« ForrigeFortsett »
Except for absentee owners. They must pay 50 percent more tban residents. You can see that in New Zealand the chance for fine old families and landed gentry is slim.
No doubt the theory of these things is extremely reprehensible, but the practise is excellent. What with seizing the big estates and what with the graduated land tax the size of holdings has been so reduced that of 115,713 landowners in 1905 only 22,778 came under the operations of the augmented land tax. The others, having small properties, paid the smallest rate. Under the land purchase act the government has seized 691,594 acres, mostly hunting fields and uncultivated family inheritances. These bave been parti. tioned into small farms and are occupied by actual settlers. Un. der the operation of all the new land laws together, the produce of New Zealand has trebled and the New Zealand farmer has become the most prosperous in the world.
There is another chapter in this story, which I add both because it has a certain grim touch of humor and because it contrasts so sharply with our own ways. We suffer so much from the performances of the tax dodger that certainly every state, and I suppose every community, could increase its revenue at least threefold if the taxes were honestly levied and paid. Once they had tax dodgers in New Zealand, but they have them no more. The reformers got rid of them by enacting a law that the government could buy any property at the value the owner placed upon it for taxation purposes. That is to say, if a gentleman declaimed that the assessors had done him infamous wrong, and that the estate they had valued at $100,000 was not worth more than $80,000, the gov. ernment could draw a check for $80,000, and the gentleman was obliged to accept it. When this law had been sprung three or four times tax-dodging ceast to be an attractiy amusement, gentlemen no longer complained of their assessments, and the revenues underwent a notable increase. " **
Do but imagin to yourself what would happen in Chicago, let us say, if the government had the right to purchase at the owners' valuation certain rich railroad, brewery, and other corporation properties, that now bear one-tenth of their proper tax burdens. Think of it! Chicago would find herself with enuf revenue to have a police force and keep her citizens from being sandbagged and murdered. And what a change that would be !
It will pay you to get the magazine and read the entire article. If the above small type is too small for your eyes, get a younger person to read it to you. It will be a good thing for the younger person as well as yourself.
A Prediction. I am writing this on election day, Nov. 6. While the battle of the ballots is going on, and the result as yet undetermined, let me make this prediction : The awakening of the country during the past two years will not stop. There may be a set-back here and there, but it will be only local and temporary. A new spirit pervades us, and it will urge us on to new and better achievements. We see a new goal, and we will not stop until we reach it. The Dollar will tempt us less than formerly, and Humanity and the Country's Good will be the objects of our endeavors more than ever before. The millionaire will not have so easy a time as heretofore. His lot will scarcely be envied, for he will be expected to do according to his ability; it will become more and more difficult for him to dodge just taxes while he lives, and when he dies his estate will be taxt for the benefit of the government and the people. The specially privileged classes will be shorn of their privileges, and the rest of the people will have a chance. We will do substantially what New Zealand has done, but we will not do it in the same way, because of the differences in conditions. We will make and execute laws to suit our conditions and needs, just as New Zealand did. We should study New Zealand's achievements, not with the expectation of copying, but in order to get a wholesome lesson in real democracy, and thus approach our own problems with all the light that New Zealand's experience can shed upon them.
When a disease is treated in any part of the world more successfully than has ever been known before, the doctors in other parts of the world will not rest until they have learned the new lesson and applied it in their own country. So with social experiments and political cures. They cannot be fenced in. The news of them will spread, and their benefits will be carried to wherever there is sufficient intelligence and courage to apply them. We have been too slow in learning our lesson from New Zealand, but our very deliberation will make the application of the remedies all the more thoro when we really get at it-and we are getting at it. The readers of THE MEDICAL WORLD have had a special advantage in this. At great expense and labor I caused to be produced primarily for
them a magnificent presentation of this political experiment (“The Story of New Zealand”), like a clinic showing a new treatment of disease and its results. Later, for the convenience and economy of my readers, I condenst the story (“Politics in New Zealand"). Now our country is going to march right along in the path of democracy and progress until possibly more brilliant results are achieved than have percht upon the proud banners of New Zealand. The leaven is working ; a brighter day is breaking; the forces are beginning to move, and nothing can stop them. Let us make no mistake. Every voter, and particularly every man with influence in his community, should study the problems, so as to be able to aid in their proper solution. Do it now. Don't be caught unprepared, for the problems are coming your way; you must study and think for yourself, and perhaps for your community.
