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cepting their despatches, which described in very strong terms their apprehensions and despondency. The losses they had sustained in their different actions upon the Canard river, as well as those for protecting their supplies, together with the mode of warfare pursued by the Indians, had greatly discouraged and dispirited them, and had convinced general Hull how hopeless any attempt would be to storm fort Amherstburg, without great reinforcements and a battering train.
It was under these circumstances, at this critical period, when the enemy were beginning to consult their security by entrenching themselves, that general Brock entered Amherstburg with a reinforcement, which he was fortunately enabled to do on the 12th inst. without the smallest molestation, in consequence of our decided naval superiority on the lakes. To his active and intelligent mind the advantages which his enemy's situation afforded him over them, even with his very inferior force, become immediately apparent; and that he has not failed most effectually to avail himself of those favourable circumstances, your lordship will, I trust, be satisfied, from the letter which I have the honour of transmitting.
Having thus brought to your lordship's view, the different circumstances which have led to the successful termination of the campaign on the western frontier of Upper Canada, I cannot withhold from major-general Brock the tribute of applause so justly due to him for his distinguished conduct on this occasion, or omit to recommend him, through your lordship, to the favourable consideration of his royal highness the prince regent, for the great ability and judgment with which he has planned, and the promptitude, energy, and fortitude with which he has esfected, the preservation of Upper Canada, with the sacrifice of so little British blood in accomplishing so important a service.
My aid-de-camp, captain Coore, will have the honour of delivering to your lordship this despatch ; and as he is well qualified to give your lordship information respecting the military resources of this command, I shall beg leave to refer your lordship to him for farther particulars. I have the honour, &c. (Signed)
Head- Quarters, Montreal, Sept. 1, 1812. My Lord, since I had the honour of transmitting to your lordship my letter of the 26th ult. in charge of my aid-decamp, captain Coore, I have received from major-general Brock a despatch, of which the enclosed is a copy, containing the particulars of brigadier-general Hull's invasion of Upper Canada, which has terminated most gloriously to his majesty's arms, in that officer's defeat and surrender as a prisoner of war, with the whole of the north-western army, together with the fort Detroit, and 33 pieces of ordnance.
I forward this despatch express, in the expectation of its reaching captain Coore previously to his leaving Canada, which, with the colours of the 4th United States' regiment accompanying it, I trust that officer will have the honour of delivering to your lordship. I have the honour to be, &c.
GEORGE PREVOST, To the right honourable Earl Bathurst.
Head- Quarters, Detroit, August 7. Sir, I have had the honour of informning your excellency, that the enemy effected his passage across the Detroit river on the 12th ult. without opposition, and that after establishing himself at Sandwich, he had ravaged the country as far as the Moravia town. Some skirmishes occurred between the troops under lieutenant-colonel St. George and the enemy upon the river Aux Canards, which uniformly terminated in his being repulsed with loss. I had judged it proper to detach a force down the river Thames, capable of acting, in conjunction with the garrison of Amherstburg, offensively; but captain Chambers, whom I had appointed to direct this detachment, experienced difficulties that frustrated my intentions. The intelligence received from that quarter admitting of no delav, colonel Proctor was directed to assume the command, and his force was soon after increased with 60 rank and file of the 41st regiment.
In the mean time the most strenuous measures were adopted to counteract the machinations of the evil-disposed; and I soon experienced the gratification of receiving voluntary offers of service from that portion of the embodied militia the most easily collected. In the attainment of this important point, gentlemen of the first character and influence shewed an example highly creditable to them; and I cannot on this occasion avoid mentioning the essential assistance I derived from John M'Donnell, Esq. his majesty's attorney-general, who, from the beginning of the war has honoured me with his services as my provincial aid-de-camp. A sufficiency of boats being collected at Long Point for the conveyance of 300 men, the embarkation took place on the 8th inst. and in 5 days arrived in safety at Amherstburg. I found that the judicious arrangement which had been adopted immediately
upon the arrival of col. Proctor, had compelled the enemy to retreat and take shelter under the guns of his fort : that officer commenced operations by sending strong detachments across the river, with a view of cutting off the enemy's communication with his reserve. This produced two smart skirmishes on the 5th and 9th inst., in both of which the enemy's loss was very considerable, whilst ours amounted to 3 killed and 13 wounded; amongst the latter I have particularly to regret capt. Muir and lieut. Sutherland of the 41st regiment; the former, an officer of great experience, and both ardent in his majesty's service. Batteries had likewise been commenced opposite fort Detroit, for one 18 pounder, two 12's, and two 5 inch mortars; all of which opened on the evening of ihe 15th (having previously summoned brigadier-general Hull to surrender); and although opposed by a well-directed fire from seven 24 pounders, such was their construction, under the able directions of captain Dixon of the royal engineers, that no injury was sustained from its effect.
