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near Monticello, but in consequence of frequent rains, and having almost innumerable narrow passes to go through, where our pack horses, as well as others, often met with considerable difficulty, and were very generally compelled to march in single file, we were unable to cross Chatahouchie before Wednesday the 15th, which we did about 12 o'clock on that day; it was then rainy, and some of the men, as well as most of the baggage, were very wet. Believing that we should be more successful by being able to surprise the enemy, I determined on marching all that night, and attacking the most adjacent town, New-Yauca, which was then 30 miles distant, at day-light on Thursday, the 16th.

The night, however, being extremely dark and wet, we found it impossible, after repeated exertions by torch-light, to proceed; we were consequently compelled to encamp 18 or 20 miles from the town we wished to surprise. The repeated and almost continued rains which had fallen during our march, and particularly that night, unavoidably placed our arms in such a situation as to render it indispensably necessary that some time should be occupied next morning in putting them in order; hence we were unable to march in a suitable condition to meet an enemy, before 10 or 11 o'clock, and therefore could not that day reach the town which was our immediate object.

As soon as we were in a situation to meet the enemy, the line of march was formed, and we proceeded near a small settlement, containing eleven houses, known by the name of the Mad Warrior's village, where the army was halted, and a small detachment .sent forward to cut off such of the enemy as might be found there ; not a single Indian was to be seen, though there were strong evidences of its having been recently evacuated. Finding some corn here, such persons as were most deficient supplied themselves; we then set fire to the buildings, which contained several articles of property, proceeded to within three miles of New Yauca, and encamped without fire. On the morning of Friday, the 17th instant, the army was formed into three detachments ; the right commanded by captain Hagerty, the left by captain Dawson, and the centre by captain Brown; in this order the three divisions marched through different pass-ways, and over very hilly ground, to an eminence within half a mile of the town, where the whole were dismounted, except captain Martin's company of cavalry and about 85 riflemen, under the command of captain Cocke.

The march was then resumed by the three divisions, so arranged that the centre should fall immediately upon the town, and the right and left wings form such an aligment as would prevent the escape of the enemy either up or down the river, near the margin of which the town was situated. The mounted riflemen under the command of captain Cocke, and captain Martin's

corps of cavalry, were directed to form near the bank of the river so as to prevent any from escaping in that direction. A guard, consisting of about 40 men, were left upon the eminence, to protect the horses. When we arrived at a little hill which overlooked the town, we found, to our mortification, as we found at the little village the preceding day, not a single Indian, though there were abundant signs of a very recent evacuation, and repeated yells within our hearing on the opposite side of the river.

The several divisions, after ascertaining that we should be unable to accomplish that part of the resolution of the legislature which related to the destruction of the enemy, were ordered to repair to the place where the horses were left, to return to the town, secure what corn was wanting, and consume the balance with the houses. Upon our return up the hill, where our horses were left, the yell of Indians was heard near them, and two small detachments, consisting of the cavalry and mounted riflemen, were immediately despatched in the direction from whence the sounds seemed to issue; but the ground being extremely hilly, so as to obstruct the view at very short distances, no Indians could be found. The whole were then marched down to the town, when we discovered, on the opposite side of the river, a number of Indians in a wood on the brow of a small hill which commanded the ford, and at a distance of perhaps four or five hundred yards, that space being occupied by a large old field and the river Talapoosie.

The guides who had been procured for this expedition informed me, that the river at this place was more shoal than at any other within our reach, and that it would be impossible to cross here, in consequence of a swell occasioned by the late rains. Judging also from the signs on our route, and from the information given by one of our guides, who was well acquainted with the habits and general plan of the war party in this neighbourhood, that we should not find any of them on this side the river, and our stock of provisions being by. frequent rains very much injured, we were under the painful necessity of executing so much only of the object of the expedition as came within our immediate reach, which we did by burning the town, containing 85 houses, and the property found in them, consisting principally of a considerable quantity of corn. I judged it expedient to return for en. campment the ensuing night beyond the surrounding hills, and we accordingly marched about two and a half miles from the town, within half a mile of the river bank, where we lay without fire, though a very cold night, within hearing of frequent yells, which were generally supposed to be on the opposite side of the river, and prepared for any attack that the enemy might think proper to make upon us.

During our stay in town, while procuring corn for our horses, three or four of the men went to the margin of the river, where one, under the cover of an Indian hut, and others under cover of such brush and shrubbery as the old field afforded, exchanged a few shot with the enemy, and three of them say they saw an Indian fall at the fire of their guns.

The adjutant, Thomas M. Berrien, who was at the moment considerably advanced towards the margin of the river, and had a spy glass in his hand, endeavouring to ascertain the strength of the enemy, states positively that he saw an Indian fall at the fire of Zachariah Simms' musket and John M. Patrick's rifle; that they were dragged up the hill and fires raised near them. Those few men were in a situation very much exposed in proportion to that of the enemy, and one of them, John M. Patrick of Jasper county, while stooping to take aim at a crowd of Indians, received a ball in his left shoulder, which it was found impossible to extract-he is however on the mend, and will probably re

1

cover.

