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OPHTHALMOLOGY, OTOLOGY, RHINOLOGY, AND MEDICAL tory to studying medicin, and it will be found satisiacJURISPRUDENCE.
tory to any practician wishing an inexpensiv and upT. E. Raines, M.D. (Sec.), Concordia.
to-date dictionary for every day use.-A. L. R. 1. Differentiate iritis and glaucoma, and give treatment of each. 2. Describe and give treatment in full of (a) phlyctenular kerati
Marriage in Froo Society. By Edward Carpenter. Pubtis, (b) interstitial keratitis, (c) perforating ulcer of the
lisht by Stockham Publishing Company, Chicago. Price, postcornea, and possib'e sequelae of the latter. 3. In a patient suffering from ear trouble, how would you test his
paid, 25 cents. power of hearing?
A paper bound pamphlet of ini pages. It is small, 4. Give the differential diagnosis between acute inflammation of but the reader will think new and startling thoughts. the middle ear and mastoiditis.
Je do not say that the impressions are altogether 5. Diagnose Ménière's disease. 6. Give diagnosis and treatment of enlarged turbinates, adenoids,
wholesome, but the book is worth reading and the and give differential diagnosis.
price. Every practician needs all the thoughts he can 7. Differentiate between a benign and malignant growth of the obtain along such lines, anyway; he can digest them nose.
for himself at his leisure.-A. L. R. 8. In a medico-legal sense, what constitutes a dying declaration, and what is necessary to make it evident in a court of jus
The Practical Medicin Series : comprising ten volumes tice, and bow should it be taken!
on the year's progress in medicin and surgery, 1906. Series of 9. Define idiocy; imbecility ; cretinism.
ten volumes, $io, The Year Book Publishers, 40 Dearborn street, Chicago,
Voli. General Medicin. Edited by Drs. Frank Billings, RECENT BOOKS
Dean of Rush Medical College, and J. H. Salisbury. Price of this volume separately, $2.
Among the year books, this is one of the best and The Modern Materia Medica. The Source, Chemical the least expensiv. It is a handy and neat volume of and Physical Properties, Therapeutic Action, Dosage, Antidotes
369 pages; 104 pages are given to tuberculosis, 42 and Incompatibles of All Additions to the Newer Materia Medica
pages to pneumonia, etc. That Are Likely to be Called for on Prescriptions. Cloth, 306 pages, $1.50. New York, The Druggists' Circular.
Vol. II. General Surgery. Edited by Dr. Joo. B. Murphy, The evident need of some work of ready information
Professor of Surgery in Rush Medical College. 583 pages. Price
of this volume separately, $2. concerning the many new additions to the materia medica is well filled by this new book, which embraces
A worthy companion of the volume on general all the newer remedies introduced up to January 1,
medicin. The names at the head of both these books 1906, together with the nutritivs which are beginning
gives confidence and assurance of ability and care in
gives con to replace a great many tonic and stimulating medicins
the presentation of the subjects. The work on surgery in the treatment of certain maladies and in convales
is freely illustrated. cence.
Modern Physio-Therapy. A System of Drugless TheraThe Natural Laws of Sexual Life. Medico-sociological peutic Methods, including a chapter on X-Ray Diagnosis. By Researches, by Dr. Anton Nystrom, Stockholm. Authorized Otto Juettner, A.M., M.D., etc., etc. Harvey Publisbing Com. translation from the third Swedish edition by Carl Sandzen, A.M.. pany, Cincinnati, Ohio. Quite a large volume of 513 pages. M.D., Ph.D., Professor of Physical Therapeutics, University of Price not stated. Kansas School of Medicin. Publisht by I'he Burton Company, We welcome this book both on account of its subKansas City, Mo., 1906. Price, $2.
