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ones since ascertained and given in the Chronological table; this was unavoidable from the want of time and opportunity to examine the history of each particular building with sufficient minuteness, in the first instance, and in all such cases the dates should be corrected by the table ; they are not numerous enough to be of much importance. A general Index to the three volumes has been added, which will enable the reader easily to detect any discrepancies of this kind, and will it is hoped make the work more useful by the facility of referring to any particular example or remarks upon it. In this Index the specimens of which there are engravings are distinguished by an asterisk, which was thought more convenient than separating the Index into two parts, one of engravings, the other of places mentioned, as was done in the former edition.

Turl, Oxford, January, 1846.

ADVERTISEMENT

TO THE FIRST EDITION.

In the spring of the year 1840 the copper-plates and copy-right of Mr. Britton's " Dictionary of the Architecture and Archæology of the Middle Ages” were sold by public auction to Mr. Henry G. Bohn, by whom the purchase was shortly afterwards transferred to the present publisher.

After some consideration he decided upon publishing it as a Companion to the Glossary of Architecture, and extracting so much of Mr. Britton's Dictionary as suited that object, in preference to reprinting the whole as a separate work.

Several different reasons combined to recommend this plan in preference to the other. The two works had so many points of resemblance that they must necess

essarily take the same ground in some instances. It appeared also that Mr. Britton's series of plates taken by themselves were far from complete, his plan had evidently been cut short and brought to a hasty conclusion: to have taken it up and completed it would have made a large and expensive work; but by taking these plates as additional illustrations to the Glossary, they afford a large number of valuable examples, very few of which had previously been given in that work.

As soon as this was decided on, it became necessary to affix dates to these new examples in the same manner as had been done in the former volume. The researches necessary to ascertain these dates as far as possible, naturally recalled the idea which had previously been entertained, of adding a short Chronological Table and Index, which it is hoped will be found useful and interesting. In order to make this more complete, the heads of the different Kings and Queens have been inserted from the best authorities that were accessible, together with their respective shields and badges; these latter are borrowed principally from Mr. Willement's Regal Heraldry, with his kind permission.

For the beautiful woodcut of Thornbury Castle, (see Frontispiece) which is given as an example of the style in use for domestic edifices in the reign of Henry VIII., the work is indebted to the liberality of the Rev. William Digby, M.A., canon of Worcester.

ILLUSTRATIONS.

Page

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14 24 25 26

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28 31 32 34 37 40 42 44

ib.

48

52

Monks Wearmouth, Inscription, A.D. 684
Lorsch, Details of the Portico or Gatehouse, A.D. 774
Rome, Campanile of St. Francesca Romana, A.D. 855
Edward the Confessor, Armorial Bearings
Aldborough Church, Yorkshire, Inscription, A.D. 1050
Deerhurst, Gloucestershire, Inscription, A.D. 1056

Tower and Doorway
Kirkdale in Rydale, Yorkshire, Inscription over south Door, A.D. 1060

A.D.
Postling, Kent, Inscription
William the Conqueror, Head and Armorial Bearings of
Cologne, St. Gereon, Impost and Base in Crypt, A.D. 1067
Winchester Cathedral, Capital and Base in north Transept, A.D. 1079
William II., Head of, from his Great Seal .
Canterbury Cathedral, Arcade, A.D. 1110
Henry I., Head of, from his Great Seal
Rochester Cathedral, Heads of Henry I. and his Queen .
Castor Church, Northamptonshire, Inscription over the Door, A.D. 1124
Stephen, Head of, from his Great Seal, and Armorial Bearings .
Shobdon Church, Herefordshire, Pillar, A.D. 1141
Byland Abbey, Yorkshire, Inscription
Cologne, St. Mauritius, Impost in the Apse
Schwartz Rheindorf on the Rhine, Capital in the Arcade and String in

the upper Church, A.D. 1148 .
Northampton, St. Peter's, Arches of Nave
Anjou, Jeoffrey, earl of, Armorial Bearings
Henry II. and Eleanor of Guienne, Head of, from their Monuments at

55

ib.

