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Characters of Attorney General Noy and Sir J. Finch. [BOOK 1. besides the delay and interruption in despatch, the was willing to use those weapons in which he justice and prudence of the counsels did not many had most skill, and (so being not unseen in the times weigh down the infirmity and passion of the affections of the court, but not having reputation counsellors ; and both suitors and offenders re- enough to guide or reform them) he took up shipturned into their country, with such exceptions money where Mr. Noy left it; and, being a judge, and arguments against persons, as brought and carried it up to that pinnacle, from whence he prepared much prejudice to whatsoever should pro- almost broke his own neck; having, in his journey ceed from thence; and whatever excuses shall be thither, too much a solicitor to induce his brethren made, or arguments given, that upon such extra- to concur in a judgment they had all cause ordinary occasions there was a necessity of some to repent. To which, his declaration, after he was pains and care to convince the understandings of keeper of the great seal of England, must be added, men with the reasons and grounds of their pro- upon a demurrer put in to a bill before him, which ceeding, (which, if what was done had been only had no other equity in it, than an order of the lords ad informandam conscientiam without reproach, or of the council; “ that whilst he was keeper, no man penalty, might have been reasonable,) it is certain should be so saucy to dispute those orders, but the inconvenience and prejudice, that grew thereby, “that the wisdom of that board should be always was greater than the benefit: and the reasons of ground enough for him to make a decree in the judges being many times not the reasons of the chancery;" which was so great an aggravation judgment, that might more satisfactorily and more of the excess of that table, that it received more shortly been put in the sentence itself, than spread prejudice from that act of unreasonable countenance in the discourses of the censurers.
and respect, than from all the contempt could posThese errors (for errors they were in view, and sibly have been offered to it. But of this no more. errors they are proved by the success) are not to Now after all this and I hope I cannot be he imputed to the court, but to the spirit and over- accused of much flattery in this inquisition) I must activity of the lawyers themselves ; who should be so just as to say, that, during the whole time that more carefully have preserved their profession and these pressures were exercised, and those new and the professors, from being profaned by those ser- extraordinary ways were run, that is, from the disvices which have rendered both so obnoxious to re- solution of the parliament in the fourth year, to the proach. There were two persons of that profession, beginning of this parliament, which was above and of that time, by whose several and distinct con- twelve years, this kingdom, and all his majesty's stitutions (the one knowing nothing of nor caring dominions, (of the interruption in Scotland somefor the court; the other knowing or caring for what shall be said in its due time and place,) nothing else) those mischiefs were introduced; enjoyed the greatest calm, and the fullest measure Mr. Noy, the attorney general; and sir John Finch, of felicity, that any people in any age, for so long first, lord chief justice of the common pleas, and time together, have been blessed with; to the then lord keeper of the great seal of England. wonder and envy of all the parts of Christendom.
The first, upon the great fame of his ability and And in this comparison I am neither unmindful learning, (and very able and learned he was,) was, of, nor ungrateful for, the happy times of queen by great industry and importunity from court, per- Elizabeth, or for those more happy under king suaded to accept that place, for which all other men James. But for the former, the doubts, hazards, laboured, (being the best, for profit, that profes- and perplexities, upon a total change and sion is capable of,) and so he suffered himself to be of religion, and some confident attempts upon a made the king's attorney general. The court made farther alteration by those who thought not the no impression upon his manners; upon his mind it reformation enough; the charge, trouble, and did: and though he wore about him an affected anxiety of a long continued war (how prosperous morosity, which made him unapt to flatter other and successful soever) even during that queen's men, yet even that morosity and pride rendered whole reign; and (besides some domestic ruptures him the most liable to be grossly flattered himself, into rebellion, frequently into treason; and besides that can be imagined. And by this means the great the blemish, of an unparalleled act of blood upon persons, who steered the public affairs
, by admiring the life of a crowned neighbour queen and ally) the his parts, and extolling his judgment as well to his fear and apprehension of what was to come (which face" as behind his back, wrought upon him by is one of the most unpleasant kinds of melancholy) degrees, for the eminency of the service, to be an from an unknown, at least an unacknowledged, sucinstrument in all their designs; thinking that he cessor to thecrown, clouded much of that prosperity could not give a clearer testimony, that his know- then, which now shines with so much splendour ledge in the law was greater than all other men's, before our eyes in chronicle. than by making that law which all other men And for the other under king James, (which inbelieved not to be so. So he moulded, framed, and deed were excellent times bona si sua norint,) the pursued the odious and crying project of soap; and mingling with a stranger nation, formerly not very with his own hand drew and prepared the writ for gracious with this, which was like to have more inship-money, both which will be the lasting monu- terest of favour: the subjection to a stranger prince, ments of his fame. In a word, he was an unan- whose nature and disposition they knew not: the swerable instance, how necessary a good education noise of treason, the most prodigious that had and knowledge of men is to make a wise man, at ever been attempted, upon his first entrance into least a man fit for business.
