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a man, and selleth him, or if he be him: either his uncle or his uncle's found in his hand, he shall surely son may redeem him, or any that is be put to death. — 20. And if a man nigh of kin unto him of his family smite his servant, or his maid, with may redeem him ; or if he be able, a rod, and he die under his hand ; he may redeem himself. And he he shall be surely punished. Not- shall reckon with him that bought withstanding, if he continue a day him from the year that he was sold or two, he shall not be punished: to him unto the year of jubilee: for he is bis money. – 26. And if a and the price of his sale shall be man smite the eye of his servant, according unto the number of years, or the eye of his maid, that it perish; according to the time of an hired serhe shall let him go free for his eye's vant shall it be with him. If there be sake. And if he smite out his man- yet many years behind, according unservant's tooth, or his maid-ser- to then he shall give again the price vant's tooth; he shall let him go of his redemption out of the money free for his tooth's sake.
that he was bought for. And if there 22: 28. Thou shalt not revile remain but few years unto the year the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy of jubilee, then he shall count with people.
him, and according unto his years Lev. 25: 39. And if thy brother shall he give him again the price of that dwelleth by thee be waxen poor, his redemption. And as a yearly and be sold unto thee; thou shalt hired servant shall he be with him: not compel him to serve as a bond- and the other shall not rule with servant : but as an hired servant, rigor over him in thy sight. And if and as a sojourner, he shall be with he be not redeemed in these years, thee, and shall serve thee unto the then he shall go out in the year of year of jubilee: and then shall he jubilee, both he, and his children depart from thee, both he and his with him. For unto me the children children with him, and shall return of Israel are servants ; they are my unto his own family, and unto the servants whom I brought forth out possession of his fathers shall be of the land of Egypt: I am the return. For they are my servants, | LORD your God. which I brought forth out of the land of Egypt: they shall not be 1 Deut. 15: 12. And if thy brosold as bondmen. Thou shalt not ther, an Hebrew man, or an Hebrew rule over him with rigor; but shalt woman, be sold unto thee, and serve fear thy God. Both thy bondmen, thee six years ; then in the seventh and thy bondmaids, which thou year thou shalt let him go free from shalt have, shall be of the heathen thee. And when thou sendest him that are round about you ; of them out free from thee, thou shalt not shall ye buy bondmen and bond- let him go away empty: thou shalt maids. Moreover of the children furnish him liberally out of thy of the strangers that do sojourn flock, and out of thy floor, and out among you, of them shall ye buy, of thy wine-press: of that wherewith and of their families that are the LORD thy God hath blessed thee with you, which they begat in thou shalt give unto him. your land: and they shall be your 23: 15. Thou shalt not deliver possession. And ye shall take them unto his master the servant which as an inheritance for your children is escaped from his master unto after you, to inherit them for a pos- thee: he shall dwell with thee, even session ; they shall be your bond- among you, in that place which he men forever: but over your brethren shall choose in one of thy gates, the children of Israel, ye shall not where it liketh him best: thou shalt rule one over another with rigor. not oppress him. And if a sojourner or stranger wax 24: 7. If a man be found stealing rich by thee, and thy brother that any of his brethren of the children dwelleth by him wax poor, and sell of Israel, and maketh merchandise himself unto the stranger or so- of him, or selleth him; then that journer by thee, or to the stock of thief shall die; and 'thou shalt the stranger's family: after that he put evil away from amoug you. is sold he may be redeemed again ; 14. Thou shalt not oppress an hired one of his brethren may redeem servant that is poor and needy,
whether he be of thy brethren, or of land unto all the inhabitants thereof; thy strangers that are in thy land it shall be a jubilee unto you; and within thy gates: at his day thou ye shall return every man unto his shalt give him his hire, neither shall possession, and ye shall return every the sun go down upon it ; for he man unto his family. A jubilee shall is poor and setteth his heart upon that fiftieth year be unto you: ye it: lest he cry against thee unto the shall not sow, neither reap that LORD, and it be sin unto thee. which groweth of itself in it, por
25: 4. Thou shalt not muzzle the gather the grapes in it of thy vine ox when he treadeth out the corn. undressed. For it is the jubilee;
