## The Elements of Arithmetic |

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acres added addition alter amount annex answer appears apply Arithmetic asked begin called cent ciphers column common denominator contains 13 convenient cost count decimal fraction denominator difference divided dividend division divisor employed equal example EXERCISES expressed farthings feet fifth figure fingers five four francs gain given gives greater greatest common measure heap holds hund hundred inches interest least common multiple length less lower means method miles multiplied names necessary observe once pebbles pence persons pound principles proceed quantities quarter question quotient reasoning reduced remainder result right hand rule seven shillings sides signs simple sort square stand subtract Suppose it required taken tens thing third thous thousands tion twice units upper usually whole number write written yards

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Side 66 - To reduce a mixed number to an improper fraction, Multiply the whole number by the denominator of the fraction, and to the product add the numerator; under this sum write the denominator.

Side 88 - When a decimal number is to be divided by 10, 100, 1000, &c., remove the decimal point as many places to the left as there are ciphers in the divisor, and if there be not figures enough in the number, prefix ciphers.

Side 101 - Apothecaries' Weight 20 grains (gr.) = 1 scruple (3) 3 scruples = 1 dram (3) 8 drams = 1 ounce ( 3 ) 12 ounces =; 1 pound (ft...

Side 87 - To multiply a decimal by 10, 100, 1000, &c., remove the decimal point as many places to the right as there are ciphers in the multiplier ; and if there be not places enough in the number, annex ciphers.

Side 45 - II.: if the remainder thus increased be greater than the divisor, find how many times the divisor is contained in it...

Side 69 - To reduce a compound fraction to an equivalent single one. RULE. — Multiply all the numerators together for the numerator, and all the denominators together for the denominator, and they will form the fraction required.

Side 87 - Multiply as in whole numbers, and point off as many figures for decimals, in the product, as there are decimals in the multiplicand and multiplier.

Side 47 - When the divisor is 10, 100, 1000, fyc., cut off as many figures from the right hand of the dividend as there are ciphers in the divisor; the other figures of the dividend will be the quotient, and the figures cut off will be the remainder.

Side 100 - Drams make 1 Ounce 1 oz. 16 Ounces 1 Pound 1 Ib. 28 Pounds 1 Quarter 1 qr. 4 Quarters 1 Hundredweight... 1 cwt. 20 Hundredweights 1 Ton 1 Ton. In general, 1 Stone (1 st.) = 141bs. Avoirdupois, but for butchers* meat or fish, 1 Stone = 8 Ibs.