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to march. As I had ordered a boat to Salon, with twenty barrels of powder for the army, and as I was anxious to render what assistance might be in my power, I made an attempt to regain my ship, accompanied by an orderly dragoon, but, after proceeding about three miles, we were chased back by a party of Freuch cavalry, which we met with at the crossing of the road.
Upon my return I found the troops advancing on the road to Tarragona, in order to cut the enemy's line of march, the Barou d'Eroles puring himself at the head of about seventy cuirassiers, to reconnoitre their strength and positiva, while General Lacy directed the movements of the respective corps, in readiness for the intcoded attack. We had scarcely reached the road from Cambrillas to Tarragona, when the Baron brought in prisoners two French cuirassiers, who stated that their General (Lafond) had reached the latter place in safety, accompanied by some dragoons, leaving the infantry, amounting to abnut eight hundrad, just hy in Villa Suca. General Lary ordered the regiment of Buca lo attack them immediately, and directed other curps to surround the town, and prevent their escape. The enemy being advantageously posted behind the walls of the village, and ibat single regiment being much inferior to them in numbers, after : considerable loss in killed and wounded, including among the latter, and very severely, their gallant Colonel, Rediug, they were obliged to retire; but the regiment intended for their support comiig up, forced the French, who had advanced in a compact body, to retire in their turs, and being attacked in their rear by the Baron, they could never effectually rally, potwithstanding the effort they made, accompanied by a general cheer; despair was now visible in their conduct, and one or two discharges from a field-piece, which just then reached tlie ground, occasioned the surrender of all who remained alive, amounting to above six hundred.-l judge the number of the enemy, dead and dying, which I saw in the field, to amount to two bindred, that of the Spanish hearing no proportion whatever. It seems, that haviog information from some spy of our landing, at the time oue of the party of the dragoons chased me, another proceeded to Salon, where they made prisoners of Captains Pringle a d Flin, who were walking near the beach, and of Lieutenant Cattle, belonging to this ship, who was waiting on shore with the powder, the boats and boats' crews having effected their escape.—These officers, who were guarded close in the rear of the French during the whole of the battle, after having been plundered of even part ftheir clothes, bear witness to their extreme pusillanimity on the apprach of disaster, and to tbeir severe loss, both in the field and in the houses in which they songht refuge, owing to the superior dexterity of the Spanish fire. I have given you this little af. fair in detail, because it evinces considerable improvement in the discipline and or. ganization of the Catalan army; and I can vouch for the cheerfulnces with which ibey procecdesl to the attack, under the belief of the enemy's force being muclo nearer their equivalent numbers. The arrangements made by Gei.eral Lacy ap. peared to me well calculated to keep up the mutual support requisite on such an occasion; and the whole conduct of the Baron d'Eroles particulary ani nating and exemplary; nor shall I readily forget he delight be expressed upon iiberating my brother officers from the grasp of our mutual enemy.
Notwithstanding the fatigue of our troops, the General still es pressed his intention of attackios Tarragona on that niglit, and we were therefore escorted to our ships about five o'clock, and weighed immer'iately. I stationed the Sparrow. hawk off the Mule to keep up the communication with the arroy on that side, and the Merope to the eastward, for the same purpose, whilst the Biake was to occupy the attention of the enemy opposite the Melagro. We had scarcely reached the town, and opened our fire, when the wind incre ised to gale at N. W. and prevented all communication by boats with the sliore. We persevered, how. ever, under a press of sail, standing off and on, so as to keep up the bombardment autil day-light; but the assault was not made, nor could we see any of the Spaniei troops in the neighbourhood in the morning. Anxious to afford every encouragement in an enterprize which, hesides being of material service to the general cause, would, if successful, have produced me, individually, such particular satisfaction, we continued to work up under as much sail as we could carry the next day, in order to communicate, it possible, with the army, until at lengtii, by the main-sail blowing entirely out of the bolt-rope, other sails splitting, and the barge sinking, before we could get the carronade and ammunition out of her, I was driven to the necessity of anchoring for sbelter just without range of shot to the eastward of the town. I am still uninformed of the particular cause whiels prevented the attack being made, either on the ig:h or the following night, having bad no direct coinmunication with any of the chiefs, but by short requests for assistance, circuitously conveyed, in consequence of the arrival of various divisions of the enemy iu those parts, amount." ing to 7000 mea.
