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for a few trifling articles, furnished therefore, searched for an eligible us with an abundance of roots and situation for that purpose, and se dried salmon, the food to which they lected a spot on the south-side of a were accustomed, we found that we little river, called by the natives Necould not subsist on these articles, lat, which discharges itself at a small and almost all of us grew sick on bar on the south-side of the Columeating them; we were obliged there. bia, and fourteen miles within point fore to bave recourse to the flesh of Adams. Here we constructed some horses and dogs, as food to supply log-houses, and defended them with the deficiency of our guns, which a common stockade work; this place produced but little meat, as game we called Fort Clatsop, after a nawas scarce in the vicinity of our tion of that name who were our camp on the Kooskooske, where we nearest neighbours. In this country were compelled to remain, in order we found an abundance of elk, on to construct our perogues to descend wbich we subsisted principally during the river. At this season the salmon the last winter. We left Fort Clatis meagre, and forms but indifferent sop on the 27th of March. On our food. While we remained here I homeward-bound voyage, being much was myself sick for several days, better acquainted with the country, and my friend capt. Lewis suffered we were enabled to take such prea severe indisposition.
cautions as in a great measure se“ Having completed our perogues cured us from the want of provision and a small canoe, we gave our at any time, and greatly lessened horses in charge to the Pollotepal- our fatigues, when compared with lors until we returned, and on the those to which we were compelled 7th of October re-embarked for the to submit in our outward-bound Pacific Ocean. We descended by journey. We have not lost a man the route I have already mentioned. since we left the Mandians, a cirThe water of the river being low at cumstance which I assure you is a this season, we experienced much pleasing consideration to me.
As I difficulty in descending: we found shall shortly be with you, and the it obstructed by a great number of post is now waiting, I deem it undifficult and dangerous rapids, in pecessary here to attempt minutely passing of which our perogues seve to detail the occurrences of the last ral tinies filled, and the men escaped
18 months. narrowly with their lives. -How
“ I am, &c. ever, this difficulty does not exist
“ Your affectionate brother, in high water, which happens within
“WILLIAM CLARK.” the period which I have previously mentioned. We found the natives extremely numerous, and generally Remarkable Instance of Propensity friendly, though we have on several to the Savage State. occasions owed our lives and the fate
[From a Jamaica Paper.] of the expedition to our number, which consisted of 31 men. On the To the Editors of The Royal Gazette. 17th of November we reached the Gentlemen, ocean, where various considerations I request you will have the goodinduced us to spend the winter; we, ness to insert the following extraor
dinary occurrence in The Royal Ga- distant from this place; in that time zette; it may possibly lead to some never saw a white face or buman ha. important discovery.' With great bitation; had enjoyed perfect health, respect, I remain,
When he was asked, why he had Gentlemen, abandoned society? he shrugged his Your obedient servant, shoulders, and lifted up his hands,
W. W. as if in tlié act of adoration. When Greenwich Park,
a cordial was given to him, he was St. Ann, Jan. 22.
cautioned not to drink much, as ex
cess would kill him ; he replied, “ A few days ago, it was men
• death to me is welcome. He was tioned to me, in the shape of a clothed, fed, and encouraged, and complaint, that there was a wild the writer of this retired to recomwhite man resident in the woods of mend him as a fit object for the this property, who had interrupted hospital. In a minute afterwards, the negroes in working their provi- he was told the wild man had ession-grounds, &c. Upon inquiry, I caped. It seems he had watched found his residence in the woods had for an opportunity of being unobnot been a secret; but some late out- served, when he seized his victuals, rages which he committed, prompted and ran with amazing celerity tothe sufferer to complain.' It ap- wards the woods. The dogs were peared that he occasionally molested alarmed, and pursued him; as they the women, but always ran from the approached, he threw down pieces
Upon this information, I sent of meat to stay thèm.-When he out a party, with a guide, who knew found his efforts to escape unavailhis haunts. The party divided, with ing, he stopped suddenly, and ran a view to surround his hut; and, in to his pursuers. When he was ex-, the deepest recesses of the woods, postulated with on his want of conthey saw him'sitting on the point of fidence, after the kind treatment he a rock; he fled, but, after a short had met with, he shook his head, pursuit, was overtaken, and brought sighed deeply, and said, man is hither. He was naked, save the my enemy; I am afraid? His inscanty remains of a doublet; his tellects appear to be sound, although beard had attained the utmost point he speaks with great reluctance; he of its growth; his feet and hands is well made, has blue eyes, is in were callous as leather: his skin was stature about 5 feet 8 inches. · His discoloured with filth; and, alto- hut is fashioned much like an Indian gether, he exhibited the most hu- wigwam, and he has contrived a miliating object that monkish de- subterraneous kitchen, with great basement could furnish. When first ingenuity; his habitation was surtaken, he affected dumbness, but rounded with springes to catch birds, afterwards I obtained from him the one of which he had prepared for following particulars:- His name is his breakfast. He had displayed Charles Martin, is an Italian, born talents in fabricating divers sorts of at Florence, thinks he has been two baskets; and, what is strange, no or three years in the woods; he en- iron, not even a knife, was found in tered them at Port Maria, 30 miles his possession."
