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lumbus th« district of Ohio, shall, from and after the passage of this act, be Sr*Sejtemboy" heId al Columbus, in said district, on the first Mondays of Sepand January, tember and January, in each and every year; and that all causes, actions, suits, process, pleadings, and other proceedings, of every to'bo coiitinu- description, that are, or shall be, existing or depending in the edover, &c. said circuit court, shall be continued over and returnable to the said circuit court to be held at Columbus as aforesaid, and shall be proceeded with in due form of law. DUtrict court $2. Thai the district, court, in and for the district of Ohio, Cotumbu's,file shall, from and after the passage of this act, be held at ColumseconJ Mon- bus, in said district, on the second Mondays of September and umber an/" January, each and every year; and that all causes, actions, suits, January process, pleadings, and other proceedings, of every description, be'conilnuod'0 that are or shall be existing or depending in the said district on*, fee court, shall be continued over and returnable to the said district court to be holden at Columbus as aforesaid, and shall be proceeded with in due form of law. [Approved, March 4, 1820.]

Chap. SO. An act to authorize the perplo of the Missouri territory to form a constitution and state government, and for the admission of such stato into the Union on an equal footing with the original states, and to prohibit slavery in certain territories.

The inhabi- ^ ], Beit enacted, &c. That the inhabitants of that portion of

tarns of Mis- • i i i • ,. • tr r

souriauthoriz- the Missouri territory included within the boundaries hereinafter constitution designated, he, and they are hereby, authorized to form for themand state go- selves a constitution and state government, and to assume such vernmcntjoic. name ag j|iey 8|ia|| deen, proper; and the said state, when formed, shall be admitted into the Union, upon an equal footing with the original states, in all respects whatsoever. Boundaries. $ 2. That the said state shall consist of all the territory included within the following boundaries, to wit: Beginning in the middle of the Mississippi river, on the parallel of thirty-six degrees of north latitude; thence west, allong that parallel of latitude, to the St. Francois river; thence up, and following the course of that river, in the middle of the main channel thereof, to the parallel of latitude of thirty-six degrees and thirty minutes; thence west, along the same, to a point where the said parallel is intersected by a meridian line passing through the middle of the mouth of the Kansas river, where the same empties into the Missouri river; thence, from the point aforesaid, north, along the said meridian line, to the intersection of the parallel of latitude which passes through the rapids of the river Des Moines, making the said line to correspond with the Indian boundary line; thence east, from the point of intersection last aforesaid, along the said parallel of latitude, to the middle of the channel of the main fork of the said river Des Moines; thence down and along the middle of the main channel of the said river Des Moines, to the mouth of the same, where it empties into the Mississippi river; thence, due east, to the middle of the main channel of the Mississippi river; thence down, and following the course of the Mississippi river, in the middle of the main Proviso; the channel thereof, to the place of beginning: Provided, The said ^»t*o^*tilVstate shall ratify the boundaries aforesaid; And provided also, nes, and have That the said state shall have concurrent jurisdiction on the river Mississippi, and every other river bordering on the said state, so con"l"enn^u" far as the said rivers shall form a common boundary to the said" state and any other state or states, now or hereafter to be formed and bounded by the same; such rivers to be common to both; and that the river Mississippi, and the navigable rivers and wa- ^jv^m^nle ters leading into the same, shall be common highways, and for highwayTM and ever free, as well to the inhabitants of the said state as to other frcecitizens of the United States, without any tax, duly, impost, or toll, therefor, imposed by the said state.

$ 3. That all free white male citizens of the United States, QuaiiBcmtioni who shall have arrived at the age of twenty-one years, and have ^"d0"*1"1 resided in said territory three months previous to the day of form.»'cooelection, and all other persons qualified to vote for representa- venllontives to the general assembly of the said territory, shall be qualified to be elected, and they are hereby qualified and authorized to vote, and choose representatives to form a convention, who shall be apportioned amongst the several counties as follows: From the county of Howard, five representatives. From the Apportioncounty of Cooper, three representatives. From the county of TMn"ativealto* Montgomery, two representatives. From the county of Pike, form & conone representative, from the county of Lincoln, one representative. From the county of St. Charles, three representatives. From the county of Franklin, one representative. From the county of St. Louis, eight representatives. From the county of Jefferson, one representative. From the county of Washington, three representatives. From the county of St. Genevieve, four representatives. From the county of Madison, one representative. From the county of Cape Girardeau, five representatives. From the county of New Madrid, two representatives. From the county of Wayne, and that portion of the county of Lawrence that falls within the boundaries herein designated, one representative. And the election for the representatives Eieeiioo^oB^ aforesaid shall be holden on the first Monday, and two succeed- dayo? May"" ing days, of May next, throughout the several counties aforesaid jjjjj^JJJ0 dJ** in the said territory, and shall be, in every respect, held and 0 °w'ng' c* conducted in the same manner, and under the same regulations, as is prescribed by the laws of the said territory regulnting elections therein for members of the general assembly, except that the returns of the election in that partion of Lawrence county, included in the boundaries aforesaid, shall be made to the county of Wayne, as is provided in other cases under the laws of said territory.

