The activity and boldness of the Papists.

[BOOK 11. assembling of the clergy) customarily beginning carrying on the war against the Scots; which and ending with parliaments, was, after the deter- drew upon them the rage of that nation, with little mination of the last, by a new writ continued, and devotion and reverence to the queen herself; as if sat for the space of above a month under the pro- she desired to suppress the protestant religion in per title of a synod; made canons, which was one kingdom as well as the other, by the arms of thought that it might do; and gave subsidies, and the Roman catholics. To conclude, they carried enjoined oaths, that it might not do: in a word, themselves so, as if they had been suborned by did many things, which in the best times might the Scots to root out their own religion. have been questioned, and therefore were sure to The bulk and burden of the state affairs, whereby be condemned in the worst; (what fuel it was to the envy attended them likewise, lay principally the fire that ensued, shall be mentioned in its upon the shoulders of the lord archbishop of Canplace ;) and drew the same prejudice upon the terbury, the earl of Strafford, and the lord Cotwhole body of the clergy, to which before only tington; some others being joined to them, as the some few clergymen were exposed.

earl of Northumberland for ornament, the lord The papists had for many years enjoyed a great bishop of London for his place, being lord high calm, being upon the matter absolved from the treasurer of England, the two secretaries, sir Henry severest parts of the law, and dispensed with for Vane and sir Francis Windebank, for service, and the gentlest ; and were grown only a part of the communication of intelligence ; only the ma is revenue, without any probable danger of being of Hamilton indeed, by his skill and interest, bore made a sacrifice to the law. They were looked as great a part as he had a mind to do, and had upon as good subjects at court, and as good neigh- the skill to meddle no further than he had a mind. bours in the country; all the restraints and re- These persons made up the committee of state, proaches of former times being forgotten. But (which was reproachfully after called the juncto, they were not prudent managers of this prosperity, and enviously then in the court the cabinet council,) being too elate and transported with the protection who were upon all occasions, when the secretaries and connivance they received: though I am per- received any extraordinary intelligence, or were to suaded their numbers increased not, their pomp make any extraordinary despatch, or as often otherand boldness did to that degree, that, as they wise as was thought fit, to meet : whereas the body had affected to be thought dangerous to the state, of the council observed set days and hours for their they appeared more publicly, entertained and meeting, and came not else together except speciurged conferences more avowedly, than had been ally summoned. before known: they resorted at common hours to But, as I said before, the weight and the envy of mass to Somerset house, and returned thence in all great matters rested upon the three first. The great multitudes, with the same barefacedness as archbishop, besides the sole disposal of whatsoever others came from the Savoy or the neighbour concerned the church, which was an envious prochurches: they attempted and sometimes obtained vince, having been from the death of the earl of proselytes of weak uninformed ladies, with such Portland (at which time he was made commissioner circumstances as provoked the rage and destroyed of the treasury) more engaged in the civil busithe charity of great and powerful families, which ness, than I am persuaded he desired to be; and longed for their suppression: they grew not only throughout the whole business passionately consecret contrivers, but public professed promoters cerned for the church of Scotland, and so, converof, and ministers in, the most odious and the most sant in those transactions : by all which means, grievous projects : as in that of soap, formed, besides that he had usually about him an uncourtly framed, and executed, by almost a corporation of quickness, if not sharpness, and did not sufficiently that religion; which, under that license and notion, value what men said or thought of him; a more might be, and were suspected to be, qualified for than ordinary prejudice and uncharitableness was other agitations. The priests, and such as were contracted against him ; to which the new canons, in orders, (orders that in themselves were punish- and the circumstances in making them, made no able by death,) were departed from their former small addition. modesty and fear, and were as willing to be known The earl of Strafford had for the space of almost as to be hearkened to; insomuch as a Jesuit at six years entirely governed Ireland, where he had Paris, who was coming for England, had the bold- been compelled, upon reason of state, to exercise ness to visit the ambassador there, who knew him many acts of power ; and had indulged some to to be such, and, offering his service, acquainted his own appetite and passion, as in the cases of the him with his journey, as if there had been no laws lord chancellor, and the lord Mount-Norris ; the here for his reception. And for the most envious first of which was satis pro imperio; but the latter, if protection and countenance of that whole party, a it had not concerned a person notoriously unloved, public agent from Rome (first Mr. Con, a Scottish- and so the more unpitied, would have been thought man; and after him the count of Rozetti, an the most extravagant piece of sovereignty, that in a Italian) resided at London in a great port ; pub- time of peace had been ever executed by any sublicly visited the court; and was avowedly resorted ject. When and why he was called out of Ireland to by the catholics of all conditions, over whom to assist in council here, I have touched before. they assumed a particular jurisdiction ; and was He was a man of too high and severe a deportment, caressed and presented magnificently by the ladies and too great a contemner of ceremony, to have of honour, who inclined to that profession. They many friends at court, and therefore could not but had likewise, with more noise and vanity than have enemies enough: he had two that professed prudence would have admitted, made public col- it, the earl of Holland, and sir Henry Vane : the lections of money to a considerable sum, upon first could never forget or forgive a sharp sudden some recommendations from the queen, and to be saying of his, (for I cannot call it counsel or adby her majesty presented as a free-will offering vice,) when there had been some difference a few from his catholic subjects to the king, for the years before between his lordship and the lord


