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the Hon. John Tuchet, succeeds to the title and — At Bucharn, the Rev. Robert Leith, minister estates.

of Towie. - At Edinburgh, Mr James West, late leather At Bath, Maria Elizabeth Margaret, wife of merchant, Netherbow, aged 87.

Major-general Orde, eldest daughter of William 25. At Milton of Durno, in the 78th year of his Beckford, Esq. of Fonthill Abbey, and sister of the age, James Garioch, Esq. of Gariochsford.

Marchioness of Douglas. At Valenciennes, Colonel Sir Wm. Douglas, 8. At Muircoat, near Alloa, William Geddes, K.C.B. 91st regiment.

Esq. one of the partners and chief manager of the 26. At Gilmore Place, Edinburgh, Mrs Helen late Alloa Glass-house Company. M Lagan, wife of Mr James Inverarity, merchant - At Edinburgh, Mrs Dundas, widow of the there.

Right Hon. Robert Dundas of Amiston, Lord PreAt his son's house, 32, Thistle-street, Edin- sident of the Court of Session burgh, in the 67th year of his age, George Smart, 9. At Cassels Place, Leith, Grace, infant daughEsq. of London. He was one of the founders and ter of Mr Walter Cowan, merchant there. treasurer of that excellent institution, the New - At Teddington, near London, William Forbes, Musical Fund.

the infant son of Dr Ashburner, Fitzroy-square. 27. At her house in George-street, Edinburgh, 10. At Ashtead Park, Surrey, in the 758 year of Lady Ann Hope Johnstone of Annandale, wife of her age, the Hon. Frances, wife of Richard HowRear-admiral Sir William Johnstone Hope, K.C.B.

iral Sir William Johnstone Hope, K.C.B. ard, Esq. daughter of William Viscount Andover. member for the county of Dumfries. "Lady Ann and sister to Henry, the 12th Earl of Suffolk. belonged to that class of characters whose deaths - After a short illness, aged 71, Mr Stephen are justly regarded as a public calamity as well as a Jackson, 45 years editor of the Ipswich Journal. private loss. In her own family she was every and nephew of the late Mr William Craighton, who thing that is amiable and excellent; the most first printed it on the 17th of February 1738-9. affectionate wife, and the most indulgent, yet the 11. At Edinburgh, Miss Mary Cunningham most judicious mother. When she mingled in the Macvicar, youngest daughter of the late Neil fashionable world, her demeanour was such as be- Macvicar, Esq. of Fergushill. fitted the daughter of a Scottish nobleman, and the - At his Mines at Leadhills, Lanarkshire, John spouse of a British adiniral; but home, the native Horner, aged 63 years. soil of all the domestic virtues, was the scene of her 14. Mrs Park, wife of Mr Archibald Park, coltruest enjoyments; and there are few who have lector of customs, Tobermory, Mull. visited her hospitable mansion without retaining a 15. At St Andrews, Mrs Dr Melville. warm sense of the unbounded goodness of her 16. At South Shields, of typhus fever, Mr Wil. heart, and the unaffected simplicity of her man- liam Beveridge, baker. ners. To every victim of misery and misfortune 17. At her house in Castle-street, Edinburgh, she was the unwearied and beneficent friend. In- Mrs Congalton, relict of Dr Charles Congalton. deed, to the poor in general, as well as to her own - At Paris, the Right Hon. Lady James Hay. family, her loss is irreparable.

- At his seat at Uffington, near Stamford, LinAt Rednock-house, Robert Graham, Esq. colnshire, aged 74, the Right Hon. Albemarle W.S.

Bertie, Earl of Lindsey, a general in the army, - At Leith, Mr Mungo Henderson, merchant colonel of the 89th regiment of foot, and governor there.

of Charlemont. His Lordship is succeeded in his 29. At Crieff, Mr James Arnott, aged 61.

title and estates by his eldest son, Albemarle, Lord - At his house at Bauner-Cross, near Sheffield, Bertie, born 14th November 1814. in the county of York, Lieuto-general Murray.

18. At Kirkcaldy, Miss Jane Landale. - At Jersey, Major Wall, of the royal artillery. 19. Miss Scott, James's Court, Lawnmarket, The death of this officer, in a few hours, was occa Edinburgh. sioned by the bursting of a blood vessel. He had - At Ford, Path-head, Miss Catherine P. Torbeen married only about three weeks to a very rance, daughter of the late Mr David Torrance. amiable lady (Miss Edwards of Arundel). The 20. At Glasgow, Mr James Ritchie. circumstances were truly afflicting. He started 21. At Urrad, John Stewart, Esq. of l'rrad. from his bed, and ran to the window, complaining - At Edinburgh, John Robertson, Esq. of of a pain in his chest. His terrified wife hastened Bellemont, St Elizabeth, Jamaica, many years a to his assistance just in time to receive him in her medical practitioner in that island. arms a breathless corpse !

