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Tal processithe universideserved Pin.commonrom the scations of use; and ever youth. heerful and fight

bw hou ist an the streeta Foruinshe publarity as high,

tiersation was chracity of youth.se he retained

of this character, which pervaded, and animated, him; and, by a uniform consistency of personal and endeared the whole, was, warmth of heart-a and ministerial deportment; by zealous "readiGordial kindness of disposition. His affections ness to every good work," for advancing the intewere remarkably strong temper, naturally rests, whether temporal or spiritual, of individuals, warm, was subdued and chastened by the reigning

of his city, of his country, or of the great family power of religious principle :- and with the finest of mankind, he secured an approving testimony and tenderest sensibilities, he united an uncom- in the consciences of all. Never was reputation. mon firmness of mind, the product, at once, of

f mind the product. at once. of during so long a period of trial, more unblemished. natural constitution and gracious influence; wbich,

If the breath of slander ever touched him, it was whilst it marked his general deportment, was es

breathing on a mirror of steel :-he dimness paspecially conspicuous under the adictions of life; sed away in an instant, leaving the polished surface enabling him, in private, to maintain a dignified brighter than before. In him, the institutions for Christian composure, and in some of his public ap the dissemination of the Scriptures, the propagapearances, even when his spirit ras burdened with tion of the gospel, and the general advancement the heaviest griefs, to rise abo.e himself, and to of relig.on, ever found a zealous patron, and to elevate his charmed, and arrested, and melted au them his loss will be incalculable. Living, he was dience along with him, to the purest and sublimest

respected, honoured, and admired, and his death heights of devotional feeling.-in the intercourse

will occasion a chasm which it will be difficult to of private life, no man could more emphatically be fill up. The mortal remains of this estimable said to enjoy his friends than Dr Balfour. In the man and valued minister were attended to the narsocial circle, he opened his heart to all the recipro row house by a large assembly of sincere mourners, cations of kindness :-his countenance beamed and amidst an unprecedented concourse of spectawith pleasure ; and even in age he retained the tors, along all the streets through which the funeglow and the vivacity of youth. His familiar con ral procession passed; a foruing an impressive tesversation was characterised by a cheerful and face timony of the universality of the public sentiment tious pleasantry :--but he ever turned with delight of regard, and of that deserved popularity as a mito sacred subjects: no man could make the tran nister, which, from the first, was uncommonly high, sition more rapidly and entirely : and on these he and which continued without abaternent from the was always at home, speaking out of the abund- commencement to the close of his career.-" The ance of his heart." Having himself experienced Memory of the Just is Blessed !"-Glasgow Herald. the bitterness of domestic afilictions, and the sweet The above vivid and striking portraiture of ness of the consolations of religion, he excelled as a Dr Balfour's character was drawn by the Rev. comforter of the mourners. He was a wise, affec Ralph Wardlaw, who has since published a Funeral tionate, and faithful counsellor, to the young espe- Sermon full of eloquence and a truly christian cially, who, on sacramental or other occasions, spirit. We cannot bestow higher praise on this came to converse with him on religious concerns, Sermon than to say that it is such an one as the high he displayed a paternal tenderness, and a conde talents and virtues of Dr Balfour deserved, and scending and insinuating gentleness, which won his shews that the preacher was worthy of having enway to their hearts, and drew them to the paths of joyed the friendship of that universally lamented piety with the cords of love. The bitter tears of Minister of Christ. 1

