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The king resolves to take the admiralty into his own hands. [BOOK V. thought, no other way to escape them; until they [that earl] to put his whole interest into their plainly saw the ship entering into a narrow creek hands, and to have run their fortune ; to which he out of the Humber, which declined Hull, and led was naturally too much inclined: and then his into the country some miles above it ; which was a majesty foresaw, that there would have been no place well known to the captain, and designed by fleet at all set out that year, by their having the him from the beginning. It was in vain for them command of all the money, which was to be applied then to hasten their pursuit; for they quickly found to that service. Whereas, by his majesty's conthat their great ships could not enter into that cealing his resentment, there was a good fleet made passage, and that the river was too shallow to ready, and set out; and many gentlemen settled follow him; and so, with shame and anger, they in the command of ships, of whose affection and gave over the chase, whilst the captain continued fidelity his majesty was assured, that no superior his course ; and having never thought of saving officer could corrupt it; but that they would, at all the ship, run it on shore near Burlington; and, times, repair to his service, whenever he required with all expedition, gave notice to the king of his it. And, indeed, his majesty had an opinion of the arrival; who, immediately, caused the persons of devotion of the whole body of the common seamen quality in the parts adjacent to draw the trained to his service, because he had, bountifully, so much bands of the country together, to secure the mended their condition, and increased their pay; incursions from Hull; and, by this means, the that he thought they would have thrown the earl arms, ammunition, and artillery were quickly of Warwick overboard, when he should command brought to York.

them; and so the respiting the doing of it would The king was well content that it should be be of little importance. But now, that a ship of generally believed, that this small ship, the size his own, in the execution of his commands, should whereof was known to few, had brought a greater be chased by his own fleet as an enemy, made such quantity and proportion of provisions for the war, a noise in all places, even to his reproach and disthan in truth it had; and therefore, though it had honour, that he could no longer defer the doing brought no money, which he expected, he forth- what he had so long thought of. He resolved, with granted commissions, to raise regiments of therefore, to revoke the earl of Northumberland's horse and foot, to such persons of quality and commission of the office of high admiral of Enginterest, as were able to comply with their obliga- land, and to send the revocation to him under the tions. He declared the earl of Lindsey, lord high great seal of England: then, to send sir John chamberlain of England, his general of the army ; Pennington, who was then at York, on board the a person of great honour and courage, and gene- feet, and to take the charge of it: and letters rally beloved; who had many years before had good were prepared, and signed by the king, to every command in Holland and Germany, and had been one of the captains ; whereby they were required admiral at sea in several expeditions. Sir Jacob to observe the orders of sir John Pennington.” Ashley was declared major general of the foot, a And all this was carried with all possible secrecy, command he was very equal to, and had exercised that none, but those few who were trusted, knew, before, and executed after, with great approbation. or suspected any such alteration. The generalship of the horse his majesty preserved But the king thought fit, first to advise with sir for his nephew prince Rupert; who was daily ex- John Pennington ; of whose integrity he was conpected, and arrived soon after : and all levies were fident, and whose judgment he always principally hastened with as much expedition as was possible relied on in all his maritime actions; and thought in so great a scarcity, and notorious want of him the only person fit immediately to take the money; of which no more need be said, after it is fleet out of the earl of Warwick's possession; who remembered that all the lords, and council about had dispossessed him of the command that year, the king, with several other persons of quality, which he had usually exercised. Sir John Penvoluntarily made a subscription for the payment nington, finding the matter full of difficulty, and of so many horse for three months ; in which time the execution like to meet with some interruptions, they would needs believe, that the war should be expressed no alacrity to undertake it in his own at an end; every one paying down what the three person; alleging, “ that himself stood in the parmonths' pay would amount to, into the hands of “ liament's disfavour and jealousy, (which was a treasurer appointed to receive it ; and this " true,) and that therefore his motion, and journey money was presently paid for the making those “ towards the Downs, where the fleet then lay, levies of horse which were designed; and which “ would be immediately taken notice of; and his could not have been made but by those monies. majesty's design be so much guessed at, that

