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1642.] His majesty's answer to the declaration and votes concerning Hull. 205 "he was not unwilling to join issue with them in " of safety, should hinder him from visiting his own " that way, and to let all the world know, how fort, and how he had opposed any ways of ac

necessary, just, and lawful all his proceedings “ commodation with his parliament, and what ways " had been in that point, and that the defence of “ and overtures had been offered in any way, or “ those proceedings was the defence of the law of " like any desire of such accommodation ; or whe“the land, of the liberty, and property of the sub “ther his message of the twentieth of January “ject; and that by the same rule of justice, which “ last, so often in vain pressed by him, had not

was now offered to him, all the private interest sufficiently expressed his earnest desire of it, he " and title of all his good subjects to all their lands said, all the world should judge; neither was it “ and goods was confounded and destroyed. He “in the power of any persons to incline him to “ remembered them, that Mr. Pym had said in his “ take arms against his parliarnent and his good

speech against the earl of Strafford, (which was“ subjects, and miserably to embroil the kingdom "published by order of the commons' house,) the

« in civil wars.

He had given sufficient evidence “ law is the safeguard, the custody of all private “ to the world how much his affections abhorred, “ interest; your honours, your lives, your liberties,

" and how much his heart did bleed at, the appre"and estates are all in the keeping of the law; “ hension of a civil war. And, he said, God and “ without this every man hath a like right to any “ the world must judge, if his care and industry

thing. And he said, he would fain be answered were [not], only to defend and protect the
"what title any subject of bis kingdom had to his liberty of the subject, the law of the kingdom,
“house or land, that he had not to his town of “ his own just rights, (part of that law,) and his
“Hull? or what right any subject had to his “ honour, much more precious than his life : and
“money, plate, or jewels, that his majesty had not “ if, in opposition to these, any civil war should
" to his magazine or munition there? If he had arise, upon whose account the blood, and de-

ever such a title, he said he would know when “ struction that must follow, must be cast : God,
"he lost it? And if that magazine and munition, “ and his own conscience, told him, that he was
" bought with his own money, were ever his, when
"and how that property went out of him? He “ For captain Leg's being sent heretofore to

very well knew the great and unlimited power of Hull, or for the earl of Newcastle's being sent

a parliament; but he knew as well, that it was “thither by his warrant and authority, he said, he “ only in that sense, as he was a part of that par “ had asked a question long ago, in his answer to “liament; without him, and against his consent, “ both houses concerning the magazine at Hull

, the votes of either or both houses together must which, he had cause to think, was not easy to be “not, could not, should not (if he could help it, “ answered ; why the general rumour of the de“ for his subjects' sake, as well as his own) forbid“ sign of papists, in the northern parts, should not

any thing that was enjoined by the law, or en “ be thought sufficient ground for his majesty to "join any thing that was forbidden by the law. put in such a person of honour, fortune, and un“ But in any such alteration, which might be for “ blemished reputation, as the earl of Newcastle was “the peace and happiness of the kingdom, he had “known to be, into a town and fort of his own, “not, should not refuse to consent. And he “ where his own magazine lay; and yet the same “doubted not, but that all his good subjects would rumour be warrant enough to commit the same "easily discern, in what a miserable insecurity and " town and fort, without his consent, to the hands “confusion they must necessarily and inevitably be, "of sir John Hotham, with such a power as was “if descents might be altered; purchases avoided ; now too well known, and understood ? How his “ assurances and conveyances cancelled; the sove “ refusal to have that magazine removed, upon the “ reign legal authority despised, and resisted by “ petition of both houses, could give any advanvotes, or orders of either or both houses. And

tage against him, to have it taken from him, and “ this, he said, he was sure, was his case at Hull; “ whether it was a refusal, all men would easily " and as it was his this day, by the same rule, it “ understand, who read his answer to that peti“ might be theirs to-morrow.

