himself, there must be a considerable in Commons, to seize the earliest opportunity terval during which battles could not take of submitting to his Royal Highness their place.—He knew he should be told as he view of the general situation of the counhad always hitherto been on making such try, and of laying before bis Royal Higha proposition, that the interference of par- ness the manifold griefs of his Majesty's liament on such a subject would cramp the faithful subjects, praying that his Royal powers of the executive. But when he Highness will take such steps as to his wissaw that one ministry after another took dom shall seem best calculated for their po advantage of any favourable conjunc relief; and, at the same time, to promise ture offered them for the accomplishment our mosi dutiful and cordial co-operation. of this object, and that the moment a vic. To express to his Royal Highness our tory was obtained, instead of considering hearty congratulations on the great sucit as instrumental in leading to peace, the cesses obtained by his Majesty's arms, end of all war, they seemed to be imme. under the distinguished command of gediately filled with the most frantic and neral the marquis of Wellington;


par. unreasonable hopes, he was convinced that ticularly on the glorious victory of Salano ministry would ever voluntarily enter manca, prepared by the vigilance, deciupon negociation, and that the House were sion, and skill of that great commander; therefore now called upon to interfere, and achieved, through the favour of Prothat an event might at last be brought vidence, by the consummate valour of his about of so much importance to this coun. Majesty's iroops, under his command. try, and to the world. With these im- • Nevertheless, to represent to his pressions, and considering, lastly, that in Royal Highness, our deep disappointment tenderness for the Spaniards, our allies, and concern, at finding that an event, we should allow them some time to settle which was followed by the evacuation of their form of government; he had no he. Madrid by the French, its occupation by sitation in saying that, without debasing the British commander in person, the withthe dignity of the country, we might take drawing of the French garrisons from some steps to ascertain whether or no many of their military posts and fortified France was disposed to listen to pacific towns, the relief of various parts of Spain overtures. The hon. gentleman then from the presence of the enemy, and the moved the following Amendment:

victorious advance of the British general “ That an humble Address be presented into the heart of that country, has not to his royal highness the Prince Regent, been followed by such exertions on the to thank his Royal Highness for his Royal part of its inhabitants, as might have been Highness's most gracious Speech from the expected to spring from those feelings of throne, in the name and on the behalf of abhorrence of French domination, and

gratitude for British aid, by which his Ma.. " To assure his Royal Highness of the jesty's faithful Commons have been in. inviolable attachment of his Majesty's formed, under the sacred authority of his faithful Commons to the persons of his Ma- Majesty's name, and they are still

willing jesty, and of his Royal Highness; to his to hope, pervade the universal Spanish Majesty's government, and to the princi-nation. ples which seated his Majesty's royal fa- “More especially, because, at the same inily upon the throne of these kingdoms. period, the power of France has been dis

"To convey to his Royal Highness the tracted by warlike operations, proceeding expression of our sincere condolence, on on the most stupendous scale, in a remote the continuance of the affliction with quarter of Europe; and, for the second which it has pleased God to visit his Ma- time since the horrible and violent aggresjesty; whereby the recovery of his Masion of the French emperor, he has been jesty's mental powers appears to have prevented from directing his undivided rebeen rendered hopeless, and the sacred sources to the subjugation of Spain. life of his Majesty, from the frequent re- " To assure his Royal Highness that w petition and violence of the attacks, to will with all diligence, as in duty bound, have become alarmingly precarious. proceed to enquire, with the assistance

“ To represent to his Royal Highness, of such information as we have no doubt that in such circumstances, the existence will be furnished by order of his Royal of this new parliament is, of necessity, Highness, into the causes of the reverses likely to be of short duration; and that it, which have so soon and so unexpectedly therefore, behores bis Majesty's faithful led to the retreat of the marquis of Wels

his Majesty.

lington before the French force, the unre, consideration the state of the laws affectsisted re-occupation of Madrid by the ing the Roman Catholics in Great Britain enemy, and their unobstructed progress in and Ireland; with a view to such final and pursuit of the allied army; for the pur- conciliatory adjustment as may be condupose of ascertaining whether these disap. cive to the peace and strength of the Unipointments have arisen from weakness of ted Kingdom, to the stability of the Pro. counsel at home, and want of such support lestant establishment, and to the general as it is in the power of the country to af- satisfaction and concord of all classes of ford to the contest in which we are en- his Majesty's subjects. gaged; or are attributable to causes irre- “ To assure his Royal Highness that we mediable and inherent in Spain herself, will resume the consideration of the causes and that we will lay before his Royal of the increasing depreciation of the paper Highness the result of our inquiry, with currency of the kingdom, and the state of such advice thereupon as to us shall seem the law respecting the metallic currency, expedient.