56 59 60

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Fontevraud
Peterborough, Moulding in the Transepts, A.D. 1155
Canterbury Cathedral, Moulding, east Transept A.D. 1175

Base, A.D. 1184
Murrhard, St. Walderich's, Capital and Base
London, Temple Church, Inscription, A.D. 1185
Richard I. and Berengaria, Heads of, from their Monuments, and Armo-

rial Bearings
Clee Church, Lincolnshire, Inscription, A.D. 1192
Richard I., Head of, from Rouen

60 61 64 65 66 67 i

69 70 71

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ILLUSTRATIONS.

Page King John and his Queen Isabella, Heads of, from their Monuments at Worcester Cathedral and Fontevraud, A.D. 1199

72 Gelnhausen, Corbels and Capitals, A.D. 1210

75 Henry III., Head of, from his Monument in Westminster Abbey

77 Amiens Cathedral, Western Porches

80 Wells Cathedral, Corbel-heads in Nave, A.D. 1390

81 Ashbourn, Derbyshire, Inscription, A.D. 1235

85 London, Temple Church, Mouldings from the Choir, A.D. 1240

87 Lichfield Cathedral, Corbel-head from the Chapter-house, A.D. 1250 91 Salisbury Cathedral, Corbel in Chapter-house, A.D. 1255

93 Edward I. and Eleanor of Castile, Heads of, and Armorial Bearings 95 Westminster Abbey, Inscription from the Tomb of Henry III. .

97 Exeter Cathedral, Corbel-heads in Transept, A.D. 1279

99 Canterbury Cathedral, part of the Screen in Choir, A.D. 1304

105 Edward II., Head of, from his Monument in Gloucester Cathedral 106 Oxford, Merton College, Window of Vestry, A.D. 1310

107 St. Aldate's, Corbel in south Aisle

110 Westminster, St. Stephen's Chapel, Mouldings, A.D. 1320

ib. Garway, Dovecote, A.D. 1326

112 Edward III. and Queen Phillippa, and Edward the Black Prince, Heads of, and Armorial Bearings

113 Bookham Great, Surrey, Inscription, A.D. 1341

115 Oxford Cathedral, Panel from the Tomb of Lady Montacute, A.D. 1355 117 Winchester Cathedral, Panel from Bp. Edington's work, A.D. 1366 118 Warwick, St. Mary, Section of Mouldings of the Chancel, A.D. 1370 120 Richard II. and his Queen, Heads of, and Armorial Bearings, and Badges 121 Winchester Cathedral, Fanel from the work of William of Wykeham, A.D. 1394

125 Henry IV. and Queen Joan, Heads of, Armorial Bearings, and Badges 126 Canterbury Cathedral, Boss in the vault of a Chapel, A.D. 1410

128 Henry V., Head and Badge of, .

ib. Henry VI. and Queen Margaret, Heads of, and Armorial Bearings 130 Beauchamp Chapel, Warwick, Mouldings of east Window, A.D. 1439 133 Edward IV., Head of, and Armorial Bearings and Badges of the House of York

137 Edward V., Armorial Bearings of

140 Richard III., Head of, and Armorial Bearings and Badge

ib. Tudor family, Badges of

141 Henry VII. and his Queen, Heads of, and Armorial Bearings

142 Canterbury Cathedral, Angel Steeple, Inscription, A.D. 1490

144 Henry VIII., Head of, and Badges and Armorial Bearings

148 Thornbury Castle, Plans of upper and lower Windows

149 View of, see the Frontispiece to this volume Darton, West Riding of Yorkshire, Inscription, A.D. 1517.

151

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13, 14 15, 16

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18, 19

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ILLUSTRATIONS, CONTINUED.

Plates ARCADES

1, 2, 3 ARCHES

4, 5, 6, 7 Bases

8,9
Bosses
BRACKETS

12
BUTTRESSES
CAPITALS.
CATHEDRAL OF DURIAM—(Ground-plan)

17
COMPARTMENTS
CHAPTER-HOUSES—(Ground-plans of twelve)

20 CHIMNEY-SHAFTS

21 COLUMNS

22 CORBEL-TABLES

23 CROCKETS.

24 CROSSES IN CHURCH-YARDS, &c.

25 IN MARKETS

26 on GABLES

27 CRYPTS OF CANTERBURY CATHEDRAL—(Plan and views). 28, 29 Doorways;

30, 31, 32 FINIALS

33 Fonts

34 TRACERY OF VAULTED CEILINGS

35, 36, 37 TOWERS AND SPIRES

38 WINDOWS. South Porch of King's COLLEGE CHAPEL, CAMBRIDGE. 40

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