Election Results. Well, the elections are over, and there are many disappointed hearts—there always are. I was disappointed in many particulars, but I am not discouraged; for I can see much encouragement in the results. And, remember, the object of these “ Talks" is not to carry elections, but to carry pregnant truths to thinking doctors of every party and political affiliation. The defeat of any party at any particular time is of little importance compared to the instilling of progressiv ideas into the ranks of every political party.
In this state, Stuart, candidate of the organization republicans (“the gang," as they are popularly called here), defeated Emery, independent republican and fusion, for governor; but by a majority reduced by 80 percent compared with the Roosevelt majority of two vears ago. The good side is that Stuart is an exceptionally clean and high grade man-the gang had to select that kind of a man in order to have any hope of winning-and he made numerous pledges during the campaign to favor many progressiv measures that the people want. A regrettable feature is that Roosevelt, that curious mixture of partizan and patriot, sent members of his cabinet into the state to stump for the republican party. I need not discuss the partizan results in other states. Suffice it to say that, as a rule, the bosses and corporationists are rapidly disappearing from official power, either in nominating conventions or at the polls. Hughes, republican, defeated Hearst, democrat, in New York for governor ; but Hughes made his reputation last winter by conducting the remarkable insurance investigations. If he will put other offending corporations similarly on the rack, he will do all that the most ardent democrat could wish. The republican party is not going to allow the democrats to have all the glory of bringing corporations to justice. Witness the present vigorous and earnest move against the Standard Oil Co. by the Administration. True, the republican party should have done that years ago. Now that further delay would seriously threaten its supremacy, the President, a far-seeing political leader, pushes the prosecution, and his party will get the credit for it; just as the popularity of himself and party was and will be enhanced among the masses, by the rate bill (last winter), and by other democratic measures that are on the President's program. Taking the wind out of an opponent's sails by stealing his issues is an old political game. The political history of this country and England is full of it. But what do we, the people, care, just so we get what we want?
After years of toadying to the railroads in this state by the republican party, and while the present governor and the governor-elect are republicans, and both branches of the legislature strongly republican, it is announced that the fight for 2 cent fare on railroads, and a trolley freight law, are virtually won. The State Board of Trade succeeded in pledging most of the candidates for these bills, and they will be pusht to accomplishment. The railroad opposition has ihus far been in vain (they can't bribe with passes as they did before the rate law), but they can be expected to work hard against these bills until the end. Bills limiting the passenger rate to two cents per mile will be introduced, and probably passed, in at least five other states: Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, and Wisconsin. This is progress. Michigan, Ohio, and New York already have this kind of a law, and it has been abundantly proved that the railroads can thrive at this rate. So don't be a pessimist. Things are moving our (the people's) way. But on the other hand, don't fold your hands and go to sleep. These things w
were not won by drones. All things come to those who work for them. Work in your own party for the people's interests if there is any hope. If there is no hope in your own party, pull out (even tho it be your dad's party), and join a party nearer the people's interests.
Don't let anybody discourage you with dark and gloomy forebodings. Our country is getting better, the world is getting better-humanity is getting better. During the past ten or twelve years I have frequently heard predictions of revolutions-bloody ones, in the not distant future ; and I have heard these sometimes from able men of good education and sound judgment. But I have always scouted and discouraged such ideas, and redoubled my efforts toward economic and sociologic education of the people, which always leads to the amelioration of wrongs and abuses, pointing always to New Zealand as giving an example of the best kind of a revolution. Recently, Rev. Charles H. Parkhurst, of New York City, predicted a revolution in the following words. Speaking of Mr. Bryan's ideas concerning Government ownership of railroads, he said:
“We are bound to have a revolution, altho not a bloody one. I expect the principles underlying it will come to their expression in 1908, and, if not successful in that campaign, will again be fought on in 1912, and win. Whether along Bryan's lines, no one but God knows; but there is to be a recognition of the present mass of the working people, if not of the principle Bryan represents, at least akin thereto, which shall shift the burden of public administration from the shoulders of the more wealthy to those of the less wealthy. This will afford to the less wealthy a larger share
in the determination of public policy." This is the right kind of a revolution, and a safe and intelligent prediction. This is exactly what New Zealand has done.
