The marquis of Hertford active in Somersetshire. [BOOK VI. albeit his chief dependence was both for money be in the power of the parliament to pervert them, and provisions from the Isle of Wight, yet he was or to make ill impressions in them towards his careless to secure those small castles and block- majesty's service. houses, which guarded the river; which revolting Whilst his lordship in this gentle way endeato the parliament as soon as he declared for the voured to compose the fears and apprehensions of king, cut off all those unreasonable dependences; the people, and by doing all things in a peaceable so that he had neither men enough to do ordinary way, and according to the rules of the known laws, duty, nor provisions enough for those few, for any to convince all men of the justice and integrity of considerable time. And at the same time with this his majesty's proceedings and royal intentions; the of Portsmouth, arrived certain advertisements, that other party, according to their usual confidence the marquis of Hertford, and all his forces in the and activity, wrought underhand to persuade the west, from whom only the king hoped that Ports- people that the marquis was come down to put the mouth should be relieved, was driven out of So- commission of array in execution, by which commersetshire, where his power and interest was be- mission a great part of the estate of every farmer lieved unquestionable, into Dorsetshire ; and there or substantial yeoman should be taken from them; besieged in Sherborne castle.

alleging, that some lords had said, “ that twenty The marquis, after he left the king at Beverley, pounds by the year was enough for any peasant by ordinary journeys, and without making any “ to live by ;” and so, taking advantage of the long stay by the way, came to Bath, upon the commission's being in Latin, translated it into very edge of Somersetshire, at the time when the what English they pleased; persuading the subgeneral assizes were there held; where meeting stantial yeomen and freeholders, that at least two all the considerable gentlemen of that great county, parts of their estates would, by that commission, and finding them well affected to the king's service, be taken from them ; and the meaner and poorer except very few who were sufficiently known, he sort of people, that they were to pay a tax of one entered into consultation with them from whom he day's labour in the week to the king; and that all was to expect assistance, in what place he should should be, upon the matter, no better than slaves most conveniently fix himself for the better dis- to the lords, and that there was no way to free posing the affections of the people, and to raise a and preserve themselves from this insupportable strength for the resistance of any attempt which tyranny, than by adhering to the parliament, and the parliament might make, either against them, submitting to the ordinance for the militia ; which or to disturb the peace of the country by their or was purposely prepared to enable them to resist dinance of the militia, which was the first power these horrid invasions of their liberties. they were like to hear of. Some were of opinion, It is not easily believed, how these gross infu" that Bristol would be the fittest place, being a sions generally prevailed. For though the gentle

great, rich, and populous city; of which being men of ancient families and estates in that county once possessed, they should be easily able to were, for the most part, well affected to the king,

give the law to Somerset and Gloucestershire ; and easily discerned by what faction the parliament " and could not receive any affront by a sudden was governed; yet there were a people of an infe

or tumultuary insurrection of the people.” And rior degree, who, by good husbandry, clothing, if this advice had been followed, it would probably and other thriving arts, had gotten very great forhave proved very prosperous. But, on the con- tunes; and, by degrees, getting themselves into trary, it was objected, " that it was not evident, the gentlemen's estates, were angry that they “ that his lordship’s reception into the city would found not themselves in the same esteem and repu“ be such as was expected ; Mr. Hollis being tation with those whose estates they had; and “ lieutenant thereof, and having exercised the therefore, with more industry than the other, “ militia there; and there being visibly many dis- studied all ways to make themselves considerable. “affected people in it, and some of eminent qua- These, from the beginning, were fast friends to the

lity; and if he should attempt to go thither, and parliament; and many of them were now intrusted “ be disappointed, it would break the whole de- by them as deputy lieutenants in their new ordi

sign : then that it was out of the county of So- nance of the militia, and having found when the merset, and therefore that they could not [le- people were ripe, gathered them together, with a

gally] draw that people thither; besides, that it purpose on a sudden, before there should be any “ would look like fear and suspicion of their own suspicion, to surround and surprise the marquis

power, to put themselves into a walled town, as at Wells. For they had always this advantage of “if they feared the power of the other party would the king's party and his counsels, that their reso“ be able to oppress them. Whereas, besides Pop- lutions were no sooner published, than they were “ ham and Horner, all the gentlemen of eminent ready to be executed, there being an absolute im

quality and fortune of Somerset were either pre- plicit obedience in the inferior sort to those who “sent with the marquis, or presumed not to be were to command them; and their private agents, “ inclined to the parliament.” And therefore they with admirable industry and secrecy, preparing all proposed “that Wells, being a pleasant city, in persons and things ready against a call. Whereas

