War between France and Russia.


more than 150,000 quintals of flour, an immense supply of forage and of oats, and a great mass of articles of clothing, were burned. A great quantity of arms, in wlich Russia is in general deficient, and of warlike stores, was destroyed and thrown into the Vilia. At mid-day the emperor entered Wilna. At three o'clock the bridge orer the Vilia was re-established. All the carpenters of the city repaired to it with zeal, and constructed a bridge, while the pontoneers at the same time constructed another. The division Bruyeres followed the enemy by the left bank. In a slight affair with their rear, about 80 carriages were taken from the Russians; there were some men killed and wounded; among the latter is the captain of hussars, Segur. The Polish light horse of the guard made a charge on the right bank of the Vilia, put to rout, pursued, and made prisoners a good number of Cossacks. On the 25th, the Duke of Reggio had crossed the Vilia, by a bridge thrown over near Kowno. On the 26th, be marched upon Javon, and on the 27th on Chatoui. This movement obliged the Prince of Wittgenstein, commandant of the first corps of the Russian army, to evacuate all Samogitia, and the country lying between Kowno and the sea, and to retire upon Wilkomir, after obtaining a reinforcement of two regiments of the guards. On the 28th, a rencounter took place. The Marshal Duke of Reggio found the enemy drawn up opposite Devel

A cannonading commenced; the enemy was driven from one position to anotber, and passed the bridge with so much precipitation, that he could not set fire to it. He lost 300 prisoners, among whom are several officers, and about 100 killed or wounded. Our loss amounts to about 50 men, The Duke of Reggio praises the brigade of light cavalry, commanded by General Baron Caster, and the nth regiment of light infantry, composed entirely of Frenchmen, from the departments beyond the Alps. The young Roman conscripts have shown a great deal of intrepidity. The enemy set fire to his grand magazine at Wilkomir. Up to the last moment the inhabitants were pillaging some barrels of four; we succeeded in recovering a part of it. On the 29th, the Duke of Elchingen threw a bridge over the Vilia opposite Souderva. Some columns received a direction of march by the roads of Grodno and Volhynia, for the purpose of coming up with various Russian corps that were cut off and scattered. Wilna is a city contain: ing from 25 to :30,000 souls, with a great number of convents, fine public buildings, and inhabitants full of patriotism, Four or five hundred young men of the university, above eighteen, and belonging to the best families, have requested to form a regiment. The enemy is retiring upon the Dwina. A great number of officers of the staff, and of esta. fettes are daily falling into our hands. We are obtaining proofs of llie exaggeration of all that Russia has published with regard to the immensity of her means. Only two battalions to each regiment are with the army: the third battalions, the statements of the situation of many of which have been found in the intercepted correspondence of the officers of the depôts, with the regiments, do not amount for the most part to 120 or 200

The court set off froin Wilna twenty-four hours after being apprised of our passage at Kowno. Samogitia, Lithuania, are almost entirely liberated. The centralisation of Bagration towards the north, has very much weakened the troops which were to desend Volhynia. The King of Westphalia, with the corps of Prince Poniatowsky, and the 7th and 8th corps, must have entered Grodno on the 29th. Different columns have set out to fall upon the flanks of the corps of Bagration, which, on the 20th, received orders to proceed by forced marches from Proujenoui towards Wilna, and the head of wbich had already arrived within four day's march of the latter city; hut events have forced-jt to retreat, and it is now pursued. Hitherto the campaign has not been sangui. nary; there have been only manæuvres; we have made in all 1000 prisoners. But the enemy has already lost the capital, and the greater part of the Polisha provinces, whick:


War between France and Russia.

are in a state of insurgency. All the magazines of the first, second, and third lines, the result of two year's care, and valued at inore than twenty millions of rubles, are consum med by the flames, or fallen into our power. In fine, the head-quarters of the French army are in the place where the court was for six weeks. Amidst the great number of intercepted letters, the following are remarkable: the one from the intendant of the Russian army, who communicates, that Russia having already lost all her magazines of the first, second, and third lines, is reduced to the situation of forming new ones in all haste; the other from Duke Alexander of Wirtemberg, which shews, that after a campaign of a few days, the provinces of the centre are already declared in a state of war. la the present situation of things, had the Russian army believed that they had any chance of victory, the defence of Wilna would have been equivalent to a battle and in all countries, but particularly in that where we now are, the preservation of a triple line of magazines should have determined a general to risk the chances of it. Maneuvres, then, aloue, have placed in the power of the French army, a considerable portion of the Polish provinces, the capital, and three lives of magazines. The magazines of Wilna were set on fire with so mcuh precipitation, that we have been able to save a great many things.

