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EDITED BY

THE EEVEEEND EGEBTOJJ EYEESON, D. D,

CHIEF SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS.

ASSISTED BY MR. J. GEORGE HODGEVS.
VOLUME VII.-FOR THE YEAR 1854.

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TORONTO:

PRINTED BY LOVELL AND GIBSON, CORNER OP YONGE AND MELINDA STREETS.

TEEMS.—PITH SHILLINGS FEB ANNUM, IN ADVANCE

1804.

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A

Act regulating Grammar Schools in U. C, 109.
American, Race Extinct, 83. Character, 121.

States, Origin of, Names of, 123.

Public Libraries inferiority of, 178.

Institute of Instruction, 187.
Archeological Discovery, Quebec
Africa, Exploration of Central 35, 158.
Apportionment to Public Schools, U. 0., 87.
Answers, Official to School Authorities 100, 133.
Art of Education, the 101.
Arnold, the late Rev. Dr. 113.
Advantages of U. C. System of Education 121.
Aland, Isles the 139.

Attendance at School, 99, 121, 146, 167, 198.
Academies and Colleges, Value of 163.
Age to begin School, 168.
Alma River, the 195.

B

Books for Youth and Children, 158, 168.

Book Cases, and Libraries, construction of 1.

Belleville School Examinations, 3.

British Museum, with Illustration, 77, 142.

Bavarian Schoolmasters, 88.

Berlin, Royal Library, with Illustration, 93.

Beaver, Canada Illustrated 98.

Bacon, Lord, Mother of 114.

Black-board, Recipe for making 119.

Boy Literature, 136. ,

Boy's, Guide-Posts for 1862.—Out at Night, 188.

Bibli, Statistics of the 139—its adaptedness to

Man, 160—in Schools, 167.
Brain, dont overtask the Young
Bee Culture, 167.
Brougham, Lord, 169.
Boston Primary Schools, 183.

c

Chatham, Grammar School, 3—Enterprise in 81.

Compulsory Education, 6.

Circulars, Official 5, 6, 87, 90, 91, 116.

Catalogue, Supplemental of Library Books TJ.C. 7.

Civil Service in England, Reform in 79.

Census of Great Britain, 80.

Chinese Agriculture, 81.

Certificates of Qualification, Provincial, 87, 182.

Childhood, influence of, on future Man, 94.

Classical Studies, 104,118, 119, 120, 145.

Collegiate Education, object of 120.

Children helping themselves in Life, 121, Time
and Money, 135—vs. Colts, 136—and Edu-
cation 186.

Crystal Palace, Sydenham, 128.

Code for the School, 131.

Colleges for the People, 147—Value of 168.

Copy wright in England, 154.

Coal Pit, Scientific observations in a 154.

Columbia College, U. S. 168.

Connecticut School Law, 183.

D

Dignity of the Teacher's Work, 94.
Drawing in Public Schools, 96.

Death, Ruling Passion in, 150.

Duration, Wayland's Theory of, 196

Digestion of Food, 155.

Discipline, School 174.

Difficulties in School Government, 183.

B

Editorial.

Lord Elgin in Edinburgh, 5, 164.
Compulsory Education, 6.
British Museum, 77.
Explanatory Note, 84.
Public Libraries in TJ. C. 84.
Law Relating to Libraries, 84.
Provincial Certificates, 86, 182.
Apportionment of the School Fund, 87.
Royal Library at Berlin, 94.
Grammar Schools, U. C. 100, 116.
Documents sent to School Officers, 100, 138.
The Art of Education Past and Present 101.
Frankfort City Library, 125.
Promotion of Public Libraries, TJ.C. 182,180.
To Local Superintendents, 184, 166, 181.
Educational Progress in Upper Canada, du-
ring 1853, 148.
Books for Youth and Children, 157.
Lord Elgin and Education in TJ. C. 164.
Public School Libraries, 180.
Noble Examples, 181.

Normal and Model School's Examination 181.
Educational Intelligence, 8.

Canada, 3, 81, 105, 121, 136, 152, 184.

British and Foreign, 8, 81, 105, 121, 186,
163, 169, 185.

United States, 4, 83,106, 122, 153,171,186.
Elgin and Kincardine, Earl o( 4, 164.
Ebrington Viscount, 137.
Enoravinos.

British Museum, 77.

Royal Library of Berlin, 98.

The Canada Beaver, 98.

Frankfort City Library, 125.
Europe, State of Education in 108.
East, Glimpses of Education in the 116.
English, Lady's Education in Lord Bacons time,

114, Public Schools 169.
Examination of Grammar School Masters U. C.

117, 188.

Exhibition Educational at London 187.

Energy of Successful Men, 161.

EducUor, instruments and agencies to be em-
ployed by the 174.

Employment in School, 184.

Education, the art of 101, in Europe 108, bene-
fit of dependent on good 112. Glimpses of
in the East 116, of the people 119. Colle-
giate object of 120, in Lower Canada 121,
126. Exhibition relating to 187, in U. 0.
progress of 148.

English Language and French Alliance, 196.

F

Free Schools in Canada, 79.
Friendship, 81.