The force at my disposal being collected in the course of the 5th, in the neighbourhood of Sandwich, the embarkation took place a little after day-light on the following morning, and by the able arrangements of lieut. Dewar of the quartermaster-general's department, the whole was in a short time landed without the smallest confusion, at Spring Well, a good position, 3 miles west of Detroit. The Indians who had in the mean time effected their landing 2 miles below, moved forwards and occupied the woods, about a mile and a half on our left.
The force which I instantly directed to march against the enemy consisted of 30 royal artillery, 250 41st regiment, 50 royal Newfoundland regiment, 400 militia, and about 600 Indians, to which were attached 3 six pounders, and 2 three pounders. The services of lieut. Troughton, commanding the royal artillery, an active and intelligent officer, being required in the field, the direction of the batteries was intrusted to captain Hall, of the marine department; and I cannot withhold my entire approbation of their conduct on that occasion.
I crossed the river with an intention of waiting in a strong position the effect of our force upon the enemy's camp, and in the hope of compelling him to meet us in the field ; but receiving information upon landing that colonel M'Arthur, an officer of high reputation, had left the garrison three days before with a detachment of 500 men, and hearing soon after
that his cavalry had been seen that morning three miles in our rear, I decided on an immediate attack. Accordingly the troops advanced to within one mile of the fort, and having ascertained that the enemy had taken little or no precaution towards the land side, I resolved on an assault, whilst the Indians penetrated his camp. Brig.-gen. Hull, however, prevented this movement by proposing a cessation of hostilities, for the purpose of preparing terms of capitulation. Lieut, col. John M.Donnell and capt. Glegg were accordingly deputed by me on this mission, and returned within an hour with the conditions, which I have the honour herewith to transmit. Certain considerations afterwards induced me to agree to the two supplementary articles.
The force thus surrendered to his majesty's arms cannot be estimated at less than 2500 men. In this estimate col. M'Arthur's detachment is included, as he surrendered, agreeably to the terms of capitulation, in the course of the evening, with the exception of two hundred men, whom he left escorting a valuable convoy at some little distance in his rear; but there can be no doubt the officer commanding will consider himself equally bound by the capitulation.
The enemy's aggregate force was divided into two troops of cavalry ; one company of artillery regulars; the fourth United States' regiment; detachments of the first and third United States' regiment volunteers; three regiments of the Ohio militia ; one regiment of the Michigan territory.
Thirty-three pieces of brass and iron ordnance have already been secured.
When this contest commenced, many of the Indian nations were engaged in active warfare with the United States, notwithstanding the constant endeavours of this government to dissuade them from it. Some of the principal chiefs happened to be at Amherstburg, trying to procure a supply of arms and ammunition, which for years had been withheld, agreeably to the instructions received from sir James Craig, and since repeated by your excellency.
From that moment they took a most active part, and appeared foremost on every occasion; they were led yesterday by col. Elliot and capt. M'Kee, and nothing could exceed their order and steadiness. A few prisoners were taken by them during the advance, whom they treated with every humanity; and it affords me much pleasure in assuring your excellency, that such was their forbearance and attention to what was required of them, that the enemy sustained no
other loss of men than what was occasioned by the fire of our batteries.
The high sense I entertain of the abilities and judgment of lieut.-col. Myers, induced me to appoint him to the important command at Niagara; it was with reluctance that I deprived myself of his assistance, but I had no other expedient; his duties as head of the quarter-master-generals department were performed to my satisfaction by lieut.-col. Nicholl's, quarter-master-general of the militia.
Captain Glegg, my aid-de-camp, will have the honour of delivering this despatch to your excellency; he is charged with the colours taken at the capture of fort Detroit, and those of the 4th United States' regiment.
Captain Glegg is capable of giving your excellency every information respecting the state of this province; and I shall esteem myself highly indebted to your excellency to afford him that protection, to which his merit and length of service give him a powerful claim. I have the honour to be, &c. (Signed)
ISAAC BROCK, Major-gen. P.S. I have the honour to enclose a copy of a proclamation, which I issued immediately on taking possession of this country.
I should have mentioned in the body of my despatch the capture of the Adams; she is a fine vessel, and recently repaired, but without arms.
PROCLAMATION. By Isaac Brock, Esq. Major-General, commanding his Majesty's Forces in the Province of Upper Canada, a Proclamation.
Whereas the territory of Michigan was this day, by capitulation, ceded to the arms of his Britannic majesty, without any other condition than the protection of private property; and wishing to give an early proof of the moderation and justice of the government, I do hereby announce to all the . inhabitants of the said territory that the laws heretofore in existence shall continue in force until his majesty's pleasure be known, or so long as the peace and safety of the said territory will admit thereof. And I do hereby also declare and maké known to the said inhabitants that they shall be protected in the full exercise and enjoyment of their religion, of which all persons, both civil and military, will take notice, and govern themselves accordingly.
All persons having in their possession, or having any knowledge of any public property, shall forthwith deliver in