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tenant Whistler, and captains Brevort and Hull, at his request, attended his person, and aided him in the general arrangements. Lieutenant-colonel Miller has mentioned the conduct of these officers in terms of high approbation. addition to the captains who have been named, lieutenantcolonel Miller has mentioned captains Burton and Fuller of the 4th regiment, captains Saunders and Brown of the Ohio volunteers, and captain Delandre of the Michigan volunteers, who were attached to his command, and distinguished by their valour. It is impossible for me in this communication to do justice to the officers and soldiers, who gained the victory which I have described. They have acquired high honour to themselves, and are justly entitled to the gratitude of their country.
Major Muir of the 41st regiment commanded the British in this action. The regulars and volunteers consisted of about four hundred, and a large number of Indians. Major Muir and two subalterns were wounded, one of them since dead. About forty Indians were found dead on the field, and Tecumseh their leader was slightly wounded. The number of wounded Indians who escaped has not been ascertained. Four of major Muir's detachment have been made prisoners, and fifteen of the 41st regiment killed and wounded. The militia and volunteers attached to his command were in the severest part of the action, and their loss must have been great-it has not yet been ascertained. I have the honour to be, your most obedient servant,
W. HULL, Brig.-Gen. commanding the N. W. Army. Hon. W. Eustis, Secretary of War.
Return of killed and wounded in the action fought near
Maquago, August 9, 1812. 4th United States' regiment--10 non-commissioned officers and privates killed, and forty-five wounded; capt. Baker of the 1st regiment of infantry; lieutenant Larabee of the 4th ; lieutenant Peters of the 4th ; ensign Whistler of the 17th, doing duty in the 4th ; lieutenant Silly, and an ensign, whose name has not been returned to me, were wounded.
In the Ohio and Michigan volunteers, 8 were killed and 13 wounded.
W. HULL; VOL. IT.
Head Quarters, Sandwich, August 15, 1812. The force at my disposal authorises me to require of you the immediate surrender of fort Detroit. It is far from my intention to join in a war of extermination, but you must be aware, that the numerous body of Indians who have attached themselves to my troops, will be beyond controul the moment the contest commences. You will find me disposed to enter into such conditions as will satisfy the most scrupulous sense of honour. Lieut.-colonel M‘Donnell and major Glegg are fully authorised to conclude any arrangement that may
lead to prevent the unnecessary effusion of blood. I have the honour to be, sir, your most obedient servant, (Signed)
ISAAC BROCK, Maj. Gen. His Excellency Brigadier-General Hull,
commanding at Fort Detroit.
Head- Quarters, Detroit, August 15, 1812. I have received your letter of this date. I have no other reply to make, than to inform you, that I am prepared to meet any force which may be at your disposal, and any consequences which may result from any exertion of it you may think proper to make.
I avail myself of this opportunity to inform you that the flag of truce under the direction of captain Brown, proceeded contrary to the orders, and without the knowledge of col. Cass, who commanded the troops which attacked your pickets near the river Canard bridge.
I likewise take this opportunity to inform you that Cowie's house was set on fire contrary to my orders, and it did not take place till after the evacuation of the fort. From the best information I have been able to obtain on the sụbject, it was set on fire by some of the inhabitants on the other side of the river. I am, very respectfully, your excellency's most obedient servant, (Signed)
W. HULI, Brig.-Gen.
Commanding the N. W. Army of the U. S. His Excellency Major-General Brock, commanding his Britannic Majesty's Forces, Sandwich, Upper Canada.
Camp at Detroit, 16th August, 1812. Capitulation for the surrender of fort Detroit, entered into between major-general Brock, commanding his Britannic
majesty's forces on the one part, and brigadier-general Hull, commanding the north-western army of the United States on the other :
Art. I. Fort Detroit, with all the troops, regulars as well as militia, will be immediately surrendered to the British forces, under the command of major-general Brock, and will be considered prisoners of war; with the exception of such of the militia of the Michigan territory who have not joined the army.
II. All public stores, arms, and all public documents, including every thing else of a public nature, will be immediately given up.
III, Private persons and property of every description will be respected.
IV. His excellency brigadier-general Hull having expressed a desire that a detachment from the state of Ohio, on its way to join his army, as well as one sent from fort Detroit, under the command of col. M.Arthur, shall be included in the above capitulation, it is accordingly agreed to; it is, however, to be understood, that such part of the Ohio militia as have not joined the army, will be permitted to return to their homes, on condition that they will not serve during the war.
Their arms, however, will be delivered up if belonging to the public.
V. The garrison will march out at the hour of 12 o'clock this day, and the British forces will take immediate posses-sion of the fort. (Signed) J. M. M'DONNELL, Lt-Col.