the kingdom : the wants of the crown not inferior Sir John Finch had much that the other wanted, to what it hath since felt, (I mean whilst it sat but nothing that the other had. Having, led a right on the head of the king,) and the pressures licentious life in a restrained fortune, and having set upon the subject of the same nature, and no less up upon the stock of a good wit, and natural parts, complained of: the absence of the prince in Spain, without the superstructure of much knowledge and the solicitude that his highness might not be in the profession by which he was to grow ; [he] disposed in marriage to the daughter of that king
31 dom, rendered the calm and tranquillity of that ( kingdoms is more reverenced than their justice by time less equal and pleasant. To which may be their neighbours : and it may be, this consideration added the prosperity and happiness of the neigh- might not be the least motive, and may not be the bour kingdoms not much inferior to that of this, worst excuse for those counsels. Lastly, for a comwhich, according to the pulse of states, is a great plement of all these blessings, they were enjoyed diminution of their health ; at least their prosperity by, and under the protection of, a king, of the most is much improved, and more visible, by the misery harmless disposition, and the most exemplary piety, and misfortunes of their neighbours.
the greatest example of sobriety, chastity, and The happiness of the times I mentioned was mercy, that any prince hath been endowed with, enviously set off by this, that every other kingdom, (and God forgive those that have not been sensible every other province were engaged, some entangled, of, and thankful for, those endowments,) and who and some almost destroyed, by the rage and fury of might have said, that which Pericles was proud of, arms; those which were ambitiously in contention upon his deathbed, that no Englishman had ever with their neighbours, having the view and appre worn a black gown through his occasion.” In hensions of the miseries and desolation, which they a word, many wise men thought it a time, wherein saw other states suffer by a civil war; whilst the those two miserable adjuncts, which Nerva was kingdoms we now lament were alone looked upon deified for uniting, imperium et libertas, were as as the garden of the world ; Scotland (which was well reconciled as is possible. but the wilderness of that garden) in a full, entire, But all these blessings could but enable, not undisturbed peace, which they had never seen; the compel us to be happy: we wanted that sense, acrage and barbarism (that the blood, for of the knowledgment, and value of our own happiness, charity we speak not) of their private feuds, being which ali but we had; and took pains to make, composed to the reverence, or to the awe, of public when we could not find, ourselves miserable. justice; in a competency, if not in an excess of There was in truth a strange absence of underplenty, which they had never hope to see, and in a standing in most, and a strange perverseness of temper (which was the utmost we desired and understanding in the rest: the court full of excess, hoped to see) free from rebellion : Ireland, which idleness, and luxury; and the country full of pride, had been a sponge to draw, and a gulph to swallow mutiny, and discontent; every man more troubled all that could be spared, and all that could be got and perplexed at that they called the violation of from England, merely to keep the reputation of a one law, than delighted or pleased with the obserkingdom, reduced to that good degree of husbandry vation of all the rest of the charter : never imputand government, that it not only subsisted of itself, ing the increase of their receipts, revenue, and and gave this kingdom all that it might have ex- plenty, to the wisdom, virtue, and merit of the pected from it; but really increased the revenue of crown, but objecting every small imposition to the the crown forty or fifty thousand pounds a year, exorbitancy and tyranny of the government; the besides much more to the people in the traffick and growth of knowledge and learning being distrade from thence; arts and sciences fruitfully relished, for the infirmities of some learned men, planted there ; and the whole nation beginning to and the increase of grace and favour upon the be so civilized, that it was a jewel of great lustre church more repined and murmured at, than the in the royal diadem.