Pushing the Referendum. A very effectiv way to get political results is to question candidates before election and put them on record. That is one of New Zealand's methods. In this connection, the following newspaper clipping will be of interest:
THEIR STAND ON REFERENDUM.
EVENLY DIVIDED. WASHINGTON, Oct. 5.-The National Federation for People's Rule, which has been interrogating the congressional candidates of all parties in their attitude toward the referendum, which the federation is endeavoring to make a national issue, bas received replies from the opposing candidates in five Pennsylvania districts.
All of the demo ratic candidates are for a direct-vote system for national issues and all the republicans are opposed. The following are the names and districts.
The report closes by quoting the following statement of R.O. Moon, republican member of Congress from Philadelphia and
i chairman of the Committee on Revision of Laws :
** The general principles of the advisory initiativ and the refer
endum are certainly steps in the right direction toward giving the people a more direct and controlling voice in national legislation. This principle I would advocate and would lend my influence and my vote to re-establish,
" Whenever the will of my constituents is made known to me thru any present constitutional means, or thru any other recog. nized medium of registering their will respecting national legislation, I shall cheerfully obey their instructions."
Is this an index as to how the two parties stand on the question? If so, it shows which party is nearest the people and the interests of the people. But when the democrats and various kinds of “reformers" and “cranks" educate the people concerning the referendum and its value to them, creating a popular demand for it, look out for the republicans scooping it, claiming it as their own, adopting it, and claiming all the credit. Well, it is a matter of little importance who gets the credit, just so we get the Referendum.
Organized Labor in Politics. The election just past is the first general election in this country in which organized labor took an activ and avowed part. The results are commonly thought to be disappointing ; but remember that this was just a beginning. In England, organized labor workt long and hard in politics with meager results; but in their last general election 51 " Laborites" were elected to Parliament, and one (John Burns) is in the cabinet. Labor is going to make itself felt, politically, in this country, also, in spite of the apparently discouraging results of the election just past. However, a notable labor victory was won in Penna., apparently the only one of importance in the country (unless the socialist candidate in the stock yards district of Chicago was elected-of this I am not entirely certain at this writ. ing). The following tells the story of the labor victory above referred to:
WASHINGTON, Nov. 8.-Completed returns of the Congres sional elections added a surprise today when it developed that Representative Mial E. Lilley, of the Fourteenth District of Pennsylvania, had been defeated by George W. Kipp, democrat and Lincoln republican, by 738 majority. The Pennsylvania delegation now stands: I wenty-five republicans and seven democrats, a gain of six for the democrats.
The defeat of Mr. Lilley is a further demonstration of the power of the labor vote in the state when it can be rallied to a single standard. He had been blacklisted by President Gompers, of the American Federation of Labor, and the miners of Bradford, Susquehanna, Waype, and Wyoming counties were called on to defeat him. The result is the overturning of a republican ma. jority of pearly 70co in 1904 and the election of the candidate upported by the labor organizations, who is a wealthy business man.
John Brown was hung; but“ his soul went marching on." Labor is very much alive; and its body as well as its soul will go “marching on" until it becomes an important factor in determining our public policies. The shortening of the hours of labor, and the laws restricting woman labor and child labor, have been secured chiefly by the efforts of labor or ganizations. There is much yet to be done on these lines, and labor will continue its efforts, along with others of our people who are awakening to the great importance of these subjects. There is talk of the Federation of Labor putting out a platform as its next political move. I predict that it will consist of principles and issues worthy of the support of all good citizens.
Word comes from France that workingmen's pensions and a progressiv income tax are on the program. Thus democracy progresses. Tax the incomes of the rich to pay a pension to the worthy workingman in bis declining years. Disabled soldiers get pensions for military service; why should not disabled and superannuated workingmen get pensions for industrial service? New Zealand is more proud of its old-age pension system than of any other one of its progr essiv measures. It demonstrates that the nation has a heart as well as a head.
