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ing, strong support of the work at 2. Next to the laborers sent out home.

from the home countries, the native The Church at home should be re Christians form the principal subject membered. The more instructed con of prayer for missions, and I am cerning missionary work her congre- afraid that the importance of this subgations are, the more they give and ject is not yet known to the friends of pray. The Church at home carries missions. Study the numerous interthe whole missionary work. She fur cessory prayers of Paul for missions, nishes the missionaries and the means and you will find that he prays not for their support. Thus, prayer should for the heathen, but for those already be made that she be kept in the love converted from heathenism; not for of missionary effort, and that her readi the conversion of the heathen, but for ness to give increase as the work the strengthening of native Christians. progresses. Her pastors also should He had a twofold reason for this. be remembered in the prayer for mis- First, he knew from his own experisions, for upon them depends, to a very ence that in the young converts the great extent, the existence of the mis- good work has only commenced,

so sionary spirit in the congregations. that they are still babes in Christ, and

(6) In our discussion of the prayer that in the midst of heathen surroundfor the sending of the laborers, we ings they are exposed to strong tempnecessarily touched frequently the tations. Second, he had learned how prayer for the upholding of the la much depended on their word of tesborers. These things can not be clearly timony concerning their faith and on separated. Yet a few words are their consistent walk and conversanecessary concerning the intercessory tion, and he knew that their labors prayer for missionaries.

would contribute to the spread of the Upon four things Paul lays the most Gospel more, perhaps, than those of stress: First, there should be asked the missionaries sent from the home boldness, which can not be shaken by land. all sufferings and temptations of mis Spreading the Gospel in enlarged sionary life.* Second, prayer should measure through native Christians, be made that unto the missionaries and more through the congregations be opened a door of utterance, so that formed by them, than by paid native the word of the Lord may have free teachers, pastors, and lay missionaries, course and be glorified in the lands is to be devoutly desired and to be and hearts of heathens.† Third, Paul earnestly prayed for. The greatest tesasked that prayer be made that he and timony to the grand success of the his fellow missionaries give no offense missionary labors of the apostles is in anything, that the ministry be not that they had founded a Church which blamed, and that in all things pertain was able to extend even when the diing to Christian character they might rect sending of missionaries ceased approve themselves as the ministers toward the middle of the second cenof God. $ Fourth, he beseeches Cor- tury. This was possible because coninthians, Romans, Thessalonians, and gregations of Christians existed who other brethren to pray that he be pre not only preached, but lived, the Gosserved by the hand of God in all troub pel, and who were strictly separated les and personal difficulties which

from everything heathenish, and, in were caused by unbelievers and by evil brotherly love and Christian charity men. All these supplications have

and benevolence, bore testimony to the purpose of aiding the missionaries

Christ patient admidst sufferings and to bring forth fruit, and fruit that shall remain.

persecutions.

Two things Paul asked in his pray* See Acts iv: 29 and Eph. vi: 19. See Col. iv:3 and

See II. Cor. ers for the native Christians and their 1:8 12; Rom. xv:31; II. Thess. iii: 2; Acts iv:24, pp.;

congregations. First, he asked that

II Thess. iii.

See II. Cor. vi: 3-10.

xii: 5

1

prayers shall be acceptable unto Him. insidiously and spread calumnies withthey might grow in the knowledge of out number; abroad their evil life the Lord and in love to Him.* Sec

counterworks the preaching of the ond, he prayed that their walk should Gospel directly. Selfishness is a charbe worthy of their calling:

acteristic of our commercial and po3. The third principal subject men litical relations with other nations, and tioned by Paul in I. Tim. ii:2, is especially with less civilized ones. And "kings and all that are in authority.” infidel literature is almost like a deluge This may surprise at first, but those in pouring into heathendom from nomauthority control, to a certain extent, inally Christian lands. We must fight the spread of the Kingdom of God in against all these evil influences, but the world as well as the temporal well- still more must we pray for the tens being of their subjects. Therefore, of thousands who, nominally Christhey should have a prominent place in

tians, live to-day in heathen lands, that the prayer for all men. All civil gov- they become converted and thus be ernment Paul would include in his

pe made friends of the missionary work. titions, the Christian as well as the

see in

5. One most important thing is still heathen. He would not pray that they to be added into the prayer for mismay use their worldly power for the sions—thanksgiving. All prayers of spread of the Christian religion, but

