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Kingston, May 30, 1812. I have the honour to report to your excellency, that in conformity to an arranged plan of operations with commodore sir James Yeo, the fleet of boats assembled astern of his ship at ten o'clock on the night of the 20th instant, with the troops placed under my command, and led by a gun-boat, under the direction of captain Molcaster, of the royal navy, proceeded towards Sackett's Harbour, in the order prescribed to the troops, in case the detachment was obliged to march in column, viz. the grenadier company, 100th, with one section of the Royal Scots, two companies of the 8th or King's, four of the 104th, two of the Canadian Voltigeurs, two six-poun. ders, with their gunners, and a company of Glengary light infantry, were embarked on board a light schooner, which was proposed to be towed, under the direction of officers of the
navy, so as to insure the guns being landed in time, to support the advance of the troops. Although the night was dark, with rain, the boats assembled in the vicinity of Sackett's Harbour, by one o'clock, in compact and regular order, and in this position it was intended to remain, until the day broke, in the hope of effecting a landing before the enemy could be prepared to line the woods with troops, which surround the coast; but unfortunately, a strong current drifted the boats considerably, while the darkness of the night, and ignorance of the coast, prevented them from recovering the proper station until the day dawned, when the whole pulled for the point of deharkation.
It was my intention to have landed in the cove formed by Horse island, but on approaching it we discovered the enemy were fully prepared by a very heavy fire of musketry from the surrounding woods, which were filled with infantry, supported with a field piece. I directed the boats to pull round to the other side of the island, where a landing was effected in good order and with little loss, although executed in the face of a corps formed with a field piece in the wood, and under the enfilade of a heavy gun of the enemy's principal battery. The advance was led by the grenadiers of the 100th regiment with undaunted gallantry, which no obstacle could arrest; a narrow causeway
many places under water, not more than four feet wide, and about 400 paces in length, which connected the island and main land, was occupied by the enemy in great force with a six-pounder. It was forced and carried in the most spirited manner, and the gun
taken before a second discharge could be made from it; a tumbril, with a few rounds of ammunition, was found, but unfortunately the artillerymen were still behind, the schooner not having been able to get up in time, and the troops were exposed to so heavy and galling a fire from so numerous but almost invisible foe, as to render it impossible to halt for the artillery to come up. At this spot two paths led in opposite directions round the hill. I directed colonel Young of the King's regiment, with half of the detachment, to penetrate by the left, and major Drummond of the 104th, to force the path by the right, which proved to be more open and was less occupied by the enemy. On the left the wood was very thick, and was most obstinately maintained by the enemy.
The gun-boats which had covered our landing, afforded material aid, by firing into the woods, but the American soldier secure behind a tree, was only to be dislodged by the bayonet. The spirited advance of a section produced the flight of hundreds from this observation all firing was directed to cease, and the detachment being formed in as regular order as the nature of the ground would admit, pushed forward through the wood upon the enemy, who, although greatly superior in numbers, and supported by field-pieces, and a heavy fire from their fort, fled with precipitation to their block-house and fort, abandoning one of their guns. The division under colonel Young was joined in the charge by that under major Drummond, which was executed with such spirit and promptness, that many of the enemy fell in their enclosed barracks, which were set on fire by our troops; at this point the further energies of the troops became unavailing.
Their block-house and stockaded battery could not be carried by assault, nor reduced by field-pieces, had we been provided with them ; the fire of the gun-boats proved inefficient to attain that end-light and adverse winds continued, and our larger vessels were still far off. The
turned the heavy ordnance of the battery to the interior defence of the post. He had set fire to the store-houses in the vicinity of the fort.
Seeing no object within our reach to attain that could compensate for the loss we were momently sustaining from the heavy fire of the enemy's cannon, I directed the troops to take
up the position on the crest of the hill we had charged from. From this position we were ordered to re-embark, which was performed at our leisure, the enemy not presuming to show a single soldier without the limits of his fortress. Your excellency having been a witness of the zeal and ardent courage of every soldier in the field, it is unnecessary in me to assure your excellency that but one sentiment animated every breast, that of discharging to the utmost of their power their duty to their king and their country: but one sentiment of
regret and mortification prevailed, on being obliged to quit a beaten enemy whom a small band of British soldiers had driven before them for three hours, through a country abounding in strong positions of defence, but not offering a single spot of cleared ground favourable for the operations of disciplined troops, without having fully accomplished the duty we were ordered to perform.
The two divisions of the detachments were ably commanded by colonel Young of the king's, and major Drummond of the 104th. The detachment of the king's, under major Evans, nobly sustained the high and established character of that distinguished corps ; and captain Burke availed himself of the opportunity afforded him in leading the advance to display the intrepidity of British grenadiers. The detachment of the 104th regiment, under major Moodly, captain M'Pherson's company of Glengary light infantry, and two companies of Canadian voltigeurs, commanded by major Hainot, all of them levies of the British provinces of North America, evinced most striking proofs of their loyalty, steadiness, and courage. The detachment of the Royal Newfoundland regiment behaved with great gallantry,
Your excellency will lament the loss of that active and intelligent officer, captain Gray, acting deputy-quarter-mastergeneral, who fell close to the enemy's work, while reconnoitering it, in the hope to discover some opening to favour an assault.