25. At Canterbury, Captain Alexander M‘Intosh, 30. At Cannan Grove, Robert Wilson, Esq. ac of the 48th regiment, of disease contracted by facountant in Edinburgh.

tigue in the service of his country during the At Dumfries, Thomas Clark, Esq. adjutant Peninsular war, in which he was wounded at the of the Dumfries-shire militia, aged 40.

battle of Albuera. He was a brave othcer and 31. At Airfield, Mr John Scott, late merchant, worthy man, much esteemed by his friends and Dalkeith.

brother officers. - At the Holt, near Bishop's Waltham, Admiral Lately-In the 69th year of his age, the Count Sir Robert Calder, Bart. in the 74th year of his age. of Oxinstein, the father of the Swedish nobility.

Sept. 2. At Dunbar, Mrs Elizabeth Drysdale. This nobleman translated Paradise Lost, and was

3. At Glasgow, in the 60th year of his age, Mr esteemed one of the first poets of his country. John Bell. merchant. He was distinguished for James Bindley, Esq. one of the commissioners of his learning in the Oriental languages, his industry stamps for upwards of half a century. and benevolence.

At Lyons, the Right Hon. Lady Cecilia Charlotte - At Edinburgh, Mr Thomas Scott, surgeon, Leeson, eldest daughter of Lady Cloncurry, and Edinburgh

only sister of Earl Milltown Her rank as an earl's - At Arbroath, Mrs Kyd, wife of Provost Kyd. daughter had only a few months ago been con4. At Belfast, Mr James Crossen, cotton-manu firmed by order of the Prince Regent. She was in facturer there, in the 67th year of his age, and 26th her 17th year, and one of the most accomplished of business.

and admired ladies of her country. - At Richmond, the Right Hon. Lady Herrey, At Littlecot, Colonel W. Kelly, C.B. and lieuwidow of Lord Hervey, eldest son of the late Earl tenant-colonel of his Majesty's 21th regiment of of Bristol, Bishop of Derry.

foot. The services of this gallant officer were ex- At Dalkeith, Mr Thomas Milne, supervisor tended to the four quarters of the globe. In Egypt, of excise.

the Peninsula, America, and latterly in India, he 5. At Inch, by Dunkeld, Captain Alexander alike distinguished himself; and revented official Fraser, royal navy.

reports of the Duke of Wellington, as well as of 6. Át Powderhall, near Edinburgh, Thomas the Marquis of lastings, bear ample and honour. Currie, Esq. merchant in Glasgow.

able testimony to the gallant conduct of this brave 7. At her house in Arundel-street, Strand, Lon and excellent officer. His death was occasioned by don, Mrs Morton, widow of the late Mr John Mor a wound he had received at the battle of Vittoria, ton, many years printer of the Sunday Review. from the effects of which (though subsequently

-In Drummond-street, Edinburgh, aged 78, commanding a brigade in India) he never reco John Bogue, Esq, writer to the signet.

vered. - At St Andrews, in the 92d year of her age, The last report of the African Institution anMrs Helen Tullideph, daughter of the late Prin- nounces the death of the well-known black mercipal Tullideph, and relict of the Rev. James chant, Captain Paul Cuffee. Jobson, late minister of Errol.

At Richmond, Lady Harvey.

Oliver & Boyd, Printers.

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

No XX.

NOVEMBER 1818.

VOL. IV.

Contents

terreren

An Account of Acber II. the present | Account of Captain Kater's New Method

Great Mogul, or Emperor of Delhi, of Measuring the Length of the Penwith the Modern History of that City dulum corona manan ana 182

to a recent Date commencocomamam..121 Analysis of Mr Barrow's Chronological Letter concerning Hayti....cor.co......130 History of Voyages into the Arctic An Historical and Geographical Essay Regions. com

marmara 187 on the Trade and Communication of Letter from an Officer concerning the the Arabians and Persians with Russia Polar Expedition.................. . 193 and Scandinavia, during the Middle The Chateau of Coppet. Letter First.....198 Ages.com .mmmm... masonra 135

Letter Second... 199 Observations on the English Writings of Letter on the Present State of Adminis. the Brahmin Rammohun Roymarcom.141 tration cannoma

woman 201 Nine Unpublished Letters of Horace Reflections on the Theory of Population 207

Walpole m aison....... ......148 | Observations on the Critique of Goethe's On the Candide of Voltaire common. 155 Life in the Edinburgh Review.com... 211 The late Hot Weather...omanomenamawe 157 Speech delivered by an Eminent Barris. Inaccuracies of Poets in Natural History 159

convocare......... 213 The Complaint of Ceres (from the Ger. Prospectus of a New Academical Insti

man of Schiller. Joann ecaracorona 161 tution at Edinburgh............ ......217 Fortune ( From the Italian of Guidi. )...162 Remarks on General Gourgaud's AcSabina (from the German of Böttiger.) count of the Campaign of 1815.......... 220 Scene II.