the heart and near the centre of that county, all the king's counsels were with great formality might be chosen for his lordship’s residence.” deliberated, before concluded: and then, with equal Which was accordingly agreed on, and thither the formality, and precise caution of the law, executed; marquis and his train went, sending for the nearest there being no other way to weigh down the pretrained bands to appear before him; and presum- judice that was contracted against the court, but ing that in little time, by the industry of the gen- by the most barefaced publishing all conclusions, tlemen present, and his lordship’s reputation, and fitting them to that apparent justice and reawhich was very great, the affections of the people son, that might prevail over the most ordinary would be so much wrought upon, and their un- understandings. derstandings so well informed, that it would not When the marquis was thus in the midst of an

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1642.] Activity of the marquis of Hertford and other royalists at Wells. 291
enemy that almost covered the whole kingdom, merton, and so to Sherborne, without any loss or
his whole strength was a troop of horse, raised by trouble. Thither, within two days, caine to his
Mr. John Digby, son to the earl of Bristol, and lordship sir John Berkley, colonel Ashburnham,
another by sir Francis Hawley, (both which were and other good officers, enough to have formed a
levied in those parts to attend the king in the considerable army, if there had been no other want.
north,) and a troop of horse, and a small troop of But they had not been long there, and it was not
dragoons, raised and armed by sir Ralph Hopton easy to resolve whither else to go, they having no
at his own charge; and about one hundred foot reason to believe they should be any where more
gathered up by lieutenant-colonel Henry Lunsford welcome than in Somersetshire, from whence they
towards a regiment, which were likewise to have had been now driven,) when the earl of Bedford,
marched to the king. These, with the lord Pawlet, general of the horse to the parliament, with Mr.
and the gentlemen of the country, which were Hollis, sir Walter Earl, and other ephori, and a
about eight and twenty of the prime quality there, complete body of seven thousand foot at least,
with their servants and retinue, made up the mar ordered by Charles Essex, their sergeant-major-
quis's force. Then their proceedings were with general, a soldier of good experience and reputa-
that rare caution, that upon advertisement that the tion in the Low Countries, and eight full troops of
active ministers of that party had appointed a horse, under the command of captain Pretty, with
general meeting at a town within few miles of four pieces of cannon, in a very splendid equipage,
Wells, sir Ralph Hopton being advised with his came to Wells, and from thence to Sherborne.
small troop and some volunteer gentlemen to repair The marquis, by this time having increased his
thither, and to disappoint that convention, and to foot to four hundred, with which that great army
take care that it might produce the least prejudice was kept from entering that great town, and per-
to the king's service; before he reached the place, suaded to encamp in the field about three quarters
those gentlemen who stayed behind (and by whose of a mile north from the castle; where, for the
advice the marquis thought it necessary absolutely present, we must leave the marquis and his great-
to govern himself, that they might see all possible spirited little army:
wariness was used in the entrance into a war, It could never be understood, why that army
which being once entered into, he well knew must did not then march directly to Nottingham; which
be carried on another way) sent him word, “ that if it had done, his majesty's few forces must imme-

he should forbear any hostile act, otherwise they diately have been scattered, and himself fled, or put
“would disclaim whatsoever he should do." himself into their hands, which there were enough
Otherwise the courage and resolution of those few ready to have advised him to do; and if he had
were such, and the cowardice of the undisciplined escaped, he might have been pursued by one regi-
seditious rabble and their leaders was so eminent, ment of horse till he had quitted the kingdom.
that it was very probable, if those few troops had But God blinded his enemies, so that they made
been as actively employed as their commanders not the least advance towards Nottingham. They
desired, they might have been able to have driven [about the king] began now to wish that he had
the bigots out of the country, before they had fully stayed at York, and proposed his return thither;
possessed the rest with their own rancour: which but that was not hearkened to; and they who had
may be reasonably presumed by what followed advised his stay there, and against the advance to
shortly after, when Mr. Digby, sir John Stawell Nottingham, were more against his return thither,
and his sons, with some volunteer gentlemen, as an absolute flight; but wished the advance of
being in the whole not above fourscore horse, and the levies, and a little patience, till it might be dis-
fourteen dragoons, charged a greater body of cerned what the enemy did intend to do. In this
horse, and above six hundred foot of the rebels, great anxiety, some of the lords desired,“ that his
led by a member of the house of commons

and majesty would send a message to the parliament, without the loss of one man, killed seven in the “ with soine overture to incline them to a treaty;" place, hurt very many, took their chief officers, which proposition was no sooner made, but most and as many more prisoners as they would; and concurred in it, and no one had the confidence to so routed the whole body, that six men kept not oppose it. The king himself was so offended at it, together, they having all thrown down their arms. that he declared, “ he would never yield to it;"