ject, and the enthusiasni and ability with which the Contains 260 pages. Every doctor who has no spe author treats his subject. A growing tendency, and cial work on the sexual life should buy it, yet we can one which we like to encourage, is to get “close to not by any means indorse all of the sentiments exprest nature"--and that means away from drugs. Even by the author. No practician can escape the responsi. malaria is treated in this book without drugs. The bílity of urging parents to teach their children the treatment consists of a vegetable diet, irrigation of the essentials of sexual hygiene, and if these parents be colon, sweat baths, good hygienics, keep liver activ by absolutely ignorant the responsibility of referring abdominal massage, vibration over the stomach and them to works which are fairly voluminous and yet are liver, horse-back exercise, perfect elimination, etc. free from too many glaring errors. The author has the electric, mechanical, and other apparatus used presumed too much, and the translator has not com- for treatment without drugs are illustrated in this pletely digested the American literary work on this book. Many so-called quacks get good results by subject, else the inference would not have been methods shown in this book; but drugless therapy is promulgated in the preface that there was dearth of not quackery. We hope the profession will take a such works imbued with scientific truth and purpose. greater interest in these methods. There are many such American works, but the American doctor is remiss in not purchasing them. The Death of Hon. Richard J. Seddon, Premier of New price is low and most of the information trite, true and
Zealand. valuable. Typographical errors are frequent, but the Those who possess “ The Story of New Zealand ” book is very interesting. It needs revising and en and “ Politics in New Zealand," particularly the forlarging if it is to hold' one of the leading places in mer, will be interested and grieved to learn that PreAmerican literature along this line.-A. L. R.
mier Seddon died June 10, 1906. He was the greatest
of the leaders who, with the co-operation of the proTaber's Pocket Encyclopedic Medical Dictionary. ductiv forces among the people, the farmers and orEdited by Clarence W. Taber. Associate Editor, Nicholas Senn, ganized labor, since 1890 have placed New Zealand at M.D., Ph.D., LL.D., C.M. Publisht by C. W. Taber, Chicago, the head of all the countries of the earth in political
the U.S. A. Price, $1.56.
progress and prosperity. A biographic sketch of this Contains 418 pages, with a complete cross index by great leader of the people may be found on pages 629 which any word, whether spelling is known or not, to 633, “Story of New Zealand." It is interesting to may be instantly located. It gives cyclopedic defini note, on page 635, that Hon. Sir Joseph Ward, Minister tions of all organs, parts, and diseases; covers Anat- of the Railways, will probably succeed to the premieromy, Physiology, Therapeutics, Toxicology, Surgery, ship. Premier Seddon was a truly great man; and Medical Electricity, and allied subjects. It includes his death at 61 is a great loss, not only to New Zealand, diagnosis, symptomatology, incubation periods, prog- but to humanity; for his work stands not only for New nosis, and treatment; special vocabularies of opera- Zealand, but as an example for humanity. He was tions, instruments, poisons, and antidotes are given. physically large and powerful, weight 300 pounds. He It has the gist of the medical laws of all states and ter died suddenly (presumably from heart trouble, but ritories. Special clinical charts of temperature and we think most of these sudden "heart" deaths are symptomatology are furnisht for the hurried reader. It really brain deaths-apoplexy), just after he had sailed is well bound in flexible leather, with gold edges and from Australia for New Zealand (the distance between stamping, and is printed on strong paper. It meets the two countries is 1200 miles). The ship returned intimately the needs of the recent graduate and of the to port again upon the Premier's sudden and unexpractician deficient in a thoro literary course prepara pected death,
Our Monthly Talk
OUR MONTHLY TALK.
This will reach the majority of our readers before the “Glorious Fourth.” I wish to ask that you turn to the issue for last August, page 335, and take another look at that picture of Uncle Sam, “his head in the clouds and his feet in the mire." Since then we have had a great deal of " mire;" for example, the insur. ance revelations, railroad graft, affecting even our supposed-to-be “world standard” Pennsylvania rail. road, and more recently we have had the packing house horrors! Wouldn't it be better to clean up some of this " mire" than to shoot cannon, burn firecrackers and red light, and read the Declaration of Independence on the 4th of July? It is a great and glorious thing to have independence; but it is greater and more glorious to know how to use independence.
