The Behring Sea Controversy
A.B. King, 1892 - 102 sider
Contains a legal analysis of the documents leading to, and published during the sealing controversy between the United States and Great Britain. (Arctic Bib. 16694).
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adverse possession agreement Alaska American applied argument asserted authority Bayard bays Behring Sea belong belt Blaine Britain British called Canadian citizens claim closed coast common conferred consent countries defense distance doctrine dominion drawn enclosed England exclusive exercise express extend fact fishery fishing foreign fur seal further given Government ground headland hundred interest International Law islands jurisdiction killing land latitude leagues less limit Lord Salisbury March marine maritime matter means ment MICHIGAN miles nation navigation necessary never Ortolan Pacific Ocean parties passed person Phil portion possession precedent prescription present President pretensions privilege prohibition protection question reason reference regard regulation respect rule Russia says Secretary seizures ships shores sovereignty straits territorial three miles tion treaty Twiss United Vattel vessels waters West Wharton Wheaton whole
Side 16 - Pacific Ocean," as used in the treaty of 1825 between Great Britain and Russia, and what rights, if any, in the Behring Sea were held and exclusively exercised by Russia after said treaty ? 4.
Side 32 - Island, which point lies in the parallel of 54 degrees 40 minutes north latitude, and between the 131st and 133d degree of west longitude (meridian of Greenwich), the said line shall ascend to the north along the channel called Portland Channel, as far as the point of the continent where it strikes the 56th degree of north latitude...
Side 40 - Noonarbook, and proceeds due north without limitation, into the same Frozen Ocean. The same western limit, beginning at the same initial point, proceeds thence in a course nearly southwest, through Behring's Straits and Behring's Sea, so as to pass midway between the northwest point of the island of St.
Side 40 - Choukotski, to the meridian of 172 west longitude; thence, from the intersection of that meridian, in a southwesterly direction, so as to pass midway between the island of Attou and the Copper island of the...
Side 15 - Sea, and what exclusive rights in the seal fisheries therein, did Russia assert and exercise prior and up to the time of the cession of Alaska to the United States?
Side 40 - The western limit within which the territories and dominion conveyed are contained passes through a point in Behring's straits on the parallel of...
Side 30 - With regard to the suggestion, that the Russian government might have justified the exercise of sovereignty over the Pacific ocean, as a close sea, because it claims territory both on its American and Asiatic shores, it may suffice to say, that the distance from shore to shore on this sea, in latitude 51 north, is not less than 90 degrees of longitude, or 4000 miles.
Side 31 - The United States can admit no part of these claims. Their right of Navigation and of Fishing is perfect and has been in constant exercise from the earliest times after the Peace of 1783, throughout the whole extent of the Southern Ocean, subject only to the ordinary exceptions and exclusions of the territorial Jurisdictions, which so far as Russian rights are concerned, are confined to certain Islands, North of the 55th. degree of Latitude, and have no existence on the Continent of America.
Side 72 - And the United States hereby renounce forever, any liberty heretofore enjoyed or claimed by the inhabitants thereof, to take, dry, or cure fish on, or within three marine miles of any of the coasts, bays, creeks, or harbours of His Britannic Majesty's dominions in America not included within the above-mentioned limits...
Side 96 - In the opinion of the President, the Canadian vessels arrested and detained in the Behring Sea were engaged in a pursuit that was in itself contra bonos mores, a pursuit which of necessity involves a serious and permanent injury to the rights of the Government and people of the United States.