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The total number of arrivals in the year 1839, was 1,065 vessels—357,659 tons— showing an increase already, this year, of 65 vessels—30,789 tons.

Comparative Statement of Clearances.

Vessels. Tonnage.

1840—October 3 911 296.351

1839—October 5 820 262,445

Increase in favor of 1810, 91 33,906

The total amount of clearances in 1839, was 1,120 vessels—369,689 tons.

The following statement shows the quantity of flour exported from the port of Quebec, from the opening of the navigation to the 3d November, inclusive:

To Liverpool, bbls. 63,944

To London, , 12,507

To Hull, 5,735

To Bristol - 1,609

To Glasgow, 19,594

To Greenock, 14,253

To other ports, 629

Total to the United Kingdom, 118,271

To the lower ports and West Indies,.; 13,281

Total exported , 131,552

In 1839, the total export of flour was as follows:

To Great Britain, i bbls. 13,823

To Ireland, 100

To British North American Colonies, 30,851

To British West Indies, 2,028

To Cuba 1,625

Total in 1839, 48,427

Showing an increase, already, in favor of 1840, of 83,125 barrels.

OIL IMPORTED INTO THE UNITED STATES.

A Table, exhibiting the quantity of Sperm Oil imported into the United States in each year, from 1815 to 1839, inclusive, with the average price per gallon.

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It will be seen by the following statement of the Whale Fishery of the United States for 1839, that the imports of sperm oil exceed those of 1838 by 12,164 bbls., while it VOL. IV.—NO. I. 13

fall» shdrt of 1837, 41,005 bbls. The imports of whale oil for 1839 fall short of 1838 by 5,187 bbls., and exceed those of 1837 by 8.413 bMs.

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NAUTICAL INTELLIGENCE.

BEACONS ON THE GOODWIN SANDS The following has been transmitted to the Department of State by the consul of the United States at London:

Trinity Hocse, London, 21st October, 1840.

Safety Beacon.—Notice is hereby given, that a beacon has been experimentally plii ced upon the southeastern part of the Goodwin Sands, with the object of affording means of safety to persons who may unfortunately suffer shipwreck upon parts of these dangerous Sands, from which this beacon is accessible at low water; and mariners are hereby cautioned, that being situate a considerable distance within the southeastern edge of the sand, this beacon is not, on any account, to be regarded as a beacon of direction; and they will observe that from it,

The South Sand Head light vessel bears SW. by W. westerly. Distant about 6| miles.

The South Foreland upper lighthouse, WSW. i W.

The Gull light vessel, NVV. } N. northerly. Distant about 3} miles.

The Goodwin light vessel, NE. by N. Distant about 5} miles.

Warning Beacon.—Notice is also given, that a beacon for direction is now preparing, and will be placed with all practicable expedition upon the Eastern Spit of the Goodwin Sands, which forms the south point of the Swatchway, leading the Trinity Bay from the eastward: farther particulars respecting which will be duly notified.

CAPE OF GOOD HOPE CHARGES AND CUSTOMS' DUES.

Port Charges at Table and Simon's Bays, (Algoa Bay free.)—On vessels touching for refreshment only, 24 d. per ton. On vessels touching for the purpose of trade, 4|d per ton. For a copy of the port regulations, 3s. For a port clearance, 7s. 6d.

Custom House Dues at the Ports of Table Bay, Simon's Bay, and Port Elizabeth.— For the entrance or clearance of a vessel, 6s. Landing or shipping cargo, 19s. Landi ing or shipping part cargo, 7s. 6d. For the clearance of a coaster, Is. 6d. Landing or shipping cargo of the same, 3s. Permit to land or ship merchandise under £7 10s., 9d. Permit to land or ship merchandise above £110s., Is. 6d. For manifest of export cargo, Is. 6d. For manifest stamps on goods outwards, from 1 to 10 tons, 7s. 6d.; from 10 to 20 tons, 15s.; from 20 to 50 tons, £1 10s. 50 tons and upwards, £2 5s.—(Goods inwards exempt from stamps.) It is not the practice to charge double tonnage dues on ships which do not land and ship a greater quantity than five tons of cargo.

NAVIGATION OF STEAM VESSELS. The following official notice, for the benefit of mariners, has been transmitted to the Department of State, at Washington, by the consul of the United States at London:

Trinity House, London, Oct. 30, 1840.

