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History is past Politics and Politics present Alstory.-Freeman

TENTH SERIES

IV

CHURCH AND STATE

IN

EARLY MARYLAND.

BY GEORGE PETRIE, Ph. D.

Professor of History, Alabama Polytechnic Institute.

BALTIMORE

THE JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS

PUBLISHED MONTHLY

April, 1892

JUN 2 1992

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CHURCH AND STATE IN EARLY MARYLAND.

The purpose of this monograph is to trace the relation of State to Church in Maryland from the foundation of the colony in 1634 down to the establishment of the Church of England in 1692. The subject will be treated under the following heads :

1. The Provisions of the Charter with regard to Religion.

2. The Period from the Founding of the Colony to the Act of Toleration in 1649. Here the object will be to trace the development of religious freedom.

3. The Period from the Act of Toleration in 1649 to the Protestant Revolution of 1689. During this period the object will be to trace the history of the religious toleration already established.

4. The Protestant Revolution and the Establishment of the Church of England in 1692.

The subject will be examined under these four heads in the order in which they are given above. At the end of each will be stated our conclusions on that division. A brief summary at the close of the paper will give the conclusions that we believe may be drawn from the whole inquiry.

I.-THE PROVISIONS OF THE CHARTER WITH REGARD TO

RELIGION.

The following extracts give the parts that bear directly on the question:

(a) Whereas our well beloved and right trusty subject Cecelius Calvert, Baron of Baltimore, in our kingdom of Ire

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