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£270; and C, £340; they gained £258 : what was each man’s general average, and what would be a man's loss who owned share of the gain?

of the ship and cargo ? Analysis. The whole sum invested is £250+£270+ £340= 52. A man mixed 25 bushels of peas, worth 6s. a bushel, £860. Now, since £860 gain £258, it is plain £ I will gain with 15 bushels of corn worth 48. a bushel, and 20 bushels of do of 258, which is £ 30. And

oats worth 38. a bushel : what was the mixture worth per

bushel ! If £l gains £.30 £250 will gain £250 X 30=£75, A's share, “ £1 £270

£270 X 305 81, B's share, Analysis.—25 bu. peas at 68.=150s., value of the peas ; £340 £340 X 30=102, C's share.

15 bu. corn at 48.= 60s.,

corn; and 20 bu, oats at 3s. = 60s.,

oats. Or we may reason thus : Since the sum invested is £860, A's part of the investment is equal to 388, or ;

The mixture=60 bu. and 270s., value of whole mixtr. B's

Now, if 60 bu. mixture are worth 270s., 1 bu, mixture is C's

848, or t. Consequently, worth ato of 270s., and 270s. -60=4}s. Ans. A must received of the whole gain £258=£75;

PROOF.—60 bu. at 4}s.=270s., the value of the whole -B

258= 81 ;

mixture. C

258=102;

The process of finding the value of a compound or mixture

of articles of different valuee, or of forming a compound which PROOF.—The whole gain is

€258.

shall have a given value, is called Alligation. Alligation is

usually divided into two kinds, Medial and Alternate. When two or more individuals associate themselves to

When the prices of the several articles and the number or gether for the purpose of carrying on a joint business, the quantity of each are given, the process of finding the value of union is called a partnership or copartnership.

the mixture, as in the last example, is called Alligation Medial. The process by which examples like the last one are solved, When the price of the mixture is given, together with the is often called Fellowship.

price of each article, the process of finding how much of the 38. A and B join in a speculation : A advances £1,500 and several articles must be taken to form the required mixture, B £2,500; they gain £1,200 : what was each one's share of is called Alligation Alternate. Alligation Alternate embraces the gain?

three varieties of examples, which will be pointed out in the 39. A, B, and C, entered into partnership; A furnished following notes. £3,000, B £4,000, and C £5,000; they lost £1,800 : what was 53. Il you mix 40 gallons of sperm oil worth 88. per gallon, each one's share of the loss ?

with 60 gallons of whale oil worth 3s. per gallon, what will 10. A's stock is £4,200; B's £3,600 ; and C's £5,400 ; the the mixture be worth per gallon ? whole gain is £2,400 : what is the gain of each?

64. At what price per pound can a grocer afford to sell a 41. X's stock is £7,560; B's £8,240; C's £9,300; and D's mixture of 30 lbs. of tea worth 4s. a pound, and 40 lbs. worth £6,200; the whole gain is £625 : what is the share of each ? 7s. a pound?

42. A bankrupt owes one of his creditors £400; another 65. If 120 lbs. of butter at 10d. a pound are mixed with 24 £500; and a third £600 ; his property amounts to £1,000: lbs. at 8d. and 24 lbs. at 5d. a pound, what is the mixture how much can he pay in the pound; and how much will each worth? of his creditors receive?

56. A tobacconist has three kinds of tobacco, worth 3s. 9d., The solution of this example is the same in principle as that 18. 6d., and 65. 3d, a pound : what is the mixture of 100 lbs. of Ex. 37.

of each worth per pound? Examples like the preceding are commonly arranged under 57. A liquor dealer mixed 200 gallons of gin worth £1 a the rule of Bankruptcy.

gallon, with 100 gallons of brandy worth £i 5s. & gallon : A bankrupt is a person who is insolvent, or unable to pay what was the value of the mixture per gallon ? his just debts.

