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PUBLIC MEETING of the Queen's UNIVERSITY in IRELAND, held in St. Patrick's Hall, Dublin Castle, on
the 3rd October, 1857.
After the close of the examinations of the year 1857, sincerely anxious for the prosperity of these institutions, a public meeting of the Queen's University was held in that this, and generally the comparatively small numSt. Patrick's Hall, Dublin Castle, on the 3rd of October, ber of the students of the colleges who became candidates 1857, for the conferring of degrees and diplomas. for our degrees, arose from the too great pressure of the
A large number of distinguished persons having courses of study prescribed by our ordinances, at least taken their places in the Examination Hall, the Senate in some parts of the collegiate period, and that changes of the University, the Professors and Examiners, and were in that respect desirable, I felt it to be my duty on the candidates, entered it in procession.
that occasion, when adverting to the small number of The Vice-CHANCELLOR, attended by the Secretary, then students-only eighteen- who then had passed for the proceeded to the entrance of the hall, and conducted first degree in Arts, to notice this opinion, and to state his Excellency the LORD LIEUTENANT to the chair set that the subject deserved consideration, with a view to apart for him.
the effecting suitable modifications in the ordinances, After all were seated, the VICE-CHANCELLOR rose aud should it be found expedient to do so. The subject has, addressed the assembly in the following terms : accordingly, undergone serious discussion and considera
On this, the seventh occasion of the assembly of the tion among us; but it has appeared to the great Senate of the Queen's University to confer degrees and majority of the Senate to be inexpedient at present to honors on the students of the Colleges of Belfast, Cork, adopt any change. They are apprehensive that none and Galway, I have the gratification of announcing an could be made of sufficient importance which would not important increase in the number of the candidates for have the effect of excluding from our courses of Unithese distinctions above those of the classes of 1855 and versity examination some branch of learning or science, 1856. Eleven students have passed the required exami the omission of which would seriously derogate from the nations for the degree of Doctor of Medicine, and an high standard which it has been our object to establish equal number have passed the first medical examination for its degrees. Our ordinances, consequently, remain preparatory to their proceeding in a future year to that unaltered ; and I am happy to find on the present occafor this degree. Nine have passed the examination for sion that, notwithstanding this decision, the number of the degree of Master of Arts; twenty-seven have been our candidates has so much exceeded that of the classes considered qualified by the examiners for the degree of of 1855 and 1856, as I have already had the gratificaBachelor in that Faculty, and three for that of Bachelor tion of announcing. In addition to this progress of the of Laws; one student is deemed worthy of our diploma members of the University, I have great pleasure in of Elementary Law; one of that of Agriculture, and one noticing at this meeting the marked success of some of of the diploma of Engineering ; making altogether the our students in the competitive examinations held for number of sixty-five collegiate students, whose names public departments. I allude more especially to three are to be placed on the records of the University : a young gentlemen - Messrs. Beveridge, Bartley, and number considerably exceeding that of the highest Smith, all students of the Queen's College of Belfast, who former year, 1853, when forty-six were so presented, succeeded in obtaining appointments in the civil service and more than double that of last year, which was only of the East India Company, at examinations holden in thirty-two. We have also on this occasion one candi- last July, for those very important places. And I may date from Trinity College, for admission to the ad eundem fitly mention here that I believe it will be found that degree of Doctor of Laws, and which the Senate has since the establishment of competitive examination for authorized me to confer upon him, pursuant to the the public service, a larger proportion of the students of powers of our University charter. As in former years, the Queen's Colleges, as compared with the actual numso in this, some candidates for degrees have not been ber of the entire body of those students, has been sucsuccessful. They are, however, few in number—two cessful in obtaining the appointments so competed for only of those who sought the degree of Doctor of Medi- than in any other University. This success is of pecucine, and three of the candidates for that of Bachelor of liar value in estimating the true quality of the education Arts; and, as has also occurred on previous occasions, given to their students by the respective colleges. The several students (I believe twenty-eight in all), an degrees and honors of this University are sought and nounced