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National Educational Association, July 7-11, 1902; Minneapolis.

California Teachers' Association, Los Angeles, California; A. E. Shumate, President; week of December 29.

The Biennial Convention of City and County Superintendents, Fresno, May 6th.

The Summer Session of the University of California. June 26 to August 6.

The National Summer School of Music under the direction of Miss Ada Fleming, Frederick

E. Chapman of Boston, Mrs. Sweezy of Berkeley.

The Summer School of Drawing, under the direction of D R. Augsburg, will be held June 30 to July 12; No. 2014 Van Ness Avenue.

Northern California Teachers' Association, Redding. November 20, 21, 22; E. I. Miller, President.

The Trinity County Institute, May 14, 15, 16; Lizzie Fox, Superintendent.


The Calaveras County institute has been postponed on account of the epidemic of diptheria.

Dept. Supt. Kingsbury visited San Jose recently and gave an address on “Modern School Problems."

Guy C. Earl has been appointed a regent of the Univer. sity of California, vice W. T. Wallace, term expired.

Randall J. Condon of Everett, Mass., has been elected superintendent of Helena, Montana, schools; salary $3,000.

The Present Day Club of Riverside gave a banquet on April 22. The topic of discussion was "The Public School System."

Miss Jenne Long drilled the class in "The Lady of the Lake" of the Cogswell Polytechnic School for the drama. tic production of the poem.

Prof. O. W. Winans of the Cornell University department of oratory has accepted a position in the University of California, where he will establish a department of oratory.

F. G. Athearn of Anaheim and F. C. Thompson have been appointed members of the faculty of the depart. ment of education of the San Francisco State Normal School.

Prof. Frank Soule is planning to attend the centenary celebration of the Military Academy at West Point on June 12. Professor Soule graduated from West Point with the class of '66.

Cecil Rhodes' gift to American students provides for one hundred pupils a year to take a three years' course. When fully in operation the bequest will make a permanent total of three hundred Americans at Oxford.

Carnegie's polytechnic school soon to be built in Pittsburg will be the heaviest endowed of any institution in the world and will contain room for 100,000 pupils. Its aim is to supply skilled artisans in every branch of labor. He will give it $33,000,000.

Prof. E. E. Brown of the Department of Pedagogy, who is at present doing some research work at Columbia, writes that two of the five Teachers' College Fellowships at the

The American Institute of Normal Methods, Los Angeles, E. A. Cox, director.

university are held by Californians, and two other Cali. fornians have been considered for a third scholarship.

The California Schoolmasters' Club gave a banquet at the Merchants' Club April 12. Supt. J. W. Linscott of Santa Cruz presided. J. W. McClymonds, John Swett, and David S. Snedden were the principal speakers.

Calvin Esterly of Fisk Teachers' Agency is arranging to attend the centenary celebration of West Point Military. Mr. Esterly is a graduate of this celebrated military institution. Mr. Esterly will also attend the N. E. A. at Minneapolis and will visit a number of institutions of learning.

The meeting of the joint board of state normal school trustees was held at Los Angeles, April 11. There were present the following: from San Jose, Dr. H. C. Brown, F. C. Jacobs, George W. Pierce, and Morris E. Dailey: from Los Angeles, R. H. F. Variel, J. S. Collins, E. J. Louis, and E. T. Pierce; from Chico, S. H. Barnard, and C. C. Van Liew; from San Diego, Judge George Fuller, Dr. R. M. Powers, W. R. Guy, and Samuel T. Black, from San Francisco, H. G. W. Dinkelspiel and Frederic Burk.

The following resolution was adopted: "Resolved, That from and after July 1, 1906, none other than graduates of accredited high schools, or other secondary schools, who are recommended by the principals thereof, or such applicants as show by examination scholarship equivalent to secondary schools, shall be admitted to the state normal schools of California; provided, that any of the state normal schools shall have the privilege of enforcing such requirements as seems to its management to be of best interest to said school and of the state."

The course of study now in force was reaffirmed and readopted. Judge R. H. F. Variel, chairman of the local board, acted as chairman of the joint board meeting.

A special committee, H. G. W. Dinkelspiel chairman, submitted a resolution in memory of Judge W. Cooney, late member of the San Francisco local board and of the joint board, which resolution was adopted.

County Superintendent Furlong has announced that he would not be a candidate for re-election if both parties were to tender him the nomination.

Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History

Published by HARPER & BROTHERS, New York
The only ENCYCLOPEDIA of United States History in existence

10 Large Volumes 5000 Pages 3000 Illustrations Compiled with the assistance and contributions of the most eminent authorities. It is one of the best sellers on the market as no other work competes with it. Sold only by subscription.