“ tion; to which it had not been yet thought fit to “Against any desperate design of the papists, of “ make any reply. “ which they discoursed so much, he had suffi “ For the condition of those persons,

who pre« ciently expressed his zeal and intentions; and “sented the petition to him at York (whom that “ should be as forward to adventure his own life “ declaration called, some few ill-affected persons “ and fortune, to oppose any such designs, as the “ about the city of York) to continue the magazine “ meanest subject in his kingdom.

at Hull; he said, he made no doubt, but that “For the malignant party, he said, as the law “petition would appear to be attested, both in “ had not, to [his] knowledge, defined their con “ number and weight, by persons of honour and “ dition, so neither house had presented them to “ integrity, and much more conversant with the “ his majesty, under such a notion, as he might “ affections of the whole country, than most of “ well understand, whom they intended; and he “ those petitions, which had been received with so “ should therefore only inquire after and avoid the “much consent and approbation. And for their "malignant party, under the character of persons "presumption of interposing their advice, his ma“ disaffected to the peace and government of the “ jesty the more wondered at that exception, when “ kingdom, and such who, neglecting and despis “ such encouragement had been given, and thanks “ ing the law of the land, had given themselves “ declared to multitudes of mean, unknown people, “ other rules to walk by, and so dispensed with apprentices, and porters, who had accompanied “ their obedience to authority; of those persons, as * petitions of very strange natures. “ destructive to the commonwealth, he should take “ For the manner of his going to Hull, he said, “ all possible caution.

“ he had clearly set forth the same, in his message « Why any letters intercepted from the lord “ to both houses of that business; and for any in“ Digby, wherein he mentioned a retreat to a place telligence given to sir John Hotham of an inten

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206 Answer of the lords and commons to the king's messages concerning Hull. (BOOK “ tion to deprive him of his life, as he knew there “his majesty was the only person in Englan

was no such intention in him, having given him against whom treason could not be committed all possible assurance of the same, at his being “ where the fault was; and whatsoever course there, so he was confident, no such intelligence “ should be driven to for the vindication of th

was given, or if it were, it was by some villain, “ his privilege, and for the recovery and maint “ who had nothing but malice or design to fright nance of his known undoubted rights, he do

him from his due obedience, to warrant him ; promise, in the presence of Almighty God, a « and sir John Hotham had all the reason to as as he hopes for his blessing in his success, th

sure himself, that his life would be in much more “ he would, to the utmost of his powers, defe

danger by refusing to admit his king into his “ and maintain the true protestant profession, “own town and fort, than by yielding him that “ law of the land, the liberty of the subject, a

obedience, which he owed by his oaths of alle “the just privilege and freedom of parliament. giance and supremacy, and the protestation, For the order of assistance given to the cc

which he knew was due and warrantable, by the “ mittee of both houses, concerning their going “ laws of the land. For the number of his at- “ Hull, he said, he should say no more, but “tendants, though that could be no warrant for “ those persons, named in that order, he presum “ such a disobedience in a subject, he said, it was “would give no commands, or his good subj “ well known (as his majesty had expressed in his obey other, than what were warranted by

message to both houses, to which credit ought law, (how large the directions are, or the “ to have been given) that he offered to go into “structions might be,) for to that rule he sh “ the town with twenty horse only, his whole train apply his own actions, and by it require ar

being unarmed; and whosoever thought that too “ count from other men ; and that all his g great an attendance for his majesty and his two subjects might the better know their dui sons, had sure an intention to bring him to a matters of this nature, he wished them care meaner retinue, than they would yet avow. to peruse the statute of the eleventh year of

“ Here then, he said, was his case, of which all Henry VII. ch. 1. He said, he would con" the world should judge: his majesty endeavoured “ with Mr. Pym's own words : If the prerog “ to visit a town and fort of his own, wherein his “ of the king overwhelm the liberty of the pe

own magazine lay: a subject, in defiance of him, “ it will be turned to tyranny; if liberty “shuts the gates against him; with armed men “ dermine the prerogative, it would grow “ resists, denies, and opposes his entrance; tells anarchy.” di him, in plain terms, he should not come in. He Besides their declaration, votes, and ord

said, he did not pretend to understand much the justification of sir John Hotham, for his “ law, yet, in the point of treason, he had had encouragement, and for a ground of his son “ much learning taught him this parliament; and dence at Hull, in whom they had in truth a “ if the sense of the statute of the 25th year of confidence than in the father, they ordered, “ Edward III. chap. 2. were not very differing if, by any force or accident, sir John H “ from the letter, sir John Hotham's act was no “ should lose his life, or otherwise die in th “ less than plain high treason : and he had been “ vice, that his son should succeed him in

contemptibly stupid, if he had, after all those “ vernment ;” and having thus declared “circumstances of grace and favour then shewed selves, they thought fit at last to send som

to him, made any scruple to proclaim him traitor. cular answer to the king upon that by And whether he were so, or no, if he would ren- which they were the rather inclined to è

