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and collection according to Feb. 1815.

&c.

eight hundred and sixteen; and all the provisions of the act, en- District of Cotitled “ An act to provide additional revenues for defraying the link.a, for expenses of government and maintaining the public credit, by Assessment laying a direct tax upon the District of Columbia,” passed on the twenty-seventh day of February, in the year one thousand eight Act of 27th hundred and fifteen, except so far as the same have been varied by subsequent acts, shall be held to apply to the assessment and collection of the direct tax which is hereinbcfore laid upon the said district.

85. That whenever the secretary of the treasury shall be The secretary duly advised of the assumption, by any state, of the payment of ry being duly its quota of the said direct tax, he shall give directions to the advised of the assessors of such state to suspend the further execution of their its quota of direspective offices in relation to this act : Provided, That, if any reci tax by state, so assuming the payment of its quota of said direct lax, &c. shall' fail to pay ihe same at the time fixed upon for such pay, state assum

Provisoany ment, the secretary of the treasury shall instruct the assessors of ing to pay, said state to proceed in the execution of their respective duties and failing, in relation to this act.

are to proceed, 86. That if either the states of Ohio or Louisiana shall pay Olio or Louiits quota of the direct tax, according to the provisions of the siana paying act, entitled “An act to provide additional revenues for defray- collect a just ing the expenses of government, and maintaining the public and equal procredit, by laying a direct tax upon the United States, and to purchasers of provide for assessing and collecting the same," the legislature ihe public thereof shall be, and they are hereby, authorized and empower- Vol. ii. p. ed to collect, of all the purchasers of public lands under any 1451. law of the United States, a just and equal proportion of the quota of said states respectively, the compact between the United States and the said states to the contrary notwithstanding. (Approved, March 5, 1816.) CHAP. 25, An act granting bounties in land an: extra pay to certain Canadian volunteers. Act of 1816,

ch. 76. act or $1. Be it enacted, fc. That all such persons as had been citi- 1817, ch. 279.. zens of the United States, anterior to the late war, and were, at its ch. 182. commencement, inbabitants of the province of Canada, and who, Citizens of the

United States, during the said war, joined the armies of the United States, as

anterior to the volunteers, and were slain, died in service, or continued therein war of 1812, till honourably discharged, shall be entitled to the following residing in

its quantities of land, respectively, to wit: Each colonel, nine hun- coinmencedred and sixty acres ; each major, to eight hundred acres; each ment, and captain, six hundred and forty acres; each subaltern officer, to the armies of four hundred and eighty acres; each noncommissioned officer, States, tec. musician, or private, to three hundred and twenty acres ; and Quantity to

each person. the bounties aforesaid shall extend to the medical and other staff, who shall rank according to their pay. And it shall be lawful for the said persons to locate their claims in quarter sections, be located in upon any of the unappropriated lands of the United States, with quarter secin the Indiana Territory, which shall have been surveyed prior appropriated to such location, with the exception of salt springs, and lead Indiana Termines therein, and of the quantities of land adjacent thereto, ritory, which which may be reserved for the use of the same, by the president surveyed,

Claims may

shall pre

scribe.

war, accord.

1819.

except salt

of the United States, and the section number sixteen, in every springs, &c.

township, to be granted to the inhabitants of such township, for Manner of as the use of public schools ; which locations shall be subject to the president such regulations, as to priority of choice and the manner of lo

cation, as the president of the United States shall prescribe. Secretary of § 2. That the secretary for the department of war, for the time ing to rules or being, shall, from time to time, under such rules and regulations, evidence to be as to evidence, as the president of the United States shall prethe president, scribe, issue to every person coming within the description afore&c. Vol. jii. p.

said, a warrant for such quantity of land as he may be entitled to by virtue of the aforesaid provision; and in case of the death of such person, then such warrant shall be issued to his widow,

or if no widow to his child or children. Three months

$ 3. That the treasurer of the United States be, and he is hereadditional pay to Canadian by, authorized and required, to pay to each of the persons aforevolunteers, ac- said, three months' additional pay, according to the rank they cording to rank. respectively held in the army of the United States during the late

war. [Approved, March 5, 1816.) Repealed. Char. 30. An act to change the mode of compensation to the members of the senate and Vol. iii. p.

house of representatives, and the delegates from territories. 1617. 1657. Annual, in

$1. Be it enacted, &c. That, instead of the daily compensasocadoofs daly: tion now allowed by law, there shall be paid, annually, to the compensation

senators, representatives, and delegates from territories, of this

and every future congress of the United States, the following To the presi- sums, respectively : that is to say, to the president of the senale

pro tenrpore, when there is no vice president, and to the speaker senate, &c.

of the house of representatives, three thousand dollars each ; to To senators, each senator, member of the house of representatives, other than tives, and del- the speaker, and delegate, the sum of fifteen hundred dollars : egates, &c. Provided, nevertheless, That in case any senator, representative, Proviso; a proportional

or delegate, shall not attend in his place at the day on which deduction in congress shall convene, or shall absent himself before the closc case of absence, unless

of the session, a deduction shall be made from the sum which occasioned by would otherwise be allowed to him, in proportion to the time of sickness.

his absence, saving to the cases of sickness the same provisions Allowance to as are established by existing laws. And the aforesaid allowbe certified and paid as

ance shall be certified and paid in the same manner as the heretofore. daily compensation to members of congress has heretofore been.