Bryan for nomination for the presidency in 1908? This boom seems to be entirely spontaneous, is widespread, is unusually early, and it includes many conservativ men of prominence who opposed him bitterly in 1896 and 1900. I take little interest in this boom for Mr. Bryan because I care all for principles and little for men ; and while it is true that the right principles have to be carried out by the right kind of men, still there are many “right kind of men.” We need not depend on Mr. Bryan or any other one man for carrying out of the right kind of principles. But I just want to call attention to the fact that Mr. Bryan was the candidate for the populists as well as the democrats (the progressiv democrats), both in 1896 and 1900. Mr. Bryan hasn't changed, and the populist principles haven't changed. It seems that the former conservativ opponents, who are now supporters of Mr. Bryan, have been changing. We congratulate these men, for to change when you find that you have been wrong shows the spirit of progress. I can now find populism where it was least expected a few years ago. For example, here is a little of it in an editorial in the Philadelphia Ledger (one of the most bitter opponents of “hairbrained" populism in the past), commenting on the platform of the Lincoln party, an independent party that held a convention in this state (Pennsylva not long ago. The date of the issue is June ist:
The platform accords with modern reform practise in the foremost states. The transportation systems must be curbed and regulated, and for this purpose a railroad commission is recommended. Ballot reform, which reformers have long and vainly sought, must be provided for by adequate legislation. The privilege of carrying freight by trolley companies is urged, and on the fundamental question of municipal franchises the platform says in unmistakable terms that a state law should be passed “forbid. ding the granting of franchises without the approval of the voters.'
“ Talk" may de separated from THE WORLD by cutting this leaf on this line. Thus " Talk" without the medical part may be passed among lay friends, or given to the editor of the local paper to copy from.
In 1896, criticism of the railroads (which were then hauling train load after train load of shouters to Mr. McKinley's home at Canton, Ohio) was considered not only calamity-howling populism, but almost treason. But lately the Ledger has been " speaking out" more plainly and emphatically than the populist press in the 90's. For example, here is a part of an editorial in the issue for May 24, 1906, referring to the Pennsylvania Railroad Company :
In the past the majority of the voters of this country have been democrats or republicans from inheritance and prejudice rather than from conviction. I have been laboring for years to modify partizan prejudice, loosen party ties, and place the great and responsible public function of the voter on an intelligent and enlightened basis. We can congratulate ourselves that great progress has been made. As an evidence of this fact, read the following leading editorial from the Phila. Ledger for May 25th :
THE SITUATION IN PENNSYLVANIA.
It bappens ibat President Roosevelt's avowed policy
No doubt Senator Penrose will take care that very estimable gentlemen are placed on the republican ticket, and Colonel Guffey will exercise the same wise supervision of candidates on the democratic ticket; but it is just possible that this year a majority of the voters may say: "A plague o' both your houses.' In the past you have joined hands to degrade and despoil our noble commonwealth, making of her a hissing and a byword among all her sister commonwealths. Your misdeeds are writ so large that no aggressivly honest man can consistently with his self-respect accept office at your hands. If he does he must either recognize his obligations to you or repudiate them and serve us in sincerity and in truth.” On the other hand, the republican voters may meekly accept the ticket blessed by Senator Penrose, notwithstanding the investigation of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, and the democratic voters may meekly accept the ticket blessed by Colonel Guffey, notwithstanding the investigation of the Standard Oil Company-tho it must be reme'mbered that both these investigations are due to President Roosevelt.
There is no doubt it would seriously complicate the embarrassing situation already confronting Senator Penrose and Colonel Guffey if a candidate should appear who owed his nomination to no boss, no corporation, no grafter nor any of their so-called “conspirators,” but only to such honest citizens as by nomination popers-like the case of Mr. Jerome in New York-askt him to run. If such a candidate, spurning all corrupt alliances, placed himself on the square deal platform of President Roosevelt, there is no telling as yet what would be the result of such a candidacy. Much, of course, would depend upon
the man. What do you think of the present boom for Mr.
If it were impossible to overstate the gravity of the reyelations made last week as to the conditions within the organization of the company-the acceptance of money, stocks and other substantial favors by officials, inferentially for the granting of special favors and facilities in the discharge of a public duty which the charter of the company and the highest reasons of public policy and equity required should be performed impartially for all-what shall be said of yesterday's disclosure that these officials were following the example set for them by the highest and most trusted servants of the corporation? Is it any surprise that the car distributer and the division superintendent should soil their hands with bribes when the men closest to the responsible heads of the company were engaged in a busiless so nearly identical that it would require the services of a casuist to detect the difference?
Mr. Patton, whose position as assistant to President Cassatt presumably brings him into the most confidential relations with the directors of the policy of the company, indignantly resented the bald summary of his testimony before the commission yesterday and denied that the 6100 shares of coal stock, valued at more than $300,000, held by him, were" given to him. The fact remains that he paid nothing for them. It may be taken as another fact that had he not held a place so high in the councils of the railway company his“ lifelong friend," the coal land promoter, would not have lavisht a fortune upon him, asking and receiving no payment in return. The burden of proof will rest upon Mr. Patton to show that the friendly interest of the railway company, in the furnishing of cars and sidings, contracts, etc., was not the real consideration which accounted for the wbolly unique generosity of the promoters and organizers of coal and coal land companies.