58. A grocer sells the finest souchong tea at 10s. a pound, 43. A bankrupt owes £5,000, and his property is worth and hyson at 4s. : what part of each must be taken to form a £3,500 : how much can he pay in the pound?

mixture which he can afford to sell at 6s. a pound? 44. A man died owing £1,640, and his effects were sold for Note.-1. It will be observed in this example that the price £410: how much per cent. did his estate pay:

of the mixture and also the price of the several articles or 45. If a man owes A £624,- B £876, and C £900, and has ingredients are given, to find what part of each the mixture but £1,150, how much will each creditor receive ?

must contain, 46. If I owe £4,800, and have property to the amount of Analysis.-Since the souchong is worth 10s. and the required £3,200, how much per cent. can I pay ?

mixture 6s., it is plain he would lose 4s, on every pound of 47. How much. per cent. can a man pay, whose liabilities souchong which he puts in. And since the hyson is worth are £12,000, and whose assets are £4,500 ?

4s. a pound and the mixture 6s., he would gain 25. on every 48. How much per cent. can a man pay, whose liabilities pound of hyson he puts in. The question, then, is this : How are £150,000, and whose assets are £15,000?

much hyson must he put in to make up for the loss on 1 lb. of It often happens in storms and other casualties at sea, that souchong? If 2s. profit require 1 lb. of hyson, 48. profit will inasters of vessels are obliged to throw portions of their cargo require twice as much, or 2 lbs. He must, therefore, put in overboard, or sacrifice the ship and their crew, In such cases, 2 lbs. of hyson to 1 lb. of souchong. the law requires that the loss shall be divided among the Proof.—2 lbs. of hyson, at 18. a pound, are worth Ss., and owners of the vessel and cargo, in proportion to the amount of 1 lb. of souchong is worth 108. Now 85.+108.=18s. And each one's property at stake.

if 3 lbs. mixture are worth 188., 1 lb, is worth of 18s., which The process of finding each man's loss, in such instances, is is 6s., the price of the mixture required. called General Average.

59. A farmer has oats which are worth 20s. a quarter, rye The operation is the same as that in solving questions in 55s., and barley 60s., of which he wishes to make a mixture bankruptcy and partnership.

worth 50s. per quarter : what part of each must the mixture 49. A, B, and C, freight a ship from Liverpool to New contain ? York; A had on board 100 tons of iron, B 200 tons, and C Analysis. The prices of the rye and barley must each be 300 tons; in a storm 240 tons were thrown overboard: what compared with the price of the oats. If I quarter of oats gains was the loss of each?

30s. in the mixture, it will take as many quarters of rye to 50. A packet worth £36,000 was loaded with a cargo valued balance it, as 58. (the loss per quarter) are contained times in at £65,000. In a tempest the master threw overboard £25,250 30s., viz. 6 quarters. Again, since 1 quarter of oats gains worth of goods : how much per cent. was the general average? 30s., it will take as many quarters of barley to balance it, as

61. A steam ship being in distress, the master threw of 103. (the loss per quarter) are contained times in 30s., viz. 3 the cargo overboard ; finding she still laboured, he afterwards quarters. Hence, the mixture must contain 2 parts of oats, threw overboard } of what remained. The steamer was worth 6 parts rye, and 3 parts barley. £12,000, and the cargo £24,000: how much per cent. was the 60. If a man have four kinds of currants worth 8 9 11 and

kaka

κακα

12 pence a pound respectively, how much of each kind must 2. Verbs which signify to do good or ill to a person, to say Le take to form a mixture worth 10d. a pound?

good or ill of a person, take the person in the accusative, and, Note.-2. In examples like the preceding, we compare two when the thing is indicated by a noun, have, in consequence, a kinds together, one of a higher and the other of a lower price double accusative. Accordingly we say in Greekthan the required mixture; then compare the other two kinds αγαθα in the same manner. In selecting the pairs to be compared

ποιείν, or δράν, or εραζεσθαι τινα together, it is necessary that the price of one article shall be

αγαθα above, and the other below the price of the mixture. Hence,

* λαλειν, στ αγορευειν τινα when there are several articles to be mixed, some cheaper and others dearer than the mixture, a variety of answers may be