der himself, his majesty would require no other under that pretence they might send down trial, than that which the law had appointed to mittee of their own to reside at York: ' every subject, and which he was confident he they might receive constant animadversions * had not, in the least degree, violated in those happened, and what was designed, and thei “ proceedings; no more than he had done the and dependents in that large, populous,

privilege of parliament, by endeavouring, in a county, be the better confirmed in their a just way, to challenge his own unquestionable and devotions to them; and, to that purp privileges. For that, in such case, the declaring sent down the lord Howard of Escrick, “him traitor, being a member of the house of Fairfax, sir Hugh Cholmely, (a fast frie

commons, without process of law, should be a John Hotham,) sir Philip Stapleton, breach of privilege of parliament, (of which he likewise married Hotham's daughter, and was sure none extended to treason, felony, or Cholmely, who presented their answer in breach of peace,) against the liberty of the sub- his majesty; the which, being of a mould ject, or against the law of the land, he must and a dialect higher and rougher than ev “ have other reasons than bare votes. He said, selves had yet used, I have thought fit to “ he would know if sir John Hotham had, with the same words it was delivered; thus : “ the forces by which he kept him out of his town “of Hull, pursued him to the gates of York, The most humble answer of the lords and “ which he might as legally have done, whether in parliament to two messages from y “ his majesty must have staid from declaring him

majesty concerning sir John Hotham's “ traitor till process of law might have issued

give your majesty entrance into th against him? Would fears and jealousies dis

Hull. pense with necessary and real forms? And “ Your majesty may be pleased to u “must his majesty, when actual war is levied “ that we, your great council, finding

upon him, observe forms which the law itself | “ evidences of the wicked counsels and “ doth not enjoin? The case, he said, was truly some in near trust and authority ab “ stated, let all the world judge (unless the mere put the kingdom into a combustion, “ sitting of a parliament did suspend all laws, and your majesty into places of strength, r

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1642.] The king's reply.- Declaration of the houses concerning the militia. 207

your parliament, and by exciting your people to " That he had been in good hope, that the reacommotions, under pretence of serving your ma son, why they had so long deferred their answer jesty against your parliament, lest this malignant “ to his messages concerning Hull, had been; that

party, by the advantage of the town and maga they might the better have given him satisfaction “zine of Hull, should be enabled to go through therein, which now added the more astonishment, “ with their mischievous intentions, did, in dis finding their answer, after so long advisement, to

charge of the great trust that lies upon us, and “ be of that nature, which could not but rather

by that power which in cases of this nature resides increase than diminish the present distractions, “ in us, command the town of Hull to be secured “ if constantly adhered to by the parliament. He

by a garrison of the adjoining trained band, under “ asked them, whether it was not too much, that “ the government of sir John Hotham ; requiring his town of Hull had a garrison put into it, to “ him to keep the same for the service of your " the great charge of the country, and inconveni

majesty and the kingdom : wherein we have done ence to the poor inhabitants, without his consent

nothing contrary to your royal sovereignty in “ and approbation, under colour at that time of “ that town, or legal propriety in the magazine. foreign invasion, and apprehensions of the popish

· Upon consideration of sir John Hotham's pro party ; but that now the reasons thereof should ceeding at your majesty's being there, we have “ be enlarged with a scandal to his majesty, and

upon very good grounds adjudged, that he could “ his faithful servants, only to bring in the more
“ not discharge the trust, upon which, nor make specious pretext for the avowing sir John

good the end, for which he was placed in the “ Hotham's insolence and treason ?
guard of that town and magazine, if he had let He said, he had often heard of the great trust,

your majesty with such counsellors and com that, by the law of God and man, was committed pany as were then about you.

to the king for the defence and safety of his peo- Wherefore, upon full resolution of both houses, “ ple; but as yet he never understood, what trust

we have declared sir John Hotham to be clear or power was committed to either or both houses “ from that odious crime of treason; and have of parliament, without the king; they being

avowed, that he hath therein done nothing but “ summoned to counsel and advise the king. But “ in obedience to the command of both houses of by what law or authority they possess themselves

parliament; assuring ourselves, that, upon mature “ of his majesty's proper right and inheritance, he

deliberation, your majesty will not interpret his was confident, that as they had not, so they obedience to such authority to be an affront to “ could not shew. He told them, that he had not

your majesty, or to be of that nature, as to require hitherto given the least interruption to public any justice to be done upon him, or satisfaction justice; but they, rather than suffer one of their to be made to your majesty : but that you will “ members to come so much as to a legal trial for see just cause of joining with your parliament, in “ the highest crime, would make use of an order

preserving and securing the peace of the king “ of parliament to countenance treason, by declar“ dom; suppressing this wicked and malignant “ing him free from that guilt, which all former

party; who, by false colours, and pretensions of “ ages never accounted other; and that without

maintaining your majesty's prerogative against so much as inquiring the opinion of the judges; “the parliament, (wherein they fully agree with “ for he was confident, they would have mentioned " the rebels of Ireland,) have been the causes of all “ their opinion, if they had asked it. our distempers and dangers.