Paul commence with that. He has that they permit their subjects, espe- much to ask, to exhort, to denounce cially those who are followers of and reprove, but first he gives thanks. Christ, to live a quiet and peaceable Thanksgiving keeps from being overlife. What an onward march of the

come by the heavy burden, and it gives Gospel we may look for when those in wings to prayer. Thanksgiving for authority will grant religious liberty the good things which we and equality to all their subjects! others, preserves from critical oneWhat an influence prayer for kings sidedness, and takes the sting from the and all that are in authority should ex

reproof. Thanksgiving strengthens ert in times of war and of rumors of faith, and is the key to new benevolent war!

acts of God; for “Whoso offereth the 4. But the opponents of missionary

sacrifice of thanksgiving glorifieth effort should not be forgotten in our

me and prepareth a way that I may prayers for missions. Paul speaks of

shew him the salvation of God ” (Ps. them in many places.f Living men at 1:23, R. V., margin). And for what does home and abroad are the great instru

Paul give thanks ? For the faith of ments of the spread of the Gospel, and

the Romans; for the faith and love of living men at home and abroad are

the Ephesians; for the faith, and labor greater hindrance to it than all re

of love, and patience of hope of the sistance which is natural under the

Thessalonians; for the fellowship in circumstances. If heathen oppose the

the Gospel with the Philippians; for Gospel, we need not be surprised, for they know not what they do. But if knowledge, for the charity, given to

the grace of God, for increase of all Christians oppose missionary effort

the Corinthians by Jesus Christ. we face an unnatural thing which is

Missionary work needs laborers and worse than all that Paul suffered from

contributors, but it needs praying his opposers. The direct and indirect

friends most; praying friends whose oppositions to missions by nominal

intercessory prayers are unceasing, Christians is the greatest modern

are based upon faith, and thus reach hindrance to the success of missionary

God. God grant us an increase of our effort. At home they attack the work

faith. He teaches us to pray in the Eph. 1:16-23; Phil. i:9-13; Col. 1:9, U. secret closet, by twos and threes, and † Phil. i:10, ff. ; Col. 1:10; II. Thess. i:11;

in the solemn assembly of the congre11. Cor. xvi:9; Rom. xy:31; II. Thess. iii:2;

gation, in such a manner that our

ji:1.

etc.

an

THE PRINTED WORD OF GOD ance has been made by the Pope of The celebration of a century of the

Rome. For centuries the Papal

Church has opposed putting the history of Bible societies, has called attention anew to the remarkable Scriptures into the hands of the progress made in the translation, common people, on the ground that circulation, and diffusion of Holy

common folk are incapable of readScripture, and especially in their com

ing the Scriptures with true insight, parative cheapness.

and need, therefore, the priests of the

infallible Church as interpreters. For In the first year of the British and Foreign Bible Society the issue

some thirty or forty years, and predid not exceed 5,000 copies; a

eminently since Victor Emmanuel century later it reached nearly

entered Rome in 1870, and the 6,000,000. The American Bible So- temporal scepter fell from the hands ciety, which began with an

of the Pope, there has been a change nual issue of 6,000,

of policy in this matter, as is notice

now puts forth 2,000,000. The National Bible

able in a French edition of the GosSociety of of Scotland sends out

pels, by Henri Laserre, issued un

der the sanction of the Archbishop, 1,000,000 more. The aggregate from these three societies is 9,000,000

and the reprinting of the whole New copies in a year, and nearly 300,000,

Testament by instalments in

in an 000 copies during the century. Some

Italian newspaper. Excellent transseventy auxiliaries and nearly half a

lations and explanations of the Goshundred other organizations help to

pel in the Italian language are also multiply Bibles to over 10,000,000 being printed nowadays by the auannually.