their intention of appearing as candidates for competed for by those students, as it were, among themsome of our degrees or diplomas, who have not finally selves, and might be said to give but a positive test of taken their places before the examiners, but who, I hope, excellence resting on acquirements in courses of study have only postponed their completing their academic which are almost uniform in the three colleges. In the career to the period of the next year's examinations. competitive examinations for the public services, they Of the students now. before us, many have been success. encounter the students of other colleges and Universiful in the separate examinations held for competition. ties; the test is comparative, and it is a trying one, and for honors in the various branches of classical and each college may justly feel honoured in the triumph of scientific learning specified in our ordinances. And I its successful student. Joining as I do in this feeling may, I think, looking to the general result, very fairly of gratification in the success of our students, I am not congratulate the University and the colleges on a marked content, however, to look upon the advantages of the improvement in their present condition, and future great principle of competitive examination merely as it prosperity. On the last occasion when I had the honour may give opportunities of victory in the contest of of discharging this function of my office, I was struck schools, or enable one college or another—this Univerby the circumstance that, as has again occurred at this sity or that—to boast for the time the comparative suctime, which I have already noticed, a large number of cess of its classes. Such exultation is natural, and the students had sent in their names as intended candidates emulation thus excited affords an additional motive for for degrees who did not afterwards come forward ; and exertion and diligence, as well on the part of the having heard opinions of thoughtful men, who were teachers as of the taught-but it is more worthy of us all
APPENDIX I. to view this principle and its progressive development out of 363 of the latter); but the same principle may
in a more generous light, as insuring to the ser be considered as acting, though with less effect, in narPublic Meet- vice of the public the aid of learning and science, the ing.
rowing our lists. The high standard of qualification cultivated intellect, and the enlightened genius. Cast generally possessed by the candidates for our degrees ing aside, therefore, all jealousy of colleges or schools, leads to another result very gratifying to the colleges let us rejoice in every accession thus obtained to and to the Senate, but which has been made in some the ranks of those engaged in the civil or military hostile quarters the groundwork of unfavourable combusiness of the State, in whatever university or college ments on our system of examinations. I allude to the their studies may have been directed and pursued. Ad number of honors and prizes which are distributed to verting for a little while to the numbers who have been those who, in addition to the ordinary examinations for candidates for degrees on this occasion, I may regard degrees and diplomas, enter into competition for special the amount as giving an answer to the apprehensions rewards. To allot separate honors for competition in of those who have thought that our ordinances required each important branch of learning and science pursued modification in the direction I have alluded to, and a in the colleges is obviously just and inevitable, if any vindication of the decision of the Senate against any honors are to be awarded at all, and the attainment of present change. We may, perhaps, find, on looking those honors by so many of the graduates at each exafurther into the matter, that other circumstances may mination is but the result and the proof of the excellence account for the difference between the total numbers of of their collegiate studies and instruction. I feel bound the students of colleges and the average proportion of to refer again to the success of our candidates in the those who seek a University degree, as contrasted with competition for Indian appointments, and to do so in the records of the older Universities. I may, I think, connexion with unhappy events too familiar to our ears. say generally, that to obtain a degree for its own sake The topic calls before our minds the responsible duties, is the main object of very many who enter those Uni the high destinies perhaps which may be the lot of these versities, while to the students of the Queen's Colleges youthful students, and of those with whom they will be it is, comparatively speaking, of secondary importance. associated in the future maintenance of British dominion The degrees of this University are but rarely of value in that distracted portion of the empire. We are now to candidates for holy orders in the Established Church, suddenly plunged for its preservation into the throes who form a very large proportion of the students of and agonies of the strangest and most awful conflict Oxford, Cambridge, and Dublin. Again, few of the that ever in human memory has raged