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The persons then composing the Committee of State.

61 Weston, in the managing whereof the earl of that he was not to be reconciled to, or made use Holland was confined to his house, “ that the of in, any of their designs; the other, that he had

king should do well to cut off his head :” which two good offices, without the having of which their had been aggravated, (if such an injury were reformation could not be perfect: for besides being capable of aggravation) by a succession of dis- chancellor of the exchequer, he was likewise master countenances mutually performed between them of the wards, and had raised the revenue of that to that time. Sir Henry Vane had not far to look court to the king to be much greater than it had back to the time that the earl had with great ever been before his administration; and by which earnestness opposed his being made secretary, husbandry, all the rich families of Enghand, of and prevailed for above a month's delay; which, noblemen and gentlemen, were exceedingly inthough it was done with great reason and justice censed, and even indevoted to the crown, looking by the earl, on the behalf of an old fellow-servant, upon what the law had intended for their protecand his very [good] friend sir John Coke, (who tion and preservation, to be now applied to their was to be, and afterwards was, removed to let him destruction; and therefore resolved to take the in,) yet the justice to the one lessened not the first opportunity to ravish that jewel out of the sense of unkindness to the other : after which, or royal diadem, though it were fastened there by the about the same time, (which it may be made the known law, upon as unquestionable a right, as the other to be th more virulently remembered,) subject enjoyed any thing that was most being to be made earl of Strafford, he would needs The marquis of Hamilton, if he had been then in that patent have a new creation of a barony, weighed in the scales of the people's hatred, was and was made baron of Raby, a house belonging at that time thought to be in greater danger than to sir Henry Vane, and an honour he made account any one of the other ; for he had more enemies, should belong to him too; which was an act of and fewer friends, in court or country, than either the most unnecessary provocation (though he con- of the other. His interest in the king's affections temned the man with marvellous scorn) that I was equal, and thought to be superior to any man's; have known, and I believe was the loss of his head. / and he had received as envious instances, and To these a third adversary (like to be more perni- marks of those affections. He had more outfaced cious than the other two) was added, the earl of the law in bold projects and pressures upon the Essex, naturally enough disinclined to his person, people, than any other man durst have presumed his power, and his parts, upon some rough car to do, as especially in the projects of wine and riage of the earl of Strafford's towards the late earl iron; about the last of which, and the most gross, of saint Alban's, to whom he had some piety, [and he had a sharp contest with the lord Coventry, therefore] openly professed to be revenged. Lastly, (who was a good wrestler too,) and at last comhe had an enemy more terrible than all the other, pelled him to let it pass the seal : the entire profit and like to be more fatal, the whole Scottish nation, of which always reverted to himself, and to such provoked by the declaration he had procured of as were bis pensioners. He had been the sole Ireland, and some high carriage and expressions manager of the business of Scotland till the paciof his against them in that kingdom. So that he fication; the readiest man, though then absent, to had reason to expect as hard measure from such advise that pacification, and the most visible author popular councils as he saw were like to be in re- of the breach of it. Lastly, the discoveries between quest, as all those disadvantages could create the lord Mackey and David Ramsey, wherein the towards him. And yet no doubt his confidence marquis was accused of designing to make himself was so great in himself, and in the form of justice, king of Scotland, were fresh in many men's memo(which he could not suspect would be so totally ries, and the late passages in that kingdom had confounded,) that he never apprehended a greater revived it in others; so that he might reasonably censure than a sequestration from all public em- have expected as ill a presage for himself from ployments, in which it is probable he had abundant those fortunetellers, as the most melancholic of the satiety: and this confidence could not have pro other : but as he had been always most careful ceeded (considering the full knowledge he had of and solicitous for himself, so he was most likely his judges) but from a proportionable stock [of], to be apprehensive on his own behalf, and to proand satisfaction in, his own innocence.