<J. 4. That the members of the convention thus duly elected Memo*TMof

. , ., L • » I e convention to

shall be, and they are hereby, authorized to meet, at the seat of meet at the government of said territory, on the second Monday of the month "4l ofv

o » i i • « • ■ ■ i i i ii eminent on

of June next; and the said convention, when so assembled, shall iho second have power and authority to adjourn to any other place in the MJ°"dcof said territory, which to them shall seem best for the convenient transaction of their business; and which convention, when so 5^"^^ met, shall first determine, by a majority of the whole number the formation elected, whether it be, or be not, expedient at that lime to form aon.oTothTra constitution and state government for the people within the wise, said territory, as included within the boundaries above designat

i ; constitution lo bo republican, &c.

Conditions.

The slate entitled lo one representative in congress.

Propositions offered to the conveniion for acceptance or rejection.

1st proposition—section No. 16 for schools.

2d proposition —salt springs and lands adjacent for the use of the state.

Proviso; salt springs confirmed to individuals, &c.

salt springs not to be leased for more than 10 years.

3d proposition —5 per centum nett proceeds of sales of land for public roads

4ih proposition—^ sections of land for a seat of

ed; and, if it be deemed expedient, the convention shall be, and hereby is, authorized to form a constitution and slate government; or, if it be deemed more expedient, the said convention shall provide by ordinance for electing representatives to form a constitution or frame of government; which said representatives shall be chosen in such manner, and in such proportion, as they shall designate; and shall meet at such time and place as shall be prescribed by the said ordinance; and shall then form for the people of said territory, within the boundaries aforesaid, a constitution and state government: Provided, That the same, whenever formed, shall be republican, and not repugnant to the constitution of the United States; and that the legislature of said state shall never interfere with the primary disposal of the soil by the United States, nor with any regulations congress may find necessary for securing the title in such soil to the bona fide purchasers; and that no tax shall be imposed on lands the property of the United Slates; and in no case shall non-resident proprietors be taxed higher than residents.

$ 5. That, until the next general census shall be taken, the said stale shall be entitled to one representative in the house of representatives of the United States.

<§> 6. That the following propositions be, and the same are hereby, offered to the convention of the said territory of Missouri, when formed, for their free acceptance or rejection, w hich, if accepted by the convention, shall be obligatory upon the United States: First. That section numbered sixteen in every township, and when such section has been sold, or otherwise disposed of, other lands equivalent thereto, and as contiguous as may be, shall be granted to the state for the use of the inhabitants of such township, for the use of schools. Second. That all salt springs, not exceeding twelve in number, with six sections of land adjoining to each, shall be granted to the said state for the use of said state, the same to be selected by the legislature of the said slate, on or before the first day of January, in the year one thousand eight hundred and twenty-five; and the same, when so selected, to be used under such terms, conditions, and regulations, as the legislature of said state shall direct: Provided, That no salt spring, the right whereof now is, or hereafter shall be, confirmed or adjudged to any individual or individuals, shall, by this section, be granted to said state: And provided also, That the legislature shall never sell or lease the same, at any one time, for a longer period than ten years, without the consent of congress. Third. That five per cent, of the nett proceeds of the sale of lands lying within the said territory or state, and which shall be sold by congress, from and after the first day of January next, after deducting all expenses incident to the same, shall be reserved for making public roads and canals, of which three fifths shall be applied to those objects within the state, under the direction of the legislature thereof; and the other two fifths in defraying, under the direction of congress, the expenses to be incurred in making of a road or roads, canal or canals, leading to the said state. Fourth. That four entire sections of land be, and the same are hereby, granted lo the said state, for Ihe purpose of fixing their seat of government thereon; which said sections shall, under the direction of the legislature of said state, be located, as near as may be, in one body, at any time, in such townships and ranges as the legislature aforesaid may select, on any of the public lands of the United States : Provided, That such loca- Proviso;locations shall be made prior to the public sale of the lands of the pubue°saie of United Slates surrounding such location. Fifth- That thirty-six surrounding sections, or one entire township, which shall be designated by osi. the president of the United States, together with the other lands nun—36 seeheretofore reserved for that purpose, shall be reserved for the use f0r'a^m*nary of a seminary of learning, and vested in the legislature of said oncoming, stale, to be appropriated solely to the use of such seminary by the said legislature: Provided, That the five foregoing proposi- fro,'is°;,ho

i • or j -i i- • i i • r i- 1v« foregoing

tions herein ottered, are on the condition that the convention of propositions

the said state shall provide, by an ordinance, irrevocable without ^""nd-^oid

the consent of the United States, that every and each tract of by the v.

land sold by the United Slates, from and after the first day of SiaiesboexT in r i ■ • ■ . cmpt from tax

January next, shall remain exempt from any tax laid by order or « for five

under the authority of the slate, whether for state, county, or ^"f<]s

township, or any other, purpose whatever, for the term of five lorthrea

years from and after the day of sale; And further, That the yoara'

bounty lands granted, or hereafter to be granted, for military

services during the late war, shall, while they continue to be held

by the patentees, or their heirs, remain exempt as aforesaid from

taxation for the term of three years from and after the date of

the patents respectively.

