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408. Public speakers ought to live longer, the point you are to aim at, is, the greatest and enjoy better health, than other persons; possible degree of usefulness. 7. He who and if they conform to the principles here only aims at little, will accomplish but little. taught, and the laws of life and health gener Anecdote. A silly, but very pretty woally, this will be the result. Pulmonary dis-man, complained to the celebrated and beaueases may be thrown off by these exercises; tiful Sophia Arnold, of the number of her the author being a living witness, having been admirers, and wished to know how she given over at three different times with con- should get rid of them. “Oh, my dear," sumption. The celebrated Cuvier and Dr. (was the satiric reply,) “it is very easy for Brown, the metaphysician, and many others you to do it: you have only to speak.” that might be mentioned, are also witnesses Proverbs. 1. Those, who possess any real of this truth. One reason is, that natural excellence, think and say, the least about it. 2 speaking induces one to use a very large The active only, have the true relish of life. 3. quantity of air, whereby the capacity of the Many there are, who are everything by turns, and lungs is much enlarged, the quantity of air nothing-long. 4. To treat trifles—as matters of increased, and the blood more perfectly puri- importance, is to show our own unimportance. 5. the use of the whole body insures a free Grief
, cherished unseen, is genuine; while that,
which has witnesses, may be affected. 6. Errorcirculation, and, of course, contributes to
does not so often arise from our ignorance of the universal health.
truth, as an unwillingness to receive it. 7. Some Think'st thou—there are no serpents in the world, mistake the love for the practice of virtue, and are But those, which slide along the grassy sod, not so much good themselves, as they are the And sting the luckless foot, that presses them?
friends of goodness. 8. To love any one, and not There are, who, in the path of social life,
do him good, when there is ability and opportuDo bask their spotted skins, in fortune's sun, nity, is a contradiction. 9. Pity-will always be And sting the soul, aye, till its healthful frame
his portion in adversity, who acted with kindness Is changed to secret, festering, sore disease; in prosperity. 10. The best mode of proving any So deadly—is its wound.
science, is by exhibiting it. The brave, 'tis sure, do never shun the light ; A Good Example. Mr. Clay, in a de Just are their thoughts, and open are their tempers; bate upon the Loan Bill, remarked, that, for Still are they found-in the fair face of day, twenty or thirty years, neither he nor his And heaven, and men-are judges of their actions. wife, had owed any man a dollar. Both of
409. DISEASES OF THE THROAT-are con- them, many years gone by, had come to the nected, particularly, with those parts of the conclusion, that the best principle of economy body, which are involved in breathing, and was this,—"never to go in debt. To indulge relate to the understanding, or reasoning fa- your wants when you were able to do so, and culties of the mind: thus, thinking and to repress them when you are not able to inbreathing are inseparably connected toge- dulge them.” The example is not only an ther; as are feeling and acting; hence, the excellent one for itself, but comes from a high predominance of thought, in the exercise of source. To repress a want-is one of the the voice, or in any kind of action, and zeal wisest, safest, and most necessary principles without knowledge, tend directly to such per- of political economy. It prevents, not only versions of mind and body, as induce, not only the dangerous practice of living beyond our diseases of the throat, but even pulmonary means, but encourages the safe precedent of diseases: if, then, we will to be free, in any re- living within them. If all who could, would spect, we must return to truth and nature; for live within their means, the world would be they will guide the obedient in the right way. much happier and much better than it is. Miscellaneous. 1. Whatever one pos- us an example worthy of all imitation.
Henry Clay and his noble housewife-give sesses, becomes doubly valuable, by having the happiness of dividing it with a friend.