Jer. 34:13. Thus saith the Lord, it shall be holy unto you: ye shall the God of Israel ; I made a cove eat the increase thereof out of the nant with your fathers in the day field. In the year of this jubilee ye that I brought them forth out of the shall return every man unto his posland of Egypt, out of the house of session. And if thou sell aught bondmen, saying, At the end of seven unto thy neighbor, or buyest aught years let ye go every man his brother of thy neighbor's hand, ye shall not an Hebrew, which hath been sold oppress one another: according to unto thee; and when he hath served the number of years after the jubithee six years, thou shalt let him go lee thou shalt buy of thy neighbor, free from thee. But your fathers and according unto the number of harkened not unto me, neither in- years of the fruits he shall sell unto clined their ear. And ye were now thee: according to the multitude of turned, and had done right in my years thou shalt increase the price sight, in proclaiming liberty every ihereof, and according to the fewman to his neighbor; and ye had ness of years thou shalt diminish made a covenant before me in the the price of it: for according to the house which is called by my name: number of the years of the fruits but ye turned and polluted my name, doth he sell unto thee. Ye shall not and caused every man his servant, therefore oppress one another ; but and every man his handmaid, whoin thou shalt fear thy God: for I am he had set at liberty at their pleas- | the LORD your God. — 23. The land ure, to return, and brought them into shall not be sold forever : for the subjection, to be unto you for ser land is mine ; for ye are strangers vants and for handmaids. There- and sojourners with me. And in all fore thus saith the LORD; Ye have the land of your possession ye shall not harkened unto me, in proclaim- grant a redemption for the land. If ing liberty, every one to his brother, thy brother be waxen poor, and hatha and every man to his neighbor: be- sold away some of his possession, hold, I proclaim a liberty for you, and if any of his kin come to resaith the Lord, to the sword, to the deem it, then shall he redeem that pestilence, and to the famine; and which his brother sold. And if the I will make you to be removed into man have none to redeem it, and all the kingdoms of the earth. himself be able to redeem it; then
let him count the years of the sale thereof, and restore the overplus
unto the man to whom he sold it; $ 12. LAW OF INHERITANCE. that he may return unto his posses
sion. But if he be not able to reLev. 25: 8. And thou shalt num store it to him, then that which is ber seven sabbaths of years unto sold shall remain in the hand of him thee, seven times seven years; and that hath bought it until the year of the space of the seven sabbaths of jubilee: and in the jubilee it shall years shall be unto thee forty-and- go out, and he shall return unto his nine years. Then shalt thou cause possession. And if a man sell a the trumpet of the jubilee to sound, dwelling-house in a walled city, then on the tenth day of the seventh he may redeem it within a whole month, in the day of atonement year after it is sold. shall ye make the trumpet sound Num. 27: 4. Why should the throughout all your land. And ye name of our father be done away shall hallow the fiftieth year, and from among his family, because he proclaim liberty throughout all the hath no son? Give unto us there
fore a possession among the brethren for the people to Godward, that thou of our father. And Moses brought mayest bring the causes unto God: their cause before the LORD. And and thou shalt teach them ordinanthe Lord spake unto Moses, saying, ces and laws, and shalt show them The daughters of Zelophehad speak the way wherein they must walk, right: thou shalt surely give them a and the work that they must do. possession of an inheritance among Moreover thou shalt provide out of their father's brethren ; and thou all the people able men, such as fear shalt cause the inheritance of their God, men of truth, hating covetousfather to pass unto them. And thou ness; and place such over them, to shalt speak unto the children of be rulers of thousands, and rulers of Israel, saying, If a man die, and hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers have no son, then ye shall cause his of tens: and let them judge the peoinheritance to pass unto his daugh- ple at all seasons: and it shall be, ter. And if he have no daughter, that every great matter they shall then ye shall give his inheritance bring unto thee, but every small unto his brethren. And if he have matter they shall judge: so shall it no brethren, then ye shall give his be easier for thyself, and they shall inheritance unto his father's breth-bear the burden with thee. If thou ren. And if his father have no shalt do this thing, and God combrethren, then ye shall give his in- mand thee so, then thou shalt he heritance unto his kinsman that is able to endure, and all this people next to him of his family, and he shall also go to their place in peace. shall possess it: and it shall be unto So Moses hearkened to the voice of the children of Israel a statute of his father-in-law, and did all that he judgment, as the Lord commanded had said. And Moses chose able Moses.
men out of all Israel, and made Deut. 21 : 17. The first born them heads over the people, rulers shall receive a double portion of all of thousands, rulers of hundreds, that he hath.
rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens. And they judged the people at all
the hard causes they
brought unto Moses, but every small § 13. JUDICIARY SYSTEM. matter they judged themselves.
