Working Memory and Language
This book evaluates the involvement of working memory in five central aspects of language processing: vocabulary acquisition, speech production, reading development, skilled reading, and comprehension. The authors draw upon experimental, neuropsychological and developmental evidence in a wide-ranging evaluation of the contribution of two components of working memory to each aspect of language. The two components are the phonological loop, which is specialised for the processing and maintenance of verbal material, and the general-purpose processing system of the central executive.
A full introduction to the application of the working memory model to normal adults, neuropsychological patients and children is provided in the two opening chapters. Non-experts within this area will find these chapters particularly useful in providing a clear statement of the current theoretical and empirical status of the working memory model. Each of the following chapters examines the involvement of working memory in one specialised aspect of language processing, in each case integrating the available experimental, neuropsychological and developmental evidence. The book will therefore be of direct relevance to researchers interested in both language processing and memory.
Working Memory and Languageis unique in that it draws together findings from normal adults, brain-damaged patients, and children. For each of these populations, working memory involvement in language processing ranging from the speech production to comprehension are evaluated. Working Memory and Languageprovides a comprehensive analysis of just what roles working memory does play in the processing of language.
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The Development of Working Memory
An Introduction to Reading Development
Phonological Processing and Reading Development
Visual Word Recognition
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adults articulation articulatory suppression auditory Baddeley Broca's aphasia buffer causal central executive Chapter child complex concurrent contribution correlations corresponding developmental digit dyslexia dyslexic effect evidence experimental familiar words fast mapping function Gathercole homophonic hypothesis immediate memory impaired interpretation language comprehension language disordered children language processing learning to read letter strings lexical linguistic literacy logographic long-term memory longitudinal study measures memory deficits memory involvement memory items memory performance memory tasks neuropsychological nonword repetition normal patients phoneme awareness phono phonological awareness phonological form phonological memory skills phonological processing phonological recoding strategy phonological representations phonological similarity phonological store phonological working memory poor readers prereading reading ability reading and spelling reading development Reading Test relationship rhyme judgements segmentation semantic sentences sequence serial recall short-term memory significantly sketchpad specific speech output speech production spoken stimuli structure subjects subvocal rehearsal syllables syntactic Vallar visual vocabulary knowledge