And now the king thought it time to execute a “ there would need no other discovery:" but proresolution he had long intended, and which many pounded to his majesty, “ that he would send a men wondered he neglected so long ; which was, « letter to sir Robert Mansel, who lived at Greenas much as in him lay, to take the admiralty into “wich, speedily to go to the fleet, and to take his own hands. He had long too much cause to charge of it; and that his authority, being vicebe unsatisfied and displeased with the earl of “ admiral of England, and his known and great Northumberland; whom he thought he had obliged" reputation with the seamen, would be like to above any man whatsoever. His delivering the “ meet with the least resistance.” His majesty, fleet into the hands and command of the earl of imparting this counsel to those whom he had Warwick, after his majesty had expressly refused made privy to his purpose, entered upon new it to the parliament, he resolved never to forgive; considerations ; and concluded, “ that sir Robert however, he thought it not then seasonable to re “ Mansel's age, (though his courage and integrity sent it, because he had nothing to object against were unquestionable,) and the accidents that dehim, but his compliance with the command of the “pended upon that, would render that expedient parliament, which would have made and owned it “ most hazardous; and that, in truth, there needed as their own quarrel; and must have obliged him “ no such absolute and supreme officer to be

to go

1642.] Change in the plan for obtaining the fleet leads to disappointment. 271

appointed in the first article ; but rather, that ( navy, and who lived by the Downs,“ immediately “his majesty should direct his special letter to the aboard the admiral; and (that he] himself

captain of every ship, requiring him immediately “would make all possible haste to him, setting to weigh anchor, and to bring away his ship to “ out at the same time with Mr. Villiers; but “such a place as his majesty might appoint, where journeying a further and more private way.” “ he should receive further orders: and to that Mr. Villiers, lest, by his stay for the alteration

place he might send such an officer, as he of his despatches, his companion's coming to Lon

thought fit to trust with the command of the don sooner than was expected at their parting “whole navy so assembled.” According to this might produce some inconvenience to the service, resolution the whole despatch was prepared. First, slept not till he came to sir Henry Palmer; who, a revocation of the earl of Northumberland's com- being infirm in his health, and surprised with the mission of admiral, under the great seal of Eng-command, could not make that expedition aboard, land; of which there was a duplicate ; the one to as might have been requisite; though he was loybe sent to his lordship; the other to the earl of ally and zealously affected to his majesty's service. Warwick; whose commission was founded upon, However, Mr. Villiers hastened to the ships which and so determined by, the other. Then a several lay then at anchor, and, according to his instrucletter to each of the captains of his ships, inform- tions, delivered his several letters to the captains ; ing them “ of his majesty's revocation of the the greatest part whereof received them with great “admiral's patent, and consequently of the deter- expressions of duty and submission, expecting only “mination of the earl of Warwick's commission,' to receive sir John Pennington's orders, for which (to whom his majesty likewise writ, to " inhibit they staid; and, without doubt, if either the first " him from further meddling in that charge,”) letters had been sent, or sir John Pennington been and therefore commanding them to yield no present, when these others were delivered, his mafurther obedience to either of their orders; but jesty had been possessed of his whole fleet; the that, immediately upon the receipt of those his earl of Warwick being at that time, according to royal letters, he should weigh anchor; and, with his usual licenses, with some officers, whose comwhat speed he might, repair to Burlington-bay pany he liked, on shore making merry; so that upon the coast of Yorkshire; where he should there was only his vice-admiral, captain Batten, on receive his majesty's further pleasure: and so each board, who was of eminent disaffection to his macommander, without relation to any other com- jesty; the rear-admiral, sir John Mennes, being of mands, had no more to look after but his own unquestionable integrity: ship, and his own duty, by which the king might But after five or six hours, (in which time noexpect, at least, so many ships as were under the thing could be acted, for want of advice and direcgovernment of those, who had any affection or tion; enough being ready to obey, but none having fidelity to his service.

authority to command,) the earl of Warwick came Accordingly, all things being prepared, and aboard "his ship, to whom Mr. Villiers likewise signed by the king, and sealed, what immediately gave his majesty's letters of discharge; who, withconcerned the earl of Northumberland was de- out any declaration of disobeying it, applied himlivered to Mr. May, his majesty's page, to be given self to the confirming those whom he thought true to the earl of Northumberland át London; and the to his party, and diligently to watch the rest; prewhole despatch to the fleet to Mr. Edward Villiers, suming, that he should speedily hear from those by whose diligence and dexterity his majesty found whom he had been originally trusted. fit for any trust; the former being directed “ not In the mean time, the captains expected orders “to make such haste, but that the other might from sir John Pennington; who likewise privately “ be at least as soon at the Downs, as he at expected such an account from sir Henry Palmer, “ London ;" and Mr. Villiers again" being ap- as might encourage him to come to the ships. But pointed what letters he should first deliver to this unfortunate delay lost all; for the other genthe captains ;