Commodore sir James Yeo conducted the feet of boats in the attack, and accompanying the advance of troops, directed the co-operation of the gun-boats.
I feel most grateful for your excellency's kind consideration, in allowing your aids-de-camp, majors Coore and Fulton, to accompany me in the field ; and to these officers for the able assistance they afforded me. I have the honour to be, &c. (Signed)
EDWARD BAYNES, Colonel Glengary Light Infantry, commanding. To his Excellency, Lieutenant-General
Sir George Prevost, Bart. &c.
Return of killed, wounded and missing, in an attack on Sackett's
Harbour, on the 29th May. • Total-1 general staff, 3 serjeants, 43 rank and file killed,
3 majors, 3 captains, -5 lieutenants, 1 ensign, 7 serjeants, 2 drummers, 172 rank and file, 2 gunners wounded ; 2 captains, 1 ensign, 13 rank and file, wounded and missing.
Names of officers killed and wounded. Killed-captain A. Gray, acting deputy-quarter-mastergeneral.
Wounded 8th or King's regiment, major Evans, slightly ; captain Blackmore, dangerously; captain Tythe, severely, lieutenant Nutall, since dead, lieutenant Gregg, prisoner.
104th regiment, majors Drummond and Moodie, slightly ; captain Leonard, severely, captain Shore, slightly, lieutenants Rainford, Moore, and Delances.
Glengary light infantry, captain M‘Pherson, severely ; ensign Mathewson, slightly. (Signed)
EDW. BAYNES, Adjutant-General, North America,
AMERICAN AND BRITISH ACCOUNTS OF THE CAPTURE OF
GENERALS CHANDLER AND WINDER.
Copy of a Letter from Major-General Dearborn to the Secres
tary of War, dated Sir,
Head- Quarters, Fort George, June 6, 1813. I have received an express from the head of the lake this evening, with intelligence that our troops, commanded by brigadier-general Chandler, were attacked at two o'clock this morning by the whole of the British and Indian forces, and by some strange fatality, though our loss was small (not exceeding thirty), and the enemy completely routed and driven from the field, both brigadier-generals Chandler and Winder were taken prisoners. They had advanced to ascertain the situation of a company of artillery when the attack commenced. General Vincent is reported to be among the killed of the enemy; colonel Clark was mortally wounded, and fell into our hands, with 60 prisoners of the 49th British regiment. The whole loss of the enemy is two hundred and fifty. They sent in a flag with a request to bury their dead. General Lewis, accompanied by brigadier-general Boyd, goes on to take the command of the advanced troops. I have the honour to be, sir, &c.
H. DEARBORN. Hon. Gen. John Armstrong, Secretary of War.
P. S. June 8.-The enemy's fiqet has passed this place two ships and four schooners.
Copy of a Letter from Major-General Lewis, to the Secretary
of War, dated Sir,
Niagara, June 14, 1813. You will perceive by the enclosed copy of orders marked 1, that general Dearborn, from indisposition, has resigned his command, not only of the Niagara army but of the district. I have doubts whether he will ever again be fit for service. He has been repeatedly in a state of convalescence ; but relapses on the least agitation of mind.
In my last I mentioned the unfortunate circumstance of the capture of our two brigadiers, Chandler and Winder. The particulars are detailed in the report of colonel Burn, which he gives from the best information he could collect. His corps lay a considerable distance from the scene of active operation, as you will perceive by the enclosed diagram, which is on a scale of about 100 yards to the inch. corps spoken of were captain Hindman's, Nicholas's, and Biddle's companies of the 2d artillery, serving as infantry. These three gentlemen, and captains Archer and Towson of the same regiment, and Leonard of the light artillery, are soldiers who would honour any service. Their gallantry and that of their companies was equally conspicuous on this occasion as in the affair of the 27th ultimo. 'A view of general Chandler's encampment will be sufficient to show that his disaster' was owing to its arrangement.
Its centre being its weakest point, and that being discovered by the enemy in the evening, received the combined attack of his whole force, and his line was completely cut. The gallantry of the 5th, 25th, and part of the 23d, and light troops, saved the armyof the 5th it is said, that when the day broke not a man was missing--and that a part of the twenty-third under major Armstrong was found sustaining its left flank. Their fre was irresistible and the enemy was compelled to give way. Could he have been pressed the next morning, his destruction was inevitable. He was dispersed in every direction, and even his commanding general was missing, without his hat or horse. I understand he was found the next morning almost famished, at a distance of four miles from the scene of action.
Lieutenant M'Chesney's gallantry recovered a piece of artillery, and prevented the capture of others. He merits promotion for it.
On the evening of the 6th of June, I received the order No. 4, and joined the army at five in the afternoon of the 7th. I found it at the Forty Mile Creek, 10 miles in the rear of