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accented accusative action active added adjectives adverbs agreeing become Cæs called classes clause common commonly comparative compounds conjugation connected consonant construction dative declension declined denotes dependent derived ěre especially Exceptions expressed feminine final fourth future gender genitive gerund grow imperative imperfect indicative INDICATIVE MOOD infinitive Latin letters limited loved manner masculine meaning MOOD names neuter nominative Note nouns object occurs omitted Ovid participle Perf perfect person Plaut Plup plur plural preceding preposition Pres present pronouns quàm quid quis quod rarely reference relation relative REMARK root rule Sall sense short signifying Sing singular sometimes subjunctive substantive supine syllable tenses termination thing third third root thou tive usually verbs verse Virg vocative vowel words
Side 43 - For the use of the vocative, also, of many words, no classical authority can be found. $ 95. 2. Nouns defective in number, want either the plural or the singular. (a.) Many nouns want the plural from the nature of the things which they express. Such are names of persons, most names of places (except those which have only the plural), the names of virtues, vices, arts, herbs, metals, minerals, liquors, and corn, most abstract nouns, and many others.
Side 63 - Pliny, proceeded no further in this method of notation. If they had occasion to express a larger number, they did it by repetition ; thus, CCCIOOO, CCCIOOO, signified two hundred thousand, &c.
Side 139 - Impersonal verbs are those which are used only in the third person singular, and do not admit of a personal subject. 1. Their English is generally preceded by the pronoun it, especially in the active voice ; as, delectat, it delights ; decet, it becomes ; contingit, it happens ; evenit, it happens ; scribltur, it is written, &c.
Side 63 - But V. and L. are never repeated. When a letter of a less value is placed before a letter of a greater, the less takes away what it stands for from the greater ; but being placed after, adds what it stands for to the greater; thus, IV. Four. V. Five. VI. Six. IX.
Side 147 - The parts of speech which are not inflected, are called by the general name of particles. They are adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections. A word may sometimes belong to two or more of these classes, according to its connection. ADVERBS. An adverb is a particle used to modify or limit the meaning of a verb, an adjective, or another adverb ; as, bene et sapienter dixit, he spoke well and wisely ; egregie fidelis, remarkably faithful ; valde bene, very well.
Side 39 - Variable, Defective, and Redundant. I. VARIABLE Nouns. Nouns are variable either in gender, or declension, or in both.
Side 276 - Those feet are called isochronous, which consist of equal times ; as the spondee, the dactyl, the anapœst, and the proceleusmatic, one long time being considered equal to two short. METRE. . . § 303. Metre is an arrangement of syllables and feet according to certain rules.
Side 83 - The subjunctive mood is that form of the verb which is used to express an action or state simply as conceived by the mind ; as, si me obsecret, redlbo ; if he entreat me, I will return.