great injury, and infamy “ for laying an imputation upon that committee, them.
“ which had drawn up the declaration.” Notwith“ They besought his majesty to consider in what standing which, after they had imprisoned him, state he was, how easy and fair a way he had to they thought fit to make that expression less gross.