The attention of this corporation having been directed to the numerous, severe, and in some instances fatal, accidents which have resulted from the collision of vessels navigated by Steam; and it appearing to be indispensably necessary, in order to guard against the recurrence of similar calamities, that a regulation should be established for the guidance and government of persons intrusted with the charge of such vessels; and

Whereas the recognised Rule for sailing vessels is—

That those having the wind fair shall give way to those on a wind;

That, when both are going by the wind, the vessel on the starboard tack shall keep her wind, and the one on the larboard tack bear up, thereby passing each other on the larboard hand;

That when both vessels have the wind large or a-beam, and meet, they shall pass each other in the same way on the larboard hand, to effect which two last-mentioned objects the helm must be put to port;

And as steam vessels may be considered in the light of vessels navigating with a fair wind, and should give way to sailing vessels on a wind on either tack, it becomes only necessary to provide a rule for their observance when meeting other steamers or vessels going large:

Under these considerations, and with the object before stated, this board has deemed it right to frame and promulgate the following rule, which, on communication with the lords commissioners of the admiralty, the elder brethren find has been already adopted in respect to steam vessels in her majesty's service, and they desire earnestly to impress upon the minds of all persons having charge of steam vessels the propriety and urgent necessity of a strict adherence thereto, viz i

RULE.

When Steam Vessels on different courses must unavoidably or necessarily cross so near that, by continuing their respective courses, there would be a risk of coming in collision, each vessel shall put her Helm To Port, so as always to pass on the Larboard side of each other.

A Steam Vessel passing another in a narrow channel must always leave the vessel she is passing on the Larboard hand.

By order, J. HERBERT, Secretary.

STATISTICS OF POPULATION.

CENSUS OF NEW YORK, 1830-1840.

A Table, exhibiting the population of each county in the State of New York, derived from the official statement, compared with the census of 1830.

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The whole population of New York is 2,429,481; being an increase since 1830, of 510,873; equal to the entire population of Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Delaware. White population, 2,378,212; of whom 1,207,323 are males, and 1,170,889 females. Colored population, 49,965; of whom 23,739 are males, and 26,226 are females. Among the latter are Threk Slaves, residing in Kings county. In 1830, the colored population in the state was 44,945; of whom 76 were slaves. Increase of the colored population in ten years, 5,020.

The number of pensioners in the state for revolutionary or military services, is 4,029

Colleges or universities, 12

Students in do., 5,985

Academies and grammar schools, 501

Students in do., „ 36,653

Primary and common schools, 10,871

Children in do., 501,956

Scholars at public charge, * 26,266

White persons over 20 years of age who cannot read and write, forty-tnree thousand seven hundred and fifteen.

The southern district of the state comprises the counties of New York, Greene, Ulster, Sullivan, Columbia, Putnam, Westchester, Richmond, Suffolk, Kings, Queens, Rockland, Orange, and Dutchess. Of the 708,434 white persons in said district, 13 males and 9 females are 100 years old or upwards; and of the 37,234 colored persons, 5 males and 27 females. The number of white deaf and dumb persons in said district is 361; blind, 241; insane and idiots at public charge, 304; do. at private charge, 348. Colored deaf and dumb in said district, 15; blind, 33; insane and idiots, 49.

CENSUS OF MASSACHUSETTS, 1840.

A Table, showing the population of the several counties and towns in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, as existing on the 1st day of May, 1840, as published by John P. Bigelow, Esq., the Secretary of that Commonwealth, agreeably to the direction of the Governor and Council.

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Ashburnham,

Athol,

Auburn,

Barre,

Berlin,

Uolton, .

Boylston,

Brookficld,

Charlton,

Dana,

Douglas,

Dudley,

Fitchburg,

Gardner,

Grafton,

Hardwick,

Harvard,

Holden,

Hubbardston,

Lancaster,

Leicester,

Leominster,

Lunenburg,

Mcndon,

Milford,

Millbury,

New Braintree,

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Northborough, 1,221
Northbridge, 1,336

N. Brookfield.
Oakham,
Oxford,
Paxton,
Petersham,
Phillipston,
Princeton,
Rovalston,
Rutland,
Shrewsbury,
Southborough, 1,134
Southbridgc, 1,991
Spencer,
Sterling,
Sturbridgc,
Sutton,
Templcton,
Upton,
Uxbridge,
Warren,
Webster,
Westborough, 1,616
West Boylston, 1,202
Westminster, 1,660
Winchendon, 1,679
Worcester, 7,060

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