increase of piety and devotion in the church, which When these outworks were thus fortified and was as visible, acknowledged, or taken notice of; adorned, it was no wonder if England was gene- whilst the indiscretion and folly of one sermon at rally thought secure, with the advantages of its own Whitehall was more bruited abroad, and comclimate; the court in great plenty, or rather (which mented upon, than the wisdom, sobriety, and deis the discredit of plenty) excess, and luxury; the votion of a hundred. country rich, and, which is more, fully enjoying the It cannot be denied but there was sometimes pleasure of its own wealth, and so the easier cor- preached there matter very unfit for the place, and rupted with the pride and wantonness of it; the very scandalous for the persons, who presumed church flourishing with learned and extraordinary often to determine things out of the verge of their men, and (which other good times wanted) supplied own profession, and, in ordine ad spiritualia, gave with oil to feed those lamps; and the protestant unto Cæsar what Cæsar refused to receive, as not religion more advanced against the church of Rome belonging to him. But it is as true (as was once by writing, (without prejudice to other useful and said by a man fitter to be believed in that point godly labours,) especially by those two books of than 1, and one not suspected for flattering of the the late lord archbishop of Canterbury his grace, clergy)" that if the sermons of those times preached and of Mr. Chillingworth, than it had been from “ in court were collected together, and published, the reformation; trade increased to that degree, “the world would receive the best bulk of orthothat we were the exchange of Christendom, (the “ dox divinity, profound learning, convincing rearevenue thereof to the crown being almost double son, natural powerful eloquence, and admirable to what it had been in the best times,) and the “ devotion, that hath been communicated in any bullion of all other kingdoms brought to receive age since the apostles' time.” And I cannot a stamp from the mint of England; all foreign but say, for the honour of the king, and of those merchants looking upon nothing as their own, but who were trusted by him in his ecclesiastical col.. what they had laid up in the warehouses of this lations (who have received but sad rewards for their kingdom; the royal navy, in number and equipage uprightness) in those reproached, condemned times, much above former times, very formidable at sea; there was not one churchman, in any degree of and the reputation of the greatness and power of favour or acceptance, (and this the inquisition, that the king much more with foreign princes than any hath been since made upon them—a stricter never of his progenitors; for those rough courses, which was in any age-must confess,) of a scandalous made him haply less loved at home, made him insufficiency in learning, or of a more scandalous more feared abroad; by how much the power of condition in life'; but, on the contrary, most of
[BOOK I. them of confessed eminent parts in knowledge, and English and the Scots; the marquis of Hamilton of virtuous or unblemished lives. And therefore master of the horse, and the earl of Carlisle first wise men knew, that that, which looked like pride gentleman of the bedchamber, and almost all the in some, and like petulance in others, would, by second relation in that place, being of that kingexperience in affairs, and conversation amongst dom; so that there was as it were an emulation men, both of which most of them wanted, be in between the two nations, which should appear in time wrought off, or, in a new succession, re- the greatest lustre, in clothes, horses, and attendformed, and so thought the vast advantage from ance: and as there were (as is said before) many their learning and integrity, an ample recompense of the principal nobility of England, who attended for
any inconvenience from their passion; and yet, upon the king, and who were not of the court; so by the prodigious impiety of those times, the latter the court was never without many Scots volunteers, was only looked on with malice and revenge, with- and their number was well increased upon this ocout any reverence or gratitude for the former, casion in nobility and gentry, who were resolved
When the king found himself possessed of all to convince all those who had believed their counthat tranquillity mentioned before, that he had no try to be very poor. reason to apprehend any enemies from abroad, and The king no sooner entered Scotland, but all his less any insurrections at home, against which no English servants and officers yielded up their atkingdom in Christendom, in the constitution of its tendance to those of the Scots nation, who were government, in the solidity and execution of the admitted into the same offices in Scotland, or had laws, and in the nature and disposition of the peo- some titles to those relations by the constitution of ple, was more secure than England; that he might that kingdom; as most of the great offices are take a nearer view of those great blessings which held by inheritance; as the duke of Richmond God had poured upon him, he resolved to make a and Lenox was then high steward, and high adprogress into the northern parts of his kingdom, miral of Scotland by descent, as others had the and to be solemnly crowned in his kingdom of like possession of other places; so that all the Scotland, which he had never seen from the time tables of the house, wliich had been kept by the he first left it, when he was of the age of two years, English officers, were laid down, and taken up and no more. In order to this journey, which was again by the Scots, who kept them up with the made with great splendour, and proportionable ex same order, and equal splendour, and treated the pense, he added to the train of his court many of English with all the freedom and courtesy imathe greatest nobility, who cared not to add to the ginable; as all the nobility of that nation did, at pomp
of the court at their own charge, which they their own expense, where their offices did not enwere obliged to do, and did with all visible alacrity title them to tables at the charge of the crown, submit to the king's pleasure, as soon as they keep very noble houses to entertain their new knew his desire; and so his attendance in all re- guests; who had so often and so well entertained spects was proportionable to the glory of the them: and it cannot be denied, the whole behagreatest king.
