From the Original. Domestic Correspondence : Elizabeth, vol. cevi. $ 40

(Rolls House). Holograph.


ACCORDINGE to your Lordship's and the rest of my
Dec. 20. Lords' directions, I have attended the Earle of BATH
To Lord and conferred with the deputes of Devon and the citty

of Exon for the drawinge together of 2,000 foote and 200 Exeter. horse ; and I finde great differences in oppinion amonge Defence of them. Some are of oppinion that this burden wilbe the Country; grevous unto the countrey, standinge att this tyme voyde Proposals for the

of all traficque: the subside not beinge yet gathered, Levies in

and the past musters having byn very chargable. Sir Devon and Cornwall. JOHN GILBERT, Sir RICHARD GRANVILLE, and the

Earle hym sealf, beinge more zelous both in religion and Her Majesties service-who have allways founde a reddy disposicion in their devisions, and willingnes to beare whatsoever shalbe thought meet for Her Majesties service by their people—ar of oppinion that the matter and service wilbe very fesible. It is most asured that the carefull usage of the action by the deputes in their severall devisions will easely induce the inferior sort to whatsoever shalbe thought necessary for Her Majesties saufty and their own defence. But sume other of the cummission of Devon (in my conscience before the Lorde) being bothe infected in religion and vehemently malcontent, --who, by how mich the more they ar tem


Dec. 20.

perat, by so mich the more dangerous,—are secreatly great hinderence of all actions tendinge to the good of

1587. Her Majesty or saufty of the present State. Thes men make doubt that your Honor's instructions alone ar not sufficient and saufe warrant for their discharge ; and that, if any refuse to contribute, they see not by what they should be inforsed; with a thowsand dillitory cavelacions.

For myne own oppinion, under your Lordship's correction, if it might, notwithstandinge, stande withe Her Majesties likinge to beare them half of the charge, being great, it would be very consonant to all good pollecy; and the countrey, as I judge, will willingly defrey the rest, which onles ther wear ministers of other disposicions will not be so saufly and easely brought to effect. I have sent your Lordshipe an Estimate of the whole, Inclosure;

being an with which I humblie pray your Lordship to acquaynt Estimate of

Forces for Her Majesty, and not otherwise to impart my letter, because I am bold to write my simple oppinion playnly the Western

counties. unto your Lordshipe; the same beinge, as the Lord doth judge, without respect or parcialty,-havinge vowed my travaile and life to Her Majesties service only, and for ever.

I have writen to the deputes of Cornwale, and am reddy to repaire thither with all dillegence to performe the rest of Her Majesties cummande geven mee in charge by your Lordships.

And yeven so, humblie cummending my service unto
your Lordship’s favourable construction, I take my leve.
From Exon, this xx of December, 1587.
Your Lordship's to do you all honor and service,



[POSTSCRIPT.]—The cittisens of Exter, as yet, refuse to beare such part as was thought meet by the levetenants of Devon and the rest. 1

1587. Dec. 20.

Addressed :
To the right honorable my singuler good Lord, the Lord Highe

Tresourer of Ingland.
Endorsed, by Lord Burghley :
21 December, 1587. Sir Walter Ralegh. Levy of 2,000 foot, 200 hors,

in Devon and Cornwall.



1 The differences and controversies referred to in this letter grew, partly, out of separate jurisdictions ; and partly, out of special burdens, the inci. dence of which lay almost wholly upon the mercantile community of the coast towns. Hence, on the one hand, arose several disputes between Ralegh, as Lord Lieutenant of Cornwall and Lord Warden of the Stannaries (extending, it is to be remembered, into Devon as well as Cornwall), and the Earl of Bath, as Lord Lieutenant of Devon ; and, on the other, the claims of the citizens of Exeter to be exempted, on the ground of their great charges in the defence of their trade against the Barbary and other pirates, from the proportion they must otherwise have borne of the burden of the general levies. The relative dangers of the two counties in respect of invasion ; their relative means of defence; and the special circumstances which affected the Stannary population ; are all treated of, by Ralegh, at great length and with conspicuous ability, in a subsequent letter (one of the many remarkable letters which are now printed for the first time), addressed to the Lords of the Council. That letter brings before the reader's mind, with like vividness, the physical configuration of the Western counties; their industrial character; and their relative shares in the wealth of nature.