upon the wide students of our colleges are of the class who would seek surface of the globe. Every page of daily intelligence, admission to the legal profession, where degrees also every message that rushes on electric wings from the are of some value; the great majority consisting, I eastern world, is fraught with tidings of death and desobelieve, of young men to whom an early position in life lation, of horrors the most appalling. We tremble as in some scholastic or general pursuit is of much econo we read, fearing that the next sentence may announce mical importance. Thus the classes of the colleges are not only the loss of thousands of our countrymen and very largely composed of students who enter them not countrywomen, but the utter wreck of all the great so much for the sake of obtaining a degree by way of
fabric of dominion which we have been building up, in testimonial of their education, as in order to obtain that the vain hope of establishing peace and civilization in education itself, as a qualification for their being at as lands long torn by the cruelty and oppression of barearly a period as possible enabled thereby to seek and barian conquerors. While thousands of families are attain some present position and advancement in life. either pining in bitter affliction for the cruel destrucThis is remarkably illustrated in the engineering classes tion of near and dear ones, or listening with agonizing of the colleges, which are, in general, numerously at terror for some faint sound of assurance that those they tended, and formi most important schools. The number love may yet be found among the living and the rescued : in the Cork College alone has exceeded forty in the under this great pressure of public calamity and private present year, yet scarcely one of all those students misery, to do or think of aught save the arousing and becomes a candidate for the diploma of Engineering display of all the energies of the realm, for the restoragiven by the University; the vast majority, I might tion of sovereignty and peace, or the practical direction almost say the whole, being taken away by obtaining of the means at our disposal to the relief of the dread active employment in the various appropriate services, mass of suffering in which such multitudes of the innofor which the teaching of the college schools gives them cent and the helpless have been involved, seems almost a high standard of professional qualification. In acquir to require an apology, and scarcely to admit of an exing, however, the full education given in the colleges, There are, however, duties to be discharged amid the diligent student in Arts who pursues his studies to all this absorbing weight of sympathy and sorrow, and the end becomes well fitted to attend the examination in the success of which it is right we should rejoice. for a degree, and to attain it, and he comes forward Such has been the duty of those by whom our students accordingly. This class of candidates, therefore, may have been prepared for the service they have so honournot unfitly, I believe, be considered as comprising the ably attained to; such is the duty we are to-day enbest of all the students of the respective colleges, and gaged in, and such is the duty of all who in university, the degree becomes an honour to be attained by the academy, or school, are, or shall be engaged in training bighest and the few, rather than, as in other Universi the youth of our country to the service and honour of ties, an easily acquired dignity, of essential utility to an the State, or the general business of active life, imbuing enormous majority. I may further illustrate this view their minds with the severer learning, science, and by a document which our Secretary has placed in my knowledge of collegiate studies, or refining and adorning hands—an extract from the preface to a volume of them by the more ornamental, but still honourable and " Edinburgh Essays” for the year 1856, in which, allud useful teaching of the finer arts; and it is, I think, pering to the designation of "Members of the University" mitted to us more especially to rejoice in the prospect of that city, it is observed that its degrees in Arts, con that from our colleges we are able to send forward to ferring no academical privileges, are strictly Honors, the duties of that Indian service, for which too much and as a natural consequence attract few candidates ; cannot now be done, men qualified to take their part and a table is given of the numbers of students in Arts in it with a sound preparation of requisite knowledge. and graduates there in the years from 1852 to 1856, I feel convinced, however, that this struggle must end which represents then, thus :
in the triumph of British arms. But a great enterprise
will remain to be undertaken, when the battle cry shall In 1852, 843 students had only 11 Bachelors of Art. In 1853, 795
cease. The re-construction of an empire is perhaps now In 1854, 767
to be before these youthful servants of the eastern realms; In 1855, 789
and whatever task in this mighty work may be their In 1856, 798