Faculties, Intellectual and Moral, in regard to

Teaching, 97.
Fairy Literature, uses of 120.
Flogging Pupils, 193.
Family Conversation, 192.
French Alliance and English Language, 196.
Frankfort Library, illustrated 125.
Faench Academy, Prizes 138.
Franklin, Fate of Sir John 185.

G

Government In Schools, 96, 183.

Greek, Study of in Schools, 104.

Galvanism, discoveries in 107.

German and Swiss Teachers, 130. College Com-
mencement, 170.

Geology of Canada, 138, 154, 155.

Grant, increased, for Education in Canada, 177.

Grammar Schools in U. C. 100; law relating to
109; Study of Greek and Latin in 104, 118,
119, 145; Examination of Masters for 117;
A National Concern 134; A Worthy Exam-
ple 136.

II

Hamilton Central School, 3.
Health and Recreation, 120.
Health of Teacher and Pupila, 126.
Honor, Roll ot, for the School, 131.
"House" (of Parliament) how made 150.
House, School of the section, 179.

I

Ignorance vs. Knowledge, 120.
Intellect is reaching the grave of? 128.
Inns of Court, London 151.
Instruction, Methods of 176.
Indolence mental, of Teachers 182.
Influence of a Mother, 188.
Ireland, National Education in, 186.
"Population of, 196.

J

Japan and the Japanese 80, Physical features
of 189.

K

Knowledge necessary to good instruction 95, vs.
Ignorance 120.

L

Library Buildings and Book-cases, construction
of 1.

Literary and Scientific Intelligence 4, 83, 106
122, 138, 153, 111, 187.

Libraries in U. C., extracts from the law regu-
lating public 75, 84; Promotion of 183;
Management of 14; Books sent out to 149;
Progress of 180.

Libraries, management of Public 141, Inferiority
of American 178.

Lazy Boy, the 99.

Latin and Greek in Schools, 104.

Lower Canada, Education in 121, 176.

Life, Man entering 184.
Laval University, L. C. 184.
Literary Women, 195.

M

Macaulay, T. B. on Classical Studies 118.

Middle Class Education 137.

Mineral Discoveries in Canada, 164.

Minster, Tork 197.

Montmorenci Suspension Bridge, 200.

Mentalpowers, Preservation of 186, Indolence

of Teachers 182.
Man like a Book, 168.
Miller, Hugh as a School-boy, 178.
Memory of Kindness, 176.
Mass of the People, how are they to be educated

178

Mother's Influence, A 183. Never Forget, 198.
Moral Instruction in Schools, 198.

N

Names of American States, 123.
Nine, the figure 121.

National Education in England, Lord Brougham's

resolutions on 169.
New Brunswick, inquiry into state of Education

in 177.
Normal School, U. C. 181.
Now, 183.

New York Schools, 187.
Never forget your Mother, 193.

o

Oxford University Reform, 82, 153.
Orators Passages from distinguished 108.
Oahu College, Sandwich Islands, 199.

P

POETRY—

The Cheerful Giver, 79.

A Mound is in the Grave Yard, 98.

Christ Blessing Little Children, 150.

To the Teacher, 182.

The River Alma, 195.
Port Hope Grammar School, 81.
Perseverance, Incitement to 99.
Paris Exhibition Building, 154.
Paris L'Ecole des Beaux Arts, 107.
Peoples' College, 147.
People, Educate the 119,178.
Peril., Health of Teacher and 127, make them

love you 168; and Teacher, Relations, 191.

Palmerston, Lord on writing 121; Children, Time

and Money, 135.
Punctuality in the Teacher 121; General 186.
Preparation for School, 146.
Population of Ireland, 196.

of Mexico, 196.

of various Countries, 197.

and Distances, Table of 197.
Progress, Educational U. C. 148.
Primary Schools, importance of 161, in Boston 18S.
Pitt's Shyness, 162.
Prayer and Bible in School, 167.
Prussia and its University, 168.
Pennsylvania Schools, 171.
Progress, 184.

Pompeii, Artistic Workmanship at 184.
Prizes in Common Schools, 184.
Polish Schools, 186.

Q

Queen Victoria, as a Wife and Mother, 144.
Queen's Colleges, Ireland, 185.

E

Reviews, Edition of the British 88.
Recreation necessary to Health, 120.
Rules of School, 99, 120, 174—Worthy of Imi-
tation, 121—Code of 131.
Rings, Wedding 121.
Ridicule, 121.

Ragged Schools in England, 105, 169.
Russia.

The Czar and his connexions, 79.
The Town ot Odessa, 99.
The Publications and Newspapers, 122,171.
The Statistics of 139.
How they Educate the People, 178.
Principal Towns in the Crimea, 197.
Relations of Teacher and Pupil, 191.

S

Scotchman, what he may become 2.

Sorrow and Resignation, 2.

Supplemental Catalogue of Library Books, TJ. 0.

7.

Superannuated Teachers, U. C. 86.

Solemn Thought, 119.

Swiss and German Teachers, 180.

Soul, The 147.

Salaries and Services, 150.

Successful Men, their Energy 161.

Spend, its what yon 167.