RELIABLE SOLICITORS WANTED—to whom most liberal terms are offered. For prospectus and particulars,

HARPER & BROTHERS address Pacific Coast office 206 Kearny Street

San Francisco

Western School Notes


Pres. E. T. Pierce, in his annual report, April 11, called Washington, was elected president of the Inland Empire attention to the fact that the Los Angeles school has in Teachers' Association, which held a successful meeting at the twenty years of its existence graduated more than 1,200 Spokane, April 12. students, ninety per cent of whom have taught in the

The board of education of Stockton vetoed the action of public schools of California. At che present time at least

the students in attempting to give a dance and a play. half of those who have graduated from the school during the past nineteen years are still teaching. More than five hundred of the teachers now employed in the counties of

New Educational Association Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, and Ventura, over one-third of the entire teaching force of

At the recent educational convention at Chicago an or. these counties, are graduates of the Los Angeles schools.

ganization of university professors of education "I am glad to say that I think the Los Angeles Normal

formed. Thirty-five institutions in different parts of the School is now fully prepared, so far as buildings go, to

country were represented. The purpose of the organizacarry forward the training for teachers that its president

tion is to study the relation of the educational to the other and board of trustees havelhad in mind for the past eight

departments of the university, and to make investigations years.

regarding the teaching of educational subjects. The "With the exception of cramped quarters for our library,

affairs of the organization are in the hands of an executive which I think we can remedy by some shifting next year,

committee consisting of Professor John Dewey of the Uniwe shall need no more room for our work for a number of

versity of Chicago, chairman; Professor M. V. O'Shea of years, if we ever do. All that we shall ask of the state for

Wiscousin, secretary; Dean James E. Russell of Columbia, some time to come in the way of improvement is a small

Professor Hanus of Harvard, and Professor Brown of the sum for furniture and a new heating plant to serve all

University of California. parts of our buildings. This latter is demanded as a matter of economy to the state and of health and safety to the Hinds & Noble, New York, are moving their establishstudents.

ment to 31-33-35 West Fifteenth Street between Fifth and D. R. Augsburg of Oakland will conduct a summer

Sixth Avenues, where they will occupy the whole of the school of drawing from June 30 to July 12 at 2014 Van Ness

ground floor and basement of the Belden Building. For Avenue, San Francisco. Mr. Augsburg as author of a

seventeen years they have been a landmark, as it were, in

the Cooper Institute Building, first occupying a part of system of drawing has a national reputation. He is one of the most prominent teachers in the United States and

one of the large ground floor stores, and gradually extendcan do more in two weeks with the pencil and brush than ing until two years ago when they added the fifth store. any other living teacher. He has already received applica.

These six stores are now too small for them. Their new tions from many counties in the state, and the school

quarters will be more commodious, admitting of a con

tinuance of the wonted growth both in their business as promises to be very successful.

publishers of educational books and that of wholesalers E. A. Cox, who is well-known to the teachers of Califor- and retailers of school and college books — the text-books nia, will visit the coast this month and will establish in of all publishers at one store. Los Angeles the American Institute of Normal Methods. He will act as director and will bring a number of special teachers with him including Gertrude Parsons. There is

How's This? already the promise of large attendance.

We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for any case of A. E. Winship, the editor of the "New England Journal Catarrh that cannot be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure. of Education,” will visit the Pacific Coast in May and

F. J. CHENEY & Co., Props., Toledo, 0. be welcomed by his many friends. Mr. Winship has a

We, the undersigned, have known F. J. Cheney for the national reputation as a platform speaker, writer, and last 15 years, and believe him perfectly honorable in all editor. He will lecture in Stockton May 15th, under direc | business transactions, and financially able to carry out tion of Superintendent Barr.

any obligation made by their firm. The board of education of San Francisco fined Mrs. S. A.

West & TRAUX, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, O.; WALDMiles, principal of the Sheridan, and Mrs. H. E. Tiernan of 'ING, KINNAN & Marvin, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, O. the Richmond School fifty dollars each for not reporting

Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally, acting directly mutilation and defacement of buildings to the board. upon the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. Price

75c. per bottle. Sold by all druggists. Testimonials free. S. B. L. Penrose of Whitman College. Walla Walla,

Hall's Family Pills are the best.

Established 1893


THE LYCEUM SCHOOL, under the direction of PROFESSOR GRAU is by far the best of its class on the Pacific Coast. Professor Grau is a great scholar. His translation of medical and scientific books from the German text has given him an international reputation among scholars. The reputation of the Lyceum school has steadily grown, and the results. accomplished have been very great.