FIFTH BULLETIN OF THE GRAND ARMY. Wilna, July 6, 1812.-" The Russian army was posted and organized in the following manner, at the commencement of hostilities:-The first corps, commanded by the Prince Wittgenstein, consisting of the 5th and 14th divisions of infantry, and one division of cavalry, amounting, in the whole, to 18,000 men, including artillery and sappers, had been a considerable time at Chawli. It had since occupied Rossiena, and was, on the 24th of June, at Reydanoui. The second corps, commanded by General Baggawort, consisting of the 4th and 17th divisions of infantry, and one division of cavalry, constituting the same force, occupied Kowno. The third corps, commanded by General Schomoaloff, composed of the first division of grenadiers, of one division of infantry, and a division of cavalry, amounting to 24,000 men, occupied Nov-Trocki. The 4ti corps, commanded by General Tutschkoff, composed of the 11th and 23d divisions of infantry, and one division of cavalry, in the whole 18,000 men, was stationed on the line from Nov-Trocki to Lida. The imperial guards were at Wilna. The 6th corps, commanded by General Doctorow, consisting of two divisions of infantry, and one of cavalry, amounting to 18,000 men, had formed a part of the army of Prince Bagration. In the middle of June this corps arrived at Lida from Volhynia, in order to re-inforce the first army. It lay, at the end of June, between Lida and Grocno. The fifth corps, composed of the second division of grenadiers, of the 1916, 18th, and 26th divisions of infantry, and two divisions of cavalry, was on the 30th at Wolkowisk. Prince Bagration commanded this corps, which might probably amount to 40,000 men. Lastly, the 9tla and 15th divisions of infantry, and a division of cavalry, commanded by General Mar. kow, was at the extremity of Volliynia. The passage of the Vilia, which took place on the 25th of June, and the niovement of the Duke of Reggio upon Janow, and towards Chatoui, obliged the corps of Wittgenstein to proceed towards Wilkumir and on its left; and the corps of Baggawort to make for Dunabourg by Mouchnicki and Gedroitse.-These two corps were thus cut off from Wilna. The third and fourth corps, and Russian imperial guards, retired from Wiloa upon Nementschin, Swentzianoui, and Vidzoni. The King of Naples pressed them vigorously along both banks of the Vilia. The tenth regia ment of Polish hussars, which were at the head of the column of the division of Count Sebastiani, came up near Lebowo, with a regiment of Cossacks of the party wliich cos vered the rear-guard, and charged at full gallop, killed vine, and made about a doren

IV ar between France and Russia.

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prisoners. The Polish troops, which up to this moment have engaged in a charge, have shown rare resolution. They are animated by enthusiasm and passion. On the 3d of July the King of Naples marched upon Swentzianoni, and there overtook Baron Tolly's rear-guard. He gave orders to General Montbrun to charge, but the Russians did not wait the attack, and retired with sueh precipitation, that a squadron of Hughlans, which vas returning from a reconnoisance on the side of Mihailetki, fell in with our outposts. It was charged by the 12th chasseurs, and the whole either taken or slain. Sixty men were taken with their horses. The Poles, who are amongst these prisoners, bave applied to serve, and have been taken, full mounted in the Polish troops. On the 4th, at day. break, ibc Kiog of Naples entered Syentzianoui, the Marshal Duke of Elehingen entered Maliatoni, and Marshal Duke of Reggio entered Avanta. On the 30th of June, Marshal Duke of Tarentum arrived at Rossiena; he proceeded beyond that to Ponevieji, Chawli, and Tesch. The immense magazines which the Russians had in Samogitia have beea burned by themselves, which has occasioned an enormous loss, not only to their finances, but still more to the subsistence of people. The corps of Doctorow, however, via, the 6th corps, was still, on the 27th of June, without any orders, and had made no movements On the 28th it assembled and put itself in motion, in order to proceed to the Dwina by marching on its Aank. On the 30th its advanced guard entered Soleinicki. It was charged by the light cavalry of General Baron Borde. Doctorow perceiving that he was anticipated, turned to the right, and made for Ochsniana. General Baron Pajal arrived at that place with his light cavalry at the moment when Doctorow's vanguard entered it. General Pajol charged. The enemy was sabred and overthrown in the lown; he lost 60 men killed, and 18 prisoners. General Pajol had five men killed and some wounded. This charge was nrade by the 9th regiment of Polish lancers. General Doctorow, seeing his route intercepted, fell back upon Olehanoai. Marsbal the Prince of Ecknubl, with a division of infanty, the cuirassiers of the division of Count de Va. lance, and the second regiment of light cavalry of the guard, moved upon Ochmiana, in order to support General Pajol. The corps of Doctorow, thus cut off and driven towards the sonth, continued to prosecute the movement on the right by forced marches; with the sacrifice of its baggage, upon Smoroghoni, Danowchoff, and Robouilucki, whence he made for the. Dwina. This movement had been foreseen. General Nansouty, with a division of cuirassiers, the division of light cavalry of Count Bruyeres, and Count Morand's division of infantry, advanced to Mikailiteliki, with a view to cut off