“ and that he should visit the tleman, according to his instructions, having reach“ earl of Warwick in the last place;" that his ed London in the evening after the houses were activity might have no influence upon the seamen, risen, delivered the king's letter, and the discharge to prevent their obedience to his majesty. And of his commission, to the earl of Northumberland; surely if this resolution had been pursued, it is who, with all shows of duty and submission, exvery probable that the king had en master of pressed “his resolution to obey his majesty; and a very many of his ships again. But, when the hearty sorrow, that he had, by any misfortune, messengers were despatched and well-instructed, “incurred his majesty's displeasure.” How inand he that was for London gone on his journey, genuous soever this demeanour of his lordship’s there was a sudden and unexpected change of the was, the business was quickly known to those who whole direction to the fleet, by sir John Penning- were more concerned in it; who were exceedingly ton's repair to his majesty; and, upon second perplexed with the apprehension of being disposthoughts, offering “ to go himself to the Downs, sessed of so great a part of their strength, as the “ and to take charge of the fleet:” which changed royal fleet; and earnestly pressed the earl of the forms of the letters to the several captains ; Northumberland,“ that, notwithstanding such his and, instead of leaving every one to use his best majesty's revocation, he would still continue the expedition to bring away his own ship to Bur “ execution of his office of lord high admiral ; in lington, required them only to observe such “ which they would assist him with their utmost

orders, as they should receive by sir John Pen “ and full power and authority.” But his lordnington;" who thought not fit' (for the reasons ship, alleging,

« that it would ill become him, formerly given of his being taken notice of) to “ who had received that charge from the king, go with Mr. Villiers ; but, by him, writ to sir “ with so notable circumstances of trust and favour, Henry Palmer, to whom likewise his majesty sent “ to continue the possession thereof against his a letter to that purpose, being an officer of the express pleasure, there being a clause in his

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The loss of the fleet leads to unspeakably ill consequences. [BOOK V. grant, that it should be only during such time as “Pennington, upon whom the king depended;” it “ his majesty thought fit to use his service ;” and was resolved likewise, “that captain Carteret, con

utterly refusing to meddle further in it;" as “ troller of his majesty's navy, a man of great soon as they could get the houses together the eminency and reputation in naval command, next morning, they easily agreed to pass an ordi- “ should be vice-admiral;" he thinking it became nance, as they call it,“ to appoint the earl of his near relation to his majesty's service, to receive “ Warwick to be admiral of that fleet, with as full his royal pleasure, before he engaged himself in “and ample authority, as he had before had from any employment of that nature, addressed himself “ the earl of Northumberland.” Which ordinance, for his princely directions. The king thought his together with letters, and votes of encouragement fleet upon the matter taken from him, when anto his lordship, and to the officers and seamen, other, whose disaffection to his service was very they speedily sent, by a member of their own; notorious, was, contrary to his express pleasure, who arrived therewith, the next morning, after presumptuously put into the command of it, and Mr. Villiers had delivered the king's letters; sir his own minister displaced for no other reason John Pennington in the mean time neither coming, (his sufficiency and ability for command being by or sending any further advice.

all men confessed) but his zeal, and integrity to The earl of Warwick, being thus armed, found him, and therefore he would not countenance that himself master of his work; and immediately sum- fleet, and that admiral, with suffering an officer of moned all the captains, to attend him on board his his own to command in it under the other; and so ship in council; the which all but two did, (cap- wished captain Carteret to decline the employment, tain Slingsby and captain Wake,) who, being by which he prudently, and without noise, did; and his majesty's letters, as the rest were, expressly thereupon, another officer of the navy, even the charged to yield no further obedience to the earl of surveyor general, captain Batten, a man of very Warwick, refused to repair to him; making them- different inclinations to his master, and his service, selves ready to resist any violence, and putting and furious in the new fancies of religion, was their ships in order to go out to sea, that they substituted in the place: whereas if captain Carmight be at liberty to attend his majesty's com- teret had been suffered to have taken that charge, mands: but they were so encompassed by the his interest and reputation in the navy was so whole fleet, and the dexterity of the earl's minis- great, and his diligence and dexterity in command ters was such, and the devotion, generally, of the so eminent, that I verily believe, he would, against seamen so tainted, and corrupted to the king's whatsoever the earl of Warwick could have done, service, that, instead of carrying away the ships, have preserved a major part of the fleet in their the captains themselves were seized, taken, and duty to the king. The misfortunes which hapcarried by their own men to the earl; who imme- pened after, and are mentioned before, are not in diately committed them to custody, and sent them justice to be imputed to sir John Pennington ; up prisoners to the parliament. Then his lordship who, sure, was a very honest gentleman, and of communicated the ordinance, letters, and votes unshaken faithfulness and integrity to the king; from the two houses to the rest of the officers; of but to the little time he had to think of it: and whom only two more refused to continue their the perplexity he was in (besides his true zeal to charge against the signification they had received the service) to think that so great a service, as from the king, (sir John Mennes and captain the recovery of the royal navy, should be done by Burly,) who were quickly discharged, and set his personal engagement, and to look so vigilantly on shore; and the rest, without any scruple or to his own security, that, instead of taking the hesitation, “ obliged themselves to obey the earl fleet from the earl of Warwick, he was not himself “of Warwick, in the service of the parliament ;" taken by the earl, and sent to the parliament; so that the storm was now over, and the parlia- where the carrying over the lord Digby, and some ment fully and entirely possessed of the whole other jealousies, had left a great arrear of displearoyal navy, and militia by sea; for they quickly sure against him. disposed of two other honest captains, Kettleby The truth is, the king was so confident upon