βασιλεως αγαθου εργον εστι τους αρχομενους αγαθα ποιείν obtained. Thus, if we compare the highest and lowest, then

it is the office of a good king to do good to his subjects. the other two, the mixture will contain 1 part at 8d. ; 1 τα εσχατα ελεγον αλληλους part at 9d. ; 1 part at 11d.; and 1 part at 12d. Again, by they said the worst things of each other. comparing those at 8d. and 11d., and those at 9d. and 12d. Instead of the definite terms ayala, cara, etc., you may together, we obtain for the mixture 1 part at 8d. ; 2 parts at have a demonstrative, relative, or interrogative pronoun : 6g, ild. ; 2 parts at 9d. ; and 1 part at 12d. Other answers may be found by comparing the first with

τί μ' ειργασω; the third and fourth ; and the second with the fourth, etc.

what hast thou done to me? 61. A goldsmith having gold 16, 18, 23, and 24 carats fine, Sometimes the person appears in the dative, when the par wished to make a mixture 21 carats fine : what part of each son does not immediately receive the action of the verb: 06. must the mixture contain? 62. A farmer had 30 bu, of corn worth 6s. a bu., which he

αγαθον επραξε τη πολει wished to mix with oats worth 38. a bu., 80 that the mixture

he did a good thing for the state. might be worth 4s. per bu.: how many bushels of oats must

Thus arises a difference between these two phrases : he use:

τι σε ποιησουσιν οι μαρτυρες και Note.-3. In this example, it will be perceived that the price

in what will the witnesses help you? of the mixture, with the prices of the several articles and the quantity of one of them are given, to find how much of the

τι σοι ποιησουσιν οι μαρτυρες; other article the mixture must contain.

what will the witnesses do for you? Analysis.-Reasoning as above, we find that the mixture 3. The following verbs also take an accusative of the person (without regard to the specified quantity of corn) in order to and an accusative of the thing; namely, čičarruv, to leam; be worth 48. per hu, must contain 2 bu. of oats to 1 bu. of Talčevev, to educate ; avapeuvnortiv, i Tournakev, to ?? corn. Hence, if I bu. of corn requires 2 bu. of oats to make a mind; KOVATELV, Kpvrteotan, a Torque Teobal, Kuuteir, 15 mixture of the required value, 30 bu. of corn will require 30 conceal; ipwrāv, spec0au, to ask, inquire ; trabav, to inter times as much; and 2 bu. X 30=60 bu., the quantity of oats tigate; aitziv, aitzindar, abroiv, to request, 10 claim; spat: required.

TEIV, Parteotan, to carry on, to manage, to take from, as a tes 63. A merchant wished to mix 100 gallons of oil worth 68. 8d. or tribute : e.g. per gallon, with two other kinds worth 28. 6d. and 38. 4d. per gallon, so that the mixture may be worth 58. per gallon :

Σωκρατης σωφροσυνην εδιδαξε τους συνοντας

Socrates taught his scholars soundmindedness, how many gallons of each must it contain:

64. A merchant has Havanna coffee at 18. and Java at 16. 6d. Οι στρατηγοι τους πολιτας εκατον ταλαντα επραξαν per pound, of which he wishes to make a mixture of 150 lbs., the generals made the citizens pay a hundred talents. which he can sell at 1s. 4d. a pound : how much of each must Several of these verbs admit of another construction. Thes he use:

αναμιμνησκειν and υπομιμνησκειν commonly take the thing 15

the genitive. Instead of epwrāv riva 71, to ask some one sotme LESSONS IN GREEK,No. LVIII. thing, we find spwtāv riva Tipi Tivos, to ask some one respect

ing something; and instead of attiv or aircietai riya Tuh, By John R. BEARD, D.D.

find αιτείν τι παρά τινος. : THE PREDICATE WITH A DOUBLE ACCUSATIVE.

4. Verbs which signify to put on, to clothe, as critest

.

apotevvvval; to put off or take off, Erive:v; to take afar There may be a double accusative with a transitive verb deprive, apaiptiodai, OtepickELV, af ootepriv; to plunder, ortis, when the action of the verb operates equally on a person and put both the person and the thing in the accusative : (.g. on a thing. Such verbs, in Greek, are the following: 1. Verbs which have as their object the abstract idea con

Τα μεταρα ήμας αποστερεί Φιλιππος

Philip deprives us of our own. veyed in the verb, take also in the accusative the person affected by the verbal action. This construction is most fre- Together with αποστερείν τινα τι, we and also very fe quent in cases where the abstract object is indicated by an αποστερείν τινα τινος, and sometimes αποστερείν τινος της adjective or pronoun in the neuter gender: eg.