From the same.
he felt himself liappy, because he Gentlemen,
was safe. The writer of this acPerhaps the following additional count asked him, were he permitted particulars of Charles Martin, ile his liberty, whether he would abide wild white man, mentioned in your in the court of the hospital? He paper of the 1st instant, may be in- said he would make no promise. teresting to some of
readers: When he was cuestioned why he When retaken as s'ated in the bad deserted the comforts of society, former communication, he was sent to submit to the privations of a sato the hospital, where lie occupied vage and solitary life? he eagerly a room, was kindly treated, and in- replied, that the very sight of maridulged with an extra allowance of kind gave him pain. He persists food; but his habits are so incorri- that his name is Charles Martin; gibly savage, that what civilized that he was born at Nice, in Piedman considers comfort, is to him mont (net at Florence, as before intolerable insipidity. On the night stated); that he was educated at of the 2d inst. he made his escape Caen, in Normandy; that of the through a small aperture in the wall former place his father is a wineof the room in which he was con mercbant; and that himself kept a fined; he left not a vestige by which store at Port-au-Prince, in St. Doto trace his flight. A forinight af- mingo, some years ago. He writes terwards, he was found by accident, a legible hand, and speaks Norman in the centre of a cane-piece, about French with great fluency. His unihalf a mile from the hospital, sur- derstanding on general subjects is rounded with cane trash, the refuse unimpaired; but he is possessed of a of his subsistenc he had divested notion that he is reserved for some himself of the incumbrance of dress, ignominous death; and neither the and had, for fourteen days, been encouragement nor the kindness he exposed to the inclemency of the lias received, has been able to eraweather, which is here peculiarly se- dicate this impression, which seems verę at this season of the year; his to be indelible. appearance was squalid and ex I understand the former account tenuated; and although a nudity, of this miserable self-devoted outhe' appeared before numbers of cast, was treated by some as fabupeople unabashed, and with an un- lous; if there be still sceptics, they blushing composure of countenance, may bave their doubts removed, by which evinces that the sense of shame application to, in bim is entirely abolished. He
Gentlemen, was reconducted to bis old quarters,
Your humble servant, and asked in what manner he lived ?
WM. WESTON. He answered, that he had never St. Ann's Bay, moved more than a few yards from
Feb. 26, 1906. the spot he first occupied; that he eat two canes daily; that he had P. S. On re-examining the hut, slept well (although, unsheltered, his former habitation in the woods, and nightly exposed to "the pelt- around it were growing 13 Alicada ings of the pitiless storm;") and that pear plants; from the size of the
largest it was inferred, that his resi- there was no appearance
reef dence there must have exceeded two or breaker ; but as the water subyears: he appears to have forgotten sided, the shoal began to shew itself the lapse of time.
with a number of small black rocks. The ship had been striking very hard,
and began to sue forward. At three Loss of the Sydney.
A. M. there were six feet water in
the hold, and increasing rapidly; at [From the Asiatic Mirror.)