Varieties. 1. Is pride-a mark of talent? 2. He who loves riches more than his friend, 2. Byron says, of Jack Bunting, “He knew
so we may does not deserve to be loved. 3. He who not what to do, and so he swore : would pass the latter part of his life with say of many a one's preposterous use of books, honor, and usefulness, must, when he is
-He knew not what to do, and so he read. young, consider that he shall one day be old;
Wit's—a feather--Pope has said,
And ladies-do not doubt it: and when he is old, remember that he has once been young. 4. The rolling planets,
For those, who've least
within the head, and the glorious sun, Still keep that order,
Display the most about it. which they first begun; But wretched man,
They sin, who tell us love can die;
Its holy flame forever burneth; alone, has gone astray, Swerved from his
From heaven it came, to heaven returneth. God, and walks another way. 5. The old-Forgiveness--to the injured does belong; live in the past, as the young do-in the fu- But they ne'er pardon, who have done the wrong. ture. 6. Fix upon a high standard of char Be thou as chaste as ice, as pure as snow, acter: to be thought well of—is not sufficient: Thou shalt not escape calumny.
410. DELIVERY — addresses itself to the Proverbs. 1. Constant occupation-shuts mind through two mediums, the eye and the out templation. 2. A flatterer is a most dangerear: hence, it naturally divides itself into ous enemy. 3. Unless we aim at perfection, we two parts, voice and gesture; both of which shall never attain it. 4. They who love the longmust be sedulously cultivated, under the est, love the best. 5. Pleasure—is not the rule for guidance of proper feeling, and correct rest, but for health. 6. The President is but the thought. That style is the best, which is the head-servant of the people. 7. Knowledge-is not most transparent ; hence the grand aim of truly ours, till we have given it away. 8. Our the elocutionist should be-perfect transpa
debts, and our sins, are generally greater than we rency; and when this part is attained, he suppose, 9. Some folks--are like snakes in the
grass. 10. He-injuries the good, who spares the will be listened to with pleasure, be perfectly bad. 11. Beauty will neither feed or clothe us. understood, and do justice to his subject, 12. Woman's work is never done. his powers, and his audience.
Anecdote. What for? After the close 411. Young GENTLEMEN,—(said Wil- of the Revolutionary war, the king of Great liam Wirt,) you do not, I hope, expect from Britain--ordered a thanksgiving to be kept me, an oration for display. At my time of throughout the kingdom. A minister of the life, and worn down, as I am, by the toils of gospel inquired of him, “For what are we a laborious profession, you can no longer to give thanks that your majesty has lost look for the spirit and buoyancy of youth. thirteen of your best provinces ?” The king SPRING—is the season for flowers ; but am
answered, “No." “Is it then, that your main the autumn of life, and you will, I hope, jesty has lost one hundred thousand lives of accept from me, the fruits of my EXPERI- your best subjects?” “No, no.!” said the ENCE, in lieu of the more showy, but less king. “Is it then, that we have expended, and substantial blossoms of SPRING. I could lost, a hundred millions of money, and for not have been tempted hither, for the pues the defeat and tarnishing of your majesty's rile purpose of disPLAY. My visit has a
arms?” “No such thing,"'-said the king much graver motive and object. It is the pleasantly. “What then, is the object of the hope of making some suggestions, that may thanksgiving ?” “Oh, give thanks that it is be serviceable in the journey of life, that is
no worse." before you ; of calling into action some dor
Varieties. 1. Who does not see, in Cemant energy; of pointing your exertions to sar's Commentaries, the radical elements of some attainable end of practical utility ; in the present French character ? 2.“ A man,” short, the hope of contributing, in some
says Oliver Cromwell, never rises so high, small degree, towards making you happier as when he knows not whither he is going." in yourselves, and more useful to your 3. The virtue, that vain persons affect to descountry.