αφαιρεισθαι τονος τι.

A double accusative is found also with those rerbs the idea Σωκρατης έκαστον επιράτο ευεργετεί την μέγιστην ευεργεσιαν | of which in the predicate is too wide to be fulr Express Socrates endeavoured to confer on each the greatest benefit.

without the addition of an explanatory attribute ; this allribate You must sometimes depart considerably from the verbal stands in agreement with the object, and is accordingly fur les form of the Greek in order to render constructions of this kind most part put into the accusative. Such verbs, are to napr into good English. The remark is exemplified in the trans. appoint, to bring up for, to declare as, to show yourself so abiti lation just given. Sometimes the neuter pronoun will have to so, ctc. i e.g. be made dependent on a preposition : e.g.

Σοφιστην ονομαζουσι τον ανδρα τουτον τοιαύτα εγκωμιαζουσι την αρετην

they call this man a sophist. in such things they praise virtue.

The Accusative of the End and of Dimension. With verbs denoting to divide, pepin (paris), and similar words, are to be regarded as representing the al sıract accu- in the accusative in union with a preposițion, essere

The end toward which an action is directed is gener alls per sative ; and, accordingly, the persons among whom the divi. The poets, however, especially of the epic class, with the version sion is made are added in the accusative case.

of these to come, reach, go,'sornetimes employ the accusative alone in accusatives, the one is called “the accusative of the person,'

denote the end or object which a person strives for, wher and the other, " the accusative of the Uing:

attained ; e.g.
Accusative of the thing.
Accusalive of the person.

την νήσον αφικετο
τρεις μοιρας
εξασατο παντα τον πεζον στρατον

he reached the island.
three parts

he divided anong the infairy. Dimensions of place, by which intervals are measured, and

e.g.

the time during which a condition lasts, are indicated by the { διελεϊν; είπε και αναμνησω; κρυψω και κατενειμε; αφειλετο; You accusative without a preposition :

are to give the root in each case, and conjugate the part. Place. απεχει η Πλαταια των θηβών σταδιους έβδομηκοντα

Explain the augment in these verbs-αφειλετο; εδιδαξατο; Platea is seventy stadia distant from Thebes.

ετελευτησεν; ώρκωσε; είπεημφιεσε.

Explain in full the constructions, Μελητου γεγραμμενου Tino. μεινατε ταυτην την ήμεραν

αυτον την γραφην; ου σε κρυψω την εμην γνωμην. remain this day.

Mark exactly how the English differs from the Greek in

καλούσι με τούτο το όνομα. EXERCISES. -GREEK-English.

Το which class of verbs does καλούσι belong? Write out “Ο Φωκικος πολεμος αειμνηστον παιδειαν τους θηβαιους | the verb in full; including the middle voice and the passive επαιδευσεν. Σωκρατης, ηδη Μελητου γεγραμμενου αυτον την

as well as the active.

Explain the construction (what case they represent, and γραφην, περι παντων μαλλον η περι της δικης διελεγετο. θρασ- why) of the verbs ίππευειν, τοξευειν, αληθιζεσθαι. υβουλος ώρκωσε παντας τους στρατιωτας τους μεγιστους όρκους, Decline these nouns-Σωκρατης και φύλον και πατηρ και τεχνίται ου χρη μιμησεις πονηρας μιμείσθαι τους πολεμιoυς. Ονομα γνωμην ; Αθηναιων; γλώτταν και χιτώνα και τελος και σφαιρα. ποιον αυτον ονομαζει πατηρ και καλούσι με τούτο το ονομα. Ο

ENGLISH-GREEK. Σωκρατης δικαιος ουτως ην, ώστε βλαπτειν μηδε μικρον μηδενα, ωφελείν δε τα μεγιστα τους χρωμενους εαυτώ. Πολλα αν τις | what (τί) did Miletus accuse Socrates !