which instead of answering its intended “ To express our thanks to his Royal purpose, appears to have created a still Highness for the, intimation his Royal greater scarcity of the precious metals, Highness has been graciously pleased to and recommend such measures as shall apgive, that he will cause to be laid before pear to us the best adapted to retrieve the the House of Commons, copies of the Trea- credit of the country, and to remedy the ties lately entered into with the sovereigns numerous evils to our national prosperity of Sweden and Russia, and of the addio with which the extension of this system is tional Treaty entered into with his Sicilian fraught. majesty, and our hope that the stipulations “ That we will apply ourselves with all contained in those Treaties, and the obliga diligence and sincerity, to the great work tions incurred thereby, may prove advan. of retrenchment and reform, so loudly tageous to the general interests of this em. demanded by a suffering people, and so pire and of Europe.

essentially necessary to our preservation “To convey to his Royal Highness our as a great and independent power. heartfelt sorrow, that the measures advised “ To assure his Royal Highness that we by his Majesty's ministers, towards the are determined to support the honour of conclusion of the last session of parlia- bis Majesty's crown against all aggreso ment, were not taken sufficiently in time sions, and by every needful sacrifice ; but to prevent a declaration of hostilities on that when we are called upon to impose the part of the United States of America, fresh burthens upon the people of these and that no course has been subsequently kingdoms sinking under an accumulation found practicable for averting the heavy of taxes, and, oppressed by circumstances calamity of war with that power, consis. of unusual privation and distress, we do tently with the honour and dignity of his implore his Royal Highness, at the conMajesty's crown and the welfare of the clusion of the nineteenth year of this most state.

extensive war, which has for so long a “ To pray his Royal Highness will be time, almost uninterruptedly, desolated graciously pleased to cause all the corres- every part of Europe, to take such meapondence which has passed belween the mi- sures as to his Royal Highness's wisdom nisters of the crown, and the persons autho- shall appear best, to ascertain whether it sized, on the part of the American govern. be not possible to procure the restorament, to be laid before this House, in order :ion of the blessings of peace. To state to that we may be enabled to form a just and his Royal Highness that it appears to this well-grounded opinion on the conduct of House that, at a moment when the glory his Majesty's ministers, in the progress of the British arms transcends the glory of and termination of a negociation, which all former periods, in the situation of the has ended in a manner so deeply to be contest between Russia and France, there deplored.

can be nothing derogatory to the honour « To assure his Royal Highness that we of his Majesty's crown in a proposition shall apply ourselves with anxious atten- made directly to all the belligerents on tion to the important interests of Ireland; the part of his Majesty, for a general paci. and that we will redeem the pledge given fication of Europe." by the last House of Commons, at the Mr. Bathurst spoke in favour of the oriconclusion of its last session, and will, early ginal Address. As a right hon. gentlein the present session, take into our serious man (Mr, Canning) had rightly stated, the

merit of this Address consisted in its give looked for, on the first day of the meeting ing such general assurance of support, as of parliament, to state all the negociations could be denied only in extreme cases,

that had been carried on. His noble and avoided entering into a detailed friend had expressed the pacific disposition opinion on subjects which would be more of this country, by declaring that it had properly discussed on future occasions. borne more from America than it would With respect to the Amendment moved have borne from any other country. He by the hon. gentleman, he could not think thought this feeling, which he had no doubt that that hon.gentleman seriously expected was general, would have prevented any far, the House to adopt it, but merely intended ther discussion on this subject. At any rate, to have his opinions recorded and circu. this certainly was not the time to lay be. lated on the several subjects to which he fore the House any negociations that might had alluded. It was not to be supposed have taken place, and it would be time that the House could now dispose of those enough afterwards to enter into discussions questions which related to such a variety of this sort, when the documents should of matter, on which they had not yet re- come in a regular way before them. The ceived the necessary information. He hon. gentleman, by the public prints, had was at a loss to know on what principle given them before now an opportunity of the hon. gentleman thought this the pro- knowing his sentiments on these subjects; per time to apply for peace. He had and the present Amendment he had pro: spoken, it was true, of Buonaparté as hav, posed was merely a repetition of them, ing been defeated in his object with re He appeared anxious that this parliament spect to Russia, and he had stated, that the should do something, because he thought time most proper for endeavouring to ob- it would be of short duration, owing to tain peace, was, when affairs were in a the circumstance of the King's health, and prosperous condition, while at the same had binted at some imaginary measure time the tendency of his speech was to which he fancied to be or have been prove that the condition of lord Welling in contemplation unconstitutionally to ton was not prosperous. The hon. gen. lengthen the limits and enlarge the powers tleman had, nevertheless, confirmed the of parliament, but ministers had given no Speech from the throne in its most ground for such a supposition. material parts, for, notwithstanding his a conjuration of the hon. gentleman's opinion as to details, he admitted own, and having formerly made it the that the enterprize of the enemy against ground of a long advertisement, he had Russia had been hastily conceived now made it the subject of his amended and badly executed. Were these the Address. Thus the hon. gentleman was grounds on which we were to sue for either premature or unfounded in bring, peace? Did he suppose that this House ing forward his several points. He would would go to the foot of the throne, and re