“ Therefore he expected, that upon further and “ For prevention whereof we know no better better consideration of the great and necessary remedy, than settling the militia of the kingdom, consequence of the business of Hull, and seriaccording to the bill, which we have sent your ously weighing, how much it did concern the majesty, without any intention of deserting, or “ peace and quiet of the kingdom, they would, declining the validity, or observance of that or “ without further instance from his majesty, give dinance, which passed both houses, upon your “ him full and speedy justice against sir John

majesty's former refusal : but we still hold that “ Hotham. And he said, he would leave all his ordinance to be effectual by the laws of this good people to think, what hope of justice there

kingdom. And we shall be exceeding glad, if “ was left for them, when they refused, or delayed, your majesty, by approving these our just, duti “ to give their own sovereign satisfaction. And, ful, and necessary proceedings, shall be pleased as he had already said, till that should be done, to entertain such counsel, as we assure ourselves, “ he would intend no business whatsoever, other

by God's blessing, will prove very advantageous “ than that of Ireland. “ for the honour and greatness of your majesty ;

“ And he said, he likewise expected that they “ the safety and peace of your people; amongst “ would not put the militia in execution, until they “ which we know none more likely to produce such “could shew him by what law they had authority

good effects, than a declaration from your ma to do the same, without his consent; or if they jesty of your purpose to lay aside all thoughts of “ did, he was confident, that he should find much

going into Ireland, and to make a speedy return more obedience according to law, than they “ into these parts, to be near your parliament. “ would do against law. And he should esteem “ Which, as it is our most humble desire, and “ all those, who should obey them therein, to be

earnest petition, so shall it be seconded with our “ disturbers of the peace of the kingdom; and “ most dutiful care for the safety of your royal “ would, in due season, call them to a legal account person, and constant prayers, that it may prove

“ for the same. “ honourable and successful, in the happiness of Concerning his return, he told them, he never your majesty, and all your kingdoms.

“ heard that the slandering of a king's government, To this answer, with all formality delivered to

“ and his faithful servants, the refusing of him jushis majesty by the committee, the king returned a tice, and in a case of treason, and the seeking to quick reply:

“ take away his undoubted and legal authority,

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208
Declaration of the two houses about the militia.

[BOOK V. “ under the pretence of putting the kingdom into “the trust reposed in them, as the representative

a posture of defence, were arguments to induce body of the kingdom, to make an ordinance, by

a king to come near, or hearken to his parlia “ the authority of both houses, to settle the militia, ~ ment.”

“ warranted thereunto by the fundamental laws of The king despatched this answer the sooner, that “ the land : that his majesty, taking notice thereof, the country might be freed from the impression, • did, by several messages, invite them to settle the presence and activity of the committee made “ the same by act of parliament; affirming in his in them: but when he delivered it to them, and“ message sent in answer to the petition of both required them to make all convenient haste with houses, presented to his majesty at York, March it to the houses, they told him,“ they would send * 26, that he always thought it necessary the same “ it by an express, but that themselves were re should be settled, and that he never denied the

quired and appointed to reside still at York.” thing, only denied the way; and for the matter of The king told them, “ that he liked not to have “ it, took exceptions only to the preface, as a thing “ such supervisors near him, and wished them to “ not standing with his honour to consent to ; and very