pise, might have saved them; while the beau412. The conversational-must be deliv- ty, they so highly prized, is the cause of their ered in the most natural, easy, familiar, dis- ruin. 4. He, who flatters, without designtinct, and agreeable manner ; the narrative ing to benefit by it, is a fool ; and whoever and didactive, with a clear and distinct artic
encourages that flattery, that has sense ulation, correct emphasis, proper inflections, enough to see through, is a vain cox comb. 5. and appropriate modulations ; because, it is the business of the teacher-is not so much not so much your object to excite the affec- to communicate knowledge to the pupil, as tions, as to inform the understanding: the to set him to thinking, and show him how argumentative, and reasoning, demand great to educate himself ; that is, he must rather deliberation, slowness, distinctness, frequent teach him the way to the fountain, than carpauses, candor, strong emphasis and occa
ry him to the water. 6. Many buy cheap, sional vehemence. No one can become a and sell dear ; i. e. make as good bargains as good reader and speaker, without much prac- they can; which is a trial of skill, between tice and many failures.
two knaves, to see which shall overreach the Pioneers. The “eccentric” man-is gen- other ; but honest men set their price and erally the pioneer of mankind, cutting his adhere to it. 7. If you put a chain round way the first—into the gloomy depths of un- the neck of a slave, the other end fastens itexplored science, overcoming difficulties, that self around your own. would check meaner spirits, and then--holding up the light of his knowledge—to guide Would you then learn to dissipate the band
Of these huge threatening difficulties dire, thousands, who, but for him, would be wan. That, in the weak man's way—like lions stand, dering about in all the uncertainty of igno
His soul appal, and damp his rising fire ? rance, or be held in the fetters of some self
Resolve, resolve, and to be men aspire. ish policy, which they had not, of themselves Exert that noblest privilege, alone, -the energy to throw off.
Here to mankind indulged: control desire; 'Tis not in folly—not to scorn a fool,
Let godiike reason, from her sovereign throne, And scarce in human wisdom-to do more. Speak the commanding word-I will, and it is done.
413. EARNESTNESS OF MANNER—is of Proverbs. 1. People generally love truth vital importance in sustaining a transparent more than goodness; knowledge more than holistyle; and this must be imbibed internally, ness. 2. Never magnanimity--fell to the ground. and felt with all the truth and certainty of 3. He, who would gather immortal palms, must nature. By proper exercises on these prin- not be hindered by the name of goodness, but ciples, a person may acquire the power of must explore--if it be goodness. 4. No author passing, at will, from grave to gay, and from was ever written down, by any but himself. 5.
Better be a nettle in the side of your friend, than lively to severe, without confounding one with the other: there are times, however, blows on fair reputation ; the corroding dew, that
his echo. 6. Surmise is the gossumer, that malice when they may be united ; as in the humor- destroys the choicest blossoms. 7. A general ous and pathetic, together.
prostration of morals—must be the inevitable reBreathes there a man with soul so dead, sult of the diffusion of bad principles. 8. To Who never, to himself hath said,
know-is one thing; and to do—is another. 9. “ This-is my own, my native land ?"
Candor-lends an open ear to all men. 10. Art Whose heart-hath ne'er within him burned,
-is never so beautiful, as when it reflects the As home-his footsteps he hath turned,
philosophy of religion and of man. From wandering on a foreign strand ?
We cannot honor our country-with too If such there breathe, go mark him well :
deep a reverence; we cannot love her-with For him, no minstrel raptures swell;
an affection too pure and fervent; we canHigh tho' his titles, powers, or pelf,
not serve her—with an energy of purpose, or The wretch-concentred all in self, Living--shall forfeit fair renown,
a faithfulness of zeal—too steadfast and arAnd, doubly dying, shall go down
dent. And what is our country? It is not To the vile dust, from whence he sprung,
the East, with her hills and her valleys, with Unwept'd, unhonored, and unsung.
her countless sails, and the rocky ramparts 414. The following are the terms usually of her shores. It is not the North, with her
thousand villages, and her harvest-home, with applied to style, in writing, and also in speaking; each of which has its distinctive charac- her frontiers of the lake, and the ocean. It is teristics; though all of them have something not the West, with her forest-sea, and her
inland isles, with her luxuriant expanses, in common. Bombastic, dry, elegant, epis
clothed in the verdant corn ; with her beautitolary, flowing, harsh, laconic, lofty, loose, terse, tumid, verhose. There are also styles ful Ohio, and her majestic Missouri. Nor is of occasion, time, place, &c.: such as the it yet the South, opulent in the mimic snow style of the bar, of the legislature, and of the of the cotton, in the rich plantations of the pulpit ; also the dramatic style, comedy, rustling cane, and in the golden robes of the
rice-field. What are these, but the sister (high and low,) farce and tragedy.