The President of Stanford writes of the school as follows: Leland Stanford Junior University,

Office of the President. Stanford University, Cal., Jan. 27, 1899 Dr. Ludwig H. Grau was for two years after its opening Instructor in Latin and German in the Stanford University. On severing his connection with the University in 1893, he opened The Lyceum, a preparatory school, in San Francisco, which he has since conducted with

His students who have entered the University have shown conscientious preparation. Dr. Grau is a man of extensive scholarship, and I can commend him as a thorough and competent teacher.

David S. JORDAN, President.


The faculty at present consists of the following instructors:



PROF. L. H. GRAU, Ph.D., formerly of Stanford University, Principal.


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The aim of the school is to thoroughly prepare and qualify candidates in all subjects for the
entrance examinations of the University of California, of Stanford, Harvard, or Yale University,
Annapolis, West Point or any other Eastern college, for the Hastings College of the Law, for
Colleges of Medicine, Pharmacy, Dentistry, and for Teachers' Examinations, as well as for
Civil and Revenue Cutter Examinations.

The instruction, largely individual or in small classes, is given by able instructors of large experience and abreast of the latest and best educational methods.

In order to give the candidate a most thorough and systematic knowledge in the various subjects in which he has to pass an examination, only the most practical text-books are used.

Teachers and others desiring to make special preparation for certificates, or for entering any department of the universities, should write for catalog. Address


Phelan Building, San Francisco.

A record of the most important news concerning California school trustees.

The people of Chico have voted to establish a high school.

The Board of Education of San Francisco has asked that bonds be voted for to the amount of $2,000,000 for new buildings.

County Superintendent Wright of San Joaquin County reports tbat considerable work has been done in the way of building new school houses. The principal item in this respect was the handsome Linden school, costing $4000. The Elkhorn school cost $1200. The Valley school at Banta is a very nice building. New structures have been erected at Live Oak and Waverly, and the new school at Kingston is a very creditable structure.

The election of school trustees will take place on Friday, June 6. This is an important election. Every citizen should vote. The character of a community is often shaped by the kind of man the people elect school trustee. Only the best man should be elected; and the best man is the citizen who will give the best service, the man who will act for the public good.

In the absence of any action by Attorney-General James Donovan to bring the school book companies to book for violation of their contracts with the state, State Superintendent W. W. Welch has taken up the matter himself with a determination to push the claims of the state to a finish without the aid of the state's law officer, if necessary. He has written to the company accused of breaking their contracts. He has good hopes of tangible results from his demand for restitution of the money which has been wrongfully paid by the state and its citizens, for when he was in Chicago last January Mr. Merrill, a member of one of the book companies, offered to settle the state's claim when shown wherein his company had violated its contract. - Record, Helena, Montana.

George T. Hall, one of the horticultural commissioners of San Diego County, furnishes the superintendent of schools of that county the following interesting suggestions regarding the improvement of school grounds:

First of all, there are our native plants. The despised nicolina, if trained into a hedge, presents a mass of most delicate green; the sages planted in contrast beside the native mahogany, or furze, give pleasing effects. There is the mountain laurel, two kinds of prunus, or wild cherry; the manzanita, or Juglans, Cal.-native walnut-Lavatoria, or wood willow. Nothing finer for decorative purposes than Hetreromeles arbutifolia, our Christmas berry bush. What prettier for a climber than Lathyrus spendens? Looks so much like sweet-pea. There is the "Amole" with its white flowers in the afterpart of the day; the “Ocotillo" with its brick-red flowers; the deep-blue delphinum, the finest of all

larkspurs; all the penstemnies; all the agave, or century plant family with their cousins, the aloes; the yucca in profusion, with some garbas and bishop hood cactus make quaint combinations. The Yerba mansa, golden chestnut, and a multitude of plants that are deep-rooted and only require to be well started. Then there is the datura family-angel trumpets-all the seedum and mesembryanthemums, so common with their blaze of bright magenta, while or yellow, star shaped flowers.

But taking a wider range of shrubs that will grow well with partial care; valerian, a constant bloomer, and will grow in any soil; Iris germanica will resist drouth, and is a charming member of that noted family. The bulbous plants like calachorites, mariposa lillies, and the mander bush, if planted will follow in the season's grand procession of flowers. For dry places select such plants you see growing in such places you have to adorn. It is impossible to exhaust the list of native shrubs and plants that can be procured and grown with only the annual rainfall.

But to take a still wider range and diversify the native plants with others as well known. All the “bottle brush" family resist drouth and smile at neglect. All the acacia family, from shrubs only a few feet high to trees that grow one hundred feet high never read the water meter. Some of the eucalyptus, like the sugar gum and E. rudis, will make some advance each year on the annual rainfall. The casuarina, or "she-oak," is a quaint evergreen and ever growing. In the valleys there are an abundance of flowers from the peony to "baby eyes' that would beautifully adorn yards in moist soil and situation. Nature meets you more than half way-reject not her proffers.