RESTRICTION OF WEALTH. It is well known that any country that is noted for its millionaires is also noted for its tramps and paupers. That being true, is it not true that individual wealth should be restricted in the public interest? Here is a voice on that subject from a high place of authority:
WEALTH SHOULD BE RESTRICTED, SAYS
(Special Telegram to Public Ledger.]
" One of the first things that we must give up is the
“ Then again a multi-millionaire should not be eligible to a seat in the United States Senate. See to what pitch the vulgar rich have brought this body, which promist in its inception to be the grandest legislativ body in all the history of the world.
“ All regulation of corporations should be enforced by the imprisonment of delinquent officers. Our courts should be trained to learn that the imprisonment of a millionaire is not a sacrilege.
"Neither lapse of time nor innocent purchases of securities should be allowed to bar the right to wrest from any person or corporation every privilege obtained in whole or in part by bribery. A rational code of laws governing the relations of corporations or their servants, such as exists in England, France and Germany, and even in Russia, should be enacted. The power of petty officials to grant valuable franchises should be taken away and such fran. chises should be granted upon condemnation and payment of their reasonable value and be subject to reappraisal
periodically." It is easy to say “a million dollars,'' but it is hard to realize just what that expression means. Ten years ago I made an attempt to present the matter so that the ordinary mind could realize what a vast sum a million dollars is. A few years before I had made a journey to the holy land, and I used observations there to help me. I called the article “An Honest Million." It was the “Talk” in THE WORLD for May, 1896. It was copied by many papers of all kinds all over the country. I wonder if it is worth repeating here in connection with the above subject. Our circulation was smaller then than now, so comparativly few of our present readers could refer to a WORLD that far back. So here it is :
An Honest Million, I have never been so imprest by a place where there was so little to see as by Nazareth, once the home of the one whose gentle life and wise teachings have so remarkably influenced the civilized world. The place is not particularly impressiv, but one's thought are thronged with memories of teachings which began at mother's knee, then continued in the Sunday-school, church, etc., and connected with every sacred relations, as christenings, weddings, and funerals. And here was His home! We are treading the very streets that He trod. The views that meet our eyes in every direction are scenes once familiar to Him. Yonder plain of Esdraelon, which we crost in coming here, was well known to Him. Yonder mountain is practically the same now as it was when it was a familiar figure in His daily landscape. I went to bed that night with an impressiv realization that I was to sleep in the town which was once His home. And when leaving the next day I often turned my horse about to look again and again at the little town and its surrounding hills and valleys-scenes of His daily life.
In the last few years, during which the industrial question has assumed such great importance in our country, my mind has often gone back to those scenes in Galilee. I have thought of the principal actor, not as a teacher, but as a workingman-the Carpenter of Galilee. Millionaires and multi-millionaires have become numerous in our country, bringing in their wake an army of unemployed, many of whom, by force of conditions, degenerate into tramps and vagabonds.
Both these classes, the millionaires and tramps, are a detriment to the best interests of our country. I have made a calculation bearing upon the honesty of these millions in private coffers, and to help us to realize what a sum a million dollars is and what it is to actually earn a million dollars. All will agree that when a workingman can save $1 every working day in the year he is doing well.
Our era begins with the birth of this Carpenter of Galilee. Let us suppose that he was able to begin work on the day of his birth and that each working day he was able to save $1 above his living expenses. Let us suppose that he never loses a day by sickness or bad weather, and that his life and health and strength are miraculously prolonged until he shall earn one million dollars by saving $1 for every working day. Then we will be able to realize what an honest million is.
We will trace our workman who began work on the day of his birth. At the historic time of his death, at the age of 33, what would he be worth? The calculation is easy : 365 days minus 52 Sundays equals 313 working days in each year. Multiply that by 33 years and we have 10,329 days; but we must add 8 days for 8 leap years. This would make it 10,337-and $i per day saved would equal as many dollars--$10,337. Far from a million, yet labor began at birth, and never a holiday nor a day lost by sickness! Let us suppose that he had lived the allotted 70 years; then how would the account stand? Only $21,927! Our work. man has a long and weary task before him to earn so large an amount as a million dollars. Our hero must
udge along thru summer's heat and winter's storms. Years and decades come and go until they grow into centuries, and still he works on, for his task is only begun. He sees kingdoms and empires rise and fall, but still he labors on, for the greater part of his task is still before him.