viour of that nation towards the English was as This whole progress was made, from the first generous and obliging as could be expected; and setting out to the end of it
, with the greatest mag- the king appeared with no less lustre at Edinnificence imaginable; and the highest excess of burgh, than at Whitehall; and in this pomp his feasting was then introduced, or, at least, carried coronation passed with all the solemnity and evito a height it had never been before ; and from dence of public joy that can be imagined, or could whence it hardly declined afterwards, to the great be expected; and the parliament, then held, with damage and mischief of the nation in their estates no less demonstration of duty, passed and preand manners. All persons of quality and con- sented those acts which were prepared for them to dition, who lived within distance of the northern the royal sceptre; in which were some laws which road, received the great persons of the nobility restrained the extravagant power of the nobility, with that hospitality which became them; in which which, in many cases, they had long exercised, and all cost was employed to make their entertaininents the diminution whereof they took very heavily, splendid, and their houses capable for those enter- though at that time they took little notice of it ; tainments. And the king himself met with many the king being absolutely advised in all the affairs treatments of that nature, at the charge of particu- of that kingdom then, and long before, and after, lar men, who desired the honour of his presence, by the sole counsel of the marquis of Hamilton, which had been rarely practised till then by the who was, or at least then believed to be, of the persons of the best condition, though it hath 'since greatest interest of any subject in that kingdom, grown into a very inconvenient custom. But when of whom more will be said hereafter. he passed through Nottinghamshire, both king The king was very well pleased with his recepand court were received and entertained by the tion, and with all the transactions there; nor inearl of Newcastle, and at his own proper expense, deed was there any thing to be blamed, but the in such a wonderful manner, and in such an ex- luxury and vast expense, which abounded in all cess of feasting, as had never before been known respects of feasting and clothes with too much liin England; and would be still thought very pro- cense: which being imputed to the commendable digious, if the same noble person had not, within zeal of the people of all conditions, to see their a year or two afterwards, made the king and queen king amongst them, whom they were not like to a more stupendous entertainment; which, (God see there again, and so their expense was to be be thanked,) though possibly it might too much but once made, and to the natural pride and vanity whet the appetite of others to excess, no man ever of that people, who will bear any inconveniences
in it or from it, than confess the poverty of their The great offices of the court, and principal country, no man had cause to suspect any
mischief places of attendance upon the king's person, were from it : and yet the debts contracted at that time then upon the matter equally divided between the l by the nobility and gentry, and the wants and
33 temptations they found themselves exposed to, from us, and animosity against us, he had the from that unlimited expense, did very much con
highest dislike and prejudice to that part of his tribute to the kindling that fire, which shortly after
own subjects, who were against the government broke out in so terrible a combustion : nor were
established, and did always look upon them as a the sparks of murmur and sedition then so well
very dangerous and seditious people; who would, covered, but that many discerning men discovered very pernicious designs to lurk in their breasts, from submitting to the spiritual jurisdiction, take
under pretence of conscience, which kept them who seemed to have the most cheerful countenance,
the first opportunity they could find, or make, to and who acted great parts in the pomp and tri disturb and withdraw themselves from their temumph. And it evidently appeared, that they of poral subjection; and therefore he had, with the that nation, who shined most in the court of Eng- | utmost vigilance, caused that temper and disposition land, had the least influence
in their own country, to be watched and provided against in England; except only the marquis of Hamilton, whose af
and if it were then in truth there, it lurked with fection to his master was even then suspected by wonderful secresy. In Scotland indeed it covered the wisest men in both kingdoms; and that the
the whole nation, so that though there were bishops immense bounties the king and his father had in name, the whole jurisdiction, and they themselves scattered amongst those of that nation, out of the
were, upon the matter, subject to an assembly, wealth of England, besides that he had sacrificed which was purely presbyterian; no form of religion the whole revenue and benefit of that kingdom to in practice, no liturgy, nor the least appearance of themselves, were not looked upon as any benefit to any beauty of holiness : the clergy, for the most that people
, but as obligations cast away upon par- part, corrupted in their principles ; at least, (for it ticular men; many of whom had with it wasted cannot be denied but that their universities, espetheir own patrimony in their country.