have time afterwards to propose any mor commend negociations for peace without tion on these subjects; but it was not to knowing more of the real state of the bel be supposed that on an Address, which ligerents ? One of the arguments used by ancient usage had made it customary to the hon. gentleman appeared to him very be an echo of the Speech from the throne, novel indeed, namely, that we were to they were to discuss the whole state of the propose peace to the enemy in order to country, and anticipate the whole busi: give Spain time to choose a government ness of the session. And as if they had for herself

. To him it appeared, however, not enough on their hands, the hon. gen: that the Spaniards must first repel the ag tleman proposed also the present state of our gressor, and drive the enemy out of the currency as one of the subjects of address. country, and having done this, they might This subject had been before the last parthen choose their own government. The liament, and it must be recollected, that hon. gentleman had complained of omis, nobody had then proposed a remedy, sions in the Speech, and particularly with whatever might be the extent of the evil. respect to the war with America. The in. This might be again a subject of future information given by bis noble friend on quiry, but why incorporate it into the Adthis subject was quite satisfactory, and dress, if no remedy was yet pretended to stated that a proposition for peace had be found. Then the hon. gentleman came been made to America, to which no answer

forward with a proposition for peace, for had yet been received. It would certainly peace on any terms. He had brought in he improper, and had never yet been the war in Russia as, au argument for peace, but this was the best thing that, rican coast, that there were of those of the could have happened, to shew that there enemy. Some allusions had also been was still a power in Europe that not only made to our military warfare in that dared to resist the conqueror, but to quarter.; but no man would say, that in turn back his tide of success. This, how the present circumstances, we should die ever, was not a war in which this country vert our military means froni Spain to in, was concerned as a principal. There was crease our force in Canada. At present, pobody here responsible for it, or answer such a measure appeared unnecessary. able for its results. The hon. gentleman As to Ireland, he should merely remark, therefore had better have gone into the that as the Prince Regent could only no. war in Spain, for there were persons in tice what had been done in parliament, England responsible for that. The hon, mention of that subject would have been gentleman had descanted at some length unnecessary, and on the subject of peace on the burning of Moscow, and had repre, in general, all must know, that a proposented it as pretended on our part, that sition to that effect made to the enemy, the people had set fire to their own houses. if not attended with good, must lead to Nobody, however, had ever stated, that incalculable mischief. the people had set fire to their own houses ; Sir Gilbert Heathcote, who had seconded the general feeling of the Russian people the Amendment, now shortly stated his had only been adverted to as willing to reasons for supporting it. He thought submit to any sacrifice, and shewing their that the gallantry displayed by our troops love of their own government, and their in Spain was highly crediable; but he detestation of the enemy in all their towns deeply regretted that no negociations for and villages, by their continued and in peace had been entered into. He was the creasing exertions. The bon. gentleman last man that would think of a dishonourbad denied the similarity of the Russian able peace : yel while we went on with retreat to that of Moreay; but if the warlike preparations, and opposed an unRussians bad retreated op a settled plan daunted front to the dangers which surbefore a superior force, where was the dis. rounded us, a desire of peace