Editor. surviving relatives bear testimony to his domestic virtues, and to the delight which his presence dif. On Friday the 23d ult, the remains of Mr John fused through the family circle; the deep-felt sad Theodore Jonas Cramer, late band master to the ness of the intimates of his early days, to the sin 88th regiment, were deposited in the Canongate cerity, the cordiality, and the steadiness of his church-yard. Mr C. was in his 26th year, and died friendships; and the acute and pensive sorrow of of a consumption. He was much respected as a a mourning people, to the long-tried and sterling musician and composer by the officers, and his worth of his pastoral administrations. The distin good humour will long endear his memory to his guishing characters of his preaching were,-a clear gallant surviving companions. and comprehensive view of his subject-textual dis 26. At Minto, Roxburghshire, the Right Hon. Wm tinctness of arrangement-luminous exhibition of Elliott of Wells, M. P. Mr E. though connected truth-pointed discrimation of character-a thor- with Scotland by descent and property, was born ough intimacy with the labyrinths of the heart, and and educated in England. Intimate in early youth with the varieties, genuine and delusive, of Chris with the son of Mr Burke, he was soon distinguishtian experience-warmth of persuasive earnestnessed by the friendship of that great man, and by -faithful closeness of practical application and that of his celebrated scholar Mr Windham. With exuberant command of appropriate and powerful him the bright society of their friends and followexpression. He adhered, with exemplary constan ers is nearly extinct. By his death his country has ey, to the Apostolic determination, "not to know lost one of her most accomplished gentlemen, and any thing amongst his hearers save Jesus Christ, Parliament is bereaved of an ornament which can and him crucified.”. Al bis pulpit addresses, 'whe- hardly be replaced. Few men have united so ther doctrinal or hortatory, bore, through their much dignity in public with such amiable qualities enti e texture, the impress of the cross. The in private life as Mr Elliott, and there is no man doctrines of salvation by free grace were held forth whose loss will be felt with more sincere and unin all their scriptural purity and simplicity; and the mingled regret. His eloquence was peculiarly his necessity of practical godliness, as the result of the own. He sp ke seldom in Parliament; but with a faith of these doctrines, was urged with unremit- mild gravity, with evident marks of conscious de ting fidelity. His was not the icy coliness of spe- liberation, and with an urbanity and equity toculative orthodoxy. His preaching was truly the wards his opponents, which gave an authority to utterance of the heart. Those who have listened his speeches unattained by the greatest orators of to him in his happy moments of warm and impas- his time. His utterance, his figure, and his counsioned elevation, have heard him pour forth the tenance, were suited to his eloquence. He had a fulness of an affectionate spirit; warning, alarm- great power of condensation, a talent peculiar to ing, inviting, persuading, beseeching-his whole those minds only who have gained a complete massoul thrown into his countenance : and in his pe- tery over the subject of discourse. His most ingenetrating eye, the fire of ardent zeal glearning nious reasonings were conveyed in transparent through the tears of benignity and love. During language. His diction was pure English, correct the long period of his ministry, he grew every day beyond the level of public speaking, always elein the affectionate admiration and esteem of the gant, and on fit occasions it naturally rose towards people of his charge; to whom no charms of no- Majesty. In a word, he wanted no quality necesvelty or variety could ever fully compensate for sary to instruct, to conciliate, and to persuade.the absence of their own beloved instructor ; and others have spoken with more force, but no man amongst whom there were many, who, with the ever spoke with more permanent possession of the peculiar tenderness of filial attachment, looked up honest partiality of an audience. It is true that to him as their spiritual father. Twelve years ago a part of his gentle ascendant over the House of he had occasion to give practical evidence of the Commons flowed from the character of the man as strength of his reciprocal attachment to his flock, much as from the powers of the orator. His spotby declining, in opposition to a variety of secular less life, his unbending integrity, and his lofty inducements, a pressing call to a charge in the sense of honour, were too generally known, and metropolis. Alihough himself attached to the too perceptible through his modest deportment, Established Church of Scotland, he exemplified a not to bespeak attention and favour for whatever generous and cordial liberality toward those who fell from him. These moral qualities were still dissented from her communion. Christians of more important in the relations of private life every persuasion united in esteeming and loving in society, his good sense, and various knowled

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chire, and lastly Dumfries-shite. African Slave,

and chiAmerica mandought up

were adorned by a most pure taste, and by an unusual degree of unaffected elegance in familiar conversation. As he was modest and delicate, he had somewhat of the neighbouring quality of reserve: and though his polished manners pleased those who were strangers to him, the charms of his so ciety were felt only by his intimate friends. In the inidst of the praises offered by a whole Parlia. ment to the memory of Mr Horer, none of the affecting speeches delivered on all sides, conveyed more evidently the tribute of a kindred spirit than that of Mr Elliott. As his own constant friendship survived the shock of political difference, he reap. ed the reward of this excellent part of his nature, in never exciting alienation in his friends when he differed from them the most widely and at the most critical moments. On one occasion he was

On one occasion he was compelled to dissent from that venerable person (Lord Fitzwilliam), whom he called “the last link in his public and private friendships." It was a grievous calamity; but it served more brightly to display the firmness of his principles, and the tenderness of his friendship. Both these excellent persons reverenced each other the more for their conscientious difference; and their friendship was consolidated (for a time, alas! too short) by that which dissolves vulgar connexions.

Lately-At Kenton, aged 96, Mr Joseph Carnall. He lived fifty-three years in the service of the present and late Lord Viscount Courtenay, and rode post from Powderham Castle to Exeter every day (and frequently twice a-day) during the above pe riod of time, without experiencing an hour's allness. In these repeated journies he had travelled upwards of 300,000 miles, being more than twelve tiines the cireuinference of the whole earth.