A few lines from General Lacy, which I received on the 23d, induced me to push for Mataro, which I had nearly reached on the 24th, when a very severe gale from the N. E. necessarily reduced me to storın stay-sails ; and whilst persevering off Barcelona, in an endeavour to hold onr own, by keeping the ship's bead to the eastward, she was struck by a sea, which has started all the timbers and rail of tbe head, ledges and earlings, bent the iron rail closc into the bowsprit, drew the shock in the stern which receives the bolt for the bumpkin shroud, carried away the roundbouse and head-door, and filled the main-deck with water, so that the officers were ap to their knees in the ward-room, although both our spars and ropes stood this severe trial without injury. I bore up for shelter at Villa Nueva, where we were about to anchor at four P. M.on the 25th, in company with the Sparrowhawk and Merope, which I had left to assist the Baron d'Eroles, when the latter, which had just weighed, made the signal for the enemy upon the road to the westward, and shortly afterwards opened her fire on them. The gale being over, and the wind light, we made all sail, and soon commenced firing also. We observed three waggons disa abled and abandoned, and considerable discomfiture amougst the troops, notwithstanding the difficulty we were under from a heavy swell, which setting directly on shore. Arriving opposite Vendrell, we perceived another party coming from the westward, with cavalry, artillery, &c. amounting to some thousand men, which directed their course in-land upon our approach. We were, bowever, enabled, by giving the guns the greatest elevation, to discharge two or three broad sides before dark, which, I trust, did them material dainage. Since this they have never appeared upon any part of that coast ; and I know nothing more of the movements of either army than from the reports of desperate battles having taken place, the result of which is so varionsly stated, that it is impossible to venture an opinion with. out more authentic intelligence. I have the bonour tu be, &c.
(Signed) E. CODRINGTON, SIR,
Blake, off Mataro, Feb. 2, 1812. Passing Barcelona on the night of the 26th, Capiain Guion brought me communia rations from Captaiu Tower, respecting the services of the Curaçua, Rainbow, and Papillion, in harrassing a division of the enemy which was marcluing along the coast from the eastward, and in finally obliving thein to retire, and proceed towards Barcelona by a more circuitous route. And I beg to assure you; tliat their unremitting exertions on all occasions, in aiding our ally on the one part, and checking the progress of the enemy on the other, fully entitle them to your approbation.
On the 29th, whilst watering at Arens, I received information that the whole French force, which had lately traversed this principality, amounting to 7,000 meu, 4,000 of which were collected from the Ampurdain, and the other 3,000 from the garrison of Barcelona), were about to make a inovement along the coast, I therefore di. rected Captain Tower, instead of immediately returning to the Medas, which he had lately supplied with provisions and water, and which could not well be in any other danger whilst the whole of the army was in this quarter, to proceed with the Merope to Mataro, and concert with the Governor, Colonel O'Ryan, the most advisable mealis for its defence. Ou the morning of the 30ih, the Curaçoa, making the sigoal that the enemy were advancing, the Rainbow opened her fire upon them near the Vilasar, as did the Curaçoa and the Merope upon their approach to Mataro. I weignied immediately and worked up to that place, accompanied by the Papillion, which just theo juined me, having been driven, in company with the Tritun trausport, off the coast in tbe late gale.
The French appearing determined to occupy the town, and the inhabitants having bad notice of their approach on the preceding evening, and consequently sufficient time to remove their most valuable effects, I felt myself called upon to comply with the desire of the Captain-General, repeated by Colonel O'Ryan, and opened the fire of the squadron upon such parts of the town as appeared to be most occupied by the enemy, and wbich was suffering by indiscriminate plunder. The tops of the mnoutains were covered as usual by the irregular Spanish forces acting in Guet. rilla ; and I was in hopes that our united efforts had inclined the enemy to quit the place. They returned, however, at night, and have coutinued to occupy the town partially ever since, as I judge by their movements, giving each part of the army an opportunity to plunder in its turn. It being impossible to continue the great ex. pence of ainmunition, by persevering according to the tenor of Colonel O'Ryan's letter, our fire has only been repeated at intervals, so as to keep the enemy in cunstaot trouble and alarm.