should ani. similarity with respect, too, to the cavil mate and direct all our actions, and al, at that passage of what had fallen from ways be the leading principle of our con. the noble secretary (lord Castlereagh) on duct. The effects of the battle of Salathe subject of the war in Spain : bis noble manca were to put lord Wellington in friend had only spoken of Torres Vedras possession of Madrid. But the Spanish by way of comparison, and not as what Cortes, then, instead of deliberating on was likely to happen. The hon. gentle measures for the welfare of the nation, man had also misrepresented our con- were employed in re-establishing that denection with Sweden. Mạch advantage testable court, the Inquisition. The ad- . had been gained by that alliance, and vantages of continental alliances had often Russia had been thereby enabled to throw been questioned; but it remained for our a strong force into Riga, which not only days to see this country make itself the checked the progress of the enemy, but principal in a continental war: and to find occupied a very considerable portion of the war continued for the purpose of sup: his attention. With respect to the siege posting our revenues by the increase of our of Burgos, he could not see that govern maritime commerce. To bim measures ment was to blame. It was the sponta. were every thing, men nothing; although neous act of the general alone, and a very there were certainly persons beside him natural consequence of the result of the 'for whose abilities he entertained the very battle of Salamanca. With regard to highest respect. The present war, which America, it would not be fair to discuss had driven the middle ranks of society from that subject, nor could it be expected by the parlour to the garret, was now about to the House to have laid before them and attack the rich; but he thought a favourthe public the necessary information reable opportunity for peace presented its specting the negociation, till all hope self, of which he trusted due advantage should be lost of reconciliation. It was would be taken. enough to say, that the necessary means Mr. Ponsonby, thinking be had been al. had been taken to have a sufficient naval lyded to by a right bon. gentleman on the force in that quarter, and that, at the pre-floor (Mr. Canning), when he spoke of an sent moment, there were four times the intended Amendment, assured that right number of British frigates on the Ame-bon, gentleman and the House, that he had no knowledge wbatever of such | tuation of affairs, in the peninsula, had Amendment, until he heard of it in his asserted, that surely ministers could not place this evening; and that it had never be censured if the exertions they had been his intention to offer any proposition made had kept pace with the resources of of that kind. The Address proposed by the country; he was one of those who had the noble lord, was, as usual, a mere echo repeatedly asserted, that Spain could not of the Speech; but the Amendment pro- be saved by British but by Spanish troops. posed by his hon. friend was of a nature He had always thought, that the mode in widely different, it embraced a variety of which we assisted the Spaniards was injutopics, unconnected with the Speech or dicious, and he was still of the same opiAddress, and among other things, request. nion; if he was wrong, if the system ed the Prince Regent to make propositions adopted by ministers was preferable to his of peace to the enemy. This was by far suggestions, how could they stand justified the most important part of the Amend. in having carried on so ill, a better system, ment. But before he came to it, he wished that no lasting advantage had been deto make a few observations on the other rived from it ? How stood government in subjects to which the hon. gentlemen who the present instance? A most brilliant had preceded him in the debate had ad- victory had been obtained by the marquis verted. As to America the noble lord of Wellington ; a victory owing entirely opposite to him had said, “ that he was to his own genius, for, from what he had sure the gentlemen of the other side could learned from good authority, there never not blame ministers for not having at once was a victory which depended less upon exerted the whole power of England chance, and the probabilities of which against America, as, during the whole of had been submitted to stricter calculathe last session, they had not ceased to tions. Yet what was the result? The recommend conciliatory measures towards gallant chief had been obliged to evacuate that country.” If the noble lord meant Madrid, which he had wrested from the to include him in those insinuations, he foe; he had been forced to raise the siege did not accurately recollect what he (Mr. of Burgos, for want of sufficient means, P.) had then stated. When the noble lord pursued by that very army which had came down to the House with his nume- yielded the palm of victory to bis superous evasions and tergiversations about the rior genius." The noble lord had stated Orders of Council, wishing to retain them that Russia had demanded neither money one day, to modify them another, to sus- nor military assistance from this country; pend them the next, and, lastly, consent- and this he believed, for he saw no recoming to revoke them, he had then clearly mendation in the Speech to provide for stated, that he was apprehensive those de assistance of that nature. Russia had not lays would prove fatal to the concession demanded of us to make any exertion in itself, which perhaps could no longer her behalf in the north ; no, but in Spain, avert the threatened hostilities. He be- as exertions made by us there would be lieved others had expressed the same opi- more beneficial to her and to Europe. nion, but he was certain that he had. Some Had, then, the noble lord and his colgentlemen had even gone further, and had leagues done in Spain all that the resaid, that America, wearied by long re- sources of England allowed them to do, fusals, would insist on her own terms; in and still were our prospects in the peninwhich case he had declared that he would sula no brighter than they have repreresist any pretensions contrary to the ac- sented them to be ? If so, it was useless to knowledged rights and to the prosperity of carry further an unprofitable contest; it England; that opinion he did not wish to was useless to waste the blood and the retract; but before he expressed any treasures of England for an object unatopinion on the subject, he wished to know tainable; and it became proved, that the what had really passed in our negocia- power of England was not competent to tions with America. He did not wish to drive the French out of the peninsula. praise or censure ministers without proofs. But, on the other hand, the noble lord had He had disapproved of their former con- asserted that the power of England was duct; it was with gladness he had heard fully adequate to the task; if so, ministhem profess their conciliatory disposi- ters alone were to blame if the French tions, and he would not now pass condem. were not driven out of the peninsula. If nation upon them without evidence. The to comply with the earnest wishes of Rus. noble lord opposite, adverting to the si- sia they wanted additional means, they

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