allotted portion, I believe I may with confidence antiOur numbers of graduates are far higher than these cipate that they will perform it with advantage to the in proportion to those of our matriculated students in State, and with credit to themselves and to the college the present year we have twenty-eight of the former from which they have proceeded. Since we last met
on a like occasion the Senate has sustained a serious loss mending to her Majesty the appointment of new officers, APPENDIX I. in the death of their late secretary, the lamented Robert as professors in any of the colleges, we may always look
Public MeetBall. Connected with the University from its com to the most impartial exercise of a sound judgment, mencement, Dr. Ball devoted to its service with the animated by a desire to advance the best interests of most conscientious zeal all the energies of a strong and learning and science, and to promote the general and highly-cultivated mind. He gave most valuable assist- enlightened education of the youth of Ireland. ance in the development and completion of the internal His Excellency the LORD LIEUTENANT then rose and arrangements of the University, and conducted themat said:times laborious-details of our correspondence and ex Mr. Vice-Chancellor and Gentlemen, I am extremely aminations, with the most unwearied diligence and glad not only to have again in this place the opportuattention. Deeply sensible of its loss, the Senate has nity of meeting the authorities and professors of the placed upon its records a resolution expressive of its Queen's University, and the youthful candidates for its high appreciation of his services, and of his exalted degrees and honors, but also at the same time to be able position in the world of science-conveying at the same to congratulate them all upon the circumstances which time to his bereaved family its deep sympathy in their attend the present period of the annual examinations. severe affliction. Occupying this place, and remember It appears from the list before us, as well as from the ing but how short a time has elapsed since, in apparent interesting and lucid statement of your distinguished health and vigour, he stood beside me in the Senate Hall, Vice-Chancellor, that the number of successful candigladly assisting in the proceedings of the University, to dates has, on this occasion, culminated to a higher point which and to its interests he was so warmly attached, I than it has ever yet reached, and doubled that of last may, I hope, be pardoned for introducing a momentary year. It appears, further, that out of seventy candiallusion to my own feelings of personal concern for the dates there have been only five rejections, and I appreloss of a sincerely valued and lamented friend. I have hend that any one who will take the trouble to make still to regret that exigencies of important public duty himself acquainted with the contents of the examination in another part of the empire prevents our Chancellor, papers and the literary and intellectual tests that have the Earl of Clarendon, from taking that part in the been applied, will be amply satisfied that this increase proceedings of the University on occasions like this, in the number of successful candidates, and this paucity which I know it would be most gratifying to him to in the rejection of insufficient candidates, have been in perform. His wishes are cordially and sincerely given no respect caused by any lowering of the standard of to the success of these institutions, in the foundation of proficiency and success. "I am tempted, also, to observe, which he so zealously laboured while he resided among what might not be so obvious at first sight—that even us, and be bas very recently expressed to me his great the amount of success, as well as of the attendance at concern that he cannot give so much time and attention these annual examinations, did not, in then.selves, afford as he would desire to do to the business of the Univer an accurate measure of the success of the college educasity. In his absence I now proceed to confer upor the tion itself. I am iuformed that there are many instances successful candidates their appropriate degrees and in which the education afforded in the colleges enables diplomas. The Lord Lieutenant, who has graciously students to obtain employments which force them to honoured us with his presence, was pleased to take a leave part of their academical career unfinished. One part in the details of the proceedings of our last annual of theiu, for instance, from the Queen's College, Galway, meeting, by distributing the medals and prizes awarded would have been here this day, bad he not just obtained at the honor examinations. I have on this occasion also, at a competitive examination the post of master of an on behalf of the Senate, solicited his Excellency to per agricultural school, with an annual salary of £120. form a similar office, and I have his permission accord Another from the same college has just been appointed ingly to present to him the successful competitors, who, usher of the great school of Dungannon. Why have we I have no doubt, will well appreciate the additional not here to-day Mr. Devereix, Mr. Bartley, and Mr. distinction thus attached to the distribution of their re Smith? Why, because the cent examination for wards.
