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Mrs. Mason's "A Little Green God," sent well the heroic side of missions. referred to before; another is Myra Personal service and giving may be Kelley's "Little Citizens," published encouraged now by co-operation. If by McClure. The lives of Living the society takes a definite money restone and Paton are stand-bys for this sponsibility, personal, systematic purpose. “Dr. Grenfell’s Parish,” by pledges will be needed. The children Norman Duncan, and Ralph Con did not have much spending money. nor's books by the same publisher They could legitimately "raise funds." (Revell Co.), are good tonics. For The young people must give life. "Go an effective bracer in a small dose let or let go" is Dr. Zwemer's way of putthe skeptic read Mark Twain's “King ting the cash rendering of the old Leopold's Soliloquy,” Walsh's "Heroes apothegm, “Go or send.” One society of the Mission Field,” published by that had difficulty in raising $70 when the Student Volunteers, and Miss it had no system has given as much as Brightwell's "Romance of Modern $900 a year as the result of adequate Missions,” published by the Religious knowledge and systematic benevoTract Society, of London, tho not lence. That is the sort of result that very seductive in appearance, repre- always follows.
EDUCATIONAL WORK IN SOUTHERN CHINA
BY GEORGE S. MINER, FOOCHOW, CHINA The command, "Go teach all na schools and schools of higher grade tions," has been ringing in the ears number more than twelve hundred. of the missionaries of Southern China What hath God wrought! for more than fifty years. In looking The educational work in Southern back we can but say of all who have China consists of schools of all kinds had part and lot in this matter, “They and grades. The children are first have done what they could.” The gathered into day schools and put unfirst missionaries sent out to China byder the instruction of Christian teachthe Methodist Episcopal Church lo ers for four years, during which they cated in Foochow, and for ten years receive instruction in the Bible, Chrislabored without seeing a Chinaman tian doctrine, geography, history, and converted. However, when the seed Chinese classics. The latter began to ripen, precious sheaves were
as necessary for a Chinaman who garnered. For some forty-five years wishes to become educated as Greek the seed time and harvest has been and Latin to an American who wishes enjoyed by all of the workers, and a classical culture. Within the bounds now, instead of a small company and of the Foochow Conference, are more one mission, we have more than one day schools than in all of the other hundred and fifty missionaries, includ missions together. Last year there ing wives, and five missions, with were ninety-four such schools for girls three annual conferences. The native with an enrollment of 1.389 pupils. workers, including the teachers of day These were under the supervision of
the Women's Foreign Mission Socie- schools.” He is Missionary-in-charge
From the day schools the pupils enThese latter are known as “Special ter the boarding schools and there purGift" schools because supported by sue a five-years' course of study. Durspecial gifts and not by appropriation. ing this period the majority of the stuThis plan was inaugurated by the dents determine their future calling writer some thirteen years ago and and upon graduation enter the Semduring the past seven years most of inary, School of Theology, Normal my time has been devoted to superin- School, or Anglo-Chinese College. tending and raising money for them.* Some students enter medical classes During the past two months applica- and become proficient physicians. In tions have been made for more than the Seminary (which is for girls) ) fifty schools that could not be granted English is taught so that a graduate simply because I had not the money from it will have a very good educato help pay the teacher. The pupils tion in both English and Chinese. Only contribute about one dollar a year in this school, the Anglo-Chinese Coleach. Letters from two presiding eld- lege, and the Boys' High School at ers ask if I would not please give Hinghua is English taught. Ground them eleven more schools. Dr. James has been bought and plans made for a Simester writes: "No one agency is
Girls' College, and when this comes directly responsible for so many Chris- into existence the opportunities for tians in this mission as the day
as the day Chinese girls to get a thorough educa* $40.00 supports a school of twenty or more tion will be as good as in America, and scholars for one year. Any who wish to support the sending of girls away to be edusuch a school can send the money, with instructions, to Dr. H. K. Carroll, 150 Fifth Avenue, New York cated will be a thing of the past. Our City. Such may name the school, and will receive a
missionary ladies are not second to seini-annual report, an idol and any other token desired.