vide accordingly. The lord Cottington, though he was a very wise And here I cannot omit a story, which I received man, yet having spent the greatest part of his life from a very good hand, by which his great subtilty in Spain, and so having been always subject to the and industry for himself may appear, and was inunpopular imputation of being of the Spanish fac- deed as great a piece of art (if it were art) as I tion, indeed was better skilled to make his master believe will be found amongst the modern politigreat abroad, than gracious at home; and being cians. After the calling the council of the peers chancellor of the exchequer from the time of the at York was resolved upon, and a little before the dissolution of the parliament in the fourth year, time of their appearance, the marquis came to the had his hand in many hard shifts for money; and king, and with some cloudiness (which was not had the disadvantage of being suspected at least unnatural) and trouble in his countenance, he a favourer of the papists, (though that religion desired his majesty to give him leave to travel: thought itself nothing beholding to him,) by which the king, surprised, was equally troubled at it, he was in great umbrage with the people : and and demanded his reason : he told him, “he well then though he were much less hated than either “ foresaw a storm, in which his shipwreck was of the other two, and the less, because there was “most probable amongst others; and that he, nothing of kindness between the archbishop and never having any thing before his eyes but his him; and indeed very few particulars of moment majesty's service, or in his vows, but an entire could be proved against him : yet there were two “ simple obedience to his commands, might haply, objections against him, which rendered him as “ by his own unskilfulness in what was fit by any odious as any to the great reformers; the one, “other rule, be more obnoxious than other men ;

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The King declares his resolution to call a Parliament. [BOOK II. "and therefore, that, with his majesty's leave, he “infuse the least jealousy of him into his royal “ would withdraw himself from the hazard at least “ breast.” The which resolution his majesty oh“ of that tempest. The king, most graciously served so constantly, that the other enjoyed the inclined to him, bad him “ be most confident, that liberty of doing whatsoever he found necessary for

though he might (which he was resolved to do) his own behoof; and with wonderful craft and low

gratify his people with any reasonable indulgence, condescensions to the ends and the appetites of “ he would never fail his good servants in that very inferior people, and by seasonable insinuations “protection which they had equal reason to expect to several leading persons (of how different inclina“ from him.” The marquis with some quickness tions soever) of such particulars as were grateful replied, “that the knowledge of that gracious dis- to them, and seemed to advance their distinct and

position in his majesty was the principal cause even contrary interests and pretences, he grew to “ that he besought leave to be absent; and that have no less credit in the parliament, than in the “ otherwise he would not so far desert his own Scottish commissioners; and was with great vigi'innocence, which he was sure could be only lance, industry, and dexterity, preserved from any “ sullied and discredited with infirmities and in- public reproach in those charges which served to “discretions, not tainted or defaced with design ruin other men, and which with more reason and “ and malice. But (said he) I know your majesty's justice might have been applied to him than against

goodness will interpose for me to your own pre- any other; and yet for a long time he did not judice: and I will rather run any fortune, from incur the jealousy of the king; to whom he like“ whence I may again return to serve you, than wise gave many advertisements, which, if there “ be (as I foresee I should be) so immediate a had been persons enough who would have con

cause of damage and mischief to so royal a mas- curred in prevention, might have proved of great use. “ ter.” He told him, “ that he knew there were In this state and condition were things and per“ no less fatal arrows aimed at the archbishop of sons when the lords came to York to the great

Canterbury and the earl of Strafford than at council in September ; and the first day of their “ himself; and that he had advertised the first, meeting (that the counsel might not seem to arise “ and advised the last, to take the same course he from them who were resolved to give it, and that “meant to secure himself by withdrawing : but the queen might receive the honour of it; who, the

(he said) the earl was too great-hearted to fear, king said, had by a letter advised him to it; as his “ and he doubted the other was too bold to fly.” majesty exceedingly desired to endear her to the

