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Galatians,

Ephesians, and Philippians.

With Commentaries by the REV. W. SANDAY, D.D., Principal

of Hatfield Hall, Durham; and by the REV. ALFRED
BARRY, D.D., Principal of King's College, London, and
Canon of Westminster.

EDITED BY CHARLES JOHN ELLICOTT, D.D.,

Lord Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol.

CASSELL, PETTER, GALPIN & Co.

LONDON, PARIS & NEW YORK.

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THE

NEW TESTAMENT COMMENTARY.

GALATIANS, with Commentary by the Rev. W. SANDAY, D.D., Principal

of Hatfield Hall, Durham.

EPHESIANS and PHILIPPIANS, with Commentary by the Rev. ALFRED

BARRY, D.D., Principal of King's College, London, and Canon of
Westminster,

INTRODUCTION

TO

THE EPISTLE OF PAUL THE APOSTLE TO THE

GALATIANS.

name

are

I. Galatia.- The name Galatia part of these dominions, with the is used in two senses. In ordinary exception of Cilicia Trachæa, bespeech it was used to designate came a single Roman province, that portion of Asia Minor lying which, for administrative purposes, chiefly between the rivers Sangarius was also known by the and Halys, which was inhabited by Galatia. the tribe of Galatæ, or Galli. This To which of these two Galatias warlike people had been invited did St. Paul address his Epistle ? over from Europe by Nicomedes, Was it to the narrower Galatiaking of Bithynia, who repaid their Galatia proper—or to the wider services by a grant of land. Issu- Galatia the Roman province ? ing forth from thence, they had There some temptations to been for a time the terror and the adopt the second of these views. scourge of Asia Minor, but they In that case we should have a had been at last driven back and graphic account of the founding of confined within the territory origin- the Galatian churches—for such ally assigned to them. These events they would be-in Acts xiii., xiv. took place in the latter half of the At Antioch in Pisidia, which we third century B.C. Their power are expressly told formed part of was broken by the Romans in B.c. the kingdom of Amyntas, the 189, and though for another cen- | Apostle had preached with tury and a half they retained a success which had called down vionominal independence, in B.C. 25 lent opposition. Iconium, to which they were formally annexed to the he retreated, appears not to have empire of Rome.

been given to Amyntas, and wheJust before this final annexation, ther it formed part of the Roman during the reign of the last king, province at this time is uncertain. Amyntas, the kingdom of Galatia There is, however, no doubt as to had been considerably enlarged. Lystra—where the two Apostles Amyntas had ranged himself on were received so enthusiasticallythe winning side in the great civil and Derbe. On the hypothesis wars, and he had received as his that the Galatia of the Epistle is reward Pisidia, Isauria, parts of the Roman province, the scenes of Lycaonia and Phrygia, and Cilicia the first missionary journey, would Trachæa. On his death the greater i be directly associated with it. On

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