A Suggestiv Idea. You don't have to own a paper in order to give expression and circulation to your ideas-if you have ideas worth circulating. W. V. Marshall, of Berlin, Pa. (he may be a carpenter or blacksmith for all I know), has an idea concerning the graduated taxation
EQUITY SERIES Edited and Publisht by
of large industries (trusts), which he has frequently that the excess of the graduated tax would have upon the consoliset forth in letters to the Philadelphia papers, and
dator and overenlarger. perhaps those of other cities, also. Suppose we hear
Adaptiv and potential as the remedy is shown to be, it is none
the less demonstrable as being upinjurious, simple of application, him in his own words, taken from the Philadelphia North American :
and thoroly practical as a plan of reform. The monopolistic combines are not attended with any redeem
This is an interesting and suggestiv plan, but unforing features to which they can lay claim as a defense of their
tunately the Federal constitution is against it. The existeace. The organization of a set of establishments i
tax would have to be national to do any good; and the monoply does not confer a single advantage on industry.
constitution forbids a national direct tax unless it be The combining of the different railroad systems does not add to
apportioned among the states according to population, the skill of the engineers, the power of the locomotives, the capac
which would be impossible; and to expect that all the ity of the cars, the quality of the rails, or the evenness of the roadbed. 1 be union of the sugar factories of the country into a
states would uniformly enact such a law and uniformly single control does not facilitate the process of sugar-making or
execute it would be equally hopeless. So you see how lessen the productiv cost of the article.
our antiquated constitution stands in the way of proCombinations are gotten up for industrial prey, and are con gress, just like it stands in the way of a national meditemptuous of law, and in the interest of the common people, cal law. should be abolished.
How, then, may this be done?
So reform our present system of taxation as to make it discriminate against overdue concentration and monopoly and in favor of small wholes and competition, instead of the reverse, as it now does.
The following table, based on $100,000 as the unit of taxation, is illustrativ of the method that would serve the desired purpose:
Each copy of THE TABLE FOR GRADUATED TAX.
WORLD can be added Rate
as it comes, without reUnit of
moving those already in. on each Tax on
Total ta xation,
Makes a complete and unit, each unit.
tax. First ..
durably bound book re...$100,000 $.001
gardless of the number 100,000 .002 200
of copies in it. 35c, each: ... 100,000 .003
awl for pupcbing, 5c. . 100,000 .004 400 1,000
extra ; or 3 Binders and ... 100,000 .005
an awl for $1.00. 100,000 .01
1,000 goth, 100,000 5,000 127,-00
MEDICAL WORLD Sooth...
50,0.0 13,525,000 1000tn,.................... 100,000
1520 CHESTNUT ST. 1.00 100,000 50,050,000 This table, which is suggestiv merely, is based on the supposi
PHILADELPHIA, PA. tion that the revenue requirements on a given occasion necessitate an initiatory rate of 1 mill on the dollar, and that the rate of increase indicated will have the appropriate deterrent effect upon
Edited and Publisht by overgrowths, trusts, and combines. I be proposed application is as follows:
C, F. Taylor. 1. Tax all establishments, such as lands, coal beds, manufactories, railroads, and other institutions worth not exceeding
86 RATIONAL MONEY.". By Prof. Frank Parsons, of $100,000, at the rate of 1 mill on the dollar.
Boston University Law School. The only book on the Upon values exceeding $100,000, subject the first $100,000 to a .
money question which is fair and just to gold, silver and every I mill tax, the second $100,000 to a 3-mill tax, the third $100,000 $6 mgr
other product. Paper Covers. Price 25c.
D.OURSTION FROM VARIOUS POINTS to a 3-mill tax, and so increase for the higher values. This will deter capitalists from investing more wealth in any
OF VIEW.9° By Various Writers. No other single one establishment than is necessary for perfecting the establish
book gives the various pbases of the land question. No studen! ment, thereby producing an industrial system of small wholes and
of the land question, and really no voter, can afford to be
without this book. Paper Covers. Price 25c. many centers of industry, instead of a system of mammoth wholes and only a few centers of industry.
"THE CITY FOR THE PEOPLE." By Prof. Frank 2. Where two or more proprietors having separate establish
Parsons, of Boston Univorsity Law School, Special
Issue. This is considered one of the great books of this age. ments combine them for the regulation of prices or other purposes, The principles elucidated apply far beyond the problems o! tax each establishment at the rate corresponding to what it is for cities. Over 700 pages. Paper, 50c.; Cloth, $1.00. their united value. Thus, if five manufactories each worth $100,35 TA ETELEGRAPH MONOPOLY.” By Prof. Frank ooo be combined under the control of a trust or syndicate, tax Parson, of Boston University Law School. Here each manufactory at the $ 500,000 rate. This will restrain capi this question is presented in a fullness and completeness neve: talists from forming trusts and syndicates.
before attempted. Paper Covers. Price 25c.