We have reports from Arens of their having lost 600 men : and the evident effects of our shot upon the houses in the parts to which they have been directed, induces me to give credit to that assertivo. VOL. IV. No. 19.
I sent the Caracoa and Papillon to Arens, iu consequence of a report that another French division was about to enter that tuwa, intending the former should return to the Medas the moment her services could be dispensed with, and I have sent Captain Tower 11,500 cartridges, to supply the demands lately madle on me by the patriots, and have directed him to furnish them with such proportion of biscuit as they have required, to enable them to maintain the position ihey occupy upon the mountains at ihe back of this town. Yesterday evening the Curaçoa telegrapbed" the enemy entering Catilla, St. Paul, and Canet;" but want of wind has prevented that ship and the Papillon bitherto from attacking them, except by their boats.
This narrative, added to my preceding letter, will affurd you the best means I can procure, to ena le you to judge of the critical state of affairs in this principality.
It appears to me, bowever, that the Spanish army has increased its exertions in proportion to the difficulties it has had to contend against ; and I therefore suppli. cate that you will be pleased to send me all the meaus you can spare for elearing the coast of the enemy, and turnishing it with such supplies as may be necessary for keeping up the energy and resolution by which it is at present characterised. General Sarsfield, I am told, was actually taken prisoner, a few'days ago, but was rescued by à Swiss grenadier of the regiment of Bosa, wlio killed the Frenchman that had got possession of him, and recovered even the sash, which he had just stripped from him; aud amongst the losses which they have suffered in the late battles, I am sorry to find the oames of some of those rising young men, most distinguished for their gallantry; besides Colonel Reding severely wounded on the 19th, Colonels Vila Jamnil and De ('reuft, also of the division of Eroles, were wounded in the hard fought battle of the 24th, in which the French are said to have left 600 dead on the held; and Colonel Jalou, who has so often distinguished himself with the cuirassiers, and was left at Mataro to recover from an accidental wound he received as Belpuig, was killed at the liead of a Guerrilla party on the 31st.
I have now to inform you that the enemy broke up from Mataro this morning bofore day-light, and seeing this ship weigb for the purpose of watching their movements, they took a line through the vine-yards, out of gun-shot, which made their march so very tedious and fatiguing, that they did not reach Arens de Mar until three o'clock, after being somewhat harrassed upon their approach to that place by the Spanish irregular troops upon the mountains. Seeing them halt upon the hills, I anchored here, and jointly with the Curaçoa, Papillow, and boats, threw a few shot over this town to deter them from entcring it. But as we observed a few of thein approacb the place just before dark, I have ordered the boats to scour the street which runs down to the sea, to check their plundering the huuses, during the night, as much as possibe.--I bare the honour lo be, &c.
(Signed) E. CODRINGTON.
DOWNING STREET, APRIL %, 1812. Dispatches, of which the following are Extracts, hare beer receired from the Earl of Wellington, addressed to the Earl of Lirerpool.
Elvas, March 13, 1812. I moved the head-quarters from Frenada on the 6th, and arrived here on tlie jith instant.
There are none of the enemy's troops in the field in Estramadura, excepting that part of the 5th corps not in the garrison of Badajuz, the lieud-quarters of which are at Villa Franca, and a detachment, consisting of about a division, under General Darican, whose head-quarters are at La Serenn.
The enemy have made no movement, and I have heard of no operation of imporiance since i addressed your Lordship last. According to the last accounts, Marshal Soult was in the lives before Cadiz.