Militia, P. A. D. C.
E. BRUSH, Col. 1st Regt. Michigan Mil. Approved, W. HULL, Brig.-Gen., commanding the
N. W. Army. Approved, ISAAC BROCK, Major-Generale
An Article supplemental to the Articles of Capitulation concluded
at Detroit, 16th August. It is agreed that the officers and soldiers of the Ohio militia and volunteers shall be permitted to proceed to their respective homes on this condition, that they are not to serve during the present war unless they are exchanged. (Signed)
W. HULL, Brig.-Gen. Commanding N. W. Army U.S. ISAAC BŘOCK, Maj.-Gen.
An Article in addition to the Supplemental Article of Capitu
lation, concluded at Detroit, 16th August. It is further agreed that the officers and soldiers of the Michigan militia and volunteers, under the command of major Witherell, shall be placed on the same principles as the Ohio volunteers and militia are placed by the supplemental article of the 16th inst. (Signcd)
W. HULL, Brig.-Gen. Commanding the N. W. Army U. S.
ISAAC BROCK, Maj.-Gen. From the London Gazette Extraordinary.
Downing-Strett, Oct. 6th, 1812. Captain Coore, aide-de-camp to lieutenant-general sir George Prevost, governor in chief of his majesty's provinces in North America, arrived this morning with despatches from the lieutenant-general, addressed to earl Bathurst, one of his majesty's principal secretaries of state, of which the following is an extract and a copy.
Montreal, August 26. -My Lord, I feel the greatest satisfaction in transmitting to your lordship a letter which I have this day received by express from major-general Brock, announcing to me the surrender of fort Detroit, on the 16th instant, by brigadiergeneral Hull, with the army under his command, exceeding two thousand five hundred men, together with twenty-five pieces of ordnance,
In my despatches of the 17th and 24th instant, I had the honour of detailing to your lordship the operations which had taken place in Upper Canada, in consequence of the invasion of that province by the army of the United States. Brigadier-general Hull, having crossed the Detroit river on the 12th of last month, with two thousand three hundred men, consisting of regular cavalry and infantry, and militia, bringing with him several field-pieces; and having driven in the militia towards Amherstburg, first advanced to Sandwich, and afterwards approached Amherstburg, with a part of his army to the river Aux Canards, about five miles from the fort, where he was foiled in three attempts to cross that river, and suffered a considerable loss. The garrison of Amherstburg consisted at that time of a subaltern's detachment of the royal artillery, commanded by lieutenant Troughton; of a detachment of three hundred men of the forty-first regiment, under the command of captain Muir; and of about as many of the
militia; the whole under the command of lieutenant-colonel St. George, inspecting field officer of militia in the district.
General Brock, relying upon the strong assurances I had given him of a reinforcement, as prompt and as effectual as the circumstances, under which I was placed, by this new war, would permit me to send, adopted the most vigorous measures for the safety of that part of the frontier which had been attacked. In these measures he was most opportunely aided by the fortunate surrender of fort Michillimackinac, which giving spirit and confidence to the Indian tribes in its neighbourhood, part of whom assisted in its capture, determined them to advance upon the rear and flanks of the American army, as soon as they heard that it had entered the province.
The certainty of the expected reinforcements and the weakness of the enemy on the Niagara frontier, had, in the mean time, induced general Brock to detach from the garrison of fort George, fifty men of the forty-first regiment under captain Chambers, into the interior of the country, for the purpose of collecting such of the Indians and militia as might be ready to join him, and of afterwards advancing upon the left flank of the enemy. Sixty men of the same regiment were also detached from the garrison to Amherstburg, and forty to Long Point, to collect the militia in that quarter. Having made these dispositions, and having previously sent forward colonel Proctor, of the forty-first regiment to Amherstburg—where he arrived and assumed the command on the 26th of last month-general Brock proceeded himself from York on the 5th instant for fort St, George and Long Point on lake Erie, which last place he left on the 8th following for Amherstburg, with forty rank. and file of the forty-first regiment, and two hundred and sixty militia forces.
Whilst general Brock was thus hastening his preparations for the relief of Amherstburg, the prospects of thé American army under general Hull were becoming every day more unfavourable, and their situation more critical. The intelligence of the fall of Michillimackinac had reached them, which they knew must expose them to an attack of the Indians in one quarter, at the same time that they were threatened in another by the force approaching under capt. Chambers. An Indian tribe of the Wyandots, whom they had in vain attempted to bribe, aided by a detachment of the 41st regiment from Amherstburg, had succeeded in cutting off their supplies on the opposite side of the river, and inter