The father taught his son a lesson he would not forget. Of

Miletus accused έχoι Σωκρατης επαινεσαι. Ουδε ταδε αιτιώμαι τον θεον. Των | Socrates of impiety (ασεβεια). They discourse respecting the συμμοριών έκαστην διελεϊν κελευω πεντε μερη. Η γη τους | trial. Pericles makes the Athenians swear in oath. Boys αριστα θεραπευοντας αυτην πλείστα αγαθα αντιποιεί. oi imitate the bad deeds of boys. (By) what name do they call πονηροι αει τι κακον εργαζονται τους εγγυτατω εαυτων οντας. Helen. I assist my associates in the best things. They a-k

father? They call me Alexander. They call my sister Πολλα κακα είπεν ανθρωπους. Πάς τις το γυναικείου φύλον | all good from God. I divide the kingdom into five parts. κακα πολλ’ αγορευει. Ταυτα με ποιούσιν. Ταυτα μοι ποιούσιν. | Good men do good to good men; bad men to bad.

The Ου φροντιστεον ο τι ερoύσιν οι πολλοι ημάς. “ο χρονος και η wicked speak ill of the good. That bad boy spoke all of his εμπειρια τα μη καλώς εχοντα εκδιδασκει τους ανθρωπους. | father. Good children will always speak well of their parents. Ποιούσιν οι τεχνίται α οι διδασκαλοι αυτους επαιδευσαν. Τρια He takes no fee from his pupils. He took the coat from the μονα τους παίδας παιδευουσιν οι Περσαι, ίππευειν και τοξευειν

man and put it on himself. He will deprive his family of

much good. I teach my children one thing, virtue, They και αληθιζεσθαι. Αναμνησω υμας τους των προγονων των | reminded the soldiers of their valour of old. Ask truly good ημετερων κινδυνους. Ου σε κρυψω την εμην γνωμην. Ερωτώ things from God. I have asked God for wisdom and virtue. σε τας των φιλων τυχας. Νύν δε εμε πολλοι οικεται στον Thou teachest young men the Attic language. They hide αιτούσι, πολλοι δε ιματια. Ταγαθα αιτούμεν τους θεους. Σω- their misfortune from all men. The queen appointed Wellingκρατης ουδενα των συνοντων επραξατο της συνουσιας μισθον. and onour. He tries to make the lie true. The city con

ton general. I consider knowledge and self-controul riches Γλώτταν τε την Αττικην και τροπους των Αθηναιων εδιδασκον | tinued at War six months. τους παίδας. Κυρος το στρατευμα κατενειμε δωδεκα μερη. Τον μονον μοι και φιλον παίδα αφειλετο την ψυχην. Την τιμην

POETIC IDIOM. αποστερεί με ; κρυπτω σε το ατυχημα. Παϊς μεγας, μικρον

These lessons are chiefly designed as an introduction to the εχων χιτώνα, έτερον παίδα μικρον, μεγα εχοντα χιτώνα, εκόνσας reading of Greek prose. For the most part, in consequence, αυτον, τον μεν εαυτού εκείνον ημφιεσε, τον δε εκεινου αυτος ( been confined to Greek prose, and specially to the Attic

the remarks, the paradigms, the rules and the examplis, have ενεδυ. Ο Κυρος τον Γωβρυαν απεδειξε στρατηγoν. Πλουτον | Writers.

Yet, as something like completeness is aimed at, και τιμην και δοξαν αγαθα νομιζουσιν οι πολλοι. Τον θανατον πow and then an observation has been made as to poetic usage. ου κακον ηγείσθαι χρη, αλλα κακών απαλλαγην. Θεμιστοκλής In older manuals, the diction of prose and the diction of poetry Κλεοφαντον τον υιον ιππεα εδιδαξατο αγαθον. Το ψεύδος ου

were confusedly blended together. In the rich treasury of δυνασαι αληθες ποιείν. Η Εφεσος απεχει απο Σαρδέων τριών examples of Greek usage found in Matthie's excellent Greek ημερων οδον. Ο Αρχελαος κατασχων τρείς η τετταρις ημερας poets take great licence; and a construction, or a word, which

Grammar, very many are from the poets. But in all languages την τυραννιδα ετελευτησεν. Ευδαιμονεσταται πολεις λεγονται | is very good in poetry, may be inadmissible in prose. Hence, αι αν πλειστον χρονον εν ειρηνη διατελώσιν. Αί σπονδαι | the necessity of distinguishing between the two in grammatical

treatises, and of limiting the matter to prose usage in a manual

intended to instruct students in the art of reading prose. VOCABULARY, ETC.