families of one greater, better, holier family, Nliterate and selfish people, are often op
OUR COUNTRY? posed to persons traveling through the country, to lecture on any subject whatever; and
Give thy thoughts no tongue, especially, on such as the grumblers are ig- Nor any unproportioned thought his act. norant of. But are not books and newspa- Be thou familiar; but by no means vulgar. pers, itinerants too? In olden time, the wor- The friends thou hast, and their adoption tried, shipers of the goddess Diana, were violently Grapple them to thy soul, with hooks of steel ; opposed to the Apostles ; because, thro’ their But do not dull thy palm-with entertainment preaching of the cross, their craft was in of ev'ry new hatch'd, unfledg'd comrade. Beware danger. The liberally educated, and those of entrance into quarrel ! but, being in, who are in favor of a universal spread of Bear it, that the opposer--may beware of thee. knowledge, are ready to bid them “God Give every man thine ear, but few thy voice, [ment. speed,” if they and their subject are praise- Take each man's censure, but reserve thy judgworthy.
Costly thy habit—as thy purse can buy, Anecdote. A Kingly Dinner in Nature's For the apparel-oft proclains the man.
But not expressed in fancy; rich, not gaudy. Palace. Cyrus, king of Persia, was to dine Neither a borrower, nor a lender be ; with one of his friends ; and, on being asked for loan-oft loses both itself and friend, to name the place, and the viands with which | And borrowing-dulls the edge of husbandry. he would have his table spread, he replied, This above all--to thine own self be true, “ Prepare the banquet at the side of the river, and it must follow, as the night the day. and let one loaf of bread be the only dish.” Thou canst not, then-be false to any man. Bright, as the pillar, rose at Heaven's command: Dare to be true-nothing-can need a lie ; When Israel-marched along the desert land,
The fault that needs it-grows two-thereby. Blazed through the night-on lonely wilds afar, What do you think of marriage ? And told the path,-a never-setting star;
I take it, as those that deny purgatory ; So, heavenly Genius, in thy course divine,
It locally contains or heaven or hell; Hope—is thy star, her light-is ever thine.
There is no third place in it.
415. Beware of a slavish attention to Laconics. 1. God has given us vocal organs, rules; for nothing should supercede Nature, and reason to use them. 2. True gesture—is the who knows more than Art; therefore, let her language of nature, and makes its way to the stand in the foreground, with art for her heart
, without the utterance of a single word. 3. servant. Emotion—is the soul of oratory : Coarseness and vulgarity—are the effects of a bad one flash of passion on the cheek, one beam education; they cannot be chargeable to nature. of feeling from the eye, one thrilling note of 4. Close observation, and an extensive knowledge sensibility from the tongue, one stroke of of human nature alone, will enable one to adapt hearty emphasis from the arm, have infinite himself to all sorts of character. 5. Paintingly more value, than all the rhetorical rules describes what the object is in itself : poetry-what and flourishes of ancient or modern times. it inspires or suggests : one-represents the visible, The great rule is—BE IN EARNEST. This is the other— both the visible and the invisible. 6. what Demosthenes more than intimated, in It is uncandid self-will, that condemns without a trice declaring, that the most important hearing. 7. The mind—wills to be free; and the thing in eloquence, was action. There will signs of the times-proclaim the approach of its be no execution without fire.
restoration, Whoever thinks, must see, that man-was made Woman. The right education of this sex To face the storm, not languish in the shade; is of the utmost importance to human life. Action--his sphere, and, for that sphere designed, There is nothing, that is more desirable for Eternal pleasures--open on his mind.