It is proper to add, that they went to the margin of the river not only without, but in direct violation of positive orders.

The other towns which we contemplated burning, Tookaubatchie, Tallahasse and Immookfau, were on the opposite side of the river, and it was impossible to get at them, owing to the high water-hence, nothing was left for us but to pursue our march home, which was done with proper precautionary measures to prevent a surprise until we crossed Chatahouchie, when the whole were permitted to proceed in the order they chose, which very much facilitated our march, and all have arrived safe.

Since my return, I learn from captain Hamilton of general Floyd's army, who is now in this neighbourhood, that his company of cavalry, and some friendly Indians with M'Intosh at their head, were ordered to join us at Chatahouchie,

us off.

this they failed to accomplish, and the friendly Indians were deterred from pursuing us by information which they received, that a force of 2000 hostile Indians were assembled at Oakfuskee, and if we should fall in with them, would inevitably cut

Captain Hamilton would have followed us, but was apprehensive that we were so far advanced, that he would be unable to overtake us.

Before I conclude this communication, it is proper to state, that the officers and privates (with such exceptions only as are noted within the remarks of the muster roll) evinced, during the whole expedition, and particularly at every alarm, a degree of firm and deliberate courage, which would have done honour to Spartan valour.

I have the honour to be, with high consideration, your excellency's most obedient and humble servant,

DAVID ADAMS. His Excellency Peter Early, Governor of Georgia.

AMERICAN AND BRITISH ACCOUNTS OF THE CAPTURE OF FORT

NIAGARA, AND THE DESOLATION OF THAT FRONTIER.

Copy of a Letter from General M-Clure, of the New-York State

Troops, to the Secretary of War. Sir,

Head- Quarters, Buffalo, December 22d, 1813. I regret to be under the necessity of announcing to you the mortifying intelligence of the loss of Fort Niagara. On the morning of the 19th instant, about 4 o'clock, the enemy crossed the river at the Five-Mile Meadows in great force, consisting of regulars and Indians, who made their way undiscovered to the garrison, which, from the most correct information I can collect, was completely surprised. Our men were nearly all asleep in their tents; the

enemy

rushed in and commenced a most horrid slaughter. Such as escape the fury of the first onset retired to the old mess-house, where they kept up a destructive fire on the enemy, until a want of ammunition compelled them to surrender. Although our force was very inferior, and comparatively small indeed, I am induced to think that the disaster is not attributable to any want of troops, but to gross neglect in the commanding officer of the fort, captain Leonard, in not preparing, being ready, and looking out for the expected attack.

Lhave not been able to ascertain correctly the number of killed and wounded. About twenty regulars have escaped

out of the fort, some badly wounded. Lieutenant Peck, 24th regiment, is killed, and it is said three others.

You will perceive, sir, by the enclosed general orders, that I apprehended an attack, and made the necessary arrangements to meet it ; but have reason to believe, from information received by those who have made their escape, that the commandant did not in any respect comply with those orders..

On the same morning a detachment of militia, under major Bennet, stationed at Lewistown heights, was attacked by a party of savages; but the major and his little corps, by making a desperate charge, effected their, retreat, after being surrounded by several hundred, with the loss of six or eight, who doubtless were killed, among whom were two sons of captain Jones, Indian interpreter. The villages of Youngstown, Lewistown, Manchester, and the Indian Tuscarora village, were reduced to ashes, and the inoffensive inhabitants who could not escape were, without regard to age or sex, inhumanly butchered by savages, headed by British officers painted. A British officer who is taken prisoner, avows that many small children were murdered by their Indians. Major Mallory, who was stationed at Schlosser with about forty Canadian volunteers, advanced to Lewistown heights, and compelled the advanced guard of the enemy to fall back to the foot of the mountain. "The major is a meritorious officer. He fought the enemy two days, and contended every inch of ground to the Tauntawanty Creek. In these actions lieutenant Lowe, 23d regiment United States' army, and eight of the Canadian volunteers were killed. I had myself, three days previous to the attack on Niagara, left it with a view of providing for the defence of this place, Black-Rock, and the other villages on this frontier. I came here without troops, and have called out the militia of Gennessee, Niagara, and Chataugue counties en masse.

This place was then thought to be in most imminent danger, as well as the shipping; but I have no doubt is now perfectly secure. Volunteers are coming in in great numbers ; they are, however, a species of troops that cannot be expected to continue in service for a long time. In a few days one thousand detached militia, lately drafted, will be on. I have the honour to be, &c.

GEO. M-CLURE,

Brigadier-General commanding. Hon. John Armstrong, Secretary of War.

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