Nevertheless, as poetic usage is--as poetic usage--good Greek,

80 a student should not, even at an early period of his studies, Αειμνηστος (α and μιμνησκομαι), not to be forgotten ;

gave be left entirely ignorant of it, especially as it is only by some the Thebans a lesson not to be forgotten." Mentos, ov, the person who preferred against Socrates the acquaintance with it that he can appreciate the difference of

poetic usage from prose usage. And the rather is soine knowcharge that ended in his death ; “ Melitus having ledge of poetic idiom desirable, because the words of the lanaccused him ;” περι της δικης, “ concerning the trial.'

guage are often presented by it in their simpler forms, so as to Χραομαι, I use, have intercourse with και τους χρωμ,

those

lead the pupil to an acquaintance with the primitives of the who were intimate with him.” Suppopia, as, ,, participation ; historically a division or class Greek; which, as I have already intimated, are not very of sixty opulent Athenians, who, in common, had to learners, to form some faint conception (more, here, I cannot

In order, therefore, to assist you, my fellowprovide resources for war; there were in all twenty hope for) with the idiom of Greek poetry, I shall lay before συμμοριαι, or classes.

you a number of Γνωμαι, that is, apothegms, proverbs, or Το γυν, φύλον, “ the female tribe;” spoken contemptuously.

pichy sayings, taken from ancient Greek writer Αληθιζομαι (αληθης), to observe the truth. Σωκ. επρα. της συνουσιας, Socrates took no fee, no reward

Γνωμαι. for his company;" that is, no remuneration for his

1. Αρχην απαντων και τελος ποιει θεος. instructions. Ιππευς, εως, a liorseman “ taught him to be a good liorseman.” 2. Ετοιμος αει ευσεβών μοσυνη και Χριστος. Why is αειμνηστος in the form of αειμνηστον, while its

3. Αγιοι εν χορη αγιων αγαλλονται. noun, παιδεια, is of the feminine gender:

4. Σφαιρα ο κοσμος εικει. What parts of the verbs are these--επαιδευσα και γεγραμ- 5. Χωρις αγκυλης τοξον και αφ' ελπιδος ητορ, όμοιως μενου και διελεγετο και ώρκωσε και μιμείσθαι; επαινεσαι ; αιτιώμαι;

πράττουσι.

ενιαυτό έσονται.

66

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[ocr errors]

κακα

кака

12 pence a pound respectively, how much of each kind must 2. Verbs which signify to do good or ill to a person, to say he take to form a mixture worth 10d. a pound?

good or ill of a person, take the person in the accusative, and, Note.—2. In examples like the preceding, we compare two when the thing is indicated by a noun, have, in consequence, a kinds together, one of a higher and the other of a lower price double accusative. Accordingly we say in Greekthan tke required mixture; then compare the other two kinds αγαθα

ποιείν, or δράν, or εραζεσθαι τινα in the same manner. In selecting the pairs to be compared together, it is necessary that the price of one article shall be

αγαθα above, and the other below the price of the mixture. Hence,

"λαλειν, or αγορευειν τινα when there are several articles to be mixed, some cheaper and others dearer than the mixture, a variety of answers may be

βασιλεως αγαθου εργον έστι τους αρχόμενους αγαθα ποιείν

it is the office of a good king to do good to his subjecta, obtained. Thus, if we compare the highest and lowest, then the other two, the mixture will contain l part at 8d. ; 1 τα εσχατα ελεγον αλληλους part at 9d. ; 1 part at 11d.; and 1 part at 12d. Again, by they said the worst things of each other. comparing those at 8d. and 11d., and those at 9d. and 12d. Instead of the definite terms αγαθα, κακα, etc., του Σ.Δ. together, we obtain for the mixture 1 part at 8d. ; 2 parts at have a demonstrative, relative, or interrogative pronoun: tj lid. ; 2 parts at 9d. ; and 1 part at 12d. Other answers may be found by comparing the first with