§ 7. That incase a constitution and state government shall TMd be formed for the people of the said territory of Missouri, the the'eonsmu-" said convention, or representatives, as soon thereafter as may be, j1""^^,, t0 shall cause a true and attested copy of such constitution, or congress, frame of state government, as shall be formed or provided, to be transmitted to congress.

$ 8. That in all that territory ceded by France to the United f^"?'?TM-' States, under the name of Louisiana, which lies north of thirty- hibited m tinsix degrees and thirty minutes north latitude, not included with- ^^^."so1 in the limits of ihe state contemplated by this act, slavery and minutes north involuniary servitude, otherwise than in the punishment of crimes, ^'"Missouri, whereof the parlies shall have been duly convicted, shall be, and is hereby, forever prohibited: Provided always, That any person .^'may 0f" escaping into the same, from whom labor or service is lawfully reclaimed, claimed, in any state or territory of the United States, such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed to the person claiming his or her labor or service as aforesaid. [Approved, March G, 1820.]

Chap. 21. An act in addition to an act, entitled " An act regulating the post office establish- ^.°Jx''' P'

ment." 1I6S

$ 1. be it enacted, «£ c. That, during the present and every subse- Tito president

» . r ii i 11. Ac .1 of the senate

quent session of congress, all letters and packets to ana Irom tne p,0 tempore, president of the senate pro tempore, and the speaker of the house *"''hsi'J^ of representatives for the time being, shall be received and con- entitled, &.c'. veyed by mail, free of postage, under the same restrictions as are provided by law with respect to letters and packets to and from the vice president of the United States. [Approved, March 13, 1820.]

Vol. III. 202

Vol. iii. p. Chap. 22. An act- to provide for taking the fourth census, or enumeration of the inhabi'anta 'of the United States, and for other purposes.

Marshals of <§> 1. Be it enacted, <£c. That the marshals of the several distrcts ?err"torie«nto o{ tne United States, and of the District of Columbia, and of the cause the territories of Missouri, Michigan, and Arkansas, respectively, shall number of m- ^ j (n hereby, authorized and required, under the di

nabitants to » , J J1 j- i ■

betaken.un- rection of the secretary of state, and according to such instruction of^sV^ l'ons as ne shall give, pursuant to this act, to cause the number of retary of state, the inhabitants within their respective districts and territories to Classes to be be taken, omitting, in such enumeration, Indians not taxed, and enumerated, distinguishing free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, from all others; distinguishing, also, the sexes and colors of free persons, and the free males under ten years of age; those of ten years, and under sixteen; those of sixteen, and under twenty-six; those of twenty-six, and under forty-five; and those of forty-five and upwards; and, also, distinguishing free females under ten years of age; those of ten, and under sixteen; those of sixteen, and under twenty-six; those of twenty-six, and under forty-five; and those of forty-five and upwards; and, also, distinguishing the number of persons engaged in agriMarshals may culture, commerce, and manufactures, respectively. For efleetants"ntaSS'5t inS which, the marshals aforesaid shall have power, and they are hereby, respectively, authorized and required, to appoint one or more assistants in each county and city, in their respective districts and territories, residents of the county and city for which A division to they shall be appointed, and shall assign a certain division to each assistant. eacn Qf tne sait| assjstantBj which division shall not consist of

more than one county or city, but may include one or more towns, townships, wards, hundreds, or parishes, plainly and distinctly bounded by water courses, mountains, public roads, or Enumeration other monuments. And the said enumeration shall be made by ouiry!"8'" an actual enquiry at every dwelling house, or of the head of every Marshals and family, and not otherwise. The marshals and their assistants take an oath, shall, respectively, take an oath or affirmation, before some judge **• or justice of the peace, resident within their respective districts

or territories, before they enter on the duties required by this act. Form of mar- The oath or affirmation of the marshal shall be as follows: 7, A

shai's oath. marshal of the district of , do solemnly swear, (or affirm,)

that I will well and truly cause to be made, a just and perfect enumeration and description of all persons resident within my district, (or territory,) and also an account of the manufactures, except household manufactures, and return the same to the secretary of state, agreeably to the directions of an act of congress, entitled " An act to provide for taking the fourth census or enumeration of the inhabitants of the United States, and for other purposes," according to the best of my ability. Formerassis- The-oath or affirmation of an assistant shall be: 1, A B, do soltanti oath. emnly swear, (or affirm,) that I will make a just and perfect enumeration and description of all persons resident within the division assigned to me for that purpose, by the marshal of ,

and also an account of the manufactures, except household manufactures, and make due return thereof to the said marshal, agreeably to the directions of an act of congress, en

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