Deut. 16: 18. Judges and officers Ex. 18: 13. And it came to pass shalt thou make thee in all thy gates, on the morrow, that Moses sat to which the Lord thy God giveth thee, judge the people: and the people throughout thy tribes: and they shall stood by Moses from the morning judge the people with just judgment. unto the evening. And when Moses | Thou shalt not wrest judgment; thou father-in-law saw all that he did to shalt not respect persons, neither the people, he said, What is this take a gift: for a gift doth blind the thing that thou doest to the people ? eyes of the wise, and pervert the why sittest thou thyself alone, and words of the righteous. That which all the people stand by thee from is altogether just shalt thou follow, morning unto even ? And Moses that thou mayest live, and inherit said unto his father-in-law, Because the land which the Lord thy God the people come unto me to inquire giveth thee. of God; when they have a matter, they come unto me; and I judge between one and another, and I do make them know the statutes of God, and his laws. And Moses' father-in-law said unto him, The thing that thou doest is not good. Thou wilt surely wear away, both thou, and this people that is with thee: for this thing is too heavy for thee; thou art not able to perform it thyself alone. Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee counsel, and God shall be with thee: be thou
do. And he said unto them, Full CHAPTER IV.
well ye reject the commandment of
God, that ye may keep your own MORALITY
tradition.-14. And when he had THE GOSPEL :
called all the people unto him, he SAVIOR's CONSTRUCTION
said unto them, Hearken unto me, OF THE MORAL LAW.
every one of you, and understand :
There is nothing from without a man, § 1. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS. that entering into him can defile him;
but the things which come out of him, I. Perpetual obligation of the Moral those are they that defile the man. Law.
If any man hath ears to hear let him
hear. And when he was entered inMat, 5:17. Think not that I am to the house from the people, his come to destroy the law or the proph- disciples asked him concerning the ets: I am not come to destroy, but parable. And he saith unto them, to fulfil. For verily I say unto you, Are ye so without understanding Till heaven and earth pass, one jot also ? Do ye not perceive, that or one tittle shall in no wise pass whatsoever thing from without enfrom the law, till all be fulfilled. tereth into the man, it cannot defile Whosoever, therefore, shall break him: because it entereth not into one of these least commandments, his heart, but into the belly, and and shall teach men so, he shall be goeth out into the draught, purging called the least in the kingdom of all meats? And he said, 'That which heaven: but whosoever shall do and cometh out of the man, that defileth teach them, the same shall be called the man. For from within, out great in the kingdom of Heaven. of the heart of men, proceed evil For I say unto you, That except thoughts, adulteries, murders, thefts, your righteousness shall exceed the covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasrighteousness of the scribes and Phar- civiousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, isees, ye shall in no case enter into pride, foolishness : all these evil the kingdom of heaven.
things come from within, and defile LUKE 16: 16. The law and the the man. prophets were until John: since that LUKE 6: 31. And as ye would time the kingdom of God is preach- that men should do to you, do ye ed, and every man presseth into it. also to them likewise. And it is easier for heaven and earth 10: 29. But he, willing to justify to pass, than one tittle of the law himself, said unto Jesus, And who to fail.