the common good of all the world; since, as For this-fair hope-leads on th’ impassioned soul, they are mothers and mistresses of families, Through life's wild labyrinth--to her distant goal: they have for some time the care of the ed. Paints, in each dream, to fan the genial flame, ucation of their children of both sorts; they The pomp of riches, and the pride of fame; are intrusted with that, which is of the Or, fondly gives reflection's cooler eye,
greatest consequence to hụman life. As the A glance, an image, of a future sky.
health and strength, or weakness of our bodies, Notes. The standard for propriety, and force, in public is very much owing to their methods of speaking is to speak just as one would naturally express himself treating us when we were young; so—the in earnest conversation in private company. Such should we all soundness or folly of our minds is not less do, if left to ourselves, and early pains were not taken to substitute owing to their first tempers and ways of an artificial method, for that which is natural. Beware of im- thinking, which we eagerly received from agining that you must read in a different way, with different tones the love, tenderness, authority, and constant and cadences, from that of common speaking.
conversation of ourmothers. As we call our Anecdote. The severity of the laws of first language our mother-tongue, sowe Draco, is proverbial; he punished all sorts may as justly call our first tempers our moth, of crime, and even idleness, with death: er-iempers; and perhaps it may be found hence, De-ma-des said - “He writes his more easy to forget the language, than to laws, not with ink-but with blood.” On part entirely with those tempers we learned being asked why he did so, he replied, that in the nursery. It is, therefore, to be lathe smallest crime deserved death, and that mented, that the sex, on whom so much de. there was not a greater punishment he could pends, who have the first forming both of for greater crimes.
our bodies and our minds, are not only eduMiscellaneous. 1. Envy-is the daugh. cated in pride, but in the silliest and most ter of pride, the author of revenge and mur- contemptible part of it. Girls are indulged der, the beginning of secret sedilion and the in great vanity; and mankind seem to con. perpetual tormentor of virtue; it is the filthy sider them in no other view than as so many slime of the soul, a venom, a poison, that painted idols, who are to allure and gratify consumeth the flesh, and drieth up the mar- their passions. row of the bones. 2. What a pity it is, that Varieties. 1. Was gland - justified there are so many quarler and half men and in her late warlike proceeding against Chiwomen, who can take delight in gossip, be- na? 2. Fit language there is none, for the cause they are not great enough for any heart's deepest things. 3. The honor of a thing else.
maid—is her name; and no legacy is so rich
Ungrateful man, with liquorish draughts,
And morsels unctuous, greases
pure mind, 4. What is the difference between loving That from it-all consideration slips. the minds, and the persons of our friends ?
To persist 5. How different is the affection, the thought, In doing wrong, extenuates not wrong, action, form and manners of the male, from But makes it much more heavy. the affection, thought, action, form and man
He cannot be a perfect man, ners of the female.
Not being tried or tutored in the world :
Experience is by industry achieved,
And perfected-by the swift course of timo
A confused report-passed thro' my ears; Than trust a love-as false as thine.
But, full of hurry, like a morning dream, The stomach-hath no ears.
It vanished in the business of the day.
416. THE DECLAMATORY AND HORTA Proverbs. 1. The more women look into TORI-indicate a deep interest for the per- their glasses, the less—they attend to their houses, sons addressed, a horror of the evil they are 2. Works, and not words, are the proof of love. 3. entreated to avoid, and an exalted estimate There is no better looking-glass, than a true friend. of the good, they are exhorted to pursue. 4. When we obey our superiors, we instruct our The exhibition of the strongest feeling, re- inferiors. 5. There is more trouble in having noquires such a degree of self-control, as, in the thing to do, than in having much to do. 6. The
best throw of the dice—is to throw them away. 7. very torrent, tempest and whirlwind of pas- Virtue, that parleys, is near the surrender. 8. Tne sion, possesses a temperance to give it spirit of truth-dwelleth in meekness. 9. Resisi a smoothness. The DRAMATIC sometimes temptation, will you conquer it. 10. Plain dealing calls for the exercise of all the vocal and is a jewel. mental powers: hence, one must consider
Anecdote. Faithful unto Death. When the character represented, the circumstances the venerable Polycarp - was tempted by under which he acted, the state of feeling he Herod, the proconsul, to deny, and blaspheme possessed, and every thing pertaining to the the LORD JESUS CHRIST, he answered, scene with which he was connected.