The king was much disturbed with the probabi- people) the king declared to them, “that he was lity and reason of what was said ; which the other “ resolved to call a parliament to assemble at as soon observing, “ There is (said he) one way by “ Westminster the third day of November follow“ which I might secure myself without leaving the “ ing;” which was as soon as was possible. So the “ kingdom, and by which your majesty, as these first work was done to their hands, and they had “ times are like to go, might receive some advan- now nothing to do but to dispose matters in order

tage: but it is so contrary to my nature, and will against that time, which could not well be done be so scandalous to my honour in the opinion of without a more overt conversation with the Scots. men, that, for my own part, I had rather run For though there was an intercourse made, yet it

my fortune.” His majesty, glad that such an passed for the most part through hands whom the expedient might be found, (as being unwilling to chief had no mind to trust : as the lord Savile ; hazard his safety against so much reason as had whom his bitter hatred to the earl of Strafford, been spoken, by compelling him to stay ; and as and as passionate hope of the presidentship of the unwilling, by suffering him to go, to confess an north, which the earl had, made applicable to any apprehension that he might be imposed upon,) end; but otherwise a person of so ill a fame, that impatiently asked, “What that way was?” The many desired not to mingle with him. For, bemarquis replied, “ That he might endear himself to sides his no reputation, they begun now to know “ the other party by promising his service to them, that he had long held correspondence with the “and seeming to concur with them in opinions Scots before their coming in, and invited them to “and designs; the which he had reason to believe enter the kingdom with an army; in order to “ the principal persons would not be averse to, in which, and to raise his own credit, he had counter

hope that his supposed interest in his majesty's feited the hands of some other lords, and put

opinion might be looked upon as of moment to their names to some undertakings of joining with “them for their particular recommendations. But the Scots; and therefore they were resolved to “ (he said) this he knew would be immediately take that negociation out of his hands, (without " looked upon with so much jealousy, by other drawing any prejudice upon him for his presump

men, and shortly with that reproach, that he tion,) which they had quickly an opportunity to might by degrees be lessened even in his majesty's do. For the first day of the lords' meeting, a

own trust; and therefore it was a province he petition is presented to his majesty full of dutiful “ had no mind to undertake :” and so renewed and humble expressions from the Scots, who well his suit again very earnestly for leave to travel. knew their time, and had always (how rough and

The king, for the reasons aforesaid, much de- undutiful soever their actions were) given the king lighted with this expedient, and believing likewise, as good and as 'submissive words as can be imathat in truth he might by this means frequently gined. This petition, full of as much submission receive animadversions of great use, and having a as a victory itself could produce, (as was urged by singular esteem of the fidelity and affection of the some lords,) could not but beget a treaty, and a marquis, told him positively, “ That he should not treaty was resolved on speedily to be at Rippon, a “ leave him; that he was not only contented, but ( place in the king's quarters: but then, special care “ commanded him to ingratiate himself by any was taken, by cautions given to his majesty, that

means with the other people ;" and assured him, no such ungracious person might be intrusted by " that it should not be in any body's power to him in this treaty as might beget jealousies in the

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1640.] The Scots' petition to the King upon the treaty at Rippon.

63 Scots, and so render it fruitless : and therefore the particularly, of the three persons towards whom earls of Hertford, Bedford, Pembroke, Salisbury, their greatest prejudice was, the archbishop, the Essex, Holland, Bristol, and Berkshire, the lords earl of Strafford, and the marquis of Hamilton, (for Mandevile, Wharton, Dunsmore, Brook, Savile, in their whole discourses they seemed equally at Paulet, Howard of Escrick (the lord Say being least incensed against him, as against either of the sick, and so not present at York) were chosen by other two,) whom they resolved

should be removed the king ; all popular men, and not one of them of from the king. They spake in confidence “ of the much interest in the court, but only the earl of " excess of the queen's power, which in respect of Holland, who was known to be fit for any counsel “her religion, and of the persons who had most that should be taken against the earl of Strafford, “ interest in her, ought not to prevail so much who had not amongst them one friend or person upon the king as it did in all affairs. That the civilly inclined towards him.