At Ferry, near Gainsborough, aged 104 years and six months, perfectly sensible to the last, and till a few days before her death in good health, Mrs Barbary Dodgson.

At the village of Ruth well, aged sixty-two years, Mr Stewart Lewis, a most singular and eccentric character. He was a native of Ecclefechan; and his father, who was of jacobitical principles, named him Stewart, after the unfortunate House of that name: he had a brother, who was called Charles, after Prince Charles, commonly called the Pretender. The life of poor Stewart was chequered in the extreme. In his early years, he herded cows in the neighbourhood of Ecclefechan. Shortly after, he engaged in a mercantile concern near Chester but was deceived by the villainy of his partner, who fled to America, with a considerable sum, leaving Lewis to answer all demands. He voluntarily gave up all; but this misfortune hurt his feelings so much, that he began to live rather free Iv-a habit which he never afterwards could relin quish. After some time he returned to Scotland, and married the first and only woman he ever loved. He then travelled for some time in Dumfries-shire, selling cloth, and occasionally cultivat. ing his vein for the Muses. When Lord Hopetoun raised his fencible regiment, he entered into that corps, and continued till they were disbanded in 1799. He then got employment from a Mr Mel ville in Dysart, at a spinning mill near Leslie, he remained there four years, and then went to Glasgow; being unable to procure employment there, he proceeded to Edinburgh, where he resided many years, living chiefly upon what his poems produd ed, which his wife went about selling. She, however, died in the spring of 1817, and he continued to lament her loss till the last moment of his exist. ence. After this the life of Stewart had some thing truly romantic in it. He travelled, vending his productions, along with his son; but, from a principle of modesty, always the companion of real genius, he never applied personally to any one ;

when he came near a house of respectability, he sent a card by his son hoping they would purchase & copy. After nearly twice completing the tour of Scotland, he fell sick and died at Ruthwell, as above mentioned. What is very singular, he is interred in the same grave which contains the remains of his father, grandfather and creat father. While Stewart lived in Edinburgh, his house was the common resort of the students from Dumfries-shire. In the summer of 1817, he travelled all over the Highlands, and remained nearly a whole day on the lofty summit of Ben-Nevis. During the present year Lewis perambulated the counties of Cumberland, Westmoreland, and Durham, Berwickshire, Fifeshire. Lanarkshire. Ave. shire, and lastly Dumfries-shire. He wrote “Fair Helen of Kirkconnel Lee," the « African Slave, and several other pieces of merit. He has left one son and three daughters. His funeral was respectably attended ; and we understand that a stone is to be erected to his memory, by the adınirers of this singularly unfortunate bard

At Falkirk, at the early age of 25 years, Mr William Maxwell Wilson, of a consumption. This young gentleman was brought up to the seafaring line-got the command of a ship, in which he traded to America. He at one time saved the cargo and ship Sibyl, of 300 tons, which he found at sea deserted by her crew, and ca ried her safe into Charleston ; and, again returning from Jamaica, he saved the crew of the ship Orpheus, from Liver. pool, and the ship filling fast, with the greatest difficulty Captain Wilson and his boat's crew escaped the vortex of the sinking vessel. This last exer. tion brought on a consumption which terminated his existence-justly regretted by all who knew him.

At Strachur, Argyleshire, Dr Ivie Campbell. On the morning of the day on which he died he enjoyed excellent health, and had eaten a hearty breakfast. As the day happened to be rainy, he overheated himself by joining too actively with his servants in housing corn. Having got up at an early hour, it was thought he had fallen asleep, when he had leaned over some sheaves that were placed before him, but, alas! it was the sleep of death! A blood-vessel had burst, which instantly deprived him of sense and life.

In the Trinity-house, Hull, in his 90th year, Mr Joseph Wilson, the oldest shipmaster belonging to that port. He was at Lisbon at the time of the great earthquake in 1755.

The celebrated Swedish botanist, Schwartz, whose name has been given to two plants.

At her house, in Baggot-street, Dublin, the Hon. Mrs Jocelyn, relict or the Hon. George Jocelyn, brother to the Earl of Roden.

At Oaksey, Wiltshire, aged 80, Mr Fozard, of Ecclestone-street, Pimlico, formerly of Park-lane.

At Dunfermline, in the 85d year of her age, Mrs Anne Lamont, widow of Mr James Tait, writer,

Annaburghodgingar sohbe the und inte scot

At his lodgings, Adam-street West, Portmansquare, London, Mr John Murphy, long celebrated as an eminent professor of the union pipes: a man steady in friendship, and of sound integrity. loss will be long felt by the admirers of Scotch and Irish music.