J. G. Null of Fort Bidwell, Modoc County, in a recent address to parents spoke as follows:

"What is the whole educational duty of parents of teachers? Do they appreciate the grave responsibility resting upon them? Would that they were awakened to a koener realization of the importance of the part they play in the arena of Life. The greatness of any people must rest upon the general intelligence of its citizens, and this intelligence is proportioned to the education and training we give our boys and girls - the nation of tomorrow. I take it that we are all teachers--whether we will or not, our influence is felt for good or bad. We are uncon. sciously educating every youth with whom we come in contact.

"Parents, you cannot escape this responsibility. The greatest teacher that ever was or ever will be in this world is the mother with her prattling babe upon her knee. The mother's influence for good or bad is greater than the king's upon his throne.

"I fear there is a misconception among the masses as to the meaning of education in its fullest sense. The longer I labor as a teacher the more fully do I realize my own weakness and imperfection as an instructor. The smallest part of an education is the text-book knowledge we acquire in our public schools. May the time be hastened when the teachers will realize this and give those under their charge less of text-books and more of that which will cause them to live happy, pure, and Godly lives. We might well ask


ourselves, parents as well as teachers and professors, what is education?

"The gravest question confronting the world today is, WHAT shall we teach the children? What training is best for them? What shall the teachers of today give to the rising generation that they may become men and WOMEN in the strictest sense, that they may be prepared to ably and creditably discharge the manifold duties incumbent upon them as PARENTS, as CITIZENS of this great commonwealth, and as the directors of the destinies of this great nation."

Fresno has voted $75,000 for new school buildings.

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D. C. Heath & Co., Boston, Mass., has issued America's Story for America's Children, by Mara L. Pratt.

"Little Stories for Little People” hy Anne Willis Mc. Cullough, has been issued by the American Book Company. Price, 25 cents.

D. C. Heath & Co., have issued a neat and attractive directory of the high schools of California. It gives the names of the teachers, where educated, etc. It is a very valuab'e little book. Ad Tress, D. C. Heath & Co., 324 Sansome Street, for copy.

Harr Wigner's new geography of California has just been issued It contains a new relief map showing the natural products of the state; a fine relief map of the Bay counties; a careful statement of the descriptive features of the state; statistics of the census of 1'900, etc. The Whitaker & Ray Company publish the geography, Price, $1.00.

The Whitaker & Ray Company have issued “Browne's Graded Mental Arithmetic: price, 35 cents This book has breni most carefully prepared by Prank J. Browne, ex-state superintendent of public instruction of Washington. It will commend itself by the excellent gradation, the excellence of the arrangement, and systematic presentation of each subject.

William M. Salter opens the May “Atlantic" with a carefully studied and clearly analyzed paper, Second Thoughts on Anarchy. Jobn Corbin, the author of An American at Oxford, contributes the first of a series of papers on outdoor life in a delightful article entitled The Modern Chivalry. Prof. John Trowbridge's The Study of the Infinitely Small is both improving and interesting. Walter H. Page, formerly editor of the "Atlantic," contributes The Rebuilding of Old Commonwealths. Vida Scudder contributes a careful discussion of A Hidden Weakness in Democracy; and Prof. J. Laurence Laughlin offers an analysis of the modern developments of Higher Commercial Education. Fiction includes the closing chapters of George W. Cable's Bylow Hill, Katrina Trask's My Lady's Garden, and Jennetie Lee's Three Chances. Poetry is furnished by Mary Messer, Richard Burton, Grace Richardson, and others; the number closing with the entertaining Contributors' Club, as usual.

The "Forum" for May is replete with excellent articles. President Thwing writes on Collegiate Conditions of the United States. G. T. Ladd on The Degredation of the Professional Office. There are a dozen other noteworthy articles.

“Martin's Civil Government of the United States – Revised Edition." By George H. Martin, A.M., Supervisor of Schools, Boston. Price, 90 cents American Book Company.

We are glad to see a revision of this standard and successful text. The present edition brings it up to date by embodying all recent constitutional and statutory changes, and by selecting illustrations of a timely character.

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Heald's Business College 24 POT ST.,

SAN FRANCISCO Is a national, international, me'ropolitan and cosmopolitan institution. Nearly 1,000 pupils enrolled last year. There were represenied in the student body last year 53 coun ies of Cali. fornia, 17 stales and Territories, and 7 foreigu countries. 18 000 graduates now successfuily applying their knowledge. Nearly 300 graduates placed in positions last year. 28 teachers. 65 typewriting machines in the typing depart. ment.

Open the entire year. day and evening.
Individual instruction.

Write for 80-page illustrated catalogue.

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