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CONTENTS.

CHAPTER 1.- 1. Introduction. 2. Expedition of general Hull. 3.

March through the Indian country. 4. Invasion of Canada. 5. Re-

connoitering on the Thames. 6. Attack on the British advanced posts.

7. Fall of Michillimackinac. 8. Policy of Britain and America to-

wards the Indians. 9. Skirmishing. 10. American supplies inter-

cepted. 11. Battle of Maguago. 12. Canada evacuated. 13. De.

troit summoned. 14. Surrender of the army. 15. Massacre at Chi.

cago

1

CHAPTER II.- 1. Character of the American navy. 2. Cruise of

the squadron under commodore Rodgers. 3. Pursuit of the Belvidera.

4. Escape of the Constitution. 5. Capture of the Guerriere. 6. Cruise

of the Essex. 7. Rodgers' second cruise. 8. The Argus. 9. Cap-

ture of the Macedonian. 10. Capture of the Frolick and Wasp.

11. Affairs on the lakes. 12. Capture of the Caledonia and De-

troit. 13. Battle of Queenstown. 14. Smyth’s abortive expedition 13

CHAPTER III.- 1. Military ardour of the western states. 2. Fort

Wayne relieved. 3. Indian expeditions. 4. March through the

wilderness to Fort Defiance. 5. Failure of Tupper's projected

expedition. 6. Expedition to the rapids of the Miami. 7. Second

expedition thither. 8. Siege of Fort Harrison. 9. Relief of that

post. 10. Expedition against the Peoria towns. 11. Destruction of

the Indian towns on the Wabash. 12. Destruction of the Indian towns

on the Mississinewa. 13. Expedition against the Florida Indians 29

CHAPTER IV.-31. The Bonne Citoyenne challenged. 2. Capture

and destruction of the Java. 3. Capture and destruction of the Peacock.

4. Cruise of the Chesapeake. 5. Captured by the Shannon. 6. Capture

of the Argus. 7. Capture of the Boxer. 8. Cruise of the President

and Congress. 9. Cruise of the Essex. 10. Loss of national vessels.

11. American privateers. 12. The Rolla. 13. The Comet. 14.

The General Armstrong. 15. The Decatur.

CHAPTER V.-1. Battle near the River Raisin. 2. Battle of French.

town. 3. Massacre of the prisoners. 4. Fort Meigs constructed.

5. Siege of Fort Meigs. 6. Skirmishing on the St. Lawrence. 7.

Capture of Ogdensburg. 8. Capture of York. 9. Capture of Fort

George. 10. Generals Chandler and Winder made prisoners. 11.

Capture of Bærstler's detachment. 12. Attack on Sackett's Har.

bour. 13. Sodus burnt. 14. Second attempt on Sackett's Harbour.

15. Attack on Black Rock. 16. Siege of Lower Sandusky

CHAPTER VI.-S 1. Norfolk threatened by a British squadron. 2. Bom.

bardment of Lewistown. 3. Capture of the Dolphin, &c. 4. Ac-

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tion between the Fox and Adeline. 5. Annapolis and Baltimore
threatened. 6. Burning of the villages of Havre-de-Grace, &c. 7. At-
tack on Craney Island. 8. Outrages at Hampton. 9. Decator's
squadron driven into New London. 10. Attempt to blow up the Ra-

milies. 11. Explosion of a torpedo

83

CHAPTER VII.- 1. Cruises on lake Erie. 2. Capture of the Brit-

ish squadron. 3. Evacuation of Malden and Detroit. 4. Capture of

the British army. 5. Moderation of the conquerors. 6. Expedition

to the Peoria lake. 7. Inactivity of the army at Fort George. 8.

Chauncey's cruises on lake Ontario. 9. Engagement with the Royal

George under Kingston batteries. - 10. Engagement with Yeo's squa-

dron. 11. Yeo chased round the lake. 12. Chauncey's second engage-

ment with Yeo. 13. Capture of the British transports

91

CHAPTER VIII. 1. Movements on lake Champlain. 2. General

Hampton invades Canada. 3. Wilkinson moves down the St. Lawrence.

4. Battle of Williamsburgh. 5. Hampton declines a junction. 6.

The army moves into winter-quarters. 7. Evacuation of Fort

George. 8. Fort Niagara taken by storm. 9. The Niagara frontier

laid waste

108

CHAPTER IX.- 1. Events on the southern frontier. 2. Seizure of

Mobile. 3. War with the Creek Indians. 4. Capture of Fort Mims.

5. Battle of Tallushatches. 6. Battle of Talledega. 7. Destruction

of the Hillibee towns. 8. Battle of Autossee. 9. Expedition to the

Tallapoosie river. 10. Prospects of 11. Retaliation. 12. Cor-

respondence on the employment of the Indians

118

OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS.

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American and British accounts of the capture of the Macedonian

196

Capture of the Caledonia and the Detroit

Battle of Queenstown

[105

Affair at St. Regis

(110

Cruize of the squadron on lake Ontario

(112

Cannonading between Forts George and Niagara

General Smyth's expedition

(118

Indian warfare

(122

American and British accounts of the capture and destruction of

the Jaya

(154

(99

(1164

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ANNALS OF AMERICA.

AMERICA.

CHAPTER I.

§ 1. Introduction. 52. Expedition of general Hull. 53. March through

the Indian country. $ 4. Invasion of Canada. 5 5. Reconnoitering on the Thames. $ 6. Attack on the British advanced posts. 57. Fall of Michillimackinac. $ 8. Policy of Britain and America towards the Indians 59. Skirmishing. $ 10. American supplies intercepted. S 11. Battle of Maguago. $ 12. Canada evacuated. S 13. Detroit summoned. $ 14. Surrender of thc army. $ 15. Massacre at Chicago.

8 1. DURING the last thirty years the United States has been increasing in population and wealth in a ratio unparalleled in history. Within that period, its numbers have been more than doubled, while its forests have been rapidly changing into cultivated fields, and flourishing towns and villages rising, as if by magic, in the midst of the wilderness. These blessings, however, have not been entirely unalloyed. The rapid increase of wealth has introduced luxury, with its accompanying evils, and has, especially in the larger cities, considerably sullied our republican simplicity of manners. Our extensive commerce, too, has embroiled us with several of the European powers, and finally involved us in war; while the thirst for speculation which it has excited in almost every class, has undoubtedly had a demoralizing tendency, though not perhaps in the degree attributed to it by some politicians, who have placed solely to that account the want of public spirit and nationality, which has

been charged to this country. The present war, whatever ► other evils it may have introduced, has certainly checked this evil. It has raised the character of the nation in the

eyes

of foreign powers, and erected an altar of national glory on which all local prejudices have been sacrificed, and politicians of every party have joined hand in hand to celebrate the triumphs of our country.

In commencing this work, we have chosen the declaration of war against Great Britain as a point from whence to set out. Historical events in general are so closely connected, that it is difficult to give a clear account of any particular period, without VOL. II.

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