careful in their carriage ; that the country “ that himself was excluded in the execution, and was visibly then very well affected; and if he for a time unlimited: whereupon the lords and “ found any declension, he well knew to whom to commons, being desirous to give his majesty all “ impute it; and should be compelled to proceed“ satisfaction that might be, even to the least tittle “ in another manner against them, than, with re “ of form and circumstances, and when his majesty “ ference to their persons,” (for they were all then “ had pleased to offer them a bill ready drawn, reputed moderate men, and had not been thought had, for no other cause, than to manifest their disaffected to the government of the church or “ hearty affection to comply with his majesty's state,)." he should be willing to do.” They an “ desires, and obtain his consent, entertained the swered with a sullen confidence, that they should same, and in the mean time no way declining “ demean themselves according to their instruc- “ their ordinance; and, to express their earnest “ tions; and would perform the trust reposed in “ zeal to correspond with his majesty's desire, (in “ them by the two houses of parliament." Yet “ all things that might consist with the peace and such was the ticklishness of the king's condition," safety of the kingdom, and the trust reposed in that, though it was most evident that their coming, “ them,) did pass that bill, and therein omitted the and staying there, was to pervert and corrupt the “ preamble inserted before the ordinance; limited loyalty and affections of those parts, and to infuse “ the time to less than two years; and confined into them inclinations contrary to their allegiance, “ the authority of the lieutenants to these three it was not thought counsellable at that time, either particulars; namely, rebellion, insurrection, and to commit them to prison, or to expel them from foreign invasion; and returned the same to his that city, or to inhibit them the freedom of his “ majesty for his royal assent: but all these expresown court and presence; and so they continued “sions of affection and loyalty, all those desires and for the space of above a month, in York, even in “ earnest endeavours to comply with his majesty, defiance of the king.

“ had, to their great grief and sorrow, produced The militia was the argument, which they found " no better effects than an absolute denial, even of made deepest impression in the people, being totally " that which his majesty, by his former messages, ignorant what it was, or what the consequence of it as they conceived, had promised : the advice of might be; and so believing whatsoever they told “ evil and wicked counsels receiving still more them concerning it. And therefore they resolved “ credit with him, than that of his great council of to drive that nail home; and though, for want of “ parliament, in a matter of so high importance, their imminent danger, and during the time of the “ that the safety of his kingdom, and peace of his king's treaty, and overture of a bill, they had for “ people, depended upon it. borne the execution of their ordinance; yet the fre “But now, what must be the exceptions to that quent musters of volunteers without order, almost “ bill? Not any sure that [were] to the ordinance; in all countries, by the bare authority of their votes, “ for a care had been taken to give satisfaction in gave them sufficient evidence how open the people “ all those particulars. Then the exception was, were to their commands; at least, how unprepared “ because that the disposing and execution thereof authority was to resist and oppose them: and was referred to both houses of parliament, and therefore, after the king had displaced their favour “ his majesty excluded; and now that, by the bill, ites, and refused to pass the bill for the militia, “the power and execution was ascertained, and and sir John Hotham had refused to let the king “ reduced to particulars, and the law of the realm come into the town of Hull, and they had justified “ made the rule thereof, his majesty would not him for so doing, they prepared a declaration con “ trust the persons. The power was too great, too cerning the whole state of the militia, as the reso unlimited, to trust them with. But what was lution of the lords and commons upon that matter; that power? Was it any other, but, in express in which they said,

terms, to suppress rebellion, insurrection, and “ That holding it necessary for the peace and foreign invasion ? And who were those persons

? safety of the kingdom, to settle the militia there “ Were not they such as were nominated by the “ of, they had, for that purpose, prepared an ordi great council of the kingdom, and assented to by

nance of parliament, and with all humility had “ his majesty? And was it too great a power, to

presented the same to his majesty for his royal “ trust those persons with the suppression of rebel“ assent. Who, notwithstanding the faithful advice lion, insurrection, and foreign invasion ? Surely, of his parliament, and the several reasons offered they said, the most wicked of them who advised

by them, of the necessity thereof for the securing “ his majesty to that answer, could not suggest, “ of his majesty's person, and the peace and safety “ but that it was necessary for the safety of his “ of his people, did refuse to give his consent; and “ majesty's royal person, and the peace of the

thereupon they were necessitated, in discharge of “s kingdom, such a power should be put in some

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1642.] The king's declaration in reply to that by the parliament.

209 “ hands; and there was no pretence for exception ed papers, which were scattered, with such great

to the persons. They said, his majesty had, for “ license, throughout the kingdom, (notwithstand“ the space of above fifteen years together, not ing his majesty's earnest desire, so often in vain

thought a power, far exceeding that, to be too pressed, for a reformation,) though he found it

great to intrust particular persons with, to whose evident, that the minds of many of his weak sub“ will the lives and liberties of his people, by jects had been, and still were, poisoned by those “ martial laws, were made subject; for such was means; and that so general a terror had pos“ the power given to lord lieutenants, and deputy “ sessed the minds and hearts of all men, that “ lieutenants, in every county of this kingdom, and “ whilst the presses swarmed [with], and every “ that without the consent of the people, or author day produced, new tracts against the established