the civil service of the East India Company, they have The candidates were then called up in order, and the respectively obtained the first, the fourth, and the tenth VICE-CHANCELLOR conferred upon each the degree or places on that very distinguished list. And when we diploma which had been conferred by the Senate. remember that the prizes of this Indian examination are
His Excellency the LORD LIEUTENANT was graciously of so high a character as to draw in the foremost men pleased to distribute to those to whom prizes had been from all the Universities of the empire, I think any one awarded the distinctions which they had won.
who feels interested in the character and credit of the The business of the meeting having been brought to Queen's Colleges in Ireland, will feel no slight satisfaca close, the Vice-CHANCELLOR addressed his Excellency tion, that whereas in former years two of those appointthe Lord Lieutenant as follows:
ments were carried off by Cork, and one by Galway, in It remains for me to perform the very grateful task the present year three of them have fallen to Belfast. of returniug to your Excellency the thanks of the Senate I am tempted by the mention of that place to remind for the honour you have conferred on the University, my young friends here who come from it, that we must and on the proceedings of this occasion, by your pre look to them as called upon in some measure to redeem, sence to-day, and by the part you have just been pleased as well as to arlorn, that celebrated and tbriving comto take in the business of our meeting, conducted as it munity. It is very painful to find in these modern days has been by your kind permission in this noble and of enlightenment and progress,-I mu-t add, too, in re-decorated hall. Looking back to the lists of candi these days of national emergencies and stern pressure,– dates of the two preceding periods, it is most gratifying an advanced and polished city like Belfast disfigured to me to be able at this time to present to your Excel by unseemly exhibitions of religious discord, and, if lency's notice so considerable an accession to the num such a violent contradiction in terms might be allowed, bers of our graduates and competitors for honors, and I of religious hatred. We bave heard, indeed, of Belfast very gladly exchange the doubts and apprehensions of as occasionally termed the Northern Athens, and I hope former vears for the congratulations of the present, and the future career of some whom I now see before me the hopeful expectatious of the future. We have as a will do much to justify and secure, and perpetuate that very encouraging basis for such expectations the confi title; but if we were only to give attention to some of dept assurance of your Excellency's abiding regard for the statements we have been lately perusing, the outthe prosperity and advancement of our colleges, and the bursts of strife and contention among those who ought warm and zealous interest you have ever shown in the to live as brothers, would make us think we were readgreat cause of united education. We look with the like ing not so much the annals of Athens as of Thebes. confidence to your gracious sanction and assistance in One further point was touched upon with great feeling carrying out any arrangement which experience may by the Vice-Chancellor, and suggested by the mention suggest to us as necessary for the perfection of our Uni of the special sphere of action to which some of your versity ordinances. And we feel that in your Excel old associates are on the point of being called, and whilency's discharge of the responsible function of recom ther, I hope, some more among you will follow them
APPENDIX I. I mean the civil service of India. Other associations, honourable and enduring successes of the Queen's Col·
alas! are now mingled with that name, besides those of leges in Ireland, it may come to be recorded of them Public Meet
peaceful duties quietly performed, and substantial for that the young men whom they will have trained for ing.
tunes comfortably amassed. All who are now sent to the business of active life, have borne a conspicuous and
Examination for the Degree of A.M.
EXAMINATION PAPERS, 1857.
EXAMINATION FOR THE DEGREE OF A.M. 24th September, 1857.-Morning.
Tum canit, errantem Permessi ad flumina Gallum
Aonas in montes ut duxerit una sororum,
Utque viro Phoebi chorus adsurrexerit omnis;
Ut Linus haec illi divino carmine pastor,
Floribus atque apio crines ornatus amaro,
Dixerit “Hos tibi dant calamos, en accipe, Musae, (A.)— HORACE-EPODES.