36 DIRECT LEGISLATION." Consists or Chapter II from NO TAX ON INDIVIDUALS.
" The City for the People," with important additions, an 3. Fix the tax rate, not according to the wealth of individuals,
complete Index. Nearly 200 pages. This is considered the but according to the value of establishments. Thus, if John
best book as well as the latest and one of the cheapest on tha? Jones be worth $300,000, and has $200,000 of his wealth invested
subject of growing importance, Direct Legislation. Papa.
Covers, Price 25c. in a cotton manufactory and $100,000 invested in the coal-mining 66 TARRONDAGE OR CITIES." Consists of Chapter I business, and they be operated separately and independent of other establishments of like kind, give him the benefit of the
from "The City for the People," with important new matter,
and a Model Charter, for the preparation of wbich a fee of $10 $200,00) rate for his cottop factory and the $100,000 rate for his
was paid. Paper Covers. Price 25c. coal business. Such a mode will disincline wealthy individuals or companies from getting control of single lines of industry and
"THE ORGANIZATION AND CONTROL OF INforming monopolies of them; instead, will incline them to divide
DUSTRIAL CORPORATIONS." By F. E. Horack. their wealth among different pursuits and become competitors
A.M., Ph.D. Shows need of a National Incorporation law. with one another.
Paper covers, 207 pages. Price, 26c. 4. Exempt the residence and household property of the people
THE STORY OF NEW ZEALAND." By Prof. Frank from taxation, and confine the tax to the wealth producing prop
Parsons, Edited by C. F. Taylor. A magnificent, illus. erty alone, thereby relieving the people from a species of taxation
trated, cloth bound volume of 860 pages. Price, $3 00. neither necessary nor beneficial, and concentrating the full force
« POLITION IN NEW ZEALAND." Paper, 108 pages, of the taxipg obligation to the accomplishment of the purpose
plus 16 full pages of illustrations. Price, 25c. sought in giving it the graduated form.
“ ELEMENTS OF TAXATION.” By N. M. Taylor. The Taxation of the proposed character would start at once the
only popular book on the general subject of Taxation ever forces of decentralization, Monopolies in every branch of opera
publisht. 168 pages, Price, 25c. tion in which they existed would succumb to independence of
THE RAILWAYS, THE TRUSTS, AND THE PEO. enterprise because they could not pay tbe heavier tax and hold
PLE.” By Prof. Frank Parsons; Edited by C. F. out against the latter.
Taylor. In two volumes. Vol. I, Relations of the Railways Actual instances proving that this would be the tax result, and
to the Public. Vital facts from the railway history of the which serve as a precedent for this method of reform, are found
United States. Vol. II, The Railroad Problem in the Light of in the national bank and protectiv provisions. The state banks
Comparative Railroad History Covering the Leading Systems were driven mut of business as note.issue concerns by a tax upon
of Three Continents, Price, 25c. per vol. in paper covers. their circulation in favor of that of the national barks.
Both volumes bound together in cloth, over 500 pages, $1.50. Foreign manufacturers are forced to give way to home manu
21520 Chestnut Street, facturers by a tariff which has the same effect on the foreigner
og $100,000, sumli tax, the third $100,000
"THE LAW.,By Various fihe land question. Ford to be
save. This is conucidated apply.rar cloth, $1.00..
THE RAILWAYS, THE TRUS
The C. F. Kirkendall Co. say of their “Hydrastone Kirk” that it “puts the digestiv tract in condition to manufacture its own ferments.” That is a mighty good point. See adv. on page 26.
One of the ethical and reliable sanitariums where drug addictions will receive the best possible attention according to the latest medical knowledge on the subject, is Fairmount Home, of Cleveland, Ohio. See adv. on page 21.
is a modern therapeutic wonder.
It is applied to the front of chest in PNEUMONIA and bronchitis.
In other FEBRILE TOXEMIAS over seat of disease.