τί μ' ειργασω; the third and fourth ; and the second with the fourth, etc,

what hast thou done to me? 61. A goldsmith having gold 16, 18, 23, and 24 carats fine, Sometimes the person appears in the dative, when thema wished to make a mixture 21 carats fine : what part of each son does not immediately receive the action of the verb: must the mixture contain: 62. A farmer had 30 bu. of corn worth 6s. a bu., which he

αγαθον επραξε τη πολει wished to mix with oats worth 3s. a bu., so that the mixture

he did a good thing for the state. might be worth 4s. per bu.: how many bushels of oats must

Thus arises a difference between these two pł.t he use?

τί σε ποιησουσιν οι μαρτυρες , Note.—3. In this example, it will be perceived that the price

in what will the witnesses hiippu of the mixture, with the prices of the several articles and the

τι σοι ποιησουσιν οι μαρτυρές quantity of one of them are given, to find how much of the

what will the witnesses difir Other article the mixture must contain. Analysis.--Reasoring as above, we find that the mixture

3. The following verbs also take an .... (without regard to the specified quantity of corn) in order to and an accusative of the thing; na; be worth 4s. per hu., must contain 2 bú. of oats to 1 bu. of marõevelv, to educate ; avauinner corn. Hence, if I bu. of corn requires 2 bu. of oats to make a mind; KPUITTELV, KPUTTEJO", mixture of the required value, 30 bu. of corn will require 30 conceal; epwrāv, {probae, to i in times as much; and 2 bu. X 30=60 bu., the quantity of oats tigate ; aitziv, airtiolai, aštis, required.

τειν, πραττεσθαι, to carry 01, 63. A merchant wished to mix 100 gallons of oil worth 6s. 80. or tribute : e.g. per gallon, with two other kinds worth 2s. 6d. and 38. 4d.

Σωκρατης σωφροσύνη! per gallon, so that the mixture may be worth 5s. per gallon :

} 4

Socrates taught laws how many gallons of each must it contain: 64, A merchant has Havanna coffee at 1s. and Java at 18.6d.

Οι στρατηγοι της per pound, of which he wishes to make a mixture of 150 lbs.,

the generals i which he can sell at 1s. 4d. a pound : how much of each must Several of these he use

αναμιμνησκειν 44' ,

the genitive. I LESSONS IN GREEK.--No. LVIII.

thing, we fi:

ing some t] By John R. BEARD, D.D.

find airi

4. Vert The PredicATE WITH A Double Accusative.

αμφις 23' There may be a double accusative with a transitive verb derra, when the action of the verb operates equally on a person and put on a thing. Such verbs, in Greek, are the following:

1. Verbs which have as their object the abstract idea con-1 veyed in the verb, take also in the accusative the person affected by the verbal action. This construction is most fr quent in cases where the

ieet is indicated by adjective or pronoun in :

ir: eg. Σωκρατης έκαστον επει:

1'' μεγιστην ευε Socrates endeavoured t

he greatest ! You must sometime

to'y from form of the Greek in o

tructions into good English. 1

plitied lation just given. San

prono be inade dependent on

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in suck the With verbs denou words, are to be rose sative; and, accordii. sion is made are it's accusatives, the one .. and the other, “the a Accusative of the the

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the time during which a contrast accusative without s preposizio Place. απεχει η Πλατες

-íscono Platea is seventy sačs =

alrute -ivano

-yle irono Γονες, μεινατε ταυτην την

-irele -iranno remain this day.