king could never be happy, nor his kingdoms When these commissioners from the king arrived flourish, till he had such persons about him in all at Rippon, there came others from the Scots' army places of trust, as were of honour and experience of a quality much inferior, there being not above “ in affairs, and of good fortunes and interests in two noblemen, whereof the lord Lowden was the “ the affections of the people; who would always chief, two or three gentlemen and citizens, and “ inform his majesty that his own greatness and Alexander Henderson their metropolitan, and two "happiness consisted in the execution of justice, or three other clergymen. The Scots applied “ and the happiness of his subjects; and who are themselves most particularly to the earls of Bed “ known to be zealous for the preservation and ford, Essex, Holland, and the lord Mandevile, “ advancement of the protestant religion, which though in public they seemed equally to caress every honest man thought at present to be in them all; and besides the duty they professed to great danger, by the exorbitant power of the the king in the most submiss expressions of rever archbishop of Canterbury, and some other bishops ence that could be used, they made great and volu “who were governed by him.” It was no hard minous expressions “ of their affection to the king- matter to insinuate into the persons with whom “ dom and people of England; and remembered they held this discourse, that they were the persons “the infinite obligations they had from time to to whom they wished all trust should be commu“time received from this nation; especially the nicated, and that they were the very men who they “ assistance they had from it in their reformation wished should be in most credit about the king;

of religion, and their attaining the light of the and they concluded that their affections were so

gospel; and therefore as it could never fall into great to this kingdom, and that all grievances “their hearts to be ungrateful to it, so they hoped might be reduced here, that if they might receive “ that the good people of England would not enter- present satisfaction in all that concerned them

any ill opinion of the manner of their coming selves, they would not yet return, till provision “ into this kingdom at this time in a hostile man- might likewise be made for the just interest of

ner, as if they had the least purpose of doing England, and the reformation of what was amiss

wrong to any particular persons, much less to there with reference to church and state.
“alter any thing in the government of the king This appeared so hopeful a model to most of the
“ dom; protesting, that they had the same tender- king's commissioners, that having no method pre-

ness of their laws and liberties, and privileges, scribed to them to treat in, (and were indeed sent
as of their own; and that they did hope, as the only to hear what the Scots would propose, the

oppressions upon their native country, both in king himself then intending to determine what “their civil and spiritual rights, had obliged them should be granted to them,) they never considered “ to this manner of address to the king, to whom the truth of any of their allegations, nor desired “ all access had been denied them by the power of to be informed of the ground of their proceedings;

their enemies ; so, that this very manner of their but patiently hearkened to all they said in public, coming in might be for the good of this king- of which they intended to give an account to the

dom, and the benefit of the subjects thereof, in king; and willingly heard all they said in private, “the giving them opportunity to vindicate their and made such use of it as they thought most con

own liberties and laws; which, though not yet duced to their own ends. The Scottish commisso much invaded as those of Scotland had been, sioners proposed, that, for the avoiding the

were enough infringed by those very men who « effusion of Christian blood, there might be “had brought so great misery and confusion upon some way found to prevent all acts of hostility " that kingdom; and who intended, when they

either side ; which could not possibly be done, “ had finished their work there, and in Ireland, to except some order was given for the payment of “ establish the same slavery in England as they “ their army, which was yet restrained to close had brought upon the other two kingdoms. All " and narrow quarters."

And the truth is, they “ which would be prevented. by the remove of were in daily fear that those quarters would have “ three or four persons from about the king; been beaten up, and so the ill courage of their men

whose own gracious disposition and inclinations too easily discovered,' who were more taught to would bountifully provide for the happiness of all sing psalms, and to pray, than to use their arms; his dominions, if those ill men had no influence their hopes of prevailing being, from the beginupon his counsels.”

ning, founded upon an assurance that they should There was not a man of all the English com not be put to fight. missioners to whom this kind of discourse was not There had been in that infamous rout at Newgrateful enough, and who did not promise to him- burn two or three officers of quality taken prisoners, self some convenience that the alterations which who endeavouring to charge the enemy with the were like to happen might produce. And with courage they ought to do, being deserted by their those lords with whom they desired to enter into troops could not avoid falling into the Scots' hands; greater confidence, they conferred more openly and two of which were Wilmot, who was commissary

66 tain

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The Counsellors about the King at York.

[BOOK II. general of the horse, and O'Neile, who was major any such attempt out of respect to the treaty;" of a regiment; both who were officers of name and and the English commissioners thought themselves reputation, and of good esteem in the court with neglected and affronted by it. And when it was all those who were incensed against the earl of found that the officer who conducted that enterStrafford, towards whom they were both very in- prise was a Roman catholic, it made more noise ; devoted. Those gentlemen were well known to and they prevailed with the king to restrain his several of the principal commanders in the Scots' general from giving out any more such orders. army, (who had served together with them in