cially Aberdeen, flourished under many excellent The king himself observed many of the nobility to scholars and very learned men,) none countenanced endeavour to make themselves popular by speaking by the great men, or favoured by the people, but in parliament against those things which were most such; yet, though all the cathedral churches were grateful to his majesty, and which still passed, not- totally neglected with reference to those adminwithstanding their contradiction; and he thought istrations over the whole kingdom, yet the king's a little discountenance upon those persons would own chapel at Holyrood-house had still been maineither suppress that spirit within themselves, or tained with the 'decency and splendour of the make the poison of it less operative upon others. cathedral service, and all other formalities incident But as those acts of discountenance were too often to the royal chapel ; and the whole nation seemed, believed to proceed from the displeasure of the in the time of king James, well inclined to receive marquis of Hamilton, and so rather advanced than the liturgy of the church of England, which the depressed the object, so that people have naturally king exceedingly desired, and was so confident of, an admirable dexterity in sheltering themselves that they who were privy to the counsels of that from any of those acts of discountenance, which king in that time did believe, that the bringing that they had no mind to own; (as they are equal pro- work to pass was the principal end of his progress moters and promulgators of it, though not in- thither some years before his death ; though he tended when they can make benefit by it ;) when it was not so well satisfied at his being there, two or hath been notoriously visible, and it was then no- three of the principal persons trusted by him in the torious, that many of the persons then, as the earl government of that kingdom, dying in or about of Rothes, and others, of whom the king had the that very time : but [though] he returned without worst opinion, and from whom he most purposely making any visible attempt in that affair, yet he withheld any grace by never speaking to them, or retained still the purpose and resolution to his taking notice of them in the court, when the king death to bring it to pass. However, his two or was abroad in the fields, or passing through vil- three last years were less pleasant to him, by the lages, when the greatest crowds of people Hocked prince's voyage into Spain, the jealousies which, to see him, those men would still be next him, and about that time, began in England, and the impeentertain him with some discourse, and pleasant rious proceedings in parliament there, so that he relations, which the king's gentle disposition could thought it necessary to suspend any prosecution of not avoid, and which made those persons to be that design, until a more favourable conjuncture, generally believed to be most acceptable to his ma- and he lived not to see that conjuncture. jesty ; upon which the lord Falkland was wont to The king his son, who, with his kingdoms and say, " that keeping of state was like committing other virtues, inherited that zeal for religion, pro
adultery, there must go two to it;" for let the posed nothing more to himself, than to unite his proudest or most formal man resolve to keep what three kingdoms in one form of God's worship, and distance he will towards others, a bold and confi- in a uniformity in public devotions; and there dent man instantly demolishes that whole machine, being now so great a serenity in all his dominions and gets within him, and even obliges him to his as is mentioned before, there is great reason to own laws of conversation.
believe, that in this journey into Scotland to be The king was always the most punctual observer crowned, he carried the resolution with him to of all decency in his devotion, and the strictest finish that important business in the church at the promoter of the ceremonies of the church, as be- same time. And to that end, the then bishop of lieving in his soul the church of England to be in London, Dr. Laud, attended on his majesty throughstituted the nearest to the practice of the apostles, out that whole journey, which, as he was dean of and the best for the propagation and advancement the chapel, he was not obliged to do, and no doubt of Christian religion, of any church in the world : would have been excused from, if that design har and on the other side, though no man was more not been in view; to accomplish which he was not averse from the Romish church than he was, nor less solicitous than the king himself, nor the king better understood the motives of their separation the less solicitous for his advice. He preached in
Transactions about introducing a Liturgy into Scotland. [BOOK I. the royal chapel, (which scarce any Englishman said somewhat of the same nature concerning the had ever done before in the king's presence,) and translation of the Epistles and Gospels, and some principally upon the benefit of conformity, and the other exceptions against reading the Apocrypha, reverent ceremonies of the church, with all the and some other particulars of less moment; and marks of approbation and applause imaginable; the desired, " that, in forming a liturgy for their great civility of that people being so notorious and “ church, they might, by reforming those several universal, that they would not appear unconform “instances, give satisfaction to good men, who able to his majesty's wish in any particular. And “ would thereupon be easily induced to submit many wise men were then and still are of opinion,
to it.” that if the king had then proposed the liturgy of The other, which no doubt but took this in the the church of England to have been received and way to give it the better introduction, was, “ that practised by that nation, it would have been sub “ the kingdom of Scotland generally had been mitted to against all opposition : but, upon mature long jealous, that, by the king's continued abconsideration, the king concluded that it was not sence from them, [it] should by degrees be a good season to promote that business.