Christians are persecuted in various countries, the Roman Empire disappears, the dark ages come and still he labors on, his task not yet completed. The .crusades are fought, America is discovered, modern science awakens the world from its shroud of dark. ness, and still he labors on. The stirring events of modern history transpire and bring us down to the present moment, and--would you believe it?-our Carpenter is still laboring on, not yet having saved a million dollars, yet not having missed a single working day from sickness or any other cause in all these centuries. Let us see how his task would stand at this time. We are not counting interest, but purely the earnings of labor. We have seen that his savings would be $313 per year; this would be $31,300 per century, but adding 25 days for 25 leap years per century, it would be $31,325 per century. To determin how his account would stand at the beginning of the present century multiply $31,325 by 18, and the result is $561,850, and add $30,048 for the 96 years of the present century and the amount is $591,898. So the task at the present time would be only a little more than half done. Let us in imagination bring him before us. Here he comes, time-scarred, storm-scarred, laborscarred. V
m questions. Het esting stories of how he has builded homes for princes and peasants in many countries, of how he workt on the Colosseum, the Alhambra and St. Peter's. He mentions familiarly such masters as Michael Angelo. He praises his good fortune in having steady employment d
ages were always promptly paid and that he was allowed to make up the time lost by going from one job to another by night work--but suddenly he says: “I must not tarry. I am the drudge of the ages, with the task of earning a million dollars. I must get it honestly, therefore I must earn it. My task will require many. many years, even centuries yet, so adieu." With this he leaves us. But does he not leave many reflections concerning our millionaires and their millions. What shall we say to those who obtain not only one million, but many millions in the few years of the adult period of a single life?
It is plain that no man can earn a million dollars in a brief human life, however hard he may work. But many have become millionaires, and while it is im
e ask h
We will admit that some have done so legally. This “LIFE SAVERS for LAND
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possible to do so honestly, in a strictly ethical sense, we will admit that some have done so legally. This shows that these men have been enabled to do this only by the many advantages of the institutions of this country and aided by the protection of the law. Then, do these men owe nothing to the country and to the law? Indeed, they owe much. But as a rule they systematically “dodge” taxes during life, and at death are permitted to make any disposition of their vast possessions that they may desire to order in their will, without any contribution to the government that made possible the accumulation of their vast fortunes. Is it not just and fair that a percentage should go to the government? The people of other countries think
The most so, but we, as usual, are behind.
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The Allison Automatic Table
Have you tried Glyco-Thymoline in dysenteric conditions? We recently saw the suggestion that in these conditions a high colon flush of GlycoThymoline in a 10 percent solution at 105° be used at least twice daily; the claim being made that this solution exerts a markt inhibitory effect upon the growth of putrefactiv and pathogenic bacteria, overcomes glandular stasis or edema present, depleting the membrane of its products of inflammation and restoring normal glandular secretion. See adv. on page 7 and write for literature, etc.
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The Dios Chemical Co., of St. Louis, ask us to call our readers' attention to the following notice:
We are creditably informed that representative of certain Eastern chemical houses are trying to introduce a mixture, claiming that it contains the same ingredients as Neurosine. We have workt up a large demand for Neurosine exclusivly with the medical profession. It is evident they are trying to reap wbere they have not sown. Physicians will readily recognize that the intention of the parties referred to is to encourage substitution ; therefore, we doem it only necessary to mention this fact to doctors, as we believe they would not knowingly allow their prescription to be filled except with the identical drug prescribed. It is for the profession to determin the efficient results they have obtained in tbe use of Neurosine and not to be induced to try that which is claimed to be “just as good." See adv. of Neurosine, etc., on page 17.
Apish immipos de F
DEWSBURY, England. I nursed my father during a long and exhaustiv illness, during which time he tried all sorts of beef preparations, but none agreed with him like Valentine's Meat-Juice. He lived for four months solely on the Meat-Juice and a little whiskey. Since that time I have frequently ordered it with satisfactory results.-J.J.G. PRITCHARD, L.R.C.P.; M.R.C.S.; Asst. Medical Officer County Asylum, Lancaster, Eng.
(Continued on page 22.]
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