“Eighty and six years—have I served my 417. ROLLA'S ADDRESS TO THE PERU- LORD and SAVIOR;-and in all that timeVIANS. My brave associates-partners of he never did me any injury, but always my tóil, my feelings, and my fáme! Can good; and therefore, I cannot, in conscience, Rólla's words-add vigor—to the virtuous reproach my King and my REDEEMER.” energies, which inspire your hearts? Nò;
A Wife; not an Artist. When a man you have judged as I have, the foulness of of sense comes to marry, is a companion he the crafty plea, by which these bold invaders wants, and not an artist. It is not merely a would delude you. Your generous spirit creature who can paint, and play, and sing, has compared, as mine has, the motives, and dance. It is a being who can comfort which, in a war like this, can animate their and counsel him; one who can reason and minds and ours. They, by a strange frenzy reflect, and feel and judge, and discourse and driven, fight for power, for plunder, and ex- discriminate; one who can assist him in his tended rule; we, for our country, our altars, affairs, lighten his sorrows, purify his joys, and our homes. They-follow an adventur- strengthen his principles and educate his childer, whom they fear, and obey a power, which ren. Such is the woman who is fit for a mothey hate; we serve a monarch whom we ther, and the mistress of a family. A woman love,-a God, whom we adore. Whene'er of the former description may occasionally they move in anger, desolation-tracks their figure in a drawing-room, and excite the adprogress! Whene'er they pause in amity, miration of the company; but is entirely affliction-mo
-mourns their friendship. They unfit for a helpmate to man, and to train up boast, they come but to improve our state,' a child in the way he should go. enlarge our thoughts, and free us from the
Varieties. 1. He, who is cautious and yoke of error! Yes—they will give enlight- prudent, is generally secure from many danened freedom to our minds, who are them gers, to which many others are exposed. 2. selves the slaves of passion, avarice, and pride. A fool may ask more questions in an hour, They offer us their protection. Yes, such than a wise man may answer in seven years. protection—as vultures-give to lambs- 3. The manner in which words are delivered, covering, and devouring them. They call contribute mainly to the effects they are to on us to barter all of good, we have inherited produce, and the importance which is attachand proved, for the desperate chance of some-ed to them. 4. Shall this greatest of free nathing better, which they promise. Be our tions be the best? 5. One of the greatest plain answer this : The throne-we honor obstacles to knowledge and excellence, is in—is the people's choice; the laus we rever- dolence. 6. One hour's sleep before midnight, ence—are our brave fathers' legacy; the faith is worth two afterward. 7. Science, or learnwe follow-teaches us to live in bonds of cha- ing, is of little use, unless guided by good rity with all mankind, and die—with hope sense. of bliss-beyond the grave. Tell your in Men-use a different speech in different climes, vaders this, and tell them too, we seek no
Her wandering moon, her stars, her golden sun, change; and, least of all, sûch change as
Her woods and waters, in all lands and times, they would bring us.
In one deep song proclaim the wondrous story.
Upon the winds they send it-sounding high,
Jehovah's wisdom, goodness, power, and glory. With specious smiles, and false deluding hopes
I hear it come from mountain, cliff, and tree, Smiles that destroy, and hopes that bring despair,
Ten thousand voices in one voice united ;
On every side—the song encircles me,
Ah! why, when heaven--and earth-lift up their voice, Prelude of horror, anguish, and dismay!
Ah! why should man alone, nor worshp, nor rejoice?
But Nature hath one voice, and only one.
The whole round world reveres--and is delighted.