“ Ascraeo quos ante seni, quibus ille solebat Altera iam teritur bellis civilibus aetas,
“Cantando rigidas deducere montibus ornos. Suis et ipsa Roma viribus ruit :
"His tibi Grynei nemoris dicatur origo, Quam neque finitimi valuerunt perdere Marsi
“ Ne quis sit lucus, quo se plus iactet Apollo.” Minacis aut Etrusca Porsenae manus,
Quid loquar aut Scyllam Nisi, quam fama secuta est Aemula nec virtus Capuae, nec Spartacus acer
Candida succinctam latrantibus inguina monstris
Dulichias vexasse rates, et gurgite in alto
Ah, timidos nautas canibus lacerasse marinis;
Aut ut mutatos Terei narraverit artus :
Quas illi Philomela dapes, quae dona pararit,
Quo cursu deserta petiverit, et quibus ante
Infelix sua tecta supervolitaverit alis?
Omnia quae, Phoebo quondam meditante, beatus
Audiit Eurotas iussitque ediscere lauros,
Ille canit; pulsae referunt ad sidera valles,
Iussit, et invito processit Vesper Olympo.
ST. Stasime, fac te propere celerem, recipe te ad domi-
Adde gradum, adpropera : iam dudum factumst quom
abisti domo. Ratem occupare quid moramur alite ?
Caue sis tibi ne bubuli in te cottabi crebri crepent, (B.)—OVID—Fasti. Book I.
Si aberis ab eri quaestione : ne destiteris currere.
Ecce hominem te, Stasime, nihili: satin' in thermopolio Martis erat primus mensis, Venerisque secundus : Condalium es oblitus, postquam thermopotasti gutturem? Haec generis princeps, ipsius ille pater :
Recipe te et recurre petere re recenti. CH. Huic, Tertius a senibus, iuvenum de nomine quartus :
quisquis est, Quae sequitur, numero turba notata fuit.
Gurguliost exercitor, is hominem hunc cursuram docet. At Numa nec lanum nec avitas praeterit umbras, ST. Quid, lomo nihili, non pudet te ? tribusne te poteriis Mensibus antiquis praeposuitque duos.
Memoriae esse oblitum ? an uero, quia tu cum frugi Ne tamen ignores variorum iura dierum,
Ibi bibisti, qui ab alieno facile cohiberent manus,
Chiruchus fuit, Cerconicus, Crimnus, Cricolabus, Col-
Collicrepidae, cruricrepidae, ferriteri, mastigiae :
CH. Ita me di ament, graphicum furem.
Est quoque, qui nono semper ab orbe redit. Nisi etiam laborem ad damnum adponam epithecam
Quin tu quod periit perisse ducis ? cape uorsoriam : Nonarum tutela deo caret. Omnibus istis ...
Recipe te ad erum. CH. Non fugitiuost hic homo : Ne fallare cave ... proximus ater erit.
conmeminit domi. Omen ab eventu est. illis nam Roma diebus
ST. Vtinam ueteres hominum mores, ueteres parsimoniae Damna sub averso tristia Marte tulit.
Potius in maiore honore hic essent quam mores mali. Haec mihi dicta semel, totis haerentia fastis,
CH. Di inmortales, basilica bic quidem facinora inNe seriem rerum scindere cogar, erunt.
ceptat loqui : (C.)--VIRGIL--ECLOGUES.
Vetera quaerit, uetera amare hunc more maiorum scias.
ST. Nam nunc mores nihili faciunt quod licet nisi quod
Scuta iacere fugereque hostis more habent licentiam :
ST. Quid ego
Petere honorem pro flagitio more fit. CH. Morem semper in laude versatus, circumfluens gloria, deforma- APPENDIX II. in probum.
tus corpore, fractus animo, quo se conferat nescit : ST. Strenuos nunc praeterire more fit. CH. Nequam progressum praecipitem, inconstantem videt: bonos for the Degree quidem.
inimicos habet, improbos ipsos non amicos. Ac vide of A.M. mollitiem animi. Non tenui lacrimas, quum illum a.d.