anything along any line of noble work,
One of the best testimonies the when graduated are finely educated in graduates of this year from the School both English and Chinese. of Theology could wish for came from Then there are the schools for eduthe fact that nearly all of them re cating women to become Bible readceived a number of invitations from ers. Many of these students have had charges where they were well known. but little opportunity to acquire an So the people are anxious for preach- education while young, but are taught ers as well as schools. The Normal and trained and accomplish great good School is just entering upon its third
for the Master. The custom of the
year's work and is preparing young country is such that young women men for teaching. The Anglo-Chi can not go from house to house as Binese College is the largest Christian ble women do, so the brightest and school in the empire, and doing a great most devoted women of the older work in molding young China. Dur classes of the Church are selected, ing the past years it has graduated fif trained and sent out two and two. The teen young men, all of whom are orphanages are doing a wonderful Christians, and most of them becom work in the line of saving the little ing such while in college. The enroll- helpless girls, and it is not long bement this year is about 320. Students fore those who were brought in as pursue an eight-years' course, and babes are beginning to learn to read
and write. Then there are the schools work among the widows by furnishfor the lepers. These poor outcasts ing them a home and letting them do and dejected beings are also remem drawn work. Other missionaries have bered and aided by the missionary. taken up lace, rattan, and many other
But one of the greatest problems oc kinds of work, but to make things to cupying the minds of the missionary is be sent to America requires considindustrial educational work. We erable capital and a great amount of might as well face the problem first labor, and to supply a home market as last. The Church at home can not where competition is so close will resupply means to advance work as the quire great skill, tact and machinery times demand and the great majority which the Chinese have not, if sucof the Chinese can not afford to spend cess is to be attained. Mr. Fred Trimtime and money to prepare for Chris- ble has recently come out to try what tian work without aid from some can be done in the individual line and source. Miss Adams is doing a great we hope and believe will succeed.
The Papal Church began work there pelled his return to Singapore, but Dr. about 250 years ago. Their converts are Gutzlaff, in 1829, prepared a tract and more numerous than the Protestant, a translation of one of the Gospels in but the Roman Catholics have lowered Siamese, and, while absent at Singathe standard of discipleship almost to pore to have them printed, he marthe level of the heathenism.
ried Maria Newell, and brought her The earliest effort made to per- back to Siam—the first Christian meate Siam with the pure Gospel, so woman
to undertake work in that far as we know, was made by that land. She died after a year, and her saintly woman, Mrs. Ann Hazelton husband's health compelled him to reJudson. While living in Rangoon, move to China after only three years Burma, she became deeply interested in Siam, during which, however, that in some Siamese then resident in devoted German missionary had not that city. She wrote to a friend in only learned the language, but aided the United States—April 30, 1818 Mr. Tomlin in translating into it the as follows: "Accompanying is a New Testament. Only twenty-five catechism in Siamese, which I have years old when he set foot in Bangjust copied for you. I have attended kok, he worked with a Pauline energy to the Siamese language for about a so long as he remained there. year and a half, and, with the assist- In June, 1831, Rev. David Abeel ance of my teacher, have translated arrived, who was sent out by the A. the Burman catechism, just prepared B. C. F. M. Failing health drove by Dr. Judson, a tract containing an him also away after eighteen months. abstract of Christianity, and the Gos- Rev. Messrs. Johnson and Robinson pel of Matthew, into the Siamese came in 1834, and Dr. D. B. Bradley tongue.” In 1819 that catechism was the following year.
With them, as printed by the English Baptist mis- with all who preceded and followed sion press, at Serampore, and has a them, the healing art has been so unique distinction as the first Chris- prominent, both as a precursor and a tian book ever printed in Siamese. hand-maid of evangelization, that in Thus, as the late Dr. Samuel R. the minds of the Siamese the misHouse, the veteran medical mission- sionary is _"doctor." After ary to Siam, said, “it was given to a thirty-eight years of toil Dr. Bradley woman to lead God's hosts in the first died, in 1873, two of his daughters, effort made by any of the Protestant Mrs. McGilvary and Mrs. Cheek, confaith toward the regeneration of tinuing on the field as the wives of Siam."
efficient missionaries. Bangkok was visited by Dr. Carl When the great empire of China Gutzlaff and Mr. Tomlin in 1828, was thrown open to missionary work who, as physicians, treated crowds of the A. B. C. F. M. left to the Amerpatients, and as evangelists distributed ican Missionary Society its work in large quantities of books and tracts in Siam, and transferred its efforts to the Chinese. They appealed to the Am- greater empire. After a few years the erican Churches to send missionaries latter society also gave up work in to Siam. Mr. Tomlin's health com- Siam.