a renas mencerame164 Is the Edinburgh Review a Religious On the different Modes of Dressing the and Patriotic Work ?................228

Hair among the Roman Ladies ... 169 LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC
Heywood's Hierarchy of Blessed Angels 171

INTELLIGENCE...
On Literary Censorship.caror............... 176
Comparison of the Beauty of Sounds

WORKs preparing for PUBLICATION....239 with that of Colours........ . .....178

MONTHLY LIST OF NEW PUBLICALetter addressed to Professor Pictet, de scriptive of Ascents to the Summit of

MONTHLY REGISTER. the South Needle of Chammouni, and | Promotions and Appointments ......... 245 to that of Mont Blanc (By a Young Meteorological Report .................246 Polish Gentleman, in the beginning of Commercial Report ...................217 August in the present Year.)..w.w...180 | Births, Marriages, and Deaths............251

TIONS.awnawemmence

r

EDINBURGH:
WILLIAM BLACKWOOD, NO 17, PRINCE'S STREET, EDINBURGH ;
AND JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET, LONDON;

To whom Communications ( post paid ) may be addressed ;
SOLD ALSO BY ALL THE BOOKSELLERS OF THE UNITED KINGDOM.

(OLIVER & BOYD, Printers.]

We have received the following articles, which shall be inserted (if possible) in the course of the winter :-Remarks on Schlegel's Essay on the Language and Poetry of the Provençals—Anecdotes of the present King of Persia " An Elder," (we shall be happy to hear from this Correspondent upon subjects of a less limited interest)-On the Works of the Duchess of Newcastle Observations on Training-Review of Surtees's History of Durham-Letter on Leith, by a Young Dantzicker-Account of Donald Bane's Art of Defence-Memoirs of Thomas Purdie–The Dyvot-Flaughter, a Pastoral Poet's Midnight Dream-A Godlye Ballade, shewinge forthe the sudden and wonderful conversion of the Edinburgh Reviewers-Parallel between Hugh Peters and a Modern Fashionable Clergyman-A Poetical Epistle from Aix-la-Chapelle, by William Wastle, Esq. Observations on the Revolt of Islam, a Poem, by Percy Bysshe ShellyOn Canova's Head of Helen-On Chantry's Statues of Lord Melville and President Blair

-On Turner's Liber Studiorum-On Puppet Shows Two Epistles, in Verse, to Thomas Moore, Esq.

The “ Elegia sopra la Morte flebilissima del Marchese Ottone” is deferred till we have leisure to inquire, accurately, whether the fatal event it deplores has really taken place. We are induced to be the more careful in this matter, because we received last week a very sorrowful ditty (to the tune of “ Like Leviathans afloat") upon the death of one of our most valued Correspondents, which we were just sending off to the Printer, when we observed the supposed Naufragè brushing along the pavèe, tres audacicusement.

BLACKWOOD'S EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

No XX.

NOVEMBER 1818.

VOL. IV.

AN ACCOUNT OF ACBER 11. THE PRESENT GREAT MOGUL, OR EMPEROR OF

DELHI, WITH THE MODERN HISTORY OF THAT CITY TO A RECENT DATE.

A MIGHTY dynasty, which long filled 1771, by quitting the protection of his the chief place in the history of India, benefactors, and repairing to Delhi, has gradually disappeared from its an- where he became a prisoner and polinals; and although still possessing tical instrument in the custody of the both, by many is not known to have Maharattas. either a local habitation or a name. These marauders, by a series of It may consequently be supposed that continual encroachments and consome account of the existing sovereign quests, after the dissolution of the of Delhi, of his ancient capital, and of Mogul empire, had extended their the political relations in which he dominions over a great part of Hinstands towards the British govern- dostan ; about 1770, Delhi, its anment, will not be unacceptable or des- cient capital, came also under their titute of interest, now that the cessa- sway, and was governed by officers of tion of European warfare has restored their nation when Shah Allum put to India that portion of attention to himself under their protection. Theinwhich it was always entitled, but which efficiency of this protection he afterhas been for many years suspended by wards most wofully experienced ; for the vital importance of the tremendous in 1788, Gholaum Kaudir the Rohil. conflict, at length brought to so happy lah, having, by a sudden irruption, a conclusion. As introductory to the made himself master of Delhi, seized subject, it will be necessary to give a the unfortunate emperor, and after exbrief sketch of the long, eventful, and posing him for many weeks to every disastrous reign of the present prince's species of insult and degradation, in father and predecessor, Shah Allum order to extort the disclosure of supthe Second.