ity of law. But now in case of extreme necessity, government of the church and state, most men upon the advice of both houses of parliament, for “ wanted the courage, or the conscience, to write,

no longer space than two years, a lesser power, or the opportunity and encouragement to pub“and that for the safety of king and people, was “ lish, such composed, sober animadversions, as

thought too great to trust particular persons might either preserve the minds of his good “ with, though named by both houses of parlia subjects from such infection, or restore and re

ment, and approved by his majesty himself: and cover them, when they were so infected : but,

surely, if there were a necessity to settle the “his majesty said, he was contented to let himself “ militia, (which his majesty was pleased to con “ fall to any office, that might undeceive his

fess,) the persons could not be intrusted with less people, and to take more pains that way by his power than that, to have it effectual. And the

own pen, than ever king had done, when he precedents of former ages, when there happened “ found any thing that seemed to carry the repu

a necessity to raise such a power, never strait “ tation and authority of either or both houses of “ened that power to a narrower compass; witness parliament, and would not have the same refuted, “ the commissions of array in several kings' reigns, or disputed by vulgar and common pens, till he “ and often issued out by the consent and authority should be throughly informed whether those “ of parliament.

acts had in truth that countenance and warrant “ The lords and commons therefore, intrusted they pretend: which regard of his, his majesty “ with the safety of the kingdom, and peace

of the doubted not but, in time, would recover that people, (which, they called God to witness, was “ due reverence (the absence whereof he had too “their only aim,) finding themselves denied those “ much reason to complain [of]) to his person “ their so necessary and just demands, and that “ and his messages, which in all ages had been

they could never be discharged before God or paid, and, no doubt, was due to the crown of

man, if they should suffer the safety of the king England. “ dom, and peace of the people, to be exposed to " He said, he had therefore taken notice of a “ the malice of the malignant party at home, or printed paper, entitled, a Declaration of both “ the fury of enemies from abroad : and knowing “ Houses, in answer to his last message concern

no other way to encounter the imminent and ing the militia, published by command; the

approaching danger, but by putting the people “which he was unwilling to believe (both for the “ into a fit posture of defence, did resolve to put “matter of it, the expressions in it, and the manner “ their said ordinance in present execution; and “ of publishing it) could result from the consent of “ did require all persons in authority, by virtue “ both houses ; neither did his majesty know by “ of the said ordinance, forthwith to put the same “ what lawful command, such uncomely, irreverent “ in execution, and all others to obey it, accord ~ mention of him could be published to the world: “ing to the fundamental laws of the kingdom in and, though declarations of that kind had of late, “ such cases, as they tendered the upholding of “ with too much boldness, broken in upon his “ the true protestant religion, the safety of his “ majesty and the whole kingdom, when one or

majesty's person, and his royal posterity, the “ both houses had thought fit to communicate their peace of the kingdom, and the being of this “ counsels and resolutions to the people; yet, he

commonwealth.” This declaration (being in “ said, he was unwilling to believe, that such a answer to a message from his majesty) was printed, “ declaration as that could be published in answer and, with the usual care and dexterity, dispersed “ to his message, without vouchsafing at least to throughout the kingdom, without so much as “ send it to his majesty as their answer: their sending it to the king; and, thereupon, warrants “ business, for which they were met by his writ and directions issued into all parts, for the exercis “ and authority, being to counsel him for the good ing the militia.

“ of his people, not to write against him to his This being the first declaration they had in people; nor had any consent of his majesty for plain terms published against the king, without “their long continuing together enabled them to ever communicating it, or presenting it to him, “ do any thing, but what they were first summoned as they had done all the rest, his majesty was by his writ to do. At least he would believe, the more troubled how to take notice of it; but though misunderstanding and jealousy (the jusconceiving it necessary to apply some antidote to “ tice of God, he said, would overtake the fomentthis poison, the violent operation whereof he had ers of that jealousy, and the promoters and conreason to apprehend, he published a declaration

6 trivers of that misunderstanding) might produce, by way of answer to that declaration, in which “ to say no worse, those very untoward expressions, he said,

" that if those houses had contrived that declara“ That he very well understood, how much it “ tion as an answer to his message, they would

was below the high and royal dignity (wherein “ have vouchsafed some answer to the questions God had placed him) to take notice of, much “proposed in his, which, he professed, did, and

more to trouble himself with answering, those “ must evidently prevail over his understanding ; many scandalous, seditious pamphlets, and print “ and, in their wisdom and gravity, they would

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