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Institutes of International Law: In time of war, Volum 2
Uten tilgangsbegrensning - 1850
according actual admitted allowed ambassador appears applied authority belligerent belonging blockade bound British Bynk capture cargo carried character circumstances civil claim command commerce common condemned consequence considered continued contract Court direct distinction Dutch duty effect enemy enemy's engaged England entitled exercise expressed force foreign France French give given granted Grot Grotius ground held hostilities importation independent intention interest jurisdiction justice King land law of nations liable license master means merchant minister nature necessary neutral officers original owner particular parties peace persons port possession practice present prince principle privilege prize protection provides Puff punishment question reason received refused residence respect rule says seized sent ship sovereign sufficient taken territory tion trade treaty usage Vatt vessel viii violation voyage whole Wicq
Side 60 - The jurisdiction of the nation within its own territory is necessarily exclusive and absolute. It is susceptible of no limitation not imposed by itself. Any restriction upon it, deriving validity from an external source, would imply a diminution of its sovereignty to the extent of the restriction, and an investment of that sovereignty to the same extent in that power which could impose such restrictions.
Side 36 - The decisions of the courts of every country, so far as they are founded upon a law common to every country, will be received, not as authority, but with respect. The decisions of the courts of every country show how the law of nations, in the given case, is understood in that country, and will be considered in adopting the rule which is to prevail in this.
Side 182 - And that the citizens of the said United States may freely carry on a trade between the said territories and the said United States, in all articles of which the importation or exportation respectively, to or from the said territories, shall not be entirely prohibited.
Side 352 - By the maritime law of nations universally and immemorially received, there is an established method of determination, whether the capture be, or be not, lawful prize. Before the ship or goods can be disposed of by the captor there must be a regular judicial proceeding wherein both parties may be heard, and condemnation thereupon as prize in a Court of Admiralty, judging by the law of nations and treaties.
Side 16 - In my opinion, no principle ought to be held more sacred than that this intercourse cannot subsist on any other footing than that of the direct permission of the state. Who can be insensible to the consequences that might follow, if every person in time of war had a right to carry on a commercial intercourse with the enemy, and under colour of that, had the means of carrying on any other species of intercourse he might think fit?
Side 354 - If the sentence of the court of Admiralty is thought to be erroneous, there is in every maritime country a superior court of review, consisting of the most considerable persons, to which the parties who think themselves aggrieved may appeal ; and this superior court judges by the same rule which governs the court of Admiralty — viz. the law of nations, and the treaties subsisting with that neutral power, whose subject is a party before them.
Side 82 - A sovereign committing the interests of his nation with a foreign power to the care of a person whom he has selected for that purpose, cannot intend to subject his minister in any degree to that power ; and, therefore, a consent to receive him, implies a consent that he shall possess those privileges which his principal intended he should retain — privileges which are essential to the dignity of his sovereign, and to the duties he is bound to perform.
Side 46 - If, for reasons of state, the ports of a nation generally, or any particular ports be closed against vessels of war generally, or the vessels of any particular nation, notice is usually given of such determination. If there be...
Side 73 - The second is, that all nations being equal, all have an equal right to the uninterrupted use of the unappropriated parts of the ocean for their navigation. In places where no local authority exists, where the subjects of all States meet upon a footing of entire equality and independence, no one State, or any of its subjects, has a right to assume or exercise authority over the subjects of another.