Camp before Badajoz, March 20, 1812. According to the intention which I announced to your Lordslip, I broke up the cantonments of the army on the 15th and 16th instant, and invested Badajoz, on the left of the river Guadiana, on the 16th, with the 31, 4th, and light divisions of infantry, and with a brigade of Lieutenant-General Ilamilton's division on the right. These troops are under the command of Marshal Sir William Beresford and Lieutenant General Picton. We broke ground on the following day, and have establisbed a parallel within two hundred yards of the outwork called the Picurina, which embraces the whole of the south-east angle of the fort. The work has con tinued ever since with grcat celerity, notwithstanding the very bad weather we have had since the 17th.
London Gazette.--Dispatches from Lord Wellington.
The enemy made a sortie yesterday from tbe gate called La Trinadad, on the right of our attack, with about two thousand men. They were almost immediately driven in without effecting any object, with considerable loss, by Major-General Bowes, who commanded the guard in the trenches. We lost upon this occasion a very promising officer, Captain Cuthbert, Aid-de-Camp to Lieutenant-General Pieton, killed; and Lieutenant-Colonel Fletcher was slightly wounded, but I hope that he will soon be able to resung bis duties. I leave, uot yet got the returns, but I believe that our loss, since the commencement of these operatious, amonuts to one hundred and twenty men in killed and wounded.
On the same day that Badajoz was invested, Licutenant General Sir Thomas Grabam crossed the Guadiana with the ist, 6th, and 7th, divisions of infantry, and General Slade's and General Le Marchant's brigades of cavalry, and directed bis inarch opon Valverde aud Santa Martha, and thence towards Llerena ; while Lieu. tenant Guneral Sir Rowland Hill, with the 2d and Lieutenant-General Hamil. ton's divisions, and Major-General Long's cavalry, marched from his cantonments near Albuquerque upon Merida, and thence upon Almendralejo. These movemento induced General Drouet to retire from Villa Franca upon Hurnanios, in order, I conclude, to be in communication with General Darican's division, which was about La Serena.
( bave heard from Sir Thomas Graham and Sir Rowland Hill to the 19th inst. The former was at Los Santos anil Zafra, with General.Slade's cavalry at Villa Franca; and the latter at Almendralejo. Lientenant-General Sir Rowland Hill took three officers and a few hussars prisoners at Merida.
I have reports from the neighbourhood of Ciudad Rodrigo of the 17th instant. The enemy had scot a small detachment to Bejar, principally with a view to plunder; but there was no appearance of any immediate movement, The 6th division had inoved from Talavera, through the Puerto del Pico, on the sth and oth instant; and the fourth division, on the same days, from Toledo through the Guadarram ; aud the first division ouly remained on the Tagus, near Talavera.
SUPPLEMENT TO TIIE LONDO.V GAZETTE.
DOWNING STREET, APRIL 14, 1812. A Dispatch, of which the following is an Extract, has been this day received at the
Earl of Liverpool's Ofice, addressed to his Lordship by General the Earl of Wellington, daled ('any before Badajoz, Alarch 27, 1812.
The operations of the siege of Badajoz have continued since I addressed you on the 20th, notwithstanding the badness of the weather, till the 25th iustant. On that day we opened our fire from 28 pieces of ordnance in six batteries, in the first parallel ; two of which were intended to fire upon the out-work called La Picurina, and the other four to enfilade or destroy the defences of the fort on the side attacked. I directed Major-General Kempt, who commanded in the trenches on that afternoon, to attack La Picurina toy storm, after it was dark that night, which service be ef. fected in the most judicious and galiant manner.
The attack was made by 500 meo of the 3d division, formed into three detachments; the right under the cornmand of Major Shaw, of the 74th; the centre under the Hon. Captain Powys, of the 83d; and the left under Major Rudd, of the 77th regiment. The communication between the out-work and the body of the place was entered on its right and left by the right and left detachments, each consisting of 200 men; half of each of which detachments protected the attack from sallies from the fort, while others attacked the work in its gorge.
It was first entered, however, by the centre detachment of 100 men, under the com. mand of the Hon. Captain Powys, of the 83d regiment, who escaladed the work at the salient angle, at a point at which the pallisades had been injured by our fire. The detachment which attacked tbe work by the gorge had the most serious diffi. culties to conted with, as it was closed by not less than three rows of strong pallisades, defended by musketry, and a place of arms for the garrison, musket-proof, and loop-boled throughout. When the attack upon the salient angle, however, succeeded, the whole got into the work.