the and Stradlin, (whom they could not corrupt,) whó general affections of the seamen, who were a tribe guarded the Irish seas; and got those ships like- of people more particularly countenanced and wise into their service. And thus his majesty was obliged by him than other men, his majesty having without one ship of his own, in his three kingdoms, increased their allowance, in provision and money, at his devotion.

above the old establishment of the navy, that he As this loss of the whole navy was of unspeak- did believe no activity of ill officers could have able ill consequence to the king's affairs, and made corrupted them; but that, when the parliament his condition much the less considered by his allies, had set out and victualled the fleet, it would, upon and neighbour princes; who saw the sovereignty any occasion, declare itself at his devotion. On of the sea now in other hands, who were more im- the other side, they had been taught to believe, perious upon the apprehension of any discourte- that all the king's bounty and grace towards them sies, than regular and lawful monarchs used to had flowed from the mediation of those officers, be; I cannot but observe some unhappy circum- who were now engaged against the king; and that, stances and accidents in this important business the parliament having seized the customs, and all of the navy, which looked like the hand of Provi- other the revenues of the king, they had no other dence to take that strength, of which his majesty hope of pay or subsistence, but by absolutely dewas most confident, out of his hands. When the voting themselves to their service; so that a greater resolution of the house of commons, and, after, the or more general defection of any one order of men concurrence of the lords, was peremptory, and the was never known, than that, at this time, of the earl of Northumberland's compliance with them as seamen; though many gentlemen, and some few obstinate, “ for the sending the earl of Warwick of the common sort, to their lasting honour and " admiral of that fleet, in the place of sir John reputation, either addressed themselves to the

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1642.) The king increases his forces, and issues a proclamation from Beverley. 275 active service of their sovereign, or suffered impri- | lord Pawlet, the lord Seymour, sir Ralph Hopton, sonment, and the loss of all they had, for refusing sir John Berkley, sir Hugh Pollard, and other very to serve against him.

good officers, to form an army if it should be found The news of this diminution of his majesty's expedient. And so, much of the lustre of the power, and terrible addition of strength to his court being abated by the remove of so many perenemies, was a great allay to the brisk hopes at sons of honour and quality, though it was spread York, upon the arrival of their ammunition, and farther by their necessary absence, the king began wise men easily discerned the fatal consequence of to think of increasing and forming his train into a it in opposition to the most hopeful designs; yet more useful posture, than it was yet ; and, without in a very short time, all visible sense of it so much any noise of raising an army, to make the scene of vanished, that (as there was a marvellous alacrity his first action to be the recovery of Hull (whither at that time, in despising all advantages of the par- new forces were sent from London) by the ordinary liament) men publicly, and with great confidence, forces and trained bands of that county; by colour averred, “ that the king was a gainer by the loss whereof, he hoped to have such resort, that he “of his fleet, because he had no money to pay the should need no other industry to raise such an “ seamen, or keep them together; and that one army as should be sufficient to preserve himself “victory at land, of which there was no doubt, from the violence which threatened his safety; and "would restore him to his dominion at sea, and to accordingly, that the people might fully understand “ whatsoever had been unjustly taken from his his intentions, he summoned some of the trained “ majesty."