is my neighbor? And Jesus answer
ing, said, A certain man went down II. Extent of Moral Obligation. from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell
among thieves, which stripped him Mar. 7: 12. Therefore all things of his raiment, and wounded him, whatsoever ye would that men should and departed, leaving him half dead. do to you, do ye even so to them: And by chance there came down a for this is the law and the prophets. certain priest that way; and when
22: 37. Jesus said unto him, he saw him, he passed by on the Thou shalt love the Lord thy God other side. And likewise a Levite, with all thy heart, and with all thy when he was at the place, came and soul, and with all thy mind. This is looked on him, and passed by on the the first and great commandment. other side. But a certain Samaritan, And the second is like unto it, Thou as he journeyed, came where he shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. was: and when he saw him, he had On these two commandments hang compassion on him; and went to all the law and the prophets. him, and bound up his wounds, pour
MARK 7: 7. Howbeit, in vain do iny in oil and wine, and set him on they worship me, teaching for doc- his own beast, and brought him to trines the commandments of men. an inn, and took care of him. And For laying aside the commandment on the morrow, when he departed, of God, ye hold the tradition of men, he took out two pence, and gave as the washing of pots and cups: them to the host, and said unto him, and many other such like things ye 'Take care of him: and whatsoever
thou spendest more, when I come gotten that he was purged from his again I will repay thee. Which now old sins. of these three, thinkest thou, was neighbor unto him that fell among the thieves? And he said, he that showed mercy on him. Then said Jesus § 2. EXPOSITION OF THE FIRST AND unto him, Go, and do thou likewise.
1 Rom. 7: 7. What shall we say Mat. 22: 37. Thou shalt love then? Is the law sin? God forbid. | the Lord thy God, with all thy heart Nay, I had not known sin, but by the and with all thy soul and with all law: for I had not known lust, ex- | thy mind. This is the first and great cept the law had said, Thou shalt commandment. not covet. But sin, taking occasion MARK 12: 29. Hear, O Israel, the by the commandment, wrought in Lord our God is one Lord. me all manner of concupiscence. Mat. 4: 10. It is written, Thou For without the law, sin was dead. shalt worship the Lord thy God, and For I was alive without the law him only shalt thou serve. once : but when the commandment 6: 24. No man can serve two came, sin revived, and I died. And masters. For either he will hate the the commandment which was ordain one and love the other, or else he ed to life, I found to be unto death. will hold to the one and despise the For sin, taking occasion by the com other. Ye. cannot serve God and mandment, deceived me, and by Mammon. it slew me.
Wherefore the law is John 14: 15. If ye love me, keep holy, and the commandment holy, my commandments. and just, and good.
15: 10. If ye keep my commandGAL. 5: 14. For all the law is ments, ye shall abide in my love. fulfilled in one word, even in this: 14: 23. If a man love me, he will Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thy- keep my words, and my Father will self.
love him. He that loveth me not 1 Tim. 1: 8. But we know that keepeth not my sayings. the law is good, if a man use it law i Jonn 5: 3. For this the love fully; knowing this that the law is of God, that we keep his commandnot made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, for Rom. 1: 20. They are without exthe ungodly and for sinners, for un cuse ; because that, when they knew holy and profane, for murderers of God, they glorified him not as God, fathers, and murderers of mothers, neither were thankful, but became for man-slayers, for whoremongers, vain in their imaginations.
23. for them that defile themselves with And changed the glory of the incormankind, for men-stealers, for liars, ruptible God into an image made for perjured persons, and if there be like to corruptible man, &c. any other thing that is contrary to 2 Cor. 6: 16. What agreement sound doctrine.
hath the temple of God with idols? JAMES 2: 10. For whosoever shall 1 John 5: 21. Little children, keep the whole law, and yet offend keep yourselves from idols. in one point, he is guilty of all.
2 Peter 1: 5. And besides this, giving all diligence, add to your faith, virtue ; and to virtue, knowl
3. OF PROFANENESS. edge; and to knowledge, temperance; and to temperance, patience ; MAT. 5: 33. Ye have heard that and to patience, godliness; and to it hath been said by them of old godliness, brotherly kindness ; and time, Thou shalt not forswear thyto brotherly kindness, charity.' For self, but shalt perform unto the if these things be in you, and abound, Lord, thine oaths : but I say unto they make you that ye shall neither you, Swear not at all: neither by be barren nor unfruitful in the knowl- heaven, for it is God's throne: nor edge of our Lord Jesus Christ. But by the earth, for it is his foot-stool: he that lacketh these things is blind, neither by Jerusalem, for it is the and cannot see afar off; and hath for- | city of the great king. Neither shalt