But this good fortune abated only the courage and broke up the council, that it might be no of those who had run away, the other making use longer urged. But the next day, when they met of this overthrow as an argument of the marquis's again, they renewed the same advice with more bloody purposes; and therefore, in few days, sir earnestness. The earl of Southampton, a person John Horner and Alexander Popham, being the of great prudence, and a reputation at least equal principal men of quality of that party in that to any man's, pressed it, as a thing that might county, with the assistance of their friends of “ do good, and could do no harm;" and the king's Dorset, and Devon, and the city of Bristol, drew reasons, with reference to the insolence it would together a body of above twelve thousand men, raise in the rebels, and the dishonour that would horse and foot, with some pieces of cannon, with thereby reflect upon himself, were answered, by which they appeared on the top of the hill over saying

“ their insolence would be for the king's Wells; where the marquis, in contempt of them, advantage; and when they should reject the stayed two days, having only barricadoed the town; “offer of peace, which they believed they would but then, finding that the few trained bands, which “ do, they would make themselves the more odious attended him there, were run away, either to their

“ to the people, who would be thereby the more own houses, or to their fellows, on the top of the “ inclined to serve the king.” So that they took it hill; and hearing that more forces, or at least as granted, that the proposition would be rejected, better officers, were coming from the parliament and therefore it ought to be made. It was farther against him, he retired in the noon day, and in objected, “ that his majesty was not able to make the face of that rebellious herd, from Wells to So “ resistance; that the forces before Sherborne,



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The king entreated to propose a treaty with the parliament. [BOOK VI. Portsmouth, and at Northampton, were three William Udall, (whom his majesty gave leave “ several armies, the least of which would drive under that pretence to intend the business of his “his majesty out of his dominions; that it was own fortune,) to the two houses with this message,

only in his power to choose, whether, by making which was sent the third day after his standard was a fair offer himself, he would seem to make set up. peace, which could not but render him very “We have, with unspeakable grief of heart, long

gracious to the people, or suffer himself to be “ beheld the distractions of this our kingdom. Our “ taken prisoner, (which he would not long be very soul is full of anguish, until we may find “ able to avoid,) which would give his enemies some remedy to prevent the miseries which are

power, reputation, and authority to proceed “ ready to overwhelm this whole nation by a civil against his majesty, and, it might be, his pos

And though all our endeavours, tending “ terity, according to their own engaged malice.” “to the composing of those unhappy differences

Yet this motive made no impression in him. “ betwixt us and our two houses of parliament, “ For, he said, no misfortune, or ill success that “ (though pursued by us with all zeal and sincer

might attend his endeavour of defending him- “ity,) have been hitherto without that success we “self, could expose him to more inconveniences hoped for; yet such is our constant and earnest “ than a treaty at this time desired by him, where care to preserve the public peace, that we shall “ he must be understood to be willing to yield to “ not be discouraged from using any expedient, “whatsoever they would require of him: and how “which, by the blessing of the God of mercy, may “ modest they were like to be, might be judged by * lay a firm foundation of peace and happiness to “their nineteen propositions, which were tendered, “ all our good subjects. To this end, observing “ when their power could not be reasonably un “ that many mistakes have arisen by the messages, “ derstood to be like so much to exceed his ma petitions, and answers, betwixt us and our two “ jesty's, as at this time it was evident it did; and “ houses of parliament, which happily may be pre“ that, having now nothing to lose but his honour, “ vented by some other way of treaty, wherein “ he could be only excusable to the world, by “ the matters in difference may be more clearly “ using his industry to the last to oppose that tor “ understood, and more freely transacted; we have

rent, which if it prevailed would overwhelm him.” thought fit to propound to you, that some fit This composed courage and magnanimity of his persons may be by you enabled to treat with the majesty seemed too philosophical, and abstracted like number to be authorized by us, in such a from the policy of self-preservation, to which men manner, and with such freedom of debate, as were passionately addicted : and that which was may best tend to that happy conclusion which the king's greatest disadvantage, how many soever “all good men desire, the peace of the kingdom. were of his mind, (as some few, and but few, there “ Wherein, as we promise, in the word of a king, were,) no man durst publicly avow that he was so ; “ all safety and encouragement to such as shall be a treaty for peace being so popular a thing, that sent unto us,


shall choose the place where whosoever opposed it would be sure to be, by gene we are, for the treaty, which we wholly leave to ral consent, a declared enemy to his country. you, presuming the like care of the safety of