He arrived on the 3d at Swin, at the time when it passed that place, and pushed it very briskly. He took a large number of waggons, and obliged the enemy to abandon some bundreds of baggage carts. The uncertainty, the anxiety, the marchesy and counter-marcbies which these troops bad endured, the fatigues which they had underyone, must have made them suffer severely. Torrents of rain fell during thirty-sin hours without intermission. The weather has suddenly changed from extreine heat to very severe cold. Several thousands of horses have perished by the effects of this sudden transition. Convoys of artillery have been stopped by the mud. This terrible storm, which has fatigued both men and beasts, bas unavoidably retarded our march; and the corps of Doctorow, which successively fell in with the columns of General Borde, Soult, of General Pujol, and General Nansouty, has narrowly escaped destruction. Prince Bagration, with the 5th corps, stationed more in the rear, marches towards the Dwipa. He set out on the 30th of June from Wilkowiski to Minsk. The King of Westphalia entered Grodno the same day. The division Dombrowski passed it first. The Herman Platow was still at Grodno with his Cossacks. When charged by the light cavalry of Pripoe Eoniatouskie, the Cossacks were dispersed in every direction. Twenty were killed

chis corps.

War between France and Russia.

and sixty were made prisoners. At Grodno were found materials for 100,000 rations of bread, and some remains of the magazine. It had been foreseen that Bagration would have fallen back upon the Dwina, by drawing as near as possible to Dunabourg, and the general of division, Count Grouchy had been sent to Bogdanow. He was, os the Sd, at Trabmi. Marshal the Prince of Eckruh), reinforced by two divisions, wat on the 4th, at Wichnew. If the Prince Poniatowski had vigorously pressed the rest guard of the corps of Bagration, that corps would have been endangered. All the enemy's corps are in a state of the greatest uncertainty. The Hetman Platow was still ignorant, on the 30th of June, that Wilna had been two days in the possession of the French. He took the direction towards that city, as far as Lida, at which place he changed his route, and moved towards the south. The sun, during the whole of the 4th, re-established the roads. Every thing is now organizing at Wilna. The suburbs have suffered by the vast crowds of people that rushed into tbem during the continuance of the tempest. There was a Russian apparatus there for 60,000 rations. Anotier tras been established for an equal number of rations. Magazines are forming. The head of the convoys arrived at Kowno hy the Niemen. Twenty thousand quintals of tour, and a million rations of biscuit have just arrived here from Dantzic.

SIXTH BULLETIN OF THE GRAND ARMY. Wilna, July 11, 1812.— The Eing of Naples continues to follow the enemy's rearguard. On the 5th, he met the enemy's cavalry in a position upon the Dziana. He caused it to be charged by the brigade of light cavalry commanded by General Baron Subervie. The Prussian regiments, the Wirtembergers, and Poles, which form a part of this brigade, charged with the greatest intrepidily. They overturned a line of Russian dragoons and hussars, and took 200 prisoners with their horses. When they arrived on the other side of the Dziana, they broke down the bridges, and shewed a disposition to defend the passage of the river. General Count Montbrun then brought up his five batteries of light artillery, wliich, during several hours carried destruction into the ranks of the enemy. The loss of the Russians has been considerable. General Count Sebastianii arrived on the same day at Vidzoni, whence the Emperor of Russia had departed on the preceding evening. Our advanced guard is upon the Dwina. General Count Nansouty was, on the 5th of July, at Postavoni. In order to pass the Dziana, lic proceeded six miles farther on the right of the King of Naples. The general of brigade Roussel, with the 9th regiment of Polish light cavalry, and the 2d regiment of Prussian bussars, passed the river, overthrew six Russian squadrons, sabred a great number, and took 45 prisoners, with several officers. General Nansouty praises the conduct of General Roussel; and mentions with commendation, Lieutenant Borke, of the Prussian hussars, the sub-officer Kranse, and the hussar Lutze. His majesty has granted the insignia of the legion of honour to General Roussel, and to the officers and sub-officers above namod. General Nansouty took 130 Russian mounted hussars und dragoons prisoners. On the 3d of July the communication was opened between Grodno and Wilna, by Lida. The Het nian Platow, with 6000 Cossacks, when driven out of Grodno, moved towards Lida, and found there ibe French posts. He descended to Ivie on the 5th. General Count Grouchy occupied Wichnew, Traboni, and Soubotoicki; General Baron Pajol was at Perchta; General Baron Borde Soult was at Blakchtoni; Marshal the Prince of Ecknull was in advance of Bobrowitski, pushing heads of columns in every direction. Platow retreated precipitately on the 6ili, to Nikolaew. Prince Bagration having set out in the beginning of July from Wilkowiski on his route for Wilna, was intercepted in his march. He turned