five o'clock the ship was setting aft,
her top-sides parting from the floorIn one of our late papers, we no
dieads. ticed the loss of the ship Sydney. The Upon consultation with my offi. particulars of the event, and of the cers, it was the unanimous opinion, subsequent preservation of the great that the ship was irrecoverably gone, est part of the ship's company, are
and that no exertions could avail for conimunicated in the following letter her safety.. We therefore employed from captain Forrest to the editor of all hands in getting the boats really The Mirror :
to receive the crew, one isundred and
eight in number. Eight bags of rice, “ Calcutta, Oct. 14, 1806. six casks of water, and a small quau“Sir,
tity of salled beef and pork, were “ The Sydney left Port Jackson on put in the long boat, as provisions the 12th of April, 1806, bound to for the whole. We were prevented Bengal. Intending to proceed thro’ taking a large stock, as from the Dampier's Straits, her course was die number of people, the three boats rected as nearly as possible in the were barely sufficient to receive the track of captain Hogan, of the Corn- whole with safety. wallis, which, as laid down in the “ We remained with the Sydney charts, appears a clear sate passage. till five P. M. on the 21st of May. On the 20th of May, at one A. M. when there were three feet water on in lat. 3. 20. S. long. 146. 50. E. the orlop-deck; we now thought we ran upon a most dangerous rock it full time to leave the ship to her or shoal; and as this reéf is not no fate, and to seek our safety in the ticed in any map or chart, it appears boats. Accordingly I embarked in that we were its unfortunate disco. the long-boat, with Mr. Trounce,
second officer, and seventy-four Las“ On Sunday, over the taffrail, we cars ; Mr. Robson, first officer, and found twenty-five fathoms water; Stalkart, third, with sixteen Lascars, over the larboard gangway, six fa- were in the cutter; and the jollya, thoms; on the starboard side only boat was allotted to tifteen Dutch nine feet; and over the bows, twelve Malays and one Sepoy. feet. One of the boats was imme “ Being desirous to ascertain the diately got out, with a bower an- position of the reef, by making the chor; but, on sounding ten fathoms Adiniralty Islands, shaped our course distance from the ship, found no accordingly, steering N. by E. balf ground at sixty fathoms.
E.-During the night it blew fresh, “ It must have been high water and the long-boat making much was when we struck; for, at that time ter, we were obliged to lighten ber,
by throwing overboard a great deal cepting their colour, which was of a of lumber, and two casks of water. light copper, they bad the form and The three boats kept close in com- features of the natives of Europe : pany, the long-boat having the jolly- they were entirely naked. boat in tow. Finding, at day-light, a number of women, who were wellthat the cutter sailed considerably formed, with mild pleasing features. better, I directed Mr. Robson to “ We were received on the beach take the jolly-boat in tow. The wind by about twenty or thirty of the naincreased as the morning advanced, tives, who immediately supplied each and a heavy swell rising, at 10 A.M. of us with a cocoa-nut. We then the jolly-boat sunk, while in tow by succeeded in making them underthe cutter, and all on board, to the stand that we wanted water, upon number of sixteen, unfortunately pe. wbich they made signs for us to acrished. It was lamentable to witness company them towards the interior the fate of these unhappy men, and of the island :—we did so; but after the more so, as it was not in our walking about a mile, they conducted power to render them the smallest us into a thick jungle; and as their assistance.
number was quickly increasing, I “ At noon on the 22d we saw the judged it imprudent to proceed furAdmiralty Islands, bearing N. N. E. ther, and returned to the beach, distant three or four leagues; and as
where I was alarmed to find the nawe had run about fifty-eight miles in tives had assembled to the number the boats, upon a N. by. E. half E. of one hundred and fifty, or upwards, course, the situation of the sboal on armed with spears, eight or ten feet which the Sydney struck was accu- long.
One of them, an old man, rately ascertained, and will be found of venerable appearance, and who as above laid down.
seemed to be their chief, approached, “ From the Admiralty Islands we and threw his spear at my feet, excontinued standing to the westward; pressive, as I understood, that we and on the 25th made a small island: should part with our clubs in like we stood towards it, and from its ap manner. Perceiving at this time a pearance I was induced to land, in the crowd of women to have got hold hope of obtaining a supply of water. of the sternfast of the cutter, and Mr. Robson, myself, and twenty of deavouring to haul her on shore from the best of our hands, armed with the grapnel with which we had comeheavy clubs, brought from New Ca- to, we hastily endeavoured to gain ledonia, our fire-arms being rendered the boat; the natives followed us useless from exposure to heavy rains, closely, some of them pointed their approached in the cutter, and landed, spears at us, as we retreated to the through a heavy surf, to the utmost boat, and some were thrown, though astonishment of the inhabitants, who, happily without effect; and to us as far as we could judge from ap- they appeared to be very inexpert in pearance, had certainly never before the management of their weapons. seen people of our complexion. The 'On my.getting into the water, three men were tall and well made, wear or four of the natives followed me, ing their hair plaited and raised above threatening to throw their spears; and the head-they had no appearance when I was in reach of the boat, one of Malays, nor Caffrees; and, ex- of them made a thrust, which was