That which prevailed with his majesty very rea “ those we shall employ, if you shall name ansonably then (and indeed it proved equally advan “ other place; so we assure you, and all our good tageous to him afterwards) was, “ that it was most subjects, that, to the best of our understanding, “probable” (and his whole fortune was to be sub nothing shall be therein wanting on our part, mitted at best to probabilities) “ that, out of their “ which may advance the true protestant religion, “ pride, and contempt of the king's weakness and oppose popery and superstition, secure the law “want of power, the parliament would refuse to “ of the land, (upon which is built as well our just “ treat; which would be so unpopular a thing, that prerogative, as the propriety and liberty of the " as his majesty would highly oblige his people by “subject) confirm all just power and privileges of

making the offer, so they would lose the hearts of “ parliament, and render us and our people truly " them by rejecting it; which alone would raise an happy by a good understanding betwixt us and

army for his majesty. That if they should em our two houses of parliament. Bring with you “ brace it, the king could not but be a gainer; for as firm resolutions to do your duty; and let all

by the propositions which they should make to our good people join with us in our prayers to “ him, he would be able to state the quarrel so Almighty God, for his blessing upon this work. clearly, that it should be more demonstrable to “ If this proposition shall be rejected by

you, we “ the kingdom, than yet it was, that the war was, “ have done our duty so amply, that God will

on his majesty's part, purely defensive; since he “ absolve us from the guilt of any of that blood

never had, and now would not deny any thing, “ which must be spilt ; and what opinion soever “ which they could in reason or justice ask : that “other men may have of our power, we assure you

this very overture would necessarily produce nothing but our Christian and pious care to pre

some pause, and delay in their preparations, or “ vent the effusion of blood hath begot this mo“ motions of their armies; for some debate it “ tion; our provision of men, arms, and money, “must needs have; and during that time, men's being such as may secure us from farther vio“ minds would be in suspense; whereas his ma " lence, till it please God to open the eyes of our “ jesty should be so far from slackening his pre people.” “parations, that he might be more vigorous in This message had the same reception his majesty “ them, by hastening those levies, for which his believed it would have; and was indeed received “ commissions were out.” For these reasons, and with unheard of insolence and contempt. For the almost the concurrent desire and importunity of earl of Southampton, and sir John Colepepper, dehis council, the king was prevailed with to send siring to appear themselves before any notice should the earls of Southampton and Dorset, sir John arrive of their coming, made such haste, that they Colepepper, chancellor of his exchequer, and sir were at Westminster in the morning shortly after

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1642.] The answer of the lords and commons to his majesty's message. 293 the houses met. The earl of Southampton went “ dom; which we have by all means endeavoured into the house of peers, where he was scarce sat “ to prevent, both by our several advices and pedown in his place, when, with great passion, he was “titions to your majesty; which have been not called upon to withdraw; albeit he told them he had only without success, but there hath followed that a message to them from the king, and there could “ which no ill counsel in former times hath probe no exception to his lordship's sitting in the house “ duced, or any age hath seen, namely, those upon their own grounds; he having had leave from " several proclamations and declarations against the house to attend his majesty. However he was “ both the houses of parliament, whereby their compelled to withdraw; and then they sent the " actions are declared treasonable, and their pergentleman usher of the house to him, to require sons traitors. And thereupon your majesty hath his message; which, his lordship said, he was by “set up your standard against them, whereby you the king's

command to deliver himself, and refused “ have put the two houses of parliament, and, in therefore to send it, except the lords made an “ them, this whole kingdom, out of your protecorder, that he should not [deliver it himself]; “tion; so that until your majesty shall recall which they did ; and thereupon he sent it to them; “ those proclamations and declarations, whereby which they no sooner received, than they sent him o the earl of Essex, and both houses of parliaword, “ that he should, at his peril, immediately ment, and their adherents, and assistants, and

depart the town, and that they would take care “ such as have obeyed and executed their com“ that their answer to the message should be sent “ mands and directions, according to their duties, “ to him.” And so the earl of Southampton de

are declared traitors or otherwise delinquents : parted the town, reposing himself in better com

o and until the standard, set up in pursuance of pany at the house of a noble person seven or eight “ the said proclamation, be taken down, your miles off. Whilst the earl had this skirmish with majesty hath put us into such a condition, that, the lords, sir John Colepepper attended the com “ whilst we so remain, we cannot, by the fundamons, forbearing to go into the house without “ mental privileges of parliament, the public trust leave, because there had been an order, (which is “reposed in us, or with the general good and mentioned before,) that all the members, who were

safety of this kingdom, give your majesty any not present at such a day, should not presume to