Group I. 1. Explain the historical allusions in the extract (A). VIII. Kal. Sext. vidi de edictis Bibuli contionantem. 2. Give the chief rules for the order of words in a
Qui antea solitus esset iactare se magnificentissime illo Latin sentence.
in loco, summo cum amore populi, cunctis faventibus, 3. What reasons are there for believing that the ut ille tum humilis, ut demissus erat, ut ipse etiam sibi, Latin language is as old as the Greek?
non iis solum, qui aderant, displicebat ! O spectaculum 4. Show that philological researches have thrown uni Crasso iucundum, caeteris non item! nam, quia much light on the early bistory of Italy.
deciderat ex astris, lapsus quam progressus potius vide5. Write a chronological list of the Roman authors
batur et, ut Apelles si Venerem aut si Protogenes who flourished in the Golden Age, and designate each Ialysum illum suum coeno oblitum videret, magnum, of them.
credo, acciperet dolorem, sic ego hunc omnibus a me 6. Describe the metres used by Horace in his Odes; pictum et politum artis coloribus subito deformatum give examples, with the feet divided, and the quantities non sine magno dolore vidi. Quamquam nemo putabat marked.
propter Clodianum negocium me illi amicum esse debere, 7. Derive the following words :-palam, nu liuster tamen tantus fuit amor, ut exhauriri nulla posset tius, dextans, lapillus, plus, benignus, pomerium. iniuria. Itaque Archilochia in illum edicta Bibuli
populo ita sunt iucunda, ut eum locum, ubi proponun24th September, 1857.–Afternoon.
tur, prae multitudine eorum, qui legunt, transire ne
queam, ipsi ita acerba, ut tabescat dolore, mihi meher LATINExaminer, Bunnell Lewis, M.A.
cule molesta, quod et eum, quem semper dilexi, nimis
excruciant et timeo tam vehemens vir tamque acer in Translate into English :
ferro et tam insuetus contumeliae ne omni animi impetu (A.)-SUETONIUS— AUGUSTUS.
dolori et iracundiae pareat. Bibuli qui sit exitus futurus Testamentum, L. Planco, C. Silio consulibus, tertio
nescio. Ut nunc res se habet, admirabili gloria est. Nonas Aprilis, ante annum et quatuor menses, quam
Quin quum comitia in mensem Octobrem distulisset, quod
solet ea res populi voluntatem offendere, putarat Caesar decederet, factum ab eo, ac duobus codicibus, partim ipsius, partim libertorum Polybii et Hilarionis manu
oratione sua posse impelli contionem, ut iret ad Bibu
lum : multa quum seditiosissime diceret, vocem expriscriptum, depositumque apud se, virgines Vestales, cuin tribus signatis aeque voluminibus, protulerunt : quae
mere non potuit. Quid quaeris ? Sentiunt se nullam omnia in senatu aperta atque recitata sunt. Haeredes
ullius partis voluntatem tenere: eo magis vis nobis est instituit primos, Tiberium ex parte dimidiâ et sextante,
timenda. Clodius inimicus est nobis. Pompeius con-
culosum est credere: ad resistendum me paro. Studia bus reliquis Germanicum liberosque ejus tres sexûs
summa habiturum omnium ordinum. Te virilis ; tertio gradu, propinquos amicosque complures.
quum ego desidero, tum vero res ad tempus illud vocat.
Plurimum consilii, auimi, praesidii denique mihi, si te Legavit populo Romano quadringenties, tribubus tricies quinquies sestertium: praetorianis militibus singula ad tempus videro, accesserit
. Varro mihi satis facit : millia nummorum, cohortibus urbanis quingenos, legio. Pompeius loquitur divinitus. Spero nos aut cum nariis trecenos nummos : quam summam repraesentari
summa gloria etiam aut certe sine molestia discessuros. jussit; nam et confiscatam semper repositamque ha
Tu quid agas, quem ad modum te oblectes, quid cum buerat. Reliqua legata varie dedit: produxitque quae.