thority of the St. Jerome AssociaSome facts, however, are more

tion. It has recently become known than this aggregate

that the translator of these works remarkable output, such as the interest awa

was Professor Cleventi, and the kened by the Scriptures in heathen

commentator Father Genochi. Soon lands, as among the Baganda. The

after the present Pope entered upon

his office, these two scholars were story of the last twenty years in Uganda is one of the most remark

received at the Vatican, and when able ever written. The

native they requested the Pontiff to bestow Christians have built 600 churches

his blessing on the new work, he at their own cost. Tens of thou

answered: sands have bought copies of the Gladly do I give my blessing, and that Word of God, and hundreds of with both hands and with a full heart, for

I do not doubt that this work will produce teachers and missionaries have been

the richest fruit and is already blessed by raised up from the leading men and God. The more we read the Gospels the women of the kingdom, even includ- stronger our faith becomes. The Gospels ing the royal family. Perhaps even are writings that are valuable for everymore remarkable than this are the

body and under all circumstances. I have

lived among the common people, and know vast numbers of “readers,” so

what they want and what pleases them. called, who have shown such eager- Tell them the simple Bible st ies, and ness to pursue the Scriptures that you will have attentive listeners and effect great "reading houses " have been blessed results. Your purpose is to spread

the Gospels. You are doing a noble work. built, all through the kingdom, in

Some people think that the peasants, with which people might go to learn to their plain, every-day way of thinking, would read the Bible, as many as 40,000

not profit by the reading of the Scriptures. having gathered in different places

This is incorrect. The average peasant is

a shrewder thinker than we may suspect, at a single hour of the day.

and knows how to draw the correct lessons Meanwhile remarkable utter- from the Scriptures, often even better than

a

me

many of the preachers. No matter how been given to the public. She many prayer-books and books of devotion

writes: there may be for the priests, none is better than the Gospels. This is an unsurpassed

Matthew Wellington was

one of the book of devotion, the true bread of life. I

six boys from Nasik who came over from grant an especial apostolic blessing upon all

India to help find David Livingstone in those who preach the Gospel,who hear and

Africa. He is still alive, a hale and read it, whether on a Sunday or a week

hearty man, probably between fifty and day. I bestow my blessing on all the mem

sixty years of age. He is an overseer in bers of the St. Jerome Society and all who

government employment, in the Public cooperate in the sacred work of spreading

Works Department. I have known him the Gospel.

since 1885, and his daughter Florence is

a good girl-a teacher in our C. M. S. The Reformation, one of the most

school on the mainland, Freretown. One

son, Henry, the oldest, is no good, but pronounced Protestant journals of

John, the younger, is a steady lad. Ruth, Germany, comments:

the mother, is a capable woman, a good No Roman ecclesiastic has ever before

wife and mother.

Matthew, spoken such words. If we consider the

one Sunday morning after

service, came and told pious and evangelical notes that have been

about the added to this popular edition of the Bible,

starting and the journey; the meeting and we must recognize the fact that a new in

serving his master, Livingstone; his wonHuence is at work in the Roman Catholic

derful knowledge of country and people Church. Not a few priests in Italy serious

and languages. He spoke of his wearily doubt the wisdom of the new policy in

ness of body sometimes, and his trouble spreading the Scriptures among the com

to get food for the porters of his camp.

He dwelt on the missionary's upright, mon people. They refrain from participating in the papal blessing that has been pro

pure, clean life, his keeping the Sabbath nounced on the venture, and, in consequence,

with prayer and reading with his men, there are many thousand copies of the

and his feast at Christmas for them. He

told of Livingstone's weakness and death, cheap Gospel editions teft unsold. But fully 250,000 have been sold. A new era has been

after journeying up to the very last, as

long as he could ride a donkey or walk. inaugurated since the day when a Protes

Matthew then described graphically the tant missionary reported that he had examined the book-stores in fifty Italian cities,

embalming and added the information

that for fourteen days the body lay in and found only one copy of the Bible com

the sun, then it was turned over and explete--and that in ten folio volumes--and

posed for another fourteen days. He one copy of the four Gospels.

also told what I have never heard beLet us hope that the gift of the fore: that the legs were doubled up from Written Word to the common peo

the knee to the body to make the burden

less like a corpse in carrying it across ple may at last bring light to their

country. This shows the ingenuity of the minds and life to their hearts, so as native mind in an emergency.