- other answer to this message.” sit there, till they had paid a hundred pounds, and When the king's messengers returned with this given the house satisfaction in the cause of their answer to Nottingham, all men saw to what they absence. But he sent word to the speaker, “ that must trust; and the king believed, he should be no

he had a message from the king to them, and farther moved to make addresses to them. And “ that he desired to deliver it in his place in the yet all hopes of an army, or any ability to resist “house." After some debate, (for there remained that violence, seemed so desperate, that he was yet some, who thought it as unreasonable as irre- privately advised by those, whom he trusted as gular to deny a member of the house, against much as any, and those whose affections were as whom there had not been the least public objec- entire to him as any men's, to give all other tion, and a privy-counsellor who had been in all thoughts over, and instantly to make all imagintimes used there with great reverence, leave to able haste to London, and to appear in the parliadeliver a message from the king in his own place ment house before they had any expectation of as a member,) it was absolutely resolved, that him. And they conceived there would be more " he should not sit in the house, but that he should likelihood for him to prevail that way, than by “ deliver his message at the bar, and immediately any army he was like to raise. And it must “ withdraw;" which he did accordingly.

be solely imputed to his majesty's own magnaAnd then the two houses met at a conference, nimity, that he took not that course. However he and read the king's message with great supercili- was contented to make so much farther use of ousness; and within two days, with less difficulty their pride and passion, as to give them occasion, and opposition than can be believed, agreed upon by another message, to publish more of it to the their answer.

The king's messengers, in the mean people ; and therefore, within three days after the time, being of that quality, not receiving ordinary return of his messengers, he sent the lord Falkcivility from any members of either house ; they land, his principal secretary of state, with a reply who were very willing to have paid it, not daring to their answer in these words. for their own safety to come near them; and the We will not repeat, what means we have used others looking upon them as servants to a master “ to prevent the dangerous and distracted estate of whom they had, and meant farther to oppress. “ the kingdom, nor how those means have been Private conferences they had with some of the interpreted ; because, being desirous to avoid principal governors; from whom they received no “ the effusion of blood, we are willing to decline other advice, but that, if the king had any care of

“ all memory of former bitterness, that might renhimself or his posterity, he should immediately “ der our offer of a treaty less readily accepted. come to London, throw himself into the arms of « We never did declare, nor ever intended to dehis parliament, and comply in whatsoever they clare, both our houses of parliament traitors, or proposed. The answer which they returned to the set up our standard against them; and much king was this:

“ less to put them and this kingdom out of our

protection. We utterly profess against it beThe answer of the lords and commons to his ma « fore God, and the world; and, farther to remove jesty's message of the 25th of August, 1642. “ all possible scruples, which may hinder the treaty May it please your majesty :

much desired by us, we hereby promise, so “ The lords and commons, in parliament assem.

“ that a day be appointed by you for the revoking bled, having received your majesty's message of

“ of your declarations against all persons as trait“ the 25th of August, do with much grief resent ors, or otherwise, for assisting us; we shall, " the dangerous and distracted state of this king - with all cheerfulness, upon the same day recall

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The king sends another message to the parliament. [BOOK VI. our proclamations and declarations, and take means to allay and compose the distempers of the “ down our standard. In which treaty, we shall people, and that the hope and expectation of peace “ be ready to grant any thing, that shall be really might not dishearten their party, in their prepara“ for the good of our subjects : conjuring you to tions and contributions to the war, the same day “consider the bleeding condition of Ireland, and they sent their last answer to the king, they pub“ the dangerous condition of England, in as high lished this declaration to the kingdom:

a degree, as by these our offers we have de “ Whereas his majesty, in a message received “ clared ourself to do; and assuring you, that our “ the fifth of September, requires that the parlia“ chief desire, in this world, is to beget a good “ment would revoke their declarations against

understanding and mutual confidence betwixt “ such persons as have assisted his majesty in this us and our two houses of parliament."