At Cork, John Bernard Trotter, Esq. late pri. vate secretary to the late Right Hon. C. J. Fox.

At Crookedstone, in killead, Mr John Montgamerie, farmer, in his 105th year. His ancestors were distinguished for their longevity, his grandfather reached 120 years.

At Edinburgh, three weeks after having given birth to a son and heir, Elizabeth, wife of the Hon. Charles Noel Noel, of Barham Court, Kent.

thing trifter this till the 1817, anne: Sherodua

Oliver & Boyd, Printets.

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

No XXI.

DECEMBER 1818.

VOL. IV.

Contents.

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Essays on the Lake School of Poetry, Some Account of the Life and Writings
No. II. On the Habits of Thought

of Ensign and Adjutant Odoherty inculcated by Wordsworth - 257 (Continued from Pol. III. p. 55) 320 On the Revival of a Taste for our An Dr Ulrick Sternstare's First Letter on cient Literature...caseroweroworocar....o

the National Character of the Scots. 328 Prediction or

Singular Anecdote.com

330 Some Account of the Life of Hector

A Portrait oranss a rono 332 Macneill - oooo

Elegy ...

General Ludlow's Monument.com 334 Chateau of Coppet. Letter Third.... 277

Literary Premium

336 Tristan d'Acunha, &C.................... 280

Sketch of the Life of Albert ThorLetter from Lieutenant King, now em

valldsen. ployed in completing a Survey of North-west Passage. Expedition un

New Holland....... roronoareceros.......286 der Captain Ross and Lieutenant On the Stocks, or Public Funds.ara........ 287 Parry, in the Isabella and Alexander 338 An Historical and Geographical Essay Versification of a Passage in Purchas 344

on the Trade and Communication of On Naval Education................... 345 the Arabians and Persians with Rus Reflections occasioned by some Late sia and Scandinavia, during the

Sins of the Public Prints....conoscere 353 Middle Ages (Continued from page

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC 141 )

omnem 292

INTELLIGENCE.. Observations on the Provençal Language and Literature, by A. W.

WORKs preparing for PUBLICATION. 365 Schlegel .com

... 300

MONTHLY LIST OF NEW PUBLICA-
On the Crusades ( Translated from the
German of Frederick Schlegel ) 303

MONTHLY REGISTER.
Poems and Plays by the Duchess of Commercial Report .......... en 373

373 Newcastle

moon 300 Meteorological Report ...... Remarks on Training.. ...............313 Promotions and Appointments .. Catalogue of Pictures at Augsburgerora 318 | Births, Marriages, and Deaths.com

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EDINBURGH:
WILLIAM BLACKWOOD, NO 17, PRINCE'S STREET, EDINBURGH ;
AND JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET, LONDON ;

To whom Communications (post paid ) may be addressed ;
SOLD ALSO BY ALL THE BOOKSELLERS OF THE UNITED KINGDOM.

(OLIVER & Boyd, Printers.]

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1. They said that all the ice about the Pole

Had cracked, and been dispersed in the Atlantic, And that old Winter never more would roll

Bepledi's top in his capote gigantic; And that December, with her parasol,

Would flirt about like July, quite romantic;
And Yule-blocks never up the chimney roar,
And het-pint be an idle name of yore.

II.
And late did Summer linger in our skies,

And long Benledi kept his dark cap on;
And spinsters were beginning to surmise

That all occasion for their muffs was gone; And the blue, buzzing, bloated plague of flies

To a portentous corpulence were blown; And. Francis Moore, physician,'scratched his sconce, To coin some novel nonsense for the nonce.

III.

But it would seem the gift of prophesying

Hath in good earnest been for ever lost; While all are on the Quarterly relying

Full surely comes a frost — a killing frost, And leaves are falling fast, and flies a-dying,

And Misses wearing gauzes to their cost. And Captain Ross coines back with shattered rig, -And Mr Leslie looks exceeding big.

IV.
Ye marine worthies ! much do we admire

Your worth, beyond all praise of worthiness! Your weather is as warm as ye desire,

Your Arctic venison is a savoury mess: And ye have grog enough your blood to fire,

And hammocks swinging grandly en altesse, Prodigious is the peril of your births; Snug marine martyrs! we admire your worths!

VII.
Give us no flimsy chips through polished bar,

Dispensing cheerlessly a stingy gleam,
But let the huge oak-root, with quivering scar

And rifted roughness, feed a dazzling beam;
And mingling freely in one ample jar

Nutmeg and citron, with a generous stream
Ale-metheglin-oportonectar brew,
To speed the old year and salute the new.

