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ROYAL MILITARY CHRONICLE.

AUGUST, 1812.

MILITARY BIOGRAPHY.

GENERAL SIR RALPH ABERCROMBIE.

SIR RALPH ABERCROMBIE, K. B. a British officer of great bravery and talents, was the son of George Abercrombie, of Tillibodie, in Clackmannanshire, Esq. by Mary daughter of Ralph Dundas, of Mavour, Esq. and was born about tbe year 1738, or, according to his epitaph at Malta, 1733; and, after a liberal education, went by choice into the army. His first commission was that of cornet in the third regiment of dragoon guards, dated March 23, 1756. In the month of February 1760, he obtained a lieutenancy in the same regiment, and in that of April, a company in the tbird regiment of horse. In this last regiment he rose to the rank of major and lieutenant-colonel. In November 1780, he was included in the list of brevet colonels, and in 1781 was made colonel of the 103d, or king's Irish infantry. On Sept. 26, 1787, he was promoted to the rank of major-general.

Soon after the war broke out on the Continent in 1792-3, he was employe ed there, and had the local rank of lieutenant-general conferred upon him. He commanded the advanced guard in the action on the heights at Cateau, and was wounded at Nimeguen. On every occasion his bravery and skill procured him the warmest praise of the commander-in-chief, and of the arıy. In the unfortunate retreat from Holland, in the winter of 1794, the guards as well as the sick were left under his care, whom he conducted with the utmost humanity, amidst many painful scenes, during the disastrous march from Deventer to Oldensall. In 1795, he was made knight of the Bath, and appointed commander in-chief of the forces in the West Indies. On his arrival, be obtained possession of the island of Granada, in the month of March, and soon after of the settlements of Demarara and Essequibo, in South America. His next conquests were the islands of St. Lucia and St. Vincent's; and in February 1797, the Spanish island of Trinidad capitulated to him. This successful campaign being concluded, he returned to Europe, and had the command couferred upon bim of the 2d, or North British dragoons, and had been before his arrival promoted to the rank of lieutenant-general, and was appointed lieutenant-governor of the Isle of Wight, from which he was in 1798 removed to the higher office of governor of Fort Augustus and Fort St. George. Previous to this he was appointed comVOL, IV. NO. 22.

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