Sicyoniis egeris ut sciam cura. dam ad vicies sestertium, quibus solvendis annuum
(C.)-Live-Book XXXIV. diem finiit, excusatâ rei familiaris mediocritate ; nec plus perventurum ad haeredes suos, quam millies et
“Si in sua quisque nostrum matre familiae, Quirites, quingenties, professus; quamvis, viginti proximis annis,
ius et maiestatem viri retinere instituisset, minus cum quaterdecies millies ex testamentis amicorum percepis- libertas nostra impotentia muliebri hic quoque in foro
universis feminis negotii haberemus: nunc domi victa set; quod paene omne, cum duobus paternis patrimo- obteritur
et calcatur, et quia singulas sustinere non popiis, caeterisque haereditatibus, in rempublicam absumsisset. Julias, filiam neptemque, si quid his ac
tuimus, universas horremus. Equidem fabulam et
fictam rem ducebam esse virorum omne genus in aliqua cidisset, vetuit sepulcro suo inferri. De tribus voluminibus uno mandata de funere suo complexus est; altero
insula coniuratione muliebri ab stirpe sublatum esse. indicem rerum a se gestarum, quem vellet incidi in
Ab nullo genere non summum periculum est, si coetus
et concilia et secretas consultationes esse sinas. Atque aeneis tabulis, quae ante Mausoleum statuerentur; tertio breviarium totius imperii ; quantum militum sub
ego vix statuere apud animum meum possum, utrum
peior ipsa res an peiore exemplo agatur. Quorum signis ubiqne essent, quantum pecuniae in aerario et
alterum ad nos consules reliquosque magistratus, alterum fiscis et vectigaliorum residuis. Adjecit et libertorum servorumque nomina, a quibus ratio exigi posset.
ad vos, Quirites, magis pertinet. Nam utrum e re pub
sit necne id quod ad vos fertur, vestra existimatio est, (B.)-CICERO-LETTERS TO ATTICUS.
qui in suffragium ituri estis. Haec consternatio muliDe republica quid ego tibi subtiliter? Tota periit ebris, sive sua sponte sive auctoribus vobis, M. Fundani atque hoc est miserior, quam reliquisti, quod tum vide et L. Valeri, facta est, haud dubie ad culpam magistrabatur eius modi dominatio civitatem oppressisse, quae tuum pertinens nescio vobis, tribuni, an consulibus iucunda esset multitudini, bonis autem ita molesta, ut magis sit deformis. Vobis, si ad feminas concitandas tamen sine pernicie : nunc repente tanto in odio est tribunicias seditiones iam adduxistis ; nobis, si ut plebis omnibus, ut quorsus eruptura ait horreamus. Nam quondam, sic nunc mulierum secessione leges accipiiracundiam atque intemperantiam illorum sumus ex endae sunt. Equidem non sine rubore quodam paulo perti, qui Catoni irati omnia perdiderunt. Sed ita ante per medium agmen mulierum in forum perveni. lenibus uti videbantur venenis, ut posse videremur sine Quod nisi me verecundia singularum magis maiestatis dolore interire. Nunc vero sibilis vulgi, sermonibus et pudoris quam universarum tenuisset, ne compellatae honestorum, fremitu Italiae vereor ne exarserint. Equi a consule viderentur, dixissem” “ qui hic mos est in dem sperabam, ut saepe etiam loqui tecum solebam, sic publicum procurrendi, et obsidendi vias, et viros alienos orbem rei publicae esse conversum, ut vix sonitum appellandi? istud ipsum suos quaeque domi rogare non audire, vix impressam orbitam videre possemus, et fuis- potuistis ? an blandiores in publico quam in privato, et set ita, si homines transitum tempestatis exspectare alienis quam vestris estis? quamquam ne domi quidem potuissent, sed quum diu occulte suspirassent, postea vos, si sui iuris finibus matronas contineret pudor, quae iam gemere, ad extremum vero loqui omnes et clamare leges hic rogarentur abrogarenturve curare decuit." coeperunt. Itaque ille amicus noster, insolens infamiae, “ Maiores nostri nullam, ne privatam quidem rem agere