* This title is from Lord Burghley's' endorsement. The inclosure is entirely in the hand of an amanuensis.

How the number of 2,000 footemenn and 200 korse in the counties of Devon (and) Cornwall, the cittie of Exon, and the Stannaries,

are to be selected:

Stannary. 10}

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The bodie of the Shire with l 1200 footemenn of which number the Stannarie
the Stannaries to furnishe 134 horsemenn) to furnishe

} 200 fotemen. So is the number of
The bodie of the Shire with 600 footemen of which the

the whole Army -
the Stannaries to furnishe 66 horsemen furnishe

200 fotemen.

2,000 footemen,
To furnishe
200 footemen

200 horse.
The generall of the Army
The livetenent generall.
The Marshall

Sarvinge without paie.
Fowre Coranells
Two thresorers

£s, d.
The sergeant major, by daie

6 8
The provost marshall

The clarke of the check

A captaine
A livetenente
An ensigne

A sergeant
A clarke of the bande

The whole charge of
A drom

the Wages of the L s. d.)

twenty bands of A hundreth men at 8d. per person

6 8

0 0

= 1457
footemen and four
s. d.

bands of horse
4 captaines


4 livetenentes

3 0
4 guidons

The whole
10 0
For each by the daie

charge :

6 o
4 trumpetts
I 6 6 o

£2,163 55. od.
200 horse
Ther is allowed for each soldier for this service

of sixteen daies, tenn pounde of Powder at 500 o

12d. the pounde, and is
Ther is allowed of matche for each soldier at

The charge of muni-
halfe a pounde the daic, and is for the six- 200

tion to be spent in 706 50

tene daies at 6d. the pounde

this service
Of leade for each mann one pounde, at ijd, the

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The Coronel of the Horse. } Without paie.

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Of Devon
Of Cornwall
The countie and cittie of Exon

The generall officers of this Army.

General Officers with paie

The paie for the Companies Officers

and Soldiers by the daie


The horsemen being divided into

foure cornetts, hath

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6 5 0

Dec. 20.



15 SS.



(Aftercards l'iscount Brickler:)



As communicated to the Society of Antiquaries, Varch 2, 1954, by Mr.

J. PAYSE COLLIER, from the original, in the Library of the EARL of

ELLE »MERE (Bridgewater House'.

WHEREAS the Quene's Majestie hath heretofore 1587-1558.

Marchs. given unto me, by her Letters patentes, aucthoritie to To Sir

graunte Licenses for the sellinge of llynes by retayle ; Thomas

her Highnes' pleasure is to revoke and make voyde the 1.verton.

same, and by new Letters patentes to regraunte unto of his me the aucthoritic and benefytt therof for a further Patent for

terme of yeres. Wherefore, I pray you hartely to franting Wine

peruse the draste which this bearer, my servante, shall Licences throughout bring unto you, and sett your hande thereunto, redie for England.

her Highnes to signe, and I wilbe redie to requyte your courtesie. So hopinge your carefull dealinge for me, accordinge to my requeste, I bid you hartely farewell.

Your lovinge Frende,

W. RALEGII. This 8th of March, 1587 [legal style].

SIR, -11er Majesty her scalf cummaunded mee to acquaynt yow with the booke, and therfore yow shall not need to doubt ; for yow may take knowledg of her plesure by thes my letters; beseechinge yow to frinde me so much to make expedition herein, and yow shall cummaunde mee in what I may stand yow in steede.

1 In his reply to this letter, Sir Thomas Egerton, after answering its main subject, went into some further detail, which is not without its bio.

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