bands to attend him at Beverley, a town within four But the king found it was now time to do more miles of Hull, whither he removed his court, and than write declarations, that they (parliament] published a proclamation, briefly containing " the were now entirely possessed of the militia by sea, “ rebellion of sir John Hotham, in holding that and made such a progress in the attempt to resume “ town by a garrison against him; his demanding the same at land, that though the people generally, justice from the two houses without effect; the . (except in great towns and corporations, where, seizing his fleet at sea; and the hostile acts of besides the natural malignity, the factious lecturers “sir John Hotham upon the inhabitants of that and emissaries from the parliament had poisoned “ town, many of whom he turned out of their habitheir affections, and especially those of quality, tations; and upon the neighbour county, by imwere loyally inclined; yet the terror of the house prisoning many, and driving others for fear from of commons was so great, which sent for and “ their houses : and therefore that he was resolved grievously punished those sheriffs and mayors, who “ to reduce the same by force : inhibiting all compublished, according to their duties and express merce or traffic with the said town, whilst it conoaths, his majesty's proclamations, and those minis “ tinued in rebellion.” ters, who, according to his injunctions, read and Which proclamation he likewise sent to both divulged his declarations, that all such, and indeed houses of parliament, with this further significaall others eminently affected to the king, were tion, “ That, before he would use force to reduce forced to fly to York for protection, or to hide “ that place to its due obedience, he had thought themselves in corners from that inquisition which “ fit once more to require them, that it might be was made for them. And therefore his majesty, “ forthwith delivered to him; wherein if they in the first place, that he might have one harbour “should conform themselves, his majesty would be to resort to in his kingdom, sent the earl of New “ then willing to admit such addresses from them, castle, privately, with a commission to take the go “ and return such propositions to them, as might vernment of Newcastle; who against the little oppo “ be proper to settle the peace of the kingdom, and sition, that was prepared by the schismatical party compose the present distractions. He wished in the town, by his lordship’s great interest in "them to do their duty, and to be assured from those parts, the ready compliance of the best of “ him, on the word of a king, that nothing should the gentry, and the general good inclinations of “ be wanting on his part, that might prevent the the place, speedily and dexterously assured that “ calamities which threatened the nation, and might most important rich town and harbour to the “ render his people truly happy; but if that his king; which, if it had been omitted but

very

few gracious invitation should be declined, God and days, had been seized on by the parliament, who “all good men must judge between them :” and had then given direction to that purpose. Then assigned a day, by which he would expect their for the protection of the general parts of the king- answer at Beverley. dom, and keeping up their affections, his majesty In the mean time, to encourage the good affecappointed and sent many of the nobility and tions of Nottinghamshire, which seemed almost prime gentlemen of the several counties, who at- entirely to be devoted to his service, and to countended him, into their [respective] counties to tenance and give some life to those in Lincolnshire, execute the commission of array, making the mar- where, in contempt of his proclamations, the ordiquis of Hertford, by commission under the great nance of the militia had been boldly executed by seal of England, (which he was to keep secret in the lord Willoughby of Parham, and some members reserve, till he found, either by the growth, or of the house of commons, his majesty took a short extraordinary practice of the parliament in rais- progress to Newark; and, after a day's stay, from ing forces, that the commission of array was not thence to Lincoln; and so, by the day appointed, enough,)“ his lieutenant general of all the western returned to Beverley; having, in both those places, "parts of the kingdom, with power to levy such a been attended with such an appearance of the " body of horse and foot, as he found necessary gentlemen and men of quality, and so full a con“ for his majesty's service, and the containing the course of the people, as one might reasonably have “people within the limits of their duty.” With the guessed the affections of both those counties would marquis went the earl of Bath, (thought then to be have seconded any just and regular service for the of notable power and interest in Devonshire,) the king.

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274 The parliament's petition to the king at Beverley, July 15. [BOOK v.

They at London were not less active; but, upon and, with much sorrow, do perceive that your their success in the business of the navy, proceeded majesty, incensed by many false calumnies and to make themselves strong enough, at least, to keep slanders, doth continue to raise forces against us, what they had; and therefore, having, by their “and your other peaceable and loyal subjects; and ordinance of the militia, many voluntary companies "to make great preparations for war, both in the formed of men according to their own hearts; and, “ kingdom, and from beyond the seas; and, by by their subscriptions, being supplied with a good arms and violence, to overrule the judgment and stock of money, and a good number of horse ; “ advice of your great council; and by force to before the king's message from Beverley came to “ determine the questions there depending, conthem, on the twelfth of July, being the same day cerning the government and liberty of the kingthe message went from the king, both houses voted “ dom : yet, such is our earnest desire of dischargand declared, “That an army should be forthwith ing our duty to your majesty and the kingdom, “ raised for the safety of the king's person; defence to preserve the peace thereof, and to prevent the “ of both houses of parliament, and of those who “ miseries of civil war amongst your subjects, that,

had obeyed their orders and commands; and “ notwithstanding we hold ourselves bound to use

preserving of the true religion, the laws, liberty, “all the means and power, which, by the laws and "and peace of the kingdom. That the earl of “ constitutions of this kingdom, we are trusted with