(Approved, March 19, 1816.) Vol. ii. p. 855. Chap. 31. . An act to alter the times of holding the circuit and district courts of the United

States for the district of Vermont. Circuit court $). Be it enacted, &-c. That the circuit court of the United to be holden on the 21st of

States within and for the district of Vermont, instead of the first May. day of May, shall hereafter be holden on the twenty-first day

of May; and the district court of the United States, within and District court to be holden for the said district, instead of the seventh day of May, shall on the 27th of hereafter be holden on the twenty-seventh day of May, at the May.

place now fixed by law for holding the said courts. Indietments,

$ 2. That all indictments, informations, suits, or actions and suits, and pro

dent of the

&c. on the

vol. iii. p.

proceedings, of every kind, whether of a civil or criminal nature, ceedings, of now pending in the said courts, respectively, shall have day in every sind, to court and be proceeded in, heard, tried, and determined, on the court, &c. on days herein appointed for holding the said courts respectively, the days herein the same manner as they might, and ought to have been done, had the said courts been holden, respectively, on the first and seventh days of May, as heretofore directed by law. 3. That all writs, suits, actions, recognisances, or other pro

Writs, suits,

&c.returnable, ceedings, which are or shall be instituted, sued, commenced, and to be tried, had, or taken, to the said circuit court, to have been holden as

days herein heretofore on the first day of May next, or to the said district directed. court, to have been holden as heretofore on the seventh day of May next, shall be returnable to, entered in, heard, tried, and have day in, court, in each of the said courts, respectively, to be holden at the times hereinbefore directed, in the same manner as might and ought to have been done had the said courts been holden, respectively, on the first and seventh days of May, as heretofore directed by law.

$ 4. That if at any time hereafter, the day or days prescribed Ifeither of the by this act for holding either of the said courts shall be a Sun- day, court to day, such court shall commence and be holden on the following following day. day. (Approved, March 22, 1816.) CHAP. 52. An act relative to evidence in cases of naturalization.

Vol. ii.p. 850. $1. Be it enacted, c. That the certificate of report and re- 1973. gistry, required as evidence of the time of arrival in the United The certificate States, according to the second section of the act of the four- registry, reteenth of April, one thousand eight hundred and two, entitled quired by

act of 14th “ An act to establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and to April

, 1802, repeal the act, heretofore passed on this subject;" and also a and a certifi. certificate from the proper clerk or prothonotary, of the declara- claration of intion of intention, made before a court of record, and required as tention, on apthe first condition, according to the first section of said act, shall citizenship, by be exhibited by every alien, on his application to be admitted a

aliens arriving

after the 18th citizen of the United States, in pursuance of said act, who shall June, 1812, have arrived within the limits, and under the jurisdiction, of the United States since the eighteenth day of June, one thousand Vol. iv. p.

Repealed, eight hundred and twelve, and shall cach be recited at full length 2145. in the record of the court adınitting such alien; otherwise he shall not be deemed to have complied with the conditions requisite for becoming a citizen of the United States; and any Admissions, pretended admission of an alien, who shall have arrived within without a rethe limits and under the jurisdiction of the United States, since cate, are of the said eighteenth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and no validity. twelve, to be a citizen, aster the promulgation of this act, without such recital of each certificate at full length, shall be of no validity or effect under the act aforesaid.

$ 2. That nothing herein contained shall be construed to ex- Nothing in this clude from admission to citizenship, any free white person who fomosomclude was residing within the limits and under the jurisdiction of the sion to citizenUnited States at any time between the eighteenth day of June, white person one thousand seven hundred and ninety-eight, and the fourteenth residing within day of April, one thousand eight hundred and two, and who, hav- States

&c.

&c.

between the ing continued to reside therein, without having made any de18th of June, claration or intention before a court of record, as aforesaid, may 14th of April, be entitled to become a citizen of the United States according 1802, &c.

to the act of the twenty-sixth of March, one thousand eight hun

dred and four, entitled “ An act in addition to an act, entitled Vol. ii. p. 942. “ An act to establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and to Persons ap- repeal the acts heretofore passed on that subject.” Whenever plying to be adunited any person, without a certificate of such declaration of intention, without a cer as aforesaid, shall make application to be admitted a citizen of prove their re- the United States, it shall be proved, to the satisfaction of the sidence punor court, that the applicant was residing within the limits and unApril, 1802, der the jurisdiction of the United States before the fourteenth

day of April, one thousand eight hundred and two, and has con

tinued to reside within the same, or he shall not be so admitted. Residence for - And the residence of the applicant within the limits and under musi be prov- the jurisdiction of the United States, for at least five years imed by ciìzens, mediately preceding the time of such application, shall be provin the record. ed by the oath or affirmation of citizens of the United States ; Continued ro- which citizens shall be named in the record as witnesses. And stated in the such continued residence within the limits and under the jurisrecord of ad- diction of the United States, when satisfactorily proved, and the mission.

place or places where the applicant has resided for at least five years, as aforesaid, shall be stated and set forth, together with the names of such citizens, in the record of the court admitting the applicant; otherwise the same shall not entitle bim to be considered and deemed a citizen of the United States. [Approv

ed, March 22, 1816. Expired.