-préste irebbero EXERCISE. ο Φυσικος πολεμος σε μια

-ite - Iscano εταιξευσεν. Σωκρατης, ηδη ξε= γραφην, περι παντων μαλλο τ = βουλος ώρκωσε παντας τους στο

-idte -íscano σε χρη Εμησεις πονηρας μπείτε

-íste -issero πιαν απτον ονομαζει παττης Σωκ-ης εταιoς ουτως , απλά και τα μέγιστα τους και

"INISH.-No. XIV. Ένα Σεμετην επαινεσαι. Urs πιμισμα» έπαστην διελεί πλη

11.- Continued. πμετα θεραπεύοντας αυτην τιπτ

LAR VERBS. 1 ποτηρι πει τι κακον εργαζaστε. π

,,inish are such as do not conform Τιλιά καται είπεν ανθρωπους. Ι

of conjugation to the model verbs απει πολλ' αγορευει. Ταυτε. Ιι πιο

ane deviations of each irregular verb In φροντιστέον ότι ερεάσει ι

light, yet important to be known, as ειττεοετι τα μη καλώς έχασεις:

War verbs are in general use.

fy-nine of the different irregular verbs : seven Τέeceίσιν οί τεχνίται ά οι θεοπσει

sation, seventeen of the second, and fifteen of Εσνει τους παίδας παιδειασε

y of these differ but very slightly from each ατα. αλήθίζεσθαι. Αναμνησωτάμι

irregular verbs are conjugated like some one μεετεωση πινδυτές. Οι σε πριν

hty-nine forms. Four of these, haber, ser, estar, and Σε τας των φίλων τυχας. Να

ready been conjugated. αυτουπι, πολλοι δε εματια. Τιάματα

serbs which undergo slight changes in the verb-roots

hindings of certain tenses or persons of tenses, are not ανιατης αδενα των συνοπτων απο

hint account deemed irregular, since these changes take Thaiτταν πε Αττική και τη

solely to preserve regularity and uniformity of sound, Ξυς πειίας. Ετρες τα πτρτετιι

would be dissimilar in some cases if these changes did μην μπι και φιλαν ταίσο και

Kuke place. Thus, as before mentioned, buscar, pronounced ευπιστερά με; ριπτω σε

5-kor, would, in the present tense of the subjunctive mood,

it' no change of letters should occur, be busce, pronounced εχων χιτώνα, έτερων παίδαρμαρο

boost the

(c before e and i being sounded like th in thin), and αιτη, τον μεν εαυτού του

to preserve the hard sound of c, this latter is changed into qu; εσεεε. Ο Κυρος του Σωτό

thus, busque, pronounced boos'-kay. Both regular and irregular εει τιμην και δοξαν προς

verbs undergo such changes when required by the rules of σε κακον ηγείσθαι χρη),

pronunciation.

Remark.—In the following conjugations of the irregular Ελεοφαντον τον προ

verbs, those persons of the moods and tenses only which και ευνασαι αληθες πως

deviate from the regular conjugation are given. Thus, in the Πήμερων οδον. Ο

first verb, andar, no tense of the indicative mood except the την τυραννιδεα

perfect definite is given, because this verb is conjugated reguαι αν πλείστον

larly in the other tenses of this mood. In the second verb,

contar, the first and second persons plural of the present indiενιαυτο τσουτ.

cative are not given, because these persons are regular. The

student is therefore to remember that all moods, tenses, and i might live

persons not included in the conjugation are regular. We Αειμνηστο

at thou mightst have, however, in all cases given the participle and gerund,

whether formed regularly or not.
that he might live
m0, that we might

CONJUGATIONS OF IRREGULAR VERBS.
te, that you might live

1st Conjugation.
essero, that they might

Andar, to walk.
Past Participle : andado. | Gerund : andando.

INDICATIVE MOOD. ,
Sorvívere, to survive

Perfect Definite.
Sopravivere, to survive,

Arduve,

Andurimos,
Anduviste,

Anduvisteis,
Anduvo,

Andwvieron,
ERNS OF THE THIRD CONJUGATION.

SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD.
he terminations of the Verbs in isco.

Imperfect. .
Anduviera, anduviese,

Anduviéremos, anduviésemos,
YFINITIVE MOOD.

Anduvieras, anduvieses, Anduvierais, anduviéseis, Ger. véndo Past Part, -δέα Anduriera, anduviese,

Anduvieran, anduviesen

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