Scholar, Penitent the 167-

Self-Culture, its relations to Teaching, 190.

Sandwich Islands, Oahu College, 199.

Statistics., Russian, 139—Educational, 168—
Pennsylvania School, 170—National Educa-
tion, Ireland, 185.

T

Teacher's Work, Dignity of 94.

Teacher, Health of Pupils and 126—In the

School room, 179, and Flogging, 198.
Teaching and the Moral Faculties, 97—The

Grave of Intellect? 128.
Times, the London 120,122.
Teach the greatest number, 151.
Time, 168.

Tenterden, Late Lord 166.
Truancy in Schools, 167.

Township system of Schools in Connecticut, 181.
Telegraph, Experiments with the 185.
Trinity College, Dublin, 105,199.
Trinity College, Toronto, 105,199.
Trifles, 193.

Toronto City Schools, 198.

u

University College, Toronto, 8, 81, 165, 194,1 i8.
University of Berlin, 166.
Universe, University of the 186.
Uncle Tom's Cabin, "History of 107.

V

Victoria College, 106, 184.
Victoria, Qneen 144.
Victoria Bridge, Montreal, 200.

W

Wellington College, England, 82.

Wedding Rings, 121.

Writing, Lord Palmerston 121.

Wars since 1688, 166.

Wiseman, Cardinal 169.

Winter Schools, 192.

Wayland, Rev. Dr.,on Duration, 19S.

Women, Literary 195.

T

Young Folks at School, 99.
Young, Capital for the 120.
Youthful mind, 168.
York Minster, 197.

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CONTENTS OF THIS NUMBER. Fagb

I. Hints on the Construction of Public Libraries, kc 1

II. Miscellaneous—1. Scotchmen abroad. 2. Sorrow and Resig

nation 2

III. Educational Intelligence—1. Canada. 2 British and Foreign.

8. United States 8

IV. Literary and Scientific Intelligence—Monthly Summary 4

V. Editorial—1. Lord Elgin in Edinburgh. J. Compulsory Education 6

VI. Official Circulars —1 On the appointment of Grammar

School Trustees. 2. Explanatory—In forwarding Library
Books 5

VII. Supplementary General Catalogue of Books for Public Li

braries in Upper O mada 1

[.iV.Z?.—ATo Book mentioned in this Catalogue will be disposed of
to any private individual, or for any other purpose than for
that of Public Libraries. ]

HINTS UPON THE CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC LIBRARY

BUILDINGS AND BOOK CASES.

The following article was prepared by an intelligent German gentleman, who has paid much attention to the subject of Libraries. We commend to our readers the ^

valuable suggestions he has | ( I I 1 3

made, and the interesting facts he has stated:

Architects intrusted with the structure of public buildings, generally think it of greater importance to give the exterior a splendid appearance, than to combine convenience and comfort in the interior. A church, however beautiful its front, however harmonious the proportions of the interior may be, is constructed improperly if the congregation or the larger portion of it, cannot catch the

sermon of the preacher. A cathedral or church, even should it be .built in the purest and noblest style, answers very badly the purpose for which it is intended if those present are not enabled to si'e and hea well in all parts of the house. Unfortunately, architects endeavor too frequently to make their names celebrated by commanding facades, put up according to the rules of architecture, while they care very little about the purpose for which the edifice is appointed. On the other hand, a librarian knows generally very little about regular architectural beauty, even though he may pride himself upon the diligent study of Kufckin'b eminent works; but he ought to understand well

how to make the best use of room, and must be thoroughly acquainted with the most convenient arrangements for his books.

In contemplating the erection of an edifice for a library, it is most necessary to consider the means of protection from the dangers of fire and water, and other destructive influences; the choice of a site re mote from a noisy or dangerous neighborhood, such as that of theatres, factories, <fcc., but notwithstanding, conveniently situated for the visitors of the library; a regard to the w.sest use of room, as well as to the comfortable and elegant arrangement of the interior; and finally, the possibility of an enlargement, if if should become necessary.

The plan ol heating rooms with warmed air and lighting them with gas, is probably the best known and most approved, in consequence ot its efficiency, and the almost entire annihilation of the dangers of fire. For these reasons it is the best method to be adopted in a publio library.

Economy in the use of room is one of the most essential requisites in an edifice destined for a collection of book?. The apartments should either only be so high that the top shelves are easily accessible by a light and transportable ladder, or be crowned with galleries, on which cases for books may be placed.

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In some of the libraries and reading room s, skylights with panes of muffled glass have been in traduced with great success. They admit light enough, and at the same time afford protection from the dazzling rays of the sun. The most suitable form for a library room seems to be a long and wide saloon, well lighted from above or both sides.

The book shelves should be fixed either to the walla, or if the room does not admit of it, they should form small recesses like those annexed on this and the next page:

A. Entrance.

B. Principal Desk.

C. Desk of Librarian.

D. " " Assistant Librarian.

E. " " Junior Librarian.

F. Railing.

G. Book-shelves, or recesses.

H. Doors in the railing.

Besides the room destined for the library itself, there ought to be a reading-room and some ether smaller apartments. It i

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