CHAP, 35. An act relating to settlers on the lands of the United States. 1647, 1697.

$1. Be it enacted, &c. That any person or persons who, bevol. ii. p. 1064. Persons occu

fore the first day of February, one thousand eight hundred and pying lands sixteen, had taken possession of, occupied, or made a settlement United States, on, any lands ceded or secured to the United States, by any allowed, on treaty made with a foreign nation, or by a cession from any state application to to the United States, which lands had not been previously sold,

&. to remain ceded, or leased, by the United States, or the claims to which thereon.

lands had not been previously recognised or confirmed by the United States, and who, at the time of passing this act, does or do actually inhabit and reside on such lands, may, at any time prior to the first day of September next, apply to the proper register or recorder, as the case may be, of the land office established for the disposal, registering, or recording, of such lands; and, where there is no register or recorder, to the marshal, or to such person or persons as may be, by the registers, recorders, or marshals, respectively, appointed for the purpose of receiving such applications; stating the tract or tracts of land thus occupied, gettled, and inhabited, by such applicant or applicants, and requesting permission to continue thereon; and it shall thereupon be lawful for such register, recorder, or marshal, respectively, to permit, in conformity with such instructions as may be given by the secretary of the treasury, with the approbation of the president of the United States, for that purpose, such applicant or applicants to remain on such tract or tracts of land, pro

Vol. iii. p.

vided the same shall, at that time, remain unsold by the United States, not exceeding three hundred and twenty acres for each Not excceding applicant, as tenants at will, on such terms and conditions as cach applishall prevent any waste or damage on such lands, and on the ex- cant, &c. press condition ihat such applicant or applicants shall, whenever such tract or tracts of land may be sold or ceded by the United States, or whenever, from any other cause, he or they may be required, under the authority of the United States, so to do, give the applicant

to give quiet quiet possession of such tract or tracts of land to the purchaser

possession or purchasers, or to remove altogether from the land, as the case when requirmay be : Provided, however, That such permission shall not be proviso; the granted to any such applicant unless he shall previously sign a applicant to declaration, stating that he does not lay any claim to such tract tion that he or tracts of land, and that he does not occupy the same by vir- lays no claim. lue of any claim, or pretended claim, derived, or pretended to be derived, from any other person or persons; And provided also, Proviso ; lead That in all cases where the tract of land applied for includes mines and sale

springs. either a lead mine or salt spring, no permission to work the same shall be granted without the approbation of the president of the United States.

2. That all the applications made, and permissions granted Applications, by virtue of the preceding section, shall be duly entered on teredon books. books, to be kept for that purpose, by the registers, recorders, and marshals, aforesaid, respectively; and they shall be entitled Fees. to receive, from the party, for each application, fifty cents, and for each permission, one dollar.

$ 8. That this act shall continue and be in force for the term This act limitof one year, any law to the contrary notwithstanding. [Approv- March, 1817. ed, March 25, 1816.]

CHAP. 39. An act to limit the right of appeal from the circuit court of the United

Siates for the District of Columbia.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That no cause shall hereafter be re- No appeal unmoved from the circuit court of the United States for the District in dispute is of of Columbia to the supreme court of the United States by appeal theo valores of

dolls. or writ of error, unless the matter in dispute in such cause shall be of the value of one thousand dollars or upwards, exclusive of cosis.

$ 2. That when any person or persons, body polític or corporate, Appeals may shall think him, her, or themselves, aggrieved by any final judg- particular and ment, order, or decree, of the said circuit court, where the mat- important caster in dispute, exclusive of costs, shall be of the value of one hun- matter in disdred dollars, and of less value than one thousand dollars, and pute is 100

dollars in valshall have prayed an appeal, or shall desire to sue out a writ of

ue, on petition error 10 the supreme court of the United States, such person or to a judge of persons, body politic or corporate, may exhibit a petition, in court, &c. writing, accompanied by a copy of the proceedings complained of, and an assignment of the errors relied on, to any judge of the said supreme court, who, if he should be of opinion that such errors, or any of them, involve questions of law of such extensive interest and operation as to render the final decision of them by the said supreme court desirable, may thereupon, at his discretion, and upon the terms and conditions prescribed by law, by Vol. III.

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