The heart to drive out superstition and form and viscera were all buried. alism, and bring in their stead the The chief thought in the boys' minds knowledge of God and the power

was to do everything according to their

orders at Nasik, from the Royal Geographof the Spirit.

ical

Society's letter: Bring him

find him, alive or dead, to the coast.” ONE OF LIVINGSTONE'S BODYGUARD This was their duty, and they stuck to

the letter of the directions. A letter to the editor, recently re

Matthew described the first coffin made ceived from Mrs. J. A. Bailey, of the at Bagamoyo, on the coast of the French C. M. S. agency, Mombasa, British mission, and then, so natural to a native - East Africa, gives some interesting

mind, spoke of the glory of a coffin of

lead or tin, and the outer wooden one details in regard to the last sickness

with brass handles, at the Consulate of of David Livingstone and the men Zanzibar. He said that Jacob was who bore his body to the coast. Mrs. clever, intelligent boy, more so than any Taylor was led to write through

of the others, and no one grudged him

the honor of the journey to England. He reading in the “New Acts of the

was afterward a teacher for the C. M. S. Apostles” the account of Living for a time, but is now dead. stone's body-guard. It occurred to Matthew has lived in Mombasa

I'reretown ever since. her that she might see "Matthew."

He told me all

these details in Terarhili, as I felt I and ask him a few details of that

should get the facts more fully in wonderful journey which had never native language than in English.

or

a

or

a

AMERICA

not settled here permanently, but the Day of Prayer for the Students vast majority have done so. If the John R. Mott and Karl Fries have

census taker of 1900 had destroyed sent out, in behalf of the general com

every one whom he enumerated in mittee of the World's Student Chris

the New England States, New York, tian Federation, a call to observe

New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, the Sunday, February 11, 1906, as the

total immigration noted above would Universal Day of Prayer for Students.

have repeopled these states and NeThe Federation unites all the Chris

vada besides. It could have put two tian student movements of the world, people for every one found in 1900 and through them embraces Christian

in the nine South Atlantic States unions and associations of students

from Delaware to Florida, and 5 for in nearly two thousand universities, every one found in the Rocky colleges, and higher schools, and has

Mountain and Pacific Coast States

and Territories, with Alaska and a membership of over one hundred and five thousand students and profes- Hawaii added. It has included more sors. It has become the exponent of people than dwelt in the whole the voluntary Christian forces of the

United Kingdom of Great Britain students of all lands and races.

and Ireland in 1820, when our statis

tics began, and almost as many as A Splendid Record for the Y. M. C. A. were in the whole United States in

1850 (23,191,876).-SAMUEL McThese are the opening words in LANAHAN. Association Men for January:

Sixty cents a week measured the From Whence the Immigrants Come financial output, and twelve men the During the year 1905, according numerical strength of the Young to the annual report of the CommisMen's Christian Association sixty- sioner of Emigration, the total two years ago. At the close of 1905, number of alien arrivals was 1,026,in North America alone, the records 499, grouped in 4 grand divisions, show a weekly expenditure of more follows: Slavic, 384,679; Teuthan $110,000, or $7,000,000 yearly, tonic, 221,019; Iberic, 213,801, and contributed by the 400,000 members, Keltic, 121,218. The Mongolic might and those who stand back of their also be added, with 17,921 represenorganizations; many of these and of tations. Here, certainly, is abundthe 300,000 more members in 39 ance of material upon which to excountries, in the spirit of the humble pend all the home missionary wisdom London clerk, who was laid away in and zeal which our churches can St. Paul's Cathedral a few weeks muster. This is the task on hand in ago, have been “willing to make a a single city: Out of 59,196 chilsacrifice ” and carry the load of other dren born in New York last year,

Germans had 2,396, Irish 3,880,

Italians 11,298, and Jews 16,610. “ The Greatest Migration in History' The greatest migration of people

A Japanese Church by the Golden Gate in historic times has taken place The first Japanese Congregational within the memory of persons now

Church in America was organized living. Its principal goal has been by council in San Francisco, Novemthe United States. In the years of ber 13th. 'Especially timely and helprecorded immigration, from 1820 to ful was the presence of Rev. H. 1903, 21,092,614 have come, and Kozaki, president of the Association more than one-half of them (11,- of Kumi-ai churches in Japan. The 395,141) since 1880. Every one has services of organization and recogni

as

men.

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