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THE

Ecclesiastical History

OF THE

Englisb Nation,

From the Coming of
JULIUS CÆSAR
Into this Island, in the 60th Year before

the Incarnation of CHRIST,
Till the Year of our Lord 731.

Written in Latin by Venerable B EDE,

and now Translated into English from
Dr. Smitb's Edition.

To which is added, The LIFE of the

Author. Also Explanatory Notes.

LONDON:
Printed for J. BATLEY at the Dove in Pater-

nofter-Row, and T. MEIG HA N in Drury-Lare.

M DCC XXIII.

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THE

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F the Name of Bede were three

W remarkable Perfons, the first a
O Priest and Mónk of Lindisfarn, or

Holy jland ; of whom our
Hiftorian [peaks with great rex

spect in the tghyth Chapter of his: Book of the Life of Cuthbert; the Bishop's another a Monk loontemporary with Charles the Great jy between thefc imFime; and supos rior to either of them in Chara&er, was the great Luminary of our Nation, of whomiwe áre going tolwrite: Tho'fome bape'endeavourd to deprive our Country of the Honour of his Birth] it is with such an Air of dire&t Falfiey

and Assurance, that as no Men of Sense, or Learning will come into it, so it is not worth time to disprove it, fince bis own Words direct us to the very Place, which was the Kingdom of the Northumbrians, now Northumberland,

and in that Province of it callid Bernicia, not Deiray which extends from Tees to Tweed, in which Province, had he been born, Scotland had as little right to claim the Honour of him, as to claim that Province; which (however) some of their Historians have attempted. In this obscure Corner of the World, then (to use Malmsbury's Words) this great Man was born, whence he extended his Learning to the whole. The Village which produc'd him, tho' long since, even long before Turgot's Time, gain'd upon by the Sea, was in the Territories

of the Monastery of St. Peter and St. Paul, which were indeed two, one of them standing at Gyrwy, on Lynpum, on the Banks of the

River Tine, below the Capra Caput, or Caetsheves of the Saxons, now Gates-head, (opposite to Newcastle) and callid Farrow, which was dedicated to St. Paul, the other at Weremouth or Wiran mouth, icar the Mouth of the River Were therefore by Bede, call’d, Ad Ostium Vieris, which River runs through the City of Durs ham, it was cațld by the Saxons, þinamuð, and now Monsks ueremouth, the Founder of them was one Benedict, surnam'd Biscop or Bishop, and the Order they profess'd, that of the Benediffines, as appears by the dying Words of their Founder, that they should follow the Rules of the ance grcat Abbar Benedit; and Alcuinus in his 49 Ep. to the Monks of Were* moyth, mentions the fame ; from which Injun

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