Ack witb a view to reach Minsk: anticipated there by the Prince of Eckwuhl, lie altered War between France and Russia.

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his direction, gave up his intention of proceeding towards the Dwina, and moved towards
the Boristhenes by Bobruisk, across the marshes of Beresina. Marshal the Prince of
Eckmühl entered Minsk on the 8th. He found there considerable magazines of four,
hay, clothing, &c. Bagration had already arrived at Novoi-Sworgiew: perceiving that
he was anticipated, he sent orders to burn the magazines; but the Prince of Eckmub!
did not give time for effecting these orders The King of Westphalia was, on the 9th,
at Nowogrodek; General Regnier at Konina; magazines, baggage-waggons, quantities
of medicines, and straggling parties, fall into our hands every instant. The Russian ditie
sions are straying in these countries without any previously arranged route, pursued 0B
every side, losing their baggage, burning their magazines, destroying their artillery, and
leaving their places without defence. General Baron Colbert took, at Vileika, a magazine
of 300 quintals of four; and a hundred thousand rations of brcad, &c. He found also at
Vileika a chest containing 200,000 francs, in copper money. All these advantages bare
scarcely cost the French army a man. Since the opening of the campaign there have
been but about thirty killed in all the corps, about 100 wounded, and ten prisoners;
whilst we have already taken from 2000 to 2500 Russians prisoners. The Prince of
Schwartzenberg passed the Bug at Droghitschin, pursued the enemy in different directions,
and made himself master of many baggage-carts. The Prince of Schwartzenberg praises
the reception he has met with from the inhabitants, and the spirit of patriotism which
animates these countries. Thus, ten days after opening the campaign, oor advanced
posts are upon the Dwina. Almost the wbole of Lithuania, containing four millions of
inhabitants, has been conquered. The operations of the war commenced at the passage
of the Vistula. The projects of the emperor were from that time plainly unfolded, and
he had no time to lose in carrying them into execution. Thus, the army has been ma-
king forced marches from the period of passing that river, in order to advance by means
of maneuvres opon the Dwina; for the distance between the Vistula and the Dwina
is greater than that between the Dwina and Mosiere or Petersburgh. The Russians
appear to be concentrating themselves upon Dunaburg; they give out that it is their
intention to wait for us, and to give us battle before we enter their ancient provinces,
after having abandoned Poland without a contest, as if they were constrained by justice,
and bad wished to restore a country badly acquired, inasmuch as it had not been gained
by treaties, or by the right of conquest. The heat continues to be very violent. Thie
people of Poland are in motion ou all sides. The white eagle is hoisted every where.
Priests, nobles, peasants, women, all call for the independence of their nation. The
paasants are jealous of the happiness of the peasants of the Grand Duchy, who are free;
for, whatever may be said to the contrary, liberty is considered by the Lithuanians as
the greatest blessing. The peasants express themselves with a vivacity of elocation,
which would not seem to belong to the climates of the north; and all embrace, with, the hope that the result of the struggle will be the re-establishment of their
liberty. The peasants of the Grand Duchy have gained by their liberty; not that they
are richer, but that the proprietors are obliged to be moderate, just, and humane; be-
cause otherwise the peasants would quit their lands in order to seek better proprietors.
Thus the noble loses nothing; he is only obliged to be just, and the peasant gains much.
It must be an agreeable gratification for the heart of the emperor, to witness, in crossing
the Grand Ducly, the transports of joy and gratitude which the blessing of liberty,
granted to four millions of nien, has excited. Six regiments of infantry are just ordered
to be raised hy a new levy in Lithuania, and four regiments of cavalry have been affered
by the nobility,

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