And the king began so far to dislike the temper Holland under the prince of Orange,) and were of his commissioners, that he thought the parliatreated with great civility in their camp; and when ment itself would be more jealous of his honour, the commissioners came to Rippon, they brought and more sensible of the indignities he suffered by them with them, and presented them to the king the Scots, than the commissioners appeared to be; by his commissioners, to whom they were very and therefore he sent them back to Rippon again to acceptable; and did those who delivered them renew the treaty, and to conclude a cessation of more service by the reports they made of them in arms upon as good terms as they could; so that the army when they returned to their charges, and the Scots' army might not advance into Yorkshire, in the court, than they could have done by remain- nor enlarge their quarters any way beyond what ing prisoners with them; and contributed very they were already possessed of: and this concesmuch to the irreconciling the army to the earl of sion being agreed to, they should not enter upon Strafford, who was to command it.

any other particulars, but adjourn the treaty to After few days the commissioners returned to London; which was the only thing the Scots dethe king at York, and gave him an account of what sired, and without this they could never have had passed, and of the extraordinary affection of brought their designs to pass.

When the other the Scots to his majesty's service; and Wilmot lords returned to Rippon, the earl of Pembroke (as and O'Neile magnified the good discipline and a man of a great fortune, and at that time very order observed in the army, and made their num popular) was sent with two or three other lords to bers to be believed much superior to what in truth London, with a letter from the king, and a subthey were.

scription from the lords commissioners of the Three of the commissioners, and no more, were treaty (which was then more powerful) to borrow of the king's council, the earls of Pembroke, Salis- two hundred thousand pounds from the city, for bury, and Holland, who were all inspired by the the payment of both armies whilst the cessation Scots, and liked well all that they pretended to and treaty should continue ; “which they hoped desire. Besides those, the king had nobody to “ would quickly be at an end, and the Scots return consult with but the lord keeper Finch, the duke “ into their own country.” The city was easily of Richmond, the marquis of Hamilton, the earl of persuaded to furnish the money, to be repaid out Strafford, and sir Harry Vane, principal secretary of the first that should be raised by the parliaof state. The first of which, the lord keeper, was ment; which was very shortly to meet. obnoxious to so many reproaches, that, though his And the commissioners at Rippon quickly agreed affection and fidelity was very entire to the king, upon the cessation ; and undertook to pay fifty all his care was to provoke no more enemies, and thousand pound the month for the support of the to ingratiate himself to as many of those who he Scots' army, when they did assign but thirty thouperceived were like to be able to protect him, which sand pound the month for the king's ; taking the he knew the king would not be able to do; and Scots commissioners' word for their musters, towards this he laboured with all industry and which made their numbers so much superior to dexterity. The duke of Richmond was young, the other; which two sums amounting to fourand used to discourse with his majesty in his bed score thousand pound, a sum too great for the chamber rather than at the council-board, and a kingdom to pay long, as was then generally beman of honour and fidelity in all places; and in lieved. It was pretended that two months would no degree of confidence with his countrymen, put an end to the treaty; so that the two hundred because he would not admit himself into any of thousand pounds, which the city had supplied, their intrigues. The marquis had leave to be wary, would discharge all to the disbanding : and in this and would give his enemies no new advantages. hope the king confirmed the cessation, and sent a

Nor indeed was there any man's advice of much safe conduct for such commissioners as the Scots credit with the king, but that of the earl of Straf- should think fit to send to London for the carryford; who had no reason to declare his opinion ing on the treaty. upon so nice a subject in the presence of the earl All which being done, the king and the lords left of Holland and sir Harry Vane; and thought there York, that they might be at London before the was only one way to be pursued, (which was not beginning of the parliament; the earl of Strafford to be communicated at the council,) and that was staying still in the north to put the army into as to drive the Scots out of the kingdom by the army: good a posture as he could, and to suppress the and without considering what was done at the mutinous spirit it was inclined to; and, if it were treaty, (which had not yet agreed upon any ces- possible, to dispose that great county (of which he sation,) he sent a good party of horse, commanded had the entire command) to a better temper toby major Smith, to fall upon a Scottish quarter in wards the king's service, and to a greater indignathe bishopric of Durham, who defeated two or tion towards the Scots; of whom they did not use three of their troops, and took all the officers pri- to have too charitable an opinion. But in both soners, and made it manifest enough that the these applications he underwent great mortificakingdom might be rid of the rest, if it were vigor- tion; the officers of the army every day asking his ously pursued ; which the earl of Strafford heartily leave to repair to London, being chosen to serve intended. But Lesley, the Scottish general, com- in parliament; and when he denied to give them plained “that. he himself had forborne to make passes, they went away without them: and the

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