Essex should be their general, and that they • for defence and protection thereof, and of the “ would live and die with him.” And, having put subjects from force and violence, we do, in this themselves into this posture of treating, the same our humble and loyal petition, prostrate ourselves day they agreed that a petition should be framed, at your majesty's feet; beseeching your royal "to move the king to a good accord with the “majesty, that you will be pleased to forbear and

parliament, to prevent a civil war ;' the which remove all preparations and actions of war ; was purposely then consented to, that the people particularly the forces from about Hull, from might believe, the other talk of an army and a “ Newcastle, Tinmouth, Lincoln, and Lincolnshire, general was only to draw the king to the more “ and all other places. And that your majesty reasonable concessions. And it is certain, the first “ will recall the commissions of array, which are was consented to by many, especially of the house illegal; dismiss troops, and extraordinary guards of peers, (in hope the better to compass the other,)“ by you raised: that your majesty will come with the perfect horror of the thought of a war. nearer to your parliament, and hearken to their Though the king's message came to them before “ faithful advice and humble petitions; which their own was despatched, yet, without the least “shall only tend to the defence and advancement notice taken of it, and lest the contents of their of religion, your own royal honour and safety, petition might be known before the arrival of their “the preservation of our laws and liberties. And own messengers, the earl of Holland, sir John we have been, and ever shall be, careful to preHolland, and sir Philip Stapleton, being the com “ vent and punish all tumults, and seditious acmittee appointed for the same, made a speedy and tions, speeches, and writings, which may give quick journey to Beverley ; and arrived in the same your majesty just cause of distaste, or apprehenminute that the king came thither from Lincoln : “sion of danger. From which public aims and so that his majesty no sooner heard of the raising “ resolutions no sinister or private respect shall an army, and declaring a general against him, but ever make us to decline. That your majesty he was encountered by the messengers for peace;

“ will leave delinquents to

due course of who reported to all whom they met, and with justice; and that nothing done or spoken in whom they conversed, “ that they had brought so parliament, or by any person in pursuance of “ absolute a submission from the parliament to the

“ the command and direction of both houses king, that there could be no doubt of a firm and of parliament, be questioned any where but in

happy peace:” and when the earl of Holland parliament. presented the petition, he first made a short speech

for our parts, shall be ready to lay to the king, telling him, “ that the glorious motto “ down all those preparations, which we have been “ of his blessed father, king James, was Beati “ forced to make for our defence. And for the

pacifici, which he hoped his majesty would con town of Hull, and the ordinance concerning the tinue; that they presented him with the humble militia, as we have, in both these particulars, duty of his two houses of parliament, who desired only, sought the preservation of the peace of the

nothing from him but his consent, and acceptance kingdom, and the defence of the parliament from “ of peace; they aiming at nothing but his ma “ force and violence; so we shall most willingly “ jesty's honour and happiness :" and then read “ leave the town of Hull in the state it was, before their message aloud, in these words :

“ sir John Hotham drew any forces into it ; deliTo the king's most excellent majesty, the humble “ of London, and supplying whatsoever hath been

vering your majesty's magazine into the tower petition of the lords and commons assembled in

disposed by us for the service of the kingdom. parliament.

“ We shall be ready to settle the militia by a bill, “ May it please your majesty :

“in such a way as shall be honourable and safe Although we, your majesty's most humble and for your majesty, most agreeable to the duty of “ faithful subjects, the lords and commons in par parliament, and effectual for the good of the “ liament assembled, have been very unhappy in kingdom ; that the strength thereof be not em

many former petitions and supplications to your ployed against itself, and that which ought to be majesty; wherein we have represented our most “ for our security, applied to our destruction; and “ dutiful affections in advising and desiring those “ desire still to preserve the protestant religion,

things, which we held most necessary for the “ that the parliament, and those who profess and “ preservation of God's true religion, your majesty's “ both in this realm and in Ireland, may not be

safety and honour, and the peace of the kingdom: “ left naked, and indefensible to the mischievous

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