“ reduced to be but as a province to England, He had passed two or three acts of parliament, “ and subject to their laws and government, which which had much lessened the authority and de “ it would never submit to; nor would any man pendence of the nobility and great men, and in “ of honour, who loved the king best, and recensed and disposed them proportionably to cross spected England most, ever consent to bring and oppose any proposition, which would be most “ that dishonour upon his country. If the very grateful; and that tharteous humour was enough liturgy, in the terms it is constituted and pracdiscovered to rule in the breasts of many, who “ tised in England, should be offered to them, it made the greatest professions. Yet this was not “ would kindle and inflame that jealousy, as the the obstruction which diverted the king : the party prologue and introduction to that design, and that was averse from the thing, and abhorred any as the first rung of the ladder, which should thought of conformity, could not have been power serve to mount over all their customs and priviful enough to have stopped the progress of it; the leges, and be opposed and detested accordingly : mischief was, that they who most desired it, and “whereas, if his majesty would give order for the were most concerned to promote it, were the men preparing a liturgy, with those few desirable who used all their credit to divert the present at “alterations, it would easily be done ; and in the tempting it; and the bishops themselves, whose mean time they would so dispose the minds of interest was to be most advanced thereby, applied “ the people for the reception of it, that they all their counsels secretly to have the matter more “ should even desire it.” And this expedient was maturely considered; and the whole design was so passionately and vehemently urged even by the never consulted but privately, and only some few bishops, that, however they referred to the minds of the great men of that nation, and some of the and humours of other men, it was manifest enough, bishops, advised with by the king, and the bishop that the exception and advice proceeded from the of London ; it being manifest enough, that as the pride of their own hearts. finishing that great affair must be very grateful to The bishop of London, who was always present England, so the English must not appear to have with the king at these debates, was exceedingly a hand in the contriving and promoting it. troubled at this interjection, and to find those men
The same, who did not only pretend, but really the instruments in it, who had seemed to him as and heartily wish, that they might have a liturgy solicitous for the expedition, as zealous for the to order and regulate the worship of God in their thing itself, and who could not but suffer by the churches, and did very well approve the ceremonies delay. He knew well how far any enemies to conestablished in the church of England, and desired formity would be from being satisfied with those to submit and practise the same there, had no small alterations, which being consented to, they mind that the very liturgy of the church of Eng- would with more confidence, though less reason, land should be proposed to, or accepted by them; frame other exceptions, and insist upon them with for which they offered two prudential reasons, as more obstinacy. He foresaw the difficulties which their observations upon the nature and humour of would arise in rejecting, or altering, or adding to the nation, and upon the conferences they had the liturgy, which had so great authority, and had, often had with the best men upon that subject, by the practice of near fourscore years, obtained which was often agitated in discourse, upon what great veneration from all protestants ; and how had been formerly projected by king James, and much easier it would be to make objections against upon what frequently occurred to wise men in any thing that should be new, than against the discourses upon the thing itself, and the desirable- old; and would therefore have been very glad that ness of it.
the former resolution might be pursued; there The first was, that the English liturgy, how pi- having never been any thought in the time of king ously and wisely soever framed and instituted, had James, or the present king, but of the English found great opposition : and though the matter of liturgy; besides that any variation from it, in how the ceremonies had wrought for the most part only small matters soever, would make the uniformity upon light-headed, weak men, whose satisfaction the less, the manifestation whereof was that which was not to be laboured; yet there were many was most aimed at and desired. grave and learned men, who excepted against The king had exceedingly set his heart upon
the some particulars, which would not be so easily matter, and was as much scandalized as any man answered ; " That the reading Psalms being of at the disorder and indecency in the exercise of “ the old translation were in many particulars so religion in that church : yet he was affected with “ different from the new and better translation, what was offered for a little delay in the execution, " that many instances might be given of import- and knew more of the ill humour and practices
ance to the sense and truth of scripture.” They amongst the greatest men of the kingdom at that