VIII.
Deep rolls the summons from St Giles's tower

And swift as Gramoury the lanthorns glimmer.
For, privileged to boldness by the hour,
Forth with her horn trips each lighthearted limmer.
Demurely taps she at the dear lad's bower,
Demurely pledges she her festal brimmer.

Beware sweet innocence, nor linger long,
Beware the burthen of Ophelia's song.

IX.
Forth hies the stripling that hath never dared

To breathe the fatal whisper of his love;
Forth hies he, all his sheepish tale prepared,

Forth to the half-expectant sleepless dove. Have mercy, Jenny! be his blushes spared,

O understand what pangs those blushes move
Do as thou wilt, be cruel or be coy,
But quiz not, o'er his pint, the stammering boy.

X.
And forth at signal of that solemn chime,

In modest mantle wrapt of sober hue,
Forth glides, with mingled cup of prose and rhyme,

Immaculate Miss Magazine to you
Most winsome Reader.-Reverence the time,

Nor with indignity her vows respue,
Fear no rude gysart here-arise salute
As gently as she comes your meek first-foot.

XI.
Like the great Laker's mountain heroine,

The maiden's gestures have at times been free; A leaper and a dancer hath she been,

Untettered and unfearing in her glee,
Yet older misses of less boisterous mien,

Have falser pas belike, to rue than she.
Her glances have not always been demure,
Her head's been giddy, but her heart is pure, ,

XII.
At least there murmurs no Circean malice

In the light carol that your handmaid sings;
At least there is no poison in her ehalice,

No lurking treason in the gift she brings. Forget, at least forgive, her early follies,

Her graver years aspire to wiser things, She's just of age! shall teenish frailties wrong her? No--No-say"Good new-year-to

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Aye-and so ever may the hoary king

Preserve his congelated throne in peace Aye--and so ever inay fair Scotland bring

Her old ancestral hecatomb of geese So ever inay the wassail bowl upiting

Its mists of gladness--so may never cease
The mirth that mustered in the elder day
Around the crackling hearth of Hogmanae !

VI.
Enough of noons hath Summer for reelining

Beneath the shadow of the green elm-tree, While the bright supbeams, all around us shini

Touch not that dark deep nook of reverie. There's been enough of unsubstantial dining,

There's been enough of cold lime Punch for me. All hail once more the Baron broad and brown! All hail the ruby flood that floats him down !

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No II. On the Habits of Thought, inculcated by WORDSWORTH. As in this country the investigations of silently in the universe, and actually metaphysicians have been directed modifying events, in opposition to more chiefly towards the laws of intellect palpable causes, in a manner similar to and association, and as we have nothing what is said to be taught by the philowhich deserves the name of philosophy sophy of the Hindoos; and, secondly, a founded upon an examination of what thorough knowledge of all the beauties human nature internally says of itself, of the human affections, and of their or upon enquiries into the dependance mutual harmonies and dependancies. of one feeling upon another; in short, In both of these things, he has scarcely as we have neither any Platonism, nor had any precursors, either among the even any philosophy of the passions, poets or philosophers of his country. we must turn to the poets, if we wish Some traces of the convictions above to hear what our literature says upon alluded to, may be found in Spenser, these subjects; for, by our speculative and some fainter traces in Milton; men, they have been left in utter si- whose turn of genius was decisively lence, darkness, and uncertainty. If ascertained by the circumstance of his the practical turn of mind, which has greater success in handling a subject, always been characteristic of our na- taken from the historical parts of the tion, has led to these neglects, there is Old Testament, than one from the nothing more to be said ; for the Christian Gospel. As for those who works of intellectual men should be came after Milton, scarcely any thing moulded according to the character of above the level of actual existence apthose who are to read them : and no- pears in their writings; and, upon the thing can obtain much influence over whole, it would seem that the kind of life, if it finds not a broad foundation sublimity with which the English have in the popular mind. Nevertheless, always been chiefly delighted, consists if philosophers profess to examine what merely in an exhibition of the strength human nature is, in the abstract, the of the human energies, which, in our peculiarities of their auditors will not most esteemed poems and plays, are serve as an excuse for slurring over frequently not even elevated by selfparticular branches of the subject, as devotion; witness Coriolanus, Richard if they had no existence.

the Third, Satan in Paradise Lost, the Two things may be chiefly observed in Giaours and Corsairs, &c. of modern Mr Wordsworth's poetry; namely, first, days. In these pieces, elements of huan attempt to awaken in the minds of man nature, which are by no means of his countrymen, certain lumieres which the highest kind, are represented boilthey do not generally possess, and cer- ing and foaming with great noise, and tain convictions of moral laws existing their turbidity is falsely taken for the Vol. IV.

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