The enemy's garrison in the out-work consisted of 250 men, with seven pieces of artillery, under the command of Colonel Gaspard Thiery, of the Etat-Majör of the Army of the South ; but very tew, if any, escaped. The Colonel, three other offcers, and 86 meu, have been taken prisoners, and the remainder were either killed by the fire of our troops, or drowned in the inundation of the river Rivellas. The enemy made a sortie from the ravelin called St. Roque, either with a view to recover
London Gazette.-Dispatches from Lord Wellington.
La Picurina, or to protect the retreat of the garrison, but they were immediately driven in by the detachment stationed in the communication to protect the attack.
Major-General Kempt mentions in high terms, in his report, the cool and persevering gallantry of the officers and troops ; of which indeed the strength of the work, which they carried, affords the best proof. He particularly mentions Lieutenant-Colonel Hardinge, of the staff of the Portuguese army, who attended him on this occasion, Captain Bemett, his Aid-de-Camp, and Brigade-Major Wilde, who was unfortunately killed by a cannon-shot after the work was in our possession; likewise Captain Holloway, Lieutenants Gipps and Stanway, of the Royal Engineers, who conducted the several detachments to the points of attack, and Majors Shaw and Rudd, and the Hon. Captain Powys, who commanded the several detachments. These three officers were wounded, the latter on the parapet of the work, which he had been the first to mount by ladders.
I have to add to this account the bigh sepse I entertain of the judicious manner end gallantry with which Major-General Kempt carried into execution tbe service Mvhich I had entrusted to bim.
We thus established ourselves in La Picurina on the night of the 25th, and opened the second parallel within 300 yards of the body of the place : in which two batteries were commenced last night.
It is impossible that I can do justice to the zeal, activity, and indefatigable labour of the officers and soldiers with which these operations have been carried on in the most unfavourable weather.
The Guadiana swelled so considerably, that, notwithstanding all precautions, our bridge of pontoous was carried away on the 22d instant, and the flying bridges were 80 much injured, as almost to become useless; but still the operations have been carried on without interruption.
Since I addressed your Lordship on the 20th, General Drouet has had his troups on the line between Medellin on the Guadiana, and Zalamea de la Serena, and Llerena, apparently with the view of keeping the communication open between the Army of the South, and the divisions of the Army of Portugal, stationed on the Tagus.
Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Graham made a movement to Llerena on the 25th at night; but tbe evemy, consisting of three battalions of infantry and two regiments of cavalry, having heard of his march, retired into the mountains during the night.
Lieutenant-General Sir Rowland Hill has likewise sent a detachment to La Gua-
cellency General Arthur Earl of Wellington, K. B. at the siege of Badajoz, from the
Head.Quarters, Camp before Badajoz, March 23, 1812.
27th Foot, 3d Batt.- serjeant, 5 rank and file killed; I serjeant, 34 rank and file wovuded.
40th Foot, 1st Batt-3 rank and file killed, 24 rank and file wounded, 1 rank and file missing.
43d Foot, 1st Batt.-) serjeant, 1 rank and file killed; i Captain, 10 rank and file wounded.
45th Foot, ist Batt-2 rank and file killed, 10 rank and file wounded.
520 Foot, 1st Batt.- 1 rank and tile killed; 1 Ensign, serjeant, 4 rank and file wounded
60th Foot, 5th Batt.--3 rank and file killed, 3 rank and file wounded.
74th Foot-i rank and file killed; į Lieutenant, į serjeant, 26 rank and file wounded
7715 Foot - rank and file killed, 5 rank and file wounded.
83d Foot, 2d Batt.-) rank and file killed; 2 serjeants, i drummer, 21 rank and file wounded; 2 rank and file missing.
88th Foot, 1st Batt.--5 rank and file killed; 2 Lieutenants, 24 rank and file wounded; I rank and file missiog.
94th Foot--rank and file killed; 1 serjeant, & rank and file wounded.