Its active elements enter the circulation
aration: “It is free fonctions while possessing
The Labordine Pharmacal Co. say of their preparation: “It is free from the objectionable qualiting of the mineral preparations, while possess the necessary healing properties. No heart depression follows its use, no habit formation, and po bad after-effects.” See adv. on page 15 and send for sample.
The Marshall Convertible Saddle Bags (either saddle bags or band case at will) have held their own for many years. They are standard. Soo adv. on page 20 and send for their complete catalog of hand and buggy cases, etc.
An Automatic Dosage
The height of temperature determines the amount absorbed.“
At normal the osmotic action is almost nil.
Try it in PNEUMONIA and witness one of the greatest therapeutic surprises of your life.
Sample and literature on request.
The Purdue-Frederick Co. call attention to the following:
"Fothergill, one of the bighest English authori. ties on medicin, says that no treatment of respiratory affections is complete without appropriate topic treatment. This explains why Gray's Glycerin Tonic Comp. is so uniformly effectiv in both acute and chronic forms of bronchitis and laryngitis. It relieves the symptoms because of its local antipblogistic properties and eradicates the disease because it antagonizes the ever-present element of systemic depression.” See adv. on page 25.
Pneumo-Phthysine Chemical Co.
"'Tis the Best”
Every physician of experience gets some few prescriptions that he learns to rely on in certain conditions, for experience teaches him that they are good. Dr. Freligh was no exception to this rule, and he bad three prescriptions that he learned to rely on in certain conditions of the heart, of the liver, and of the general system. They were worthy to live after him, and are now prepared and the remedies sold under the names “ Freligh's Heart Drops," "Freligh's Liver Medicine," and “Freligb's Tonic.” They are just as good now as when the Doctor was alive and using them as private prescriptions. See adv. on pagë 11.
The California Fig Syrup Co. wishes to call the profession's attention to the fact that the medicinal acti
tion of their Syrup of Figs is obtained from the best Alexandrian senna. Every physician knows the value of senna, and when it is put up in an elegant preparation like “Syrup of Figs," physicians will readily recognize its value to them in treating children, and others who must have pleasant tasting medicins. See adv, on page 9.
RUSSELL STORM SHIELD
A couple of professorial members of the Association of Analytical Chemists of the Pasteur Institute have been studying Listerine, wbich is named afte
e great English surgeon. Listerine is a mixture of the essential oils of thyme, eucalyptus, baptisia, wintergreen, and mint. It has relativly non-toxic properties peculiar to these oils, but the Parisian savants have brought out the important fact that the mixture of oils is much more potent than any one of them singly. It attacks more than one joint in the bacterial armor. Carbolic acidused so much mainly because it is the original antiseptic employed by Lister-is 146 times as toxic as Listerine.-London Daily Chronicle.
WILL SHIP ON APPROVAL Doors work vertically-on spring rollers-in grooves-have steel ribs, Guarantee value received. Doctor, spend a few dollars to protect your own health,
LET US SHOW YOU Write for booklet of description.
RUSSELL STORM SHIELD MFG. CO. DEEPWATER
VOLUME XXIV, 1906
Concerning What Should Be
Pages, Frankly Answered .........
ease. Intestinal Toxemia or..... 123
GENERAL INDEX. Page
pboid Fever, The Troubled
Question of the.......................177
Stomach and .........
The Itemizing of ........
Mixtures, The Proprietary ..........384
Treatment of Mumps and....... 354
Rheumatism, The Treatment of... 2
Which 20,000 Units of Antitoxin
Doctor Should Be the...............389
tors of Every Community Can
ment of the Profession........... 256
Claims, “Authority," Etc ........ 60
Board Information................... 240
cating. Examining, and Licens-
ing Boards ............... .......... 239
antine in Diphtheria.
and Sale of " Patent" and
“ Proprietary" Medicins.......... 88
s l e...............456
Energetically Exprest Opinion..... 306
Enterprising Osteopath............... 13
Obstetric Case by Dr. Parker..... 445
........ 92, 416
.... ...... 349
pathic Brother........................... 24
a Blow at the Custom of Em.
omel in Typhoid Fever ............383
Vital Statistics of the State of
by Doesn't Get Well, The. .186
The Ever Present......... ....... 138
ing, Exam....he Quar