“unnatural war against his kingdom; it is this This message had no better effect or reception day ordered, and declared by the lords and than the former; their principal officers being commons, that the arms, which they have been sent down since the last message to Northampton “ forced to take up, and shall be forced to take up, to put the


into a readiness to march. And “ for the preservation of the parliament, religion, now they required the earl of Essex himself to “ the laws and liberties of the kingdom, shall not make haste thither, that no more time might be “ be laid down, until his majesty shall withdraw lost, sending by the lord Falkland, within two “his protection from such persons as have been days, this answer to the king :

“ voted by both houses to be delinquents, or that

“shall by both houses be voted to be delinquents, To the king's most excellent majesty ; “ and shall leave them to the justice of the parliaThe humble answer and petition of the lords and

“ment to be proceeded with according to their commons assembled in parliament, unto the king's

“ demerits; to the end that both this and suc“ ceeding generations may take warning, with

“ what danger they incur the like heinous crimes : May it please your majesty :

“ and also to the end that those great charges and “ If we, the lords and commons in parliament “ damages, wherewith all the commonwealth hath “ assembled, should repeat all the ways we have “ been burdened in the premises, since his ma“ taken, the endeavours we have used, and the * jesty's departure from the parliament, may be

expressions we have made unto your majesty, to “ borne by the delinquents, and other malignant prevent those distractions, and dangers, your “ and disaffected persons: and that all his ma

majesty speaks of, we should too much enlarge “ jesty's good and well affected subjects, who by “ this reply. Therefore, as we humbly, so shall “ Ioan of monies, or otherwise at their charge,

we only let your majesty know, that we cannot “ have assisted the commonwealth, or shall in “ recede from our former answer, for the reasons “ like manner hereafter assist the commonwealth “ therein expressed. For that your majesty hath “ in time of extreme danger, may be repaid all “ not taken down your standard, recalled your sums of money lent by them for those purposes, “ proclamations and declarations, whereby, you “ and be satisfied their charges so sustained, out “ have declared the actions of both houses of par “ of the estates of the said delinquents, and of “ liament to be treasonable, and their persons “the malignant and disaffected party in this traitors; and

you have published the same since kingdom.' your message of the 25th of August, by your This declaration did the king no harm; for be“ late instructions sent to your commissioners of sides that it was evident to all men, that the king

array; which standard being taken down, and had done whatsoever was in his power, or could “ the declarations, proclamations, and instructions be expected from him, for the prevention of a “ recalled, if your majesty shall then, upon this civil war, all persons of honour and quality plainly

our humble petition, leaving your forces, return discerned, that they had no safety but in the pre“ unto your parliament, and receive their faithful servation of the regal power, since their estates “advice, your majesty will find such expressions were already disposed of by them who could de“ of our fidelities, and duties, as shall assure you, clare whom they would delinquents, and who “ that your safety, honour, and greatness, can would infallibly declare all such who had not con

only be found in the affections of your people, curred with them. And the advantage the king “ and the sincere counsels of your parliament; received by those overtures, and the pride, fro“ whose constant and undiscouraged endeavours wardness, and perverseness of the rebels, is not “ and consultations have passed through difficul- imaginable ; his levies of men, and all other pre“ ties unheard of, only to secure your kingdoms parations for the war, being incredibly advanced “ from the violent mischiefs and dangers now from the time of his first message. Prince Rupert

ready to fall upon them, and every part of them; lay still with the horse at Leicester; and though “ who deserve better of your majesty, and can he, and some of the principal officers with him,

never allow themselves (representing likewise were discontented to that degree, upon the king's “ the whole kingdom) to be balanced with those first message and desire of a treaty, as like not

persons, whose desperate dispositions and coun- only to destroy all hopes of raising an army, but sels prevail still to interrupt all our endeavours to sacrifice those who were raised, that they were “ for the relieving of bleeding Ireland; as we may not without some thoughts, at least discourses, of “ fear our labours and vast expenses will be fruit- offering violence to the principal advisers of it, he “ less to that distressed kingdom. As your pre- now found his numbers increased, and better re“sence is thus humbly desired by us, so it is our solved by it; and from Yorkshire, Lincolnshire,

hope your majesty will in your reason believe, and Staffordshire, came very good recruits of “ there is no other way than this, to make your foot; so that his cannon and munition being like“ majesty's self happy, and your kingdom safe.” wise come up from York, within twenty days his

And lest this overture of a treaty might be a numbers began to look towards an army; and


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