posed concealed treasures, concluded by This monarch ascended the throne piercing his eyes with a dagger, so as in 1761, and commenced his reign by completely to extinguish the sight. an unprovoked and ill-conducted at- For the attainment of the same object, tack on the British possessions in he massacred, starved to death, and Bengal, then recently acquired; but tortured, many of the royal family and being baffled and repulsed by the of the chief inhabitants of Delhi, but Company's troops, and foreseeing that was himself soon overtaken by a retrihe was more likely to benefit by their bution ; for being compelled to quit friendship than hostility, he altered the city by a detachment from Sindia's his system of politics, and voluntarily army, he was captured during his surrendered himself at the British flight, and expired under tortures camp, without treaty, condition, or exactly like those which he had so stipulation. On the acquisition of the mercilessly inflicted. A detail of the Dewanny by Lord Clive, in 1765, a atrocities committed by this wretch, pension of 26 lacks of rupees was as- or madman, would only create dissigned to him, with a considerable gust; but some exposure seemed tract of fertile territory in Upper Hin- necessary, that the reader might b dostan, both of which he forfeited in enabled to compare the prior felicit

(as it has been called) of the Mogul Such was the desolation of this anemperor, with the oppression which, cient capital in 1803, when Lord with equal truth, it has been assert- Lake, having defeated the army of ed, his descendants suffer under the Dowlet Row Sindia, six miles from British domination.

Delhi, on the 11th of September, enNor was the misery of his condition tered it next day, to the infinite joy alleviated by the transfer in Jaghire, of the aged emperor, whose subsequent which about this period took place, of conduct, however, evinced a greater Delhi and some adjacent territory, to eagerness to profit by the existing the French officers commanding the confusion, than any sense of gratitude corps of disciplined infantry retained to the brave army which had effected in the service of Madhagee, and after- his liberation. Soon after his arrival, wards, of his nephew, Dowlet Row Lord Lake was informed, that a sum Sindia; for although the aged em- of money, amounting to six lacks of peror came successively under the os- rupees, had been lodged in the care of tensible superintendence of M. de M. Drugeon, the commandant of DelBoigne, M. Perron, and M. Drugeon, hi, for the payment of his troops, of he effectively remained a prisoner in which sum that officer had only disthe hands of the native Maharatta bursed 60,000 rupees; and that on the officers, and subjected to all their pro- approach of the British army, to preverbial rapacity. During 1802, when vent their obtaining it, the Frenchman there were fifty-two sons and daugh- had transferred the balance to the empeters of the emperor, the monthly sti. ror's treasurer, Shah Nawauz Khan. pend allowed to each prince of the The commander-in-chief being satisimperial family did not exceed 15 fied that the treasure in question was rupees per month (£21 per annum); enemy's property, thus attempted to and the sums disbursed by M. Drus be fraudulently withheld, claimed it geon, who had charge of the emperor's for the British forces, his Majesty, afperson, for the aggregate expenses of ter some deliberation, despatched the his Majesty, the royal family, de- amount to the camp. This tardy act pendants, and establishments, amount of justice was accompanied with a mesed to only 17,000 rupees per month, sage, stating the money to be a door £23,664 per annum, while, with an nation from the emperor to the troops avarice and meanness almost unparal- that had relieved him from his capleled, the Maharattas retained and tivity with the Maharattas, and pla. converted to their own use all the ced him under the long-desired progardens and houses, in and about the tection of the British nation. city, which were royal property.

Lord Lake received the money, and Upon this wretched pittance the referred the decision of the question to descendants of a monarch (Aureng- the Marquis Wellesley, then governorzebe), whose revenue was under-esti- general, who, without delay, informed mated at 32 millions sterling, were the commander-in-chief, that the sum compelled to subsist, or rather to being unquestionably enemy's prostarve; for there is reason to appre- perty, its surreptitious transfer, on the hend they were frequently destitute of advance of the British army, could the commonest necessaries, and certain not alter its nature, and that it consely of all the comforts of life. But low quently could be accepted in no other as Shah Allum's income had fallen, light than prize-money, the legitimate his authority had fallen still lower; right of the captors. The state of infor his name was never brought for- digence and misery to which his Maward but to sanction some unjust jesty, the royal family and household, claim, or to legalize extortion. The had been subjected by the Maharattas, individual placed near his person by the degraded and destitute condithe Maharattas, administered justice tion to which the imperial house of and injustice on all occasions, without Timour had been reduced by Sindia's the slightest reference to his imperial officers,--and the utterly deplorable prisoner ; great cruelties were exercised circumstances in which Lord Lake in his name, for the basest purposes; found the emperor on the surrender commerce was obstructed, or rather of Delhi,-precluded the possibility of annihilated ; and the city became the supposing that M. Drugeon, by a sudasylum of all sorts of banditti who den impulse of